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15

The custom of eating dairy on Shavuos is mentioned by several ראשונים including: רבינו אביגדור צרפתי- probably the earliest source (12th century), possible one of the בעלי התוספות פירושים ופסקים לרבינו אביגדור הצרפתי על התורה (מהדורת הרשקוביץ, ירושלים תשנ"ו) פסקים תקצה-ח The Kol Bo (סימן נב) Orchos Chaim (הל' תפלת המועדים אות יג)


13

I found a couple of statements about this on ou.org: "To avoid confusion, the OU has chosen not to use the D.E. categorization. We feel that many people will not be familiar with the ramifications of this halachic status." (from a 1992 article, here) "The OU doesn’t recognize a DE or “Dairy Equipment” designation, and so all products made on dairy ...


12

Seven answers from Aish HaTorah: They just got the laws of kosher slaughter and weren't yet prepared. Torah is likened to milk. Gematria of Chalav is 40 and Moshe Rabbeinu was on Har Sinai for 40 days. Because bikkurim is joined to the command to not eat meat and milk together (so eat two meals, one meat and one dairy; I had not heard this before now). An ...


12

And another one (Rama OC 494): the special sacrifice on Shavuot were two loaves of bread. By eating two meals, one meat one dairy, you're forced to have two separate loaves of bread (total) for them. I believe there's another one from the Zohar about how when blood runs through the mammary glands and is converted to milk, this represents the turning from ...


11

Famous question. Rabbi Yosef Karo in his commentary Bait Yosef (which would serve as a first draft of sorts of the Shulchan Aruch) writes not to eat fish with milk (Yoreh De'ah 87:3). His Ashkenazic counterpart Rabbi Moshe Isserles famously commented, "rabbi Karo mixed his milk with meat!" (נראה שנתערב לרב בית יוסף בשר בחלב; Darkhei Moshe, ibid), as the ...


11

Chabad explains that aged cheeses (those that have undergone fermentation) are sufficiently strong to require a wait. They quote the following from OUKosher: What qualifies as hard, aged cheese? According to Jewish law, this is cheese that is aged for six months or so. However, since modern manufacturing techniques enable cheese-makers to develop hard ...


10

http://www.valleyfig.com/c_figs/index.htm It may surprise you to know that when you eat a half-cup of figs you get as much calcium as when you drink a half-cup of milk. http://www.health-benefits-of-olive-oil.com/foods-high-in-calcium.html However, olive oil is relevant to another part of the calcium puzzle, which is the calcium ...


9

Another one: eating milk, then waiting before eating a meat meal, shows that we are more scrupulous in the laws of kashrus than the angels (who ate both at Avraham's house), and therefore we deserve to receive the Torah (as against their argument that it should be kept in heaven).


9

Although the Torah says not to cook "in the milk of the mother", this is a common example, since the mother's milk is at hand. In actuality any meat is forbidden with any milk. (Tur Yore De'a 87, Shulchan Aruch YD 87:2)


8

Human breastmilk is 100% kosher once it has left the woman's body (Shulchan Aruch YD 81:7). Furthermore, it is pareve, but shouldn't be cooked with meat to avoid issues of Marat Ayin (ibid. 87:4).


7

The Lubavitcher Rebbe writes in Reshimos: "The prohibition of eating Milk and Fish [mentioned] in the Bais Yosef is considered to be a mis-write. Nonetheless, we are careful [not to], therefore we add something (butter). This is an instruction from the Tzemach Tzedek". The editors of Shaarei Halacha Uminhag write that it seems that adding butter to milk ...


7

The OU (Webbe Rebbe) told me in an email that: "If the ingredients list dairy items it is dairy otherwise you can assume that the product is 'only' made on equipment." So although they stopped with the OU-DE, it seems that they assume that consumers can read ingredients and figure things out for themselves.


7

From Ohr Sameyach's archive, #156: Mix 1 fluid ounce of beef gravy with 59 fluid ounces of water. We don't have 1:60 yet, so the pot is "meaty." Then pour in 1 fluid ounce milk. The pot now contains 60:1 against the milk, but also 60:1 against the meat. It's therefore pareve. Compared to my previous answer: -- Both answers only work if there are no ...


7

Seems to me that this whole question is based on a misunderstanding. The mishnah is not describing the diet of a poor woman. It is describing the supplies that the husband is obligated to provide to her as part of her basic rights as a wife. Most people had some livestock, either goats, sheep or cows in the times of the Mishanah. Milk spoiled within hours. ...


7

I asked this question of the OU when I was beginning to keep kosher -- if it just had an "OU" and not a "D" could I assume it was parve? Their answer was yes. They of course didn't speak for anybody else, but I got the impression that this was normative then and, since then, I haven't seen a case that didn't fit (other than printing errors!). So "D" is ...


