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12

Note 10 in Rav Eliezer Melamed's article on the "lighter fasts" states as follows: וכיום ההוראה הרווחת לנשים אשכנזיות שלא לצום. ועיין בפסקי תשובות תקנ, א, שהביא דעות מופלגות להיתר, שכל הנשים הראויות לילד פטורות מהצום, כדי שיהיה להן כוח לילד. ויש אמרו שתפדה את הצום בצדקה. ע"כ. ואין נוהגים להורות כמותם, אבל במקום ספק אפשר לצרף את דבריהם להיתר.‏ ...


11

On that gemara, artscroll notes Although on the surface this verse discusses the Babylonian exile, which ended long before the time of Rav Yehudah and R Abba, Rav Yehudah understood it as referring to the Jewish people throughout all their various exiles, and as containing a commandment for them to remain in the Diaspora until God gathers them ...


10

Kesuvos 111b: (Art Scroll 11b3) has the following: Rami bar Yechezkel traveled to Bnai Brak. He saw certain goats that were eating under the fig trees, and [fig] honey dripped from the figs while milk dripped from [the udders of] these [goats] and [the two] mixed together [to form a flowing stream]. [Rami bar Yechezkel] said This is a [literal] ...


6

The gemara in Ketubot daf 111a learns it from the passuk in Isaiah (chapter 42, verse 5): ורוח להולכים בה א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא And spirit to them that walk therein [teaches], said R. Jeremiah b. Abba in the name of R. Johanan, that whoever walks four cubits in the Land of Israel is ...


6

R Eliezer Melamed (Rosh Yeshiva in Har Bracha) writes that it is We have already learned that the mitzvah of settling the Land of Israel does not involve only conquering it, but also requires the settling and developing of every part of it. The Ramban stresses this point that "We should not leave the Land under foreign rule or desolate, as it ...


5

Shortly before the year 70, Jerusalem was surrounded by Roman troops. Raban Yochanan ben Zakai attempted to negotiate a surrender with the Romans. He recognized there was no realistic outcome in which Jewish self-rule remained over Jerusalem. He was opposed by Jewish religious terrorists known as the Sicarii (Latin for "dagger people") who wanted to force ...


4

It might be a chilul Hashem for all the reasons expressed in the comments above. But it might be more than that. Rav Soloveichik believed the Israeli flag has the Halachik status and Holiness of a murdered Jew’s clothing, and shouldn't be desecrated. Rav Soloveichik (mentioned in ‘Nefesh Ha’Rav’) says that there is a section in the Shulchan Aruch that ...


4

I will limit my answer to the first oath שלא יעלו בחומה- "they shall not go up by a wall". All, if not most of the commentators interpret this phrase in a manner that makes the oath irrelevant in regards to Zionism. The general gist of these interpretations is that the oath is only violated when an armed force and/or most of the nation immigrates into the ...


4

Bottom line, it's a machlokes.. Dose of Halacha writes: While R’ Benzion Abba Shaul (Ohr Letzion 2:14:40n) writes that one should say ..oseh maaseh bereishis upon seeing the Dead Sea, R’ Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Halichos Shlomo 23:n43) and R’ Shmuel Wosner (Shevet Halevi 9:47) held that one doesn’t recite a beracha as it was not created during the Six ...


4

Rabbi Hershel Schachter has a yutorah mp3 on the Gaza Disengagement. The southern Biblical border described in the end of Numbers is "Nachal Mitzrayim", generally understood to be Wadi-al-Arish; by that definition, Gush Katif would be included. The borders listed in the Mishna in Gittin reflect which parts of the land were consecrated during the times of ...


4

There are numerous prophecies about the Messianic era and they are generally viewed together as a "single package". As such, Orthodox Judaism is hesitant to declare a single prophecy of that package fulfilled in case there is a snag in the fulfillment of the other and it turns out that that declaration was in error. The more Zionist groups of Orthodoxy will ...


4

The Gemara Ketubot (111a) states that anyone who walks four amot (cubits) is assured a place in the World to Come: א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן: כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא This would be roughly equivalent to four steps. The K'nesset Hag'dolah (Orach Chaim 248) writes that he thinks he remembers the Shiltei Giborim writing ...


3

The Midrash Tanchuma in Parshas Lech L'cha (8) writes: עָשׂוּ מִלְחָמָה אֶת בֶּרַע, שֶׁהָיָה רַע לַשָּׁמַיִם וְלַבְּרִיּוֹת. בִּרְשַׁע, שֶׁנַּעֲשָׂה רָשָׁע. שִׁנְאָב, שֶׁהָיָה שׂוֹנֵא לָאָב שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם. שֶׁמְאֵבֶר, שֶׁאָמַר אֶעֱלֶה בָּאֵבֶר עַל בָּמֳתֵי עָב. כָּל אֵלֶּה חָבְרוּ אֶל עֵמֶק הַשִּׂדִּים, שֶׁהָיְתָה מְנִיקָה אוֹתָן כְּשֵׁם שֶׁשָּׁדַיִם ...


3

There is an exemption not only for a meineket (a nursing mother), but also for a yoledet (a woman who had given birth). They were never included in the minor fasts to begin with. There are plenty of women who go through many years of their lives either pregnant or nursing. Furthermore, many rabbis are of the opinion that for 2 (e.g. Rabbi Mordechai Willig) ...


