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12

Note 10 in Rav Eliezer Melamed's article on the "lighter fasts" states as follows: וכיום ההוראה הרווחת לנשים אשכנזיות שלא לצום. ועיין בפסקי תשובות תקנ, א, שהביא דעות מופלגות להיתר, שכל הנשים הראויות לילד פטורות מהצום, כדי שיהיה להן כוח לילד. ויש אמרו שתפדה את הצום בצדקה. ע"כ. ואין נוהגים להורות כמותם, אבל במקום ספק אפשר לצרף את דבריהם להיתר.‏ ...


11

These fasts are counting from Nisan as the first month (the Jewish religious calendar). The fast of the 4th month is 17 Tammuz. The fast of the 5th month is 9 Av. Here, the fast of the 7th month is Tzom Gedalia (usually observed on 3 Tishrei) although Yom Kippur also falls in the 7th month. The fast of the 10th month is 10 Tevet. These fasts commemorate ...


5

In general, the state of being a menstruant does not place limitations on religious obligations. My understanding was in line with this statement: " When she is niddah a woman must continue to do all of her normal religious duties, like blessings and prayers. She should continue learning even with mentioning God's name when learning the verses of the Tanakh. ...


4

Without calling it a ceremony, you are actually correct that there is a declaration that an individual who wishes to fast says during the minha amida of the day before a voluntary fast Master of all the worlds, I come before you to accept a voluntary fast voluntary for tomorrow. May it be your will, Hashem my God and the God of my forefathers that ...


3

The fast days of Yom Kippur and Tisha B'av have a ritual meal before the fast (seudah hamafseket, the separation meal), which is a ceremony of sorts. (I know you say not Yom Kippur, but i'll address it anyways.) The meal before Tisha B'av is a sad, mourning style meal, eaten on the floor in solitude. Many people have the custom to just have a piece of bread ...


3

Tosfos to Megila 21a “Hakorei” explains why the haftorah is read at Mincha. והטעם שמפטיר במנחה בתענית ולא בשחרית משום דכתיב בה שמרו משפט ועשו צדקה (ישעיה נו)ואגרא דתעניתא צדקתא לעת ערב ומש"ה נכון לאומרו בערב אחר שעשו צדקה He says that the reward of the fast-day is the charity given on that day. It could be assumed that by the time of mincha, ...


3

There is an exemption not only for a meineket (a nursing mother), but also for a yoledet (a woman who had given birth). They were never included in the minor fasts to begin with. There are plenty of women who go through many years of their lives either pregnant or nursing. Furthermore, many rabbis are of the opinion that for 2 (e.g. Rabbi Mordechai Willig) ...


3

This is from the Art Scroll siddur with translation of this selicha (page 848/849) The next few verses give the list of three Translation of the Torah into Greek on the ninth of Teves Ezra the Sofer died on "this day" On the tenth the prophecy of Yechezkel ben Buzi was commanded. Since this is when he was informed of both the siege and the fall, the two ...


3

According to the Maharal in Ohr Chadash (on Megillas Esther) it means that you fast at the end of the first day, the whole 24 hours of the second day and a part of the third.


3

Does this mean that we, literally, should not feed animals (including Livestock and Pets, even Service Animals) on Yom Kippur or are animals not considered people (and are exempt from fasting) despite this line in the The Book? This line in Jonah is not discussing Yom Kippur. The entire book of Jonah is not discussing Yom Kippur. The fast discussed in ...


2

From Wikipedia: If a firstborn attending a siyum does not hear the completion of the tractate, or if he does not understand what he hears, or if he is in the shiva period of mourning and is thus forbidden from listening to the Torah material being taught, some authorities rule that subsequent eating would not qualify as a seudat mitzvah and he would ...


2

In terms of the Oleh, the Magen Avraham (OC 566 sk 2) writes that reader needs to repeat these lines aloud after the congregation says them because the congregation only said them "Derekh Bakkasha" by way of supplication, not as part of the reading of the Torah. The Elyah Rabbah (ibid.) and the Mishna Berura (ibid. sk 3) in their presentations makes clear ...


2

The Behag lists a number of days where the custom is to fast because of various historical tragedies, including both 8 and 9 Tevet. While the Tur and Shulchan Arukh quote this list in OC 580, the Beit Yosef (16th century) and the Arukh haShulchan (19th century) there note that they've never heard of anyone fasting on the days on that list (and frankly, never ...


2

This article states: If one of the actual days of BaHaB falls out on Pesach Sheni, the minhag is not to fast or to say Selichos. The fast can be made up on the following Thursday or Monday (Mahrasham 6,33; Luach Eretz Yisroel). As on other yomim tovim, eulogies are not said. Therefore one should not plan a hakomas matzeivoh for Pesach Sheni, ...


