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14

Having grown up "heimish" I will do my best to explain. The first thing I tell people that ask me to define Heimish, is "mixed up". From the outside looking in, our accent in davening is typically that of chassidim, yet we (For the most part) are clean shaven (which is a huge no-no in the chassidish world). You might see us wear a gartel on shabbos ...


13

I'm surprised to read the other answers provided, not to mention the direction of the question leading to those answers. I didn't know what to expect when I clicked on the title, but it wasn't that. I have personally never heard the word in any context other than, simply, "friendly". As in: "This is a Heimish Shul" (not as a denomination, but just ...


12

Yekke Jews are of German ancestry. They have a number of very strong traditions that set them a bit apart from the rest of "Ashkenazi" Jewry, including, but not limited to, young men wearing a Tallith Gadol prior to marriage, and slightly different cantillation tunes than most Ashkenazim.


12

It refers to the Jewish community of Germany, especially of Frankfurt-am-Main and its vicinity, which (the community of Frankfurt) was later transplanted to other places, especially the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City. Wikipedia has more.


11

The vast majority of shuls self-identified as Orthodox are mainstream. So chances are, any Orthodox shul or community you approach will be mainstream. Sabbateans are non-existent, as far as I know. Karaites are very rare and will not pretend to be Orthodox. Any Orthodox shul without a mechitza (I hear there are a few left) is outside of the mainstream, ...


10

There has never been an official Chief Rabbi of the United States. Jonathon D. Sarna (in his American Judaism: A History. Yale University Press, 2004, page 105) explains this phenomenon thus: But since there was no parallel Christian religious authority—no chief Protestant minister, no archbishop, not even a Catholic cardinal with nationwide ...


10

From what I gather (from here and elsewhere), the group is a Christian group which accepts Jesus as a messianic figure and which considers itself to be the only valid set of descendants from the ancient tribal sons of Jacob. They have no connection to Judaism that modern Judaism would accept (without matrilineal descent or an approved process of conversion) ...


9

The word Heimish means comfortable. So to a Litvak another Litvak is Heimish and to a Chassid another Chassid is Heimish.


9

Any of many groups that lived in or used caves could be given the name Magharians (from Arabic). The tenth century (CE) Karaite Jacob Qirqisani described them as a pre-Christian group with distinctive views about angels, creation and biblical anthropomorphisms. According to Muslim scholar al-Biruni (973-1048) they used a lunar calendar and observed Rosh ...


5

Answer: Levites: 4%, Priests: 4%. A scientific article which deals with the genetics of priests and Levites quotes a book from 1999 (not available for reading online) which estimates Levites and priests each at 4% of the general Jewish population. Source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000292970763626X#bbib6 Referenced book: "The genetic ...


5

I've always heard this used as a synonym for "frum". If it has a more specific connotation, based on the usage I have heard, I would interpret it as having the following characteristics: very traditional (i.e. not modern), black hat, and linguistically the environment would be yiddish/english. Update: I discussed this question with our Rabbi at shul today, ...


5

In Breslov specifically we are careful to adhere to the Rebbe's words and avoid any unnecessary stringencies. As such, a conversion by a shomer Shabbos beis din that involved bris mila, mikvah, and sincere and total kabalos mitzvos would generally be seen as valid to most Breslov communities and individuals. All that said, to the best of my knowledge ...


5

Depending on who you ask, you may get slightly different answers. This is what I understand, from a mostly historical and Chassidic perspective. (Garnered from R' Yossi Paltiel1, Berel Wein2, and a bit of Wikipedia3.) The Baal Shem Tov started his teaching not long after the false messiah, Shabtai Tzvi created massive chaos in the Jewish world. Shabtai ...


5

The Hebrew Israelite issue is a demonstration of how complete and unfounded wannabism can be turned into a reality. Towards the end of the 19th century some African-Americans churches who previously had identified themselves with the ancient Hebrews shifted into an identification as ancient Hebrews. This movement gave birth to various groups, mostly clear ...