3

I have zero comment as to today's politics. And when in comes to broader policies, there are many different concerns at play. I can refer you to likely the closest source material, though; assuming individual criminals and civilian life: Suppose a criminal is chasing after you with a gun saying you looked at me funny, I'm going to kill you!, and suddenly by ...


3

Ralbag notes this in his commentary to Melachim 12:23, and he writes that the verse does mention יתר העם in addition the tribes of Yehudah and Binyamin, which is meant to be a reference to Shimon. From Divrei Hayamim I 4:31 it appears that at least some of the members of Shimon had movd out, with their cities being given over to the tribe of Yehudah (see ...


3

The reason that supporting Israeli businesses can be seen as a mitzva is that there is an overall mitzva to buy and sell preferably from Jews (when you have the choice) -- as mentioned by @hazoriz above. This is based on a verse in Vayikra to sell "to your fellow" which Rashi understands to mean your fellow Jew. So if faced with the choice of buying from ...


3

It is not a Chassidic-Misnagdic issue at all. Far from it. Satmar is Chassidic and Neturei Karta are not. They base much, or perhaps some, of their ideology on the Brisker Rav z"l. The typical, mainstream, approach is simply not to be busy about whether or not they were allowed to fight for a state, but rather to focus on what to do going forward. You can ...


3

Reb Shlomo Zalman Auerbach says IDF soldiers may risk their lives to recover the body of a slain comrade because if soldiers think that if they are killed their bodies will be left in the field this would cause a weakening of their combat moral which poses pikuach nephesh to klal yisrael. From this it seems evident RSZA was of the opinion that the IDF are ...


2

I'm just adding this answer due to the faulty translation in the accepted answer: רמב"ם משנה תורה הלכות שמיטה ויובל Rambam Mishneh Torah Laws of Shmita and Yovel כג [כה] אין שביעית נוהגת אלא בארץ ישראל בלבד Shmita applies only in the Land of Israel itself. כה [כח] עבר הירדן, שביעית נוהגת בה מדבריהם. On the eastern bank of the ...


2

As far as what the modern State of Israel should do, this was addressed at length by its first Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Yitzchak Isaac Herzog. Broadly speaking, he felt that in a democratic state there had to be certain tolerance. He allowed selling land to non-Jews, for instance. Broader concerns of avoiding enmity against Jews and concerns of "if the Jews ...


2

I will start by addressing the specific question that you have asked here: "According to Halacha, is it a sin for a Jew to take control over some land in Eretz Yisrael when this land was taken against the will of its previous controller (regardless of whether it was occupied or empty, and whether there was violence involved in the transition)?" The answer ...


2

While the verse cited does predict a return of the Jews to the land of Israel it also includes details which have not yet been realized. The return of large numbers of Jews to Israel and an independent Jewish state are a necessary condition for the fulfillment of this prophecy (and others) but not a sufficient condition for its fulfillment. That this ...


2

To paraphrase this article on the seforimblog: Raphael Shuchat notes that in a manuscript version of the Aderet Eliyahu text there is an important addition: ואפילו הגוים הדרים בא"י צריכים לקיים כל המצוות, לפי שכל המצוות תלויים בארץ ישראל But even with this addition the text is still very difficult, and no one has been able to find a source for the ...


2

The Da'as Z'keinim Bamidbar 21:34 writes that Sichon's mother was impregnated with Sichon by one of the giants who lived before the flood, and married one of Noach's sons and entered the Ark while pregnant with Sichon. He was then born on the Ark. So Sichon is a second possible line of lineage for the giants to survive. Bereishis Rabba 33:11 records the ...


2

As mentioned in the comments above the bracha of "Barukh Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melekh Haolam Sheasa et Hayam Hagadol" when seeing the ocean for the first time in 30 days is relevant. In addition highly relevant to your visit to the Old City (or the Mount of Olives) is the practice of kria (tearing your clothes) over the Temple Mount. See R Ari Enkin's very ...


2

The Talmud in Sanhedrin 19A says about the Kohen Gadol: כשהוא מתנחם כו': איבעיא להו כי מנחם הוא אחריני היכי אמר להו ת''ש והוא אומר תתנחמו היכי דמי אילימא כי מנחמי אחריני לדידיה אמר להו איהו תתנחמו נחשא קא רמי להו אלא כי מנחם לאחריני אמר להו תתנחמו ש''מ The translation is: WHEN HE IS COMFORTED BY OTHERS etc. The schoolmen asked: When he consoled ...


2

This lists the Last Dates of Kedushas Shevi’is, Sefichin and Biur 5775/5776: http://www.star-k.org/articles/kashrus-kurrents/3023/last-dates-of-kedushas-sheviis-sefichin-and-biur-57755776/ Here is a Stark-K article on how to act post Shemitta: ...


2

I have found Nefesh b' Nefesh's community database to be an excellent resource for this sort of information. Jerusalem is of course a fantastic place in Israel for Torah learning because of the quantity of diversity of opportunities to learn. Ramat Beth Shemesh is more of a city where people live and has less yeshivot and learning places for adults. Two ...



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