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14

Be'er Hagolah at the end of Yoreh Deah 334 lists the following: Not to marry more than 1 wife. Someone who is in Cherem should not be a Shaliach Tzibur. A person should not be away from his wife more than 18 months. Not to rent a house from a non Jew if a Jew is living there. Not to cut off a page of a Sefer, even to write on it. Not to embarrass a Baal ...


13

As I heard Rav Schacter say, many of the cherems of Rabbenu Gershom are already forbidden deOraysa. For example, to divorce a woman against her will is a betrayal that he cast as deOraysa of onaas devarim. (in this shiur, at 5:50 mark and on for a while). But, a cherem is an expression of the wish that the person should die because of this sin. So, it is a ...


10

The earliest printed sources that mention the bans of Rabbeinu Gershom ben Yehuda, one of which is the ban on polygamy, appear to be the Machzor Vitry (§575) and two teshuvot of the Maharam of Rotenberg (§153 and §1022). A much easier source to find (and read) is the anonymously-authored Sefer Kol Bo, which was probably composed in the 14th century. There ...


8

Back when there was a formal, central body of Jewish legislators, the Sanhedrin, they would occasionally excommunicate someone. The most common instance that we have recorded in the Talmud is for a rabbi who refuses to submit to the final ruling of the Sanhedrin and continues to publicly rule for others in a different direction. E.g. the Sanhedrin took a ...


8

Pshat At the simplest level, he was acting in a manner akin to the zaken mamre or "rebellious elder" (Deuteronomy 17:12). As the Gemara in Sanhedrin explains, a member of the Sanhedrin is allowed, and encouraged, to express a dissenting opinion. However, once the Sanhedrin votes and his opinion is determined to be the minority, he may still: Personally ...


8

You mean his ban on polygamy? I was told that we don't actually have its text today; hence so much debate as to its contents and limitations.


7

According to Rav Chaim Berlin z"tl it would appear that the cherem no longer applies in what may be the earliest formal expression of the current status quo: ולהתפלל בבית הכנסת של החסידים אין שום חשש בזה, וגזירת רבינו הגר"א ז"ל לא הי' אלא בזמנו שהקילו אז בכבוד תלמידי חכמים לומדי תורה, ולא כן בימינו שהחסידים חולקים כבוד לכל לומדי תורה והם יראי ה' ...


7

In 1724, Rabbi Yaakov Reischer was approached by a woman named Chavah in this predicament: her deceased husband's only remaining brother Yissachar had a deformity on his foot which prevented Chalitza being done. He ruled that Yibbum must be performed, and that R Gershon's prohibition on polygamy does not apply where it would leave one party unable to ever ...


4

I have heard that he wrote all of sha"s and said that that is the authoritative girsa and was gozer not the change it. (from sefer פירושי רבינו גרשום printed by אור החיים, in the הקדמה)


4

There is no "book" of the rulings of Rabbeinu Gershom. Many items are referenced by later Rishonim in Ashkenaz as takkanot (rulings) of Rabbeinu Gershom, but there is no authoritative list in any one place. There is also no English translation for most of the following, which may be why no one has quoted them: The earliest attributions to Rabbeinu Gershom ...


3

Included were Rabbis Yaakov Emden and Moshe Chagiz according to Graetz here and R. Yitzchak Pacifici (פאציפיקו) (the chief rabbi of Venice) as Graetz notes here. This page lists generally the Ashkenazi and Spanish rabbis of Germany, Venice, Poland, Holland, and Denmark as pronouncing the ban. It should be noted that the ban was actually promulgated; not ...


3

Per Dinonline The prohibition against polygamy was enacted by Rabbeinu Gershom, some thousand years ago. Some have suggested that the ban was only enacted until the end of the 5th thousand years (in the Jewish calendar), or the year 1239. Others, however, suggest that the ban was only made for one thousand years, and this might be the source from ...


3

I answered this question to a larger extent here, using this article from R J J Schachter (I read the article years ago - it is wonderful). To quote the reasons most relevant to this question Some formulations of the original herem are phrased "if [the recipient] threw away the letter it is permitted [to read it]" R Hayim Palaggi states the herem ...


3

The following is a source that I am aware of. Be'er HaGola at the end of Yorah Deah 334 http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=20241&st=&pgnum=21 http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=20241&st=&pgnum=22


3

According to Rabbi Tzvi Shpitz (citing the Rashba for support), the cherem of Rabenu Gershom that bans reading others' mail was never instituted if such reading will help the person who's [sic] privacy is being invaded, or others, in a physical or spiritual manner. Most business-to-customer communications would seem to satisfy that criterion. (Posting ...


3

I heard personally from Rav Moshe Heineman, Rav of Agudath Israel Baltimore and close talmid to Rav Ahron Kotler, that one summer a student asked Rav Ahron this question. Rav Ahron answered that "the whole reason the cherem was put out against the Chassidim was because they didn't learn Gemara, but nowadays (then in the late 1950's) some of them know how to ...


3

What you're describing sounds more like mamzerus than cherem, one should investigate this with an Orthodox Rabbi rather than here, as mamzerus is a serious issue that needs to be dealt with properly. Otherwise, I've never heard of someone in cherem alone who was prevented from having children. Rarely does cherem extend outside of a local community, and it ...


2

From footnote #2 to an article on torah.org: We must realize that Rabbeinu Gershom actually issued many Takanos (injunctions) and Cheramim (bans). Some were not accepted at all, some were restricted only to his generation, some were only accepted in the European Jewish communities, some had a specific time limitation on them, and others were accepted and ...


2

Someone asked this to Rav Meir Mazuz Shlita here: אשתי מורה ועושה תואר שני בתנ"ך במכללה דתית