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There is a medrash (from memory) that had they refrained from eating as they were commanded, they would have been allowed to eat after Shabbos. That is, since it was still the sixth day, it was still part of creation. As a result the fruit of the tree of knowledgs was not ripe. Had they waited, the decision to refrain would have been their own free will ...


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Maimonides opens his Guide to the Perplexed explaining that before eating from the tree, there was only pure, rational, objective, "true and false." The continuum of "good" to "bad" is a sliding scale of subjectivity. That's what changed. It used to be that morally-wrong things were just as obviously "not so" as 1+1=4; it became "eh, I feel like that's bad ...


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Evil is, no pun intended a "necessary evil". For evil allows for free choice. This site puts it very well (cant vouch for the rest of the site): An animal killing its prey for food cannot be accused of committing an evil act since it has no choice in this matter. It was created by God with a predatory instinct and no free will. Similarly, angels ...



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