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15

Idolatry, immorality and murder. See Babylonian Talmud, Yoma 9b: מקדש ראשון מפני מה חרב מפני ג' דברים שהיו בו ע"ז וגלוי עריות ושפיכות דמים


11

The discrepancy has been raised repeatedly over the centuries, by scholars Jew and non-Jew, Orthodox or not, alike. Rabbi Shimon Schwab penned an essay on it whereby he very much raised the possibility that the non-Seder-Olam chronology may be correct, though later referring to it as a "thought experiment." In his taped lectures on the history of the ...


11

Look throughout the book of Jeremiah -- the people kept believing that the Temple standing was the sign that everything was going to be okay. Corruption destroying everything? No problem, we have the Temple. Then the Jews learned (the hard way) not to take it for granted.


9

R' Moshe Feinstein zt"l explains (Igros Moshe, vol. 8, Yoreh De'ah 57:11) that the statement in the kinah is referring to tragedies affecting all of the Jewish people. The Crusaders wanted a wholly Christian world, with no Jews ר"ל (and indeed, they attacked and killed the Jews in Jerusalem as well as in Europe); Hitler's ימ"ש aim was similar. Such ...


9

A large part of Shimon lived in Yehudah's boundaries, true (as described in Josh. 19:1-9). But in I Chron. 4:31, after (more-or-less) the same list of cities is repeated, the verse adds a crucial detail: "These were their cities until the reign of David." Pseudo-Rashi and Metzudas David explain that in this period the Tribe of Yehudah's population increased ...


8

The Jews distanced themselves from God, who therefore caused the symbol and medium of their closeness to him to be destroyed. More specifically, the g'mara (according to Rashi there) says, they did not view the Tora as important.


7

Seems to be here (end of the first column and beginning of the second, ד"ה ענין). Although, if I'm understanding him correctly, it's not that if he had held back there wouldn't have been any further animosity on the brothers' part, just that they would have been able to complete all of the tikkunim that were needed. (Maybe that amounts to the same thing?)


7

The Shoel U'meishiv answers that this can be understood based on Rashi's and Tosfos' opinions in Sukkah(41a) where it says that the Third Beis Hamikdash will not be built by hand, rather it will decend from Heaven. There is a principal that the blessing does not come on to something that is empty . For example when Eliyahu Hanavi got oil for Ovdiah's wife ...


7

I was at a wedding where they did not serve soup and there were placecards on the table that stated the reason was because of the aformentioned reason and had the Shuchan Aruch written out; I was intrigued as until then I had not heard of it.


6

When I did construction on my home I asked about this and was told that there is no need to leave an unfinished spot in America. The difference between American and Israeli construction methods should explain this. In Israel, everything is poured concrete, and plaster is put over it - thus it would make sense to continue to practice of leaving one square ...


5

My rabbinic sources in Rome tell me that there is no written source, but that this is local minhag. --SF


5

Dr. Steven Fine, my Classical Jewish History prof at YU, wrote in this year's Tisha Bav To-Go (published by YU's CJF) the following: For centuries, Jews avoided the Arch of Titus, refusing to walk under it and thus to give honor to Titus. The Arch symbolized the debasement of Judaism and the beginning of our woes. This situation was reinforced by ...


5

Long before it was actually destroyed, it was looted. The prophet Jeremiah kept knocking heads with the Jewish people about the Temple. For them it was "the pride of their stubbornness" -- well by golly if we still have the Temple standing, everything is going to be okay. Once the Temple was looted, that broke people's attitudes towards it as their ...


5

Gittin 56b תן לי יבנה וחכמיה ושושילתא דרבן גמליאל ואסוותא דמסיין ליה לרבי צדוק קרי עליה רב יוסף ואיתימא רבי עקיבא (ישעיהו מד) משיב חכמים אחור ודעתם יסכל איבעי למימר ליה לשבקינהו הדא זימנא והוא סבר דלמא כולי האי לא עביד והצלה פורתא נמי לא הוי Looking back fifty years later, Rabbi Akiva remarks that G-d must have clouded R' Yochanan ben Zakai's ...


4

The Chayei Adom(137:1) says a person who has a home should leave a part of the wall without plaster or paint. The person who does it is guaranteed that his house will stand forever ,and nothing will happen to it (Kaf Ha’chaim 560:11). There is a weak Heter today as people homes are made of less permanant material,sand mixed into the plaster (Rivevos Ephraim ...


4

I heard it is because one can "fix" a wedding through a divorce (like a glass that can be melted back together). There is no way out of a tnaim, however, so it is like an earthenware plate that can't be fixed.