5

Echoing others, the answer to this question is elusive and is likely to remain so: We are beset by many problems. And our thorniest and perhaps most disabling problem is, curiously, an "identity crisis"--perhaps a sign of our youthfulness as an ideological movement. Objectively examined, what binds us together as a separate entity is our full ...


5

Here's a quick chart I made, based on my own knowledge. It flows chronologically from top-to-bottom, and is not drawn to scale. (Horizontal axis is meaningless.) Bold boxes are groups that are still around today. Italic boxes are general categories. Dashed lines indicate unknown or disputed; Curved lines indicate indirect relationship. Dates are ...


5

Nusach Sfard (not to be confused with Nusach Sefaradit Or Edot HaMizrach) is the nusach (that contains many Kabbalistic inyanim) used by families and communities who ancestrally were influenced by the teachings of the Ba'al Shem Tov (founder of the Chassidus movement) and his many students. Nusach Sfard is primarily used by (Ashkenazi) people who originate ...


5

I heard from R. Nota Greenblatt (the eminent posek of Memphis and the greater South) that since the original enactment to read the Torah did not include the familiar rate of once a year, that in a case of need e.g. the baal korei has difficulty reading the whole parsha, then one could finish the Torah less frequently. He implied that one would not even need ...


4

Check out the Nefesh B'Nefesh Community Database which lets you search according to a number of criteria. Off the top of my head (and if you're sure Ramat Beit Shemesh is out), from the information you give you might want to look into Yad Binyamin, Modiin, Moshav Matisyahu, Nof Ayalon, Efrat/Alon Shvut/Neve Daniel


4

What is World ORT? World ORT is as much a 'movement' as an organisation. Yes, we were founded in St Petersburg in 1880 and, since then, we have become the world's largest Jewish education and vocational training NGO. The acronym ‘ORT’ comes from its original Russian name; ‘Organization for Rehabilitation and Training’ is a later innovation. But if we’re so ...


4

This is a very complicated question, with a complicated answer. I apologize that I can't provide sources for my answer, and I will try to simplify it. If you look at the Talmud and earliest mystical writings, the answer to this question would be a clear "No", Judaism does not attempt to unify and "feel" Gd. Rather the goal of the mystical journey is to ...


4

I think that the answer to this question is "it depends." If the Chabad-trained conversion candidate does not espouse "Meshichist" doctrine -- the advocacy that the deceased Lubavitcher Rebbe is/will be the Messiah, in contradiction to the Rambam's position that a deceased person cannot come back to be the Messiah -- then I doubt there will be any issue in ...


4

I think it's a corruption of "tovot v'neimot" -- may you (plural) merit to many good, pleasant years. If you check with Rabbi Google, searching on תזכו לשנים רבות טובות, you'll see the concluding word is generally "ne'imot." This website (of which I know nothing else) records a Sephardic practice where you say "may you merit to many years", and the other ...


4

An Alsatian associate told me that the custom of Alsatian Jews is to perform kapparot with a fish.


3

The Persian community (mostly Shirazi) absorbed by Baltimore contains a high fraction of Cohanim and very few Leviim.


3

I am not Syrian, nor do I claim to know about why the Syrians do what they do, but this seems to be similar to what was done in the days of Kings David and Solomon. Yevamos 24a: ת''ר אין מקבלין גרים לימות המשיח כיוצא בו לא קבלו גרים לא בימי דוד ולא בימי שלמה א''ר אליעזר מאי קרא {ישעיה נד-טו} הן גור יגור אפס מאותי מי גר אתך עליך יפול אבל אידך לא ...


3

I think that knowing what is socially acceptable to gift, you should be fine, but you have to know who you are giving to. It's always appropriate to ask if someone keeps cholov yisroel or does not listen to non-Jewish music. Most people who are more machmir tend to understand that they are more stringent and others ours, and will not find it insulting, but ...


3

Unfortunately I do not have the time to check each source specifically, but here are a few pointers: Rabbi Shalom Jerby from Nofit in Israel says that Sephardic communities in many places stand, including Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, and more. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef says that even though lechatchila one should stand, there's a sod to sitting, and he brings a few ...



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