2

I don't see (in my Lublin-style Mikraos G'dolos) any commentary note how many days the Nineveh folks fasted. I'd have to assume, absent other knowledge, that they fasted until the end of the day the fast was proclaimed, or maybe only the entire next day. (That's what I'd do if an announcement were made in the king's name that everyone must fast, with no ...


2

Peninei Halachah brings a citation from the Rama 565:3 that we consider that an individual might be forced to break the fast before having fasted most of the day. Once he has fasted until mincha, then he can say aneinu (as long as he is still fasting). Even if he must break the fast after mincha, he has still fasted sufficiently to establish the day as "a ...


2

According to this website, a woman is required to fast unless she doesn't feel well enough to do so Many authorities, including the Kaf Ha’haim (based on the Bah), the Elya Rabba, the Kisur Shulhan Aruch, Hacham Bension Abba Shaul, Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach and Rabbi Mazuz, ruled that the status of a woman during this period vis-à-vis Ta’anit Ester ...


1

Regular or flavored chewing gum is forbidden according to all sources I found but there are some permitting sugar-free flavorless gum which is apparently considered as a non-food then. Many poskim forbid chewing gum without distinction, e.g., Ohel Moshe Vol. 2-113, Yalkut Yosef, Hillel Omer OC 278 R Eli Mansour cites R Ovadia Yossef forbidding regular ...


1

I can't locate my source, but I remember learning that these three days were all fasts for especially pious people (they would fast three days in a row and eat at night.) Since we won't demand that of most people, we fast on the last day of the three to commemorate all three tragedies. So special people did, and perhaps still do, fast on all three days, but ...


1

Nitei Gavriel Aveilus1 95:14 brings as follows. Turei Zahav Yore Deah 384:1, Derisha, and Pri Megadim say that Selichos is recited in the home of a Aveil. Shaalos U'Teshuvos Yehuda Yaaleh Yore Deah 353 says that the Aveil should also say the Selichos. Aveil Hashitim page 45 - 6, Machtzis Hashekel 131:10, say that although the Aveil says Selichos, the Aveil ...


1

R' Elazar said in the name of R' Yossi Ben Zimra: "Whoever engages in fasting on the Sabbath, they rip up on his behalf (even) a decree of 70 years of evil. But even so, they return and exact punishment from him for (neglecting) the law of enjoying the Sabbath." What should he do to fix this? Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak said: "Let him fast again for (the sin) ...


1

Another example will be that it is forbidden to eat before feeding your animals, but drinking is permitted (see second paragraph and footnotes of shulchan aruch harav 167.9) (similar regarding before shachris) Regarding "penance, personal fast day", in my understanding of the kabolistik customs regarding these things, anything that is a hit on your body ...


1

Rav S.R. Hirsch, in ch. 33 of Horeb, paragraph 240, writes that the purpose of all fast days is teshuva. This teshuva is achieved through, among other things mourning, which R' Hirsch describes as the expression of one's sorrow and remorse. While on the one hand mourning testifies to our being linked with the destiny of Israel, it should also help in ...


1

The source for reading the Haftara at Mincha on a fast day is Taanis 12b end of page. אמר אביי מצפרא עד פלגא דיומא מעיינינן במילי דמתא מכאן ואילך ריבעא דיומא קרינן בספרא ואפטרתא מכאן ואילך בעינן רחמי רש"י ריבעא דיומא קרו ויחל משה ומפטירין דרשו ה בהמצאו Abaye says that from morning to noon people are busy therefore the Haftara is read in the ...


1

Why extend the obligation to eat the showbread to a general ban on fasting? What does one have to do with the other? We have another case of something affecting only Cohanim, and a decree was implemented for all Yidden; washing before bread. Because the Cohanim have to wash before eating Terumah, therefore we all have to wash before eating bread - and ...


1

My strategy, which has worked well for me in the past, is to drink 6 (six) liter-size bottles of Glaceau SmartWater on the day before the fast. The reason SmartWater works (much) better than water is that it contains electrolytes to replace those that would otherwise be flushed out of your body by drinking tons of water. Your body needs to have them, or ...


1

I just asked 2 poskim (Rabbi Levi Gurelik and Rabbi Broin of crown hights chabad Bais din) whether my 19 year old bichore in Florida can listen to a seyum over the phone. (without telling me yes or no) They told me to tell him to learn a misechta of mishnayos ie perkai avos, and make his own seyum.



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