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8

I heard once from Rabbi Dovid Fohrman that this was exactly the question that the sons of Yaakov were challenging him with. Bereishis 37:32 וישלחו את-כתונת הפסים, ויביאו אל-אביהם, ויאמרו, זאת מצאנו: הכר-נא, הכתונת בנך היא--אם-לא And they sent the cloak to him, and it was brought to their father, and they said, "We found this. Recognize, please, is ...


4

Yes. Lost property belongs to the heirs. The Shulchan Aruch - Choshen Mishpat - סימן רס - המוצא דבר שמוכח שהנח שם - mentions by the way that lost property belongs to the heirs. אוֹ שֶׁהָיָה יוֹרֵשׁ שֶׁאָנוּ טוֹעֲנִין לוֹ, שֶׁמָּא שֶׁל אָבִיו הָיָה (Normally, one has to claim that a found item originally belonged to one. For example, an item is found ...


2

Indeed, in Devarim 21:16 - 17 it states that the father cannot favor the son of the beloved wife over the older son of a hated wife. But that is with all else being equal, with the only reason one favors the younger firstborn being love for the more beloved wife. Reuven lost his firstborn rights for sleeping with Bilhah, his father's concubine. This is ...


1

The sources that I have seen would consider the inheritance as income. For example, someone gives a gift from money that had paid ma'aser on it. This is still considered complete income, because you have not paid any money for it. However, see below that you do not need to pay the ma'aser until you actually liquidate (sell) the property and obtain cash for ...


1

I am not 100% sure but isn't it this - נכסי צאן ברזל?


1

There's a tosfos out there (don't recall where, heard it on a shiur) that there were donations to the Mishkan of gold, silver, and copper. Tosfos comments: a "gold-level donation" is when a young, healthy person gives tzedaka. A "silver-level" donation is when they're older or sick. And a "copper-level" donation is what they leave in their will. Maybe not ...


1

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch writes in סימן קצג - הלכות בקור חולים סעיף ו' אֵין לִתֵּן נְכָסָיו בְּמַתָּנָה לַאֲחֵרִים וַאֲפִלּוּ לִצְדָקָה וּלְהַנִּיחַ אֶת הַיּוֹרְשִׁים בְּלֹא כְלוּם. וְכָל הָעוֹשֶׂה כֵּן, אֵין רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה הֵימֶנּוּ, וַאֲפִלּוּ אֵין הַיּוֹרְשִׁים נוֹהֲגִין כַּשּׁוּרָה. אֲבָל אִם מַנִּיחַ גַּם לַיּוֹרְשִׁים דָּבָר ...



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