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11

As far as I know, the above answer is correct. A neveilah conveys ritual impurity, while a treifa does not; as per the gemura in Niddah on 42b, which makes a drasha from the pasuk in Vayikra 22:8. Here is a direct link: http://www.hebrewbooks.org/shas.aspx?mesechta=37&daf=42b&format=pdf it is about 3/4 of the way down the daf.


10

I think I remember learning in elementary school that the Moon and the Sun had, as they have now, the same angular diameter when viewed from the Earth, and they also had coronas of equal size, so their total sizes, including coronas, were equal. When the Moon complained about their equality, literally in terms of a "crown" (which a corona resembles and which ...


8

The explanation referenced in my answer here (I'm still looking for the underlying source - it must be in some maamar or sicha) seems to indicate that the "diminishment" is closer to your second possibility - though focusing not so much on the moon's waxing and waning, but on the fact that it is not self-luminous but receives its light from the sun. (Is ...


6

Rambam (in the introduction to his Commentary on the Mishnah) says that it is because the Torah itself introduces the concept of slaughtering for nonsacred purposes immediately following the rules about sacrifices (Deut. 12:11, 15). It may also be due to the fact that kosher slaughter is basically an optional mitzvah (you don't have to eat meat), except in ...


4

from here, quoting R. Isaac of Homil (a hebrew biography can be found here): The moon, when she was first created, was a glistening jewel. She did not merely reflect light, but rather transformed it and brought out its inner beauty, much as a precious stone glistens with a secret, hidden light all its own. In her own way, the moon was greater than the ...


3

See @tom smith's issur mosif where a kohen gadol gets a 2nd issur when he lives with a widow/divorcee. Since the application of the issur expanded (from prohibited to a kohen gadol to prohibited to all kohanim), the 2nd issur can be applied. Issur kolel is similar, except that while the source of the issur remains the same, the circumstances change to ...


3

I would say its luminosity diminished. For most heavenly bodies, the angular size is too small to be resolved by the eye, but the brightness varies by orders of magnitude, so when we say some object is greater or lesser than another, we almost always mean luminosity. As another option, recall that the Moon was created by a collision of a Mars-sized object ...


2

The art scroll gemoro (104b English page 3) says that the gemoro is not saying that "Rabbi Yosi is the Tanna Kama", it is saying that in effect he is saying the same thing as the Tana Kama, so why is he in the Mishna. Footnote 23 says that the hava amina (you might think) that this particular mishna is saying that the Tanna Kamma contends that Bais Shamai ...


2

I heard recently in the name of the Shem Mish'muel (I think the speaker said it's somewhere in sefer Vayikra, but am not sure) that the diminishing of the moon is in that it is sometimes eclipsed.


2

In general, once something is prohibited, it cannot become prohibited again; that is, no one thing cannot be prohibited for two reasons, rather the first prohibition governs. In practice, this means, inter alia, that a transgressor is only punished for violating the first prohibition, not the second. There are a few exceptions to this basic rule, two of ...


2

As the other answers stated, the main difference between נבילה וטריפה is the טומאה. However, there are also other differences, such as אותו ואת בנו (see שמלה חדשה טו); in שלחן ערוך פב where ביצת טריפה is אסור but ביצת נבילה is not; and (lamely) someone who makes a vow נדר not to benefit from one but left the other alone. These are found all over שמלה חדשה ...


2

Nebelah: An animal that has died a natural death or was killed not in accordance with the jewish ritual lawnatural death is called "nebelah" (carcas). (Bechoros, 3a) Terefah: An animal afflicted with an organic disease or disability (eg. the removal of a certain portion of the knee) (Chulin, 42a) A first-born-Nebelah can have kedushat-Bechor ...


2

A neveilah is tamei (ritually impure); a treifa isn't. Benefit is permitted either way.


2

I would add as an answer, that perhaps, as the Torah describes within the context of wandering in the desert, animal slaughter without the context of sacrifice should be looked down upon. See Vayikra Chapter 17: 1 And HaShem spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 Speak unto Aaron, and unto his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto ...



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