7

From Dairy Free Cooking: (For explanations on what they are and how they're used see the link). Butter Casein Cheese Cream Curd Delactosed Lactalbumin Lactoglobulin Lactose Milk Recaldent Whey and Whey Proteins (and anything else that begins with whey) Also check out: http://www.woodheadpublishing.com/en/book.aspx?bookID=1512


6

I'd like to propose a different way of looking at the possibility of confusion between chicken and meat. Most people explain the problem is that the Rabbis decreed that chicken can have a Halachic status of meat, since it is similar in appearance and may be confused with meat. If so, why wouldn't such a decree apply to all things that may be mistaken for ...


6

From what I remember, the rabbinic inclusion of chicken with meat is not because of Maris Ayin (people will think you are doing the wrong thing) but because of confusion in the law. Having a chicken on the table to show you are eating chicken won't help. They know it came from the chicken, but they will mistakenly assume that just as chicken can be eaten ...


6

The issue of Halachically Speaking: Waiting Between Hard (Aged) Cheese and Meat, discusses which cheeses are considered hard and which ones aren't. (starting on page 5) It also brings a minority opinion that Hard cheese that has been melted into food is no longer considered hard cheese and one need not wait 6 hours after eating it. There are limitations to ...


6

Waiting six hours is not based on the scientific definition of digestion. The Talmud (Chullin 105a) says that one must wait from one meal to the next. There is a disagreement among the Rishonim if that actually means from one meal to the next, or if it means the amount of time between the morning and evening meals, which would mean approximately six hours. ...


5

For Europe in general, from http://www.koshergermany.com/travellersguide.html : Milk and Milk Products: In most European countries no "Cholov Yisroel" or its derivatives are available. Those who care should take with them from Israel long-life milk and hard cheese. The following advises are meant for those who use non-Jewish milk (trefa-milk does not ...


5

There is a mishnah that explicitly permits fish and milk: Hullin [8:1]: כל הבשר אסור לבשל בחלב, חוץ מבשר דגים וחגבים My translation: "One is not permitted to cook [and eat] any meat in milk, except for the meat of fish and [permitted types of] locust" So no, there is no halachic problem with eating fish and milk together, or else the ...


5

OU.org says the cone does not need a brocho; it is subordinate to the ice cream. Even if ice cream is eaten in a cone, only Shehakol is necessary, since the cone is eaten only because of the ice cream and is clearly subordinate to it. Its purpose is actually not so much to be eaten as to hold the ice cream and to prevent the hands from becoming ...


5

The Ben Ish Chay (year 2, B'shalach 20):Sometimes people make the aforementioned yogurt before Shabas: they heat milk, put it in a receptacle, and put a little made yogurt (or other binding thing) so this milk will harden and become yogurt. It's done by morning.But sometimes they see in the morning that it's still milk: it hasn't hardened to become yogurt. ...


5

I asked them and received the following reply from Rabbi Moshe D Gutnick (with permission to post here): In NZ all ethanol is produced from whey and is Dairy. Therefore all ethanol based alcoholic beverages such as Vodka produced in NZ must be considered dairy. Beer was also included in that as a precaution. However it is now quite clear that none of the ...


4

To continue Shalom's answer, I would like to bring down the opinion of the Taz that says the Bet Yosef made a misprint and meant to write fish with meat. So wrote the Hida. However, Maran HaRab Obadia Yosef in Yechawe Daat writes "Yesh Lehimana" meaning that is prohibited according to Sephardim. Rab Obadia Yosef brings a Kula from the Kaf HaHaim that butter ...


4

I have heard that there are those that do not purchase dairy on Chol Hamoed for the reasons mentioned below. I have never heard of people that do not eat any dairy at all over Pesach, however maybe there are some that do not. Technically speaking, there is no concern with Chometz when it comes to milk. Cows eat grain, which becomes Chometz with prolonged ...


4

Because I am currently too tired to do an exhaustive search on all the sources in the Shulhan Arukh, I am basing my answer on Mori HaRav Neuwirth and his sefer Shemirat Shabbat K'Hilkhata. According to the above sefer 10:1 there is no issue of Nolad when melting ice, even if the the water goes to waste, if it is used to cool other foods that are normally ...


4

First and foremost, if this is for someone who needs liquid nutrition, you must check with a nutritionist before trying something different. Saving a life trumps kashrut. Additionally, many rabbis who normally require chalav yisrael will allow non-chalav-yisrael for someone seriously sick (even if not life-threateningly so). Or as the TV ads say, "ask ...


4

There are many different minhagim when it comes to Milchigs on Shvous. I know the Yekehs have a milchig meal at night. Many people have the Minhag to eat a Milchig meal by day. The chassidim on the other hand, will have some milchigs after kiddush (by day) and then wait half an hour before eating a full fleishig meal. (The logic being that a Seudah's yom tov ...



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