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12

The front is the seal of the State of Israel. The Hebrew on the back is a verse from Ruth (Ruth 3:10) which means "You are blessed to G-d, my daughter" which were words that Boaz said to Ruth when she asked him to marry her. It doesn't have an official name; it is a thoughtful trinket.


9

The English term for this tool is an entrenching tool. Here it is described as standard issue gear for a paratrooper in the IDF. As far as I know, it is pretty standard, when required, for soldiers in most any modern army. I suppose we could speculate if the Torah requires a soldier to carry one even if it isn't technically needed (just in case ...) or if ...


6

In the fall of 1911 (early 5572), Rabbi Shalom DovBer of Lubavitch sent Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Havlin along with seven students to establish the "Torat Emet" yeshiva in Hebron, Israel. Before Pesach that year, among their correspondences, the Rebbe Rashab advised Rabbi Havlin regarding how he and the original students should conduct themselves with the Pesach ...


6

Jews are obligated to attempt to make peace with any peoples they come against. We must offer the nation the option of accepting the Seven Noahide laws and being subject to a tax and subservience to us. Violent action is only taken if this treaty is not accepted. In most cases, all adult males are killed, while women and children are spared. Exceptions to ...


6

Coincidence. The bible does not explicitly state the year in which Abraham was born, and as such, there have been disagreements about the calculations of the biblical years. Thus, it is unclear if Abraham was actually born in the year 1948 from Creation. The current civil calendar is the Gregorian Calendar, based on the Julian Calendar, which was created ...


6

In Shmuel 1 chapter 8 vs 6 Rashi explains that the problem with the request wasthe fact that they said 'to rule over us like all the nations'. The Radak there explains that it was apparent they made their request as a complaint, not that they were looking to be mikayem the mitzvah of appointing a king.


5

You have a bit of selection bias going on here - you're in 2014 and wondering why a single Jewish community hasn't moved from the USA to Israel. Since 1948, a significant number of Jewish communities from around the world (Ethiopia, Yemen, Morocco, Syria, Iraq, Russia, Poland, Romania), have all moved en-masse to Israel. Perhaps you should be asking why so ...


5

“In the future, the sons of Yishmael will return to the Holy Land when it was vacant from inhabitants for much time, and they will prevent Yisrael from returning to their land until that merit of the sons of Yishmael expires. At a certain time, the sons of Yishmael will be roused to wage brazen battles in the world. The sons of Edom will gather together and ...


5

I think the answer to this question lies in how Shmuel chose to rebuke the nation. In chapter 12, Shmuel recaps the mistake that the Jewish people have made in requesting a king. In verse 17, he tells them the following: הֲלוֹא קְצִיר-חִטִּים, הַיּוֹם--אֶקְרָא אֶל-יְהוָה, וְיִתֵּן קֹלוֹת וּמָטָר; וּדְעוּ וּרְאוּ, כִּי-רָעַתְכֶם רַבָּה אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם ...


4

As already stated, this site does not replace a Rabbi. But here are some sources. The Mishan in Mas. Orla (3:10) says: ספק העורלה--בארץ ישראל אסור, ובסוריה מותר; ובחוצה לארץ יורד ולוקח, ובלבד שלא יראנו לוקט. If in doubt, then fruit that could be Orla are forbidden in Eretz Yisrael, but permitted in the Diaspora. That's also have the Shulchan Aruch ...


4

The question is a matter of Machlokes in Rishonim on the relevant Pesukim. I believe the Ibn Ezra takes the position that the Bris Bein HaBesarim is dated 430 years before the Jews left Mitzrayim. According to that, Avraham's first revelation was while in Charan. (If the 400 years of the Bris Bein HaBesarim is counted from Yitzchak's birth, then he only ...


3

The underlying theoretical justification - Pikuach Nefesh, saving lives by preventing attacks - is where it would come from. Whether or not this behavior accomplishes that in this context is another matter. The most interesting aspect of the question is if the victim of the "Price-Tag" attack is decidedly not an aggressor, just happens to be in the same ...


3

Rashi means to say that the Leviim were not killed over the forty years. It often happens that Rashi will quote the 'wrong' pasuk to simplify his point; what he is really referring to is the count at the beginning of Sefer Bamidbar, where indeed the count is described as a census of soldiers (or יוצא צבא "those who go out with the army"). This is evident ...


3

Although man has free will, God has a world plan and one way or another his plan will succeed. Similarly God has set into Creation that just as scientific laws must not be violated, so too the laws of the Torah are inviolable. With regards to shmittah the land must rest either through the choice of those in the land of Israel or through some other means... ...


