New answers tagged chukas
Yalkut Shimoni (763) says Moshe was told to learn a perek (mishnah) and the rock would give water. See Alshich for explanation
In his commentary to that Numbers (20:8), Rav Sa'adyah Gaon renders "אל הסלע" as "על הסלע". (according to R. Yosef Qafih's Hebrew translation of R. Sa'adyah's Arabic.) In his notes there, R. Yosef Qafih explains that the intent was not that Moshe should speak to the stone, but rather that he should speak to the Jews in the proximity of the stone. ...
if you miss days 3 and 7 ... are you tamei forever? No. you need to count 3 days 3 to begin, the rule is to begin when you go to Cohen. this may by at day day 4, 5... So day(2nd sprinkling) >= day(1st sprinkling) + 4 Rambam Mishne Taharot Para Aduma 11, 2 When a person became impure due to a corpse and remained several days without having the water ...
Your question assumes that hitting the rock was the sin. I happen to believe that the sin was falling on their faces in front of the nation and not standing up for G-d, which was an (in)action perpetrated by both. I cannot explain the entire theory here; read these source sheets: http://www.sefaria.org/sheets/tags/Moshe%20and%20Aharon's%20Real%20Sin.
Aharon was punished because he did not act in conformity with his defining middah of Oheiv Shalom V'Rodeif Shalom by restraining Moshe's anger and ensuring that the dispute over the water shortage would be brought to a happy ending. According to the peshat, as recognized by the Rashbam, Chizkuni and Kli Yakar, the Mateh at Kadesh was the Mateh Aharon ...
After taking a closer look at the pesukim, I realized that the question can be rephrased: why by Edom did they first offer not to drink water and then offered to pay, whereas by Moav did they not rephrase their offer? The answer, also by taking a closer look at the pesukim, is that they didn't get a chance. Sichon made the first strike, and Klal Yosrael ...
The ramban says their chet was they implied the rock should give water because of their instruction, so they should have said to the rock, Hashem says you should give water.
The Midrash Tanchuma ask the question: See Midrash Tanchuma (see here paragraph 10 (Yod)): וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶל מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל אַהֲרֹן יַעַן לֹא הֶאֱמַנְתֶּם בִּי. לָמָּה נֶעֱנַשׁ אַהֲרֹן. The Midrash later says that Moshe itself asked this: אַף כָּךְ אָמַר מֹשֶׁה לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, רִבּוֹנוֹ שֶׁל עוֹלָם, אֲנִי הִקְפַּדְתִּי, ...
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