4

Jewish historian Josephus records in Antiquity of the Jews Ch. 20, Certain of these robbers went up to the city, as if they were going to worship God, while they had daggers under their garments; and, by thus mingling themselves among the multitude, they slew Jonathan [the high priest]; and as this murder was never avenged, the robbers went up ...


4

In the Kuntras Yekar Tifferes (http://beta.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=36072&st=&pgnum=204) the author brings this question in the name of HaRav Zvi Perzovicz shlitoh who provides an interesting answer. The Tur in the beginning of Hilchos Rosh Chodesh says that really the 12 Roshei Chadashim should have been Yomim Toivim, however, because of ...


3

This comment proposes: I think the point of the Gemara is to illustrate that someone's life was ruined by the callous way two people who contrived to ruin it within the bounds of Halachah, as in RaMBa"N's famous interpretation of the Naval BiRshuth HaTorah (VaYikra 19:2)


3

Exodus Rabah 51:3, (third paragraph in your link) מהו משכן שני פעמים א"ר שמואל בר מרתא שנתמשכן שני פעמים על ידיהם זהו שאנשי כנסת הגדולה אומרים (נחמיה א) חבול חבלנו לך ולא שמרנו את המצות ואת החוקים ואת המשפטים מהו חבול חבלנו לך הוי שנתמשכן ב' פעמים ואין חבול אלא משכון שנאמר (דברים כד) לא יחבול רחים ורכב לכך כתיב אלה פקודי המשכן משכן העדות ב' ...


3

On 40:1 (where Yechezkel's prophecy is dated "the 25th year of our exile, on Rosh Hashanah, the tenth of the month, in the 14th year after the city was destroyed"), Abarbanel argues that "Rosh Hashanah" can mean anniversary of the exile. So according to him, at least, not only the months but also the years לגלותנו may indeed be counted consistently from ...


2

I've heard, but have no written source for, ideas along the following lines: The Temple was not only a place to reconcile but was to some degree an expression of an existing connection of some sort between us and God. He expressed that connection by the presence of the sh'china and by the miracles that took place; we did by our service there. Once we had ...


2

The most famous reason is committing the 3 cardinal sins, but other reasons are given also. The Bible gives some reasons in a couple of places, and the Talmud expounds on them. The Pentateuch has many warnings if the Jews are bad, they will be exiled (See the weekly reading next week). One of the sins emphasized is the failure to observe the Sabbatical ...


2

Looking through the Sefas Emes on Chanuka it is clear that Ner Chanuka was established immediately the following year. However I found that Sefer Yavin Daas - Chasdei Avos - Rabbi Yehoshua M'Katna Zatzal says that this may have been the case. שבאמת כ''ז שבהמ''ק הי' קיים לא התקינו חז''ל מצוות הדלקת נ''ח "That in truth the whole time the Bais ...


2

In Maayanah Shel Torah, a teaching is brought in the name of R"I MiKuzmir, who I'm pretty sure is R' Yechezkel Taub of Kuzmir, the founder of the Modzitz Dynasty. Here's a rough translation: We know the the Holy Temples were destroyed because of Baseless Hatred. When Yosef and Binyamin met, and felt that their separation until now had been caused by of ...


2

The eight statements are from eight different sages. Presumably, as in other places where the g'mara says "A says X, B says Y, etc", they are disagreeing with each other. Sometimes when there are multiple opinions the g'mara reconciles them (A was talking about this specific case where X applies, B was talking about this other case where Y applies, they ...


1

To your question about Kohein Gadol messing up on the avodah and dying on the spot, there is a gemoro in Yoma 9a “The Second Temple stood for 420 years, ve-shimshu bo yoter mi-shelosh meot Kohanim, and more than 300 served as High Priest over that period. Take out forty years in which Shimon the Tzaddik was the High Priest and deduct another 80 ...


1

The sefer (which I still can't find) explained that Hashem took the Yisrael out of Egypt 190 years early, and the reason why they were taken out early was because they had already descended to the 49th level of spiritual impurity, and if they would have descended to the 50th level they would have been lost forever. Therefore, Hashem had to redeem them ...


1

If you visit the Arch of Titus in Rome, there, on the arch, is a depiction of the Romans hauling off the treasures of the Temple, including the menorah. The gemara at Me'ilah 17b says that Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Yossi as having visited Rome and saying, "I saw the parochet [curtain to the Holy of Holies] of the Bais Hamikdash in Rome and there were some ...



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