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8

In Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 140:4 we learn that there is no difference whether your witnesses are dead, non-existent or unreachable. In all these cases they are treated as if they do not exist. That fact that you once had witnesses seems to have no practical application in Halacha. We actually have a fascinating case in Ketubos 23a (bottom of the ...


6

Rambam in Mishneh Torah Hilchos Eidus 9 (1) gives ten categories of disqualifications. Any person belonging to one of them is not acceptable as a witness. The tenth one is people who have a vested interest in the matter So we see that someone with a vested interest in the outcome of the case is disqualified as a witness.


6

Sending an "affidavit" it is a dispute between Rashi and Rabbeinu Tam. Devarim 19:15: לא יקום עד אחד באיש לכל עון ולכל חטאת בכל חטא אשר יחטא על פי שני עדים או על פי שלשה עדים יקום דבר Rashi: ולא שיכתבו עדותם באגרת וישלחו לבית דין And not that they write their testimony in a letter and send it to Beis Din Tosefos Bava Basra 40a (continued ...


5

The ketubah, like any Jewish legal document, requires the signature of two witnesses. Besides being Jewish men who are unrelated to each other (or to the bride or groom), there are other qualifications. The Shulchan Arukh (חושן משפט הלכות עדות סימן לד) rules that רשע פסול לעדות A rasha is invalidated from serving as a witness What is a rasha? ...


4

Pniniei Halocho of Rabbi Melamed defines valid witnesses. וכן אדם שאינו מזדהה עם הערכים שעליהם מבוססים הקידושין, היינו עם ערכי התורה, אינו יכול להיות עד בחתונה. ולכן אדם שחוטא בגילוי עריות, למשל, מקיים יחסים עם אשת איש, או עם אחותו או בתו וכדומה, פסול לעדות. וכן אדם שחשוד בגניבה פסול מלהיות עד, וכמובן שאין הבדל בין אדם שמתפרץ לבית חבירו בלילה ...


4

Pesach Hadvir 268:7 - line 10 says that since Vayechulu is a Eidus that is well known, even ladies can be witnesses for this. On line 15 he says that a man and lady can say it together. Kaf Hachaim 268:36 mentions this source.


4

The witnesses who sign the ketubah are witnessing the ketubah -- that is, the husband's obligations to the wife. Witnesses serve the same function here as with any other legal document (debt, property sale, or even a get). The witnesses at the chupah, on the other hand, testify to the completion of that stage of the marriage. While today we generally ...


1

In Michtav M'Eliyahu, R' Dessler has a chapter where he explains that when chazal say that someone or something "says" something it means that the state of their existence logically implies such a thing. For example, the mishnayos in maseches Parah which have different inanimate objects "saying" things to other inanimate objects. So it could be that the ...


1

I think it is supposed to understood as follows: On the day .... the bridegroom ... said to this [...] daughter of [...], “Be my wife according to the law of Moses and Israel”! Implied - as decreed by Chazal - is the following: [As a result, it's as if he added:] I will work honor, feed and support you in the custom of Jewish men, who work, honor, ...


1

I've seen #2 and #3 at Sephardic weddings outside of Israel (I believe the officiating rabbi was of Algerian ancestry) as well. So I'd assume it's more of an Ashkenazic/Sephardic split than a Jerusalem/UK split, though it's certainly possible that Sephardic practice influences non-Sephardim in Jerusalem as well.


1

I found this article: http://www.din.org.il/2015/01/18/עדות-באמצעות-סקייפ/ Which confirms the view of @IsaacKotlicky regarding testimony for a wedding or divorce i.e. since this testimony is עדות לקיומי the witnesses have to be in the place, although maybe it depends on the machloket of עדות עפ"י אומדנא. However if the case requires Edut just as a ...



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