3

In Addition to the answer here which is all correct. Regarding your first question, about if the Canaanites did anything evil to the Jews prior. No they did not. Regarding your second question about it simply being the will of Gd. Yes it was the will of Gd, No, it was not "simple". In the book of Bereshit (Genesis) Abraham tells his children not to ...


3

Reasons to prohibit: Electrical generation in Israel involves a Jew doing melacha on Shabbat, and since it is forbidden to benefit from such work, one shouldn't use electricity from the public utilities on Shabbat. Reasons to permit: Electricity is required to power hospitals and other life-saving functions. Therefore, it is permitted for Jews to generate ...


3

The Torah says numerous times ופסיליהם תשרפון באש, e.g. דברים פרק ז, especially in the context on entering the land of Israel.


3

There is a spot on a mountain slope in the Western Golan region of Israel, right next to the border with Lebanon. It is called Mount Betarim , and there are various sources to suggest that this is where the "Covenant Between the Parts" really happened. The Kabbalists of Tzfat used to make a pilgrimmage to Mount Betarim, some time around Parshat Lech Lecha. ...


2

In English, the letter Y sometimes functions as a vowel, and sometimes as a consonant. For instance in the word "spy", it functions as a vowel, being pronounced like the vowel "i" in the first personal pronoun "I". But in the word "yellow", it functions as a consonant, being pronounced like the letter "j" in "fjord". In Hebrew, the letter י (yod) is ...


2

The Lubavitcher Rebbe advised many people against moving to Israel in order to benefit their present communities, see this link for a clear presentation of this topic, sources included. http://a-farbrengen.blogspot.com/2009/01/rebbe-on-moving-to-eretz-yisroel.html


2

When I went to Eretz Yisrael (in 5727), I was told (by Rabbi Besdin Z'tzl of YU) that it depends on where you normally live. If you are living in Yerushalayim and happen to be elsewhere, then you should (if you can) return to Yerushalayim for Shushan Purim. However, you can attend the megilla reading where you happen to be especially if you are not sure that ...


2

When speaking of the effect that people have on nature as a result of activities, we often use anthropomorfication as a method of expressing the viewpoint. For example, we have the reference to the land "vomiting out" its inhabitants when abominations are performed in it. Similarly, when shemittah is not adhered to, the spiritual nature of the land is ...


2

As I write in my upcoming book Lashon HaKodesh: History, Holiness, and Hebrew: His slightly younger colleague, Rabbi Yitzchak Luria (1534–1572), also known as Arizal, is said to have been careful to exclusively speak Lashon HaKodesh on the Sabbath, and only use foreign languages as needed to clarify elaborate Torah-related complexities. Source: Pri Eitz ...


2

The beautiful (in my opinion) Koren Birkon contains the "Harachaman"s for both the State of Israel and the Israeli Defense Forces. Here's a photo of the page that has them:


1

Judea and Samaria most certainly falls into halachic E.Y. borders. In fact, during the first two temples, that was the center of Jewish life. There may be questions regarding Azza, south of Negev (including Eilat), and the Golan.


1

I would suggest a different understanding of the word 'partnership'. The Chochmas Shlomo writes in his gloss on Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat siman 369 "a king who rules the entire world is not applicable the laws of dinei dimalchusa, for how can he say that he doesn't want to live in his land, all the lands are his! Should he fly in the air?" We find that ...


1

Rambam Hilchos Melachim 5:9 based on Mesechtas Avoda Zara 13a says that one may never leave Eretz Yisrael. However the Gemara allows one to leave for various reasons, such as learning Torah, marriage, and business. Thus it would follow that one who has his business, wife, his learning set up outside Eretz Yisrael should be allowed to leave Eretz Yisrael ...


1

Good question. Maybe the women were omitted feom vs 31 because the focus is on entering and 'knowing' the land, the women who will not own the land are perhaps not as a significant juxtaposition to the men who would have entered and owned but now will die. Whereas vs 3 was simply bemoaning the apparent eventual fate of all the week and helpless.


1

To provide an answer specific to Shemita: Kli Yakar's commentary to Vayikra 25:2, after explaining that the purpose of Shemita is to entrench firm emunah in the Jewish people, and the failure to observe it's laws results in a lack of Emunah וגם הארץ עצמה תקפיד על זה מאד כי רצונה שיתגלגל זכות זה על ידה לחזק האמונה בה' על ידה, ועוד שעל ידי זה יאמינו כי ...


1

Among Jews of a more mystical hashkafa, such as chassidim and many others, there is no such thing as a coincidence. This view -- that everything happens for a reason -- was strongly stated by the Baal Shem Tov, but is also discernible in previous sources (such as Rabbi Akiva's "Gamzu L'Tovah" story in the Gemara, and statements by rabbis such as Rabbeinu ...



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