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From this page: The adjective "Ashkenazic" and corresponding nouns, Ashkenazi (singular) and Ashkenazim (plural) are derived from the Hebrew word "Ashkenaz," which is used to refer to Germany. ...I searched the literature for confirmation and found there were two camps: (1) (Opinions which agree with the above): Dovid Katz, Yiddish and Power ...
Here are just a few possibilities in Hebrew (I don't speak Hebrew, so please forgive me--and let me know--if some are way off): אגודת - Indeed used with this meaning ציבור -? עם (Not the best) יהדות--Roughly "Jewry" (countable)--In frequent use with this meaning--see here קהילה ממוצא -- In frequent use, but lacks the sought degree of precision בית, ...
Presenting a strictly Chareidi point of view on this site is like walking into a minefield, but here goes. There were definitely religious leaders who were against instituting a special day to commemorate the Holocaust, but not all gave their reasoning. One reason that was given came from Rabbi Gedalia Schor as quoted in Meged Givos Olam. The author there ...
Wikipedia deals with the question: The Chief Rabbinate of Israel, in 1949, under the guidance of Ben-Zion Meir Hai Uziel and Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, decided that the Tenth of Tevet should be the national remembrance days for victims of the Holocaust. The Tenth of Tevet fast commemorates the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II. For this day, it ...
I don't think there is one right answer, here are a few possibilities you could pick from ethnicities ethnic groups (e.g., here) ethnic divisions (e.g., Wikipedia uses it here and here) communities (also here and here) origins subcultures (e.g., here) traditions
I don't have it with me now, but the Artscroll Ashkenazi kinnot talks in the footnotes somewhere (I think somewhere around kinnah 20-30) about Jews who went to Germany after the destruction of the first Beit Hamkidash and didn't want to go back in the time of Ezra and Nechemia. I don't remember what their source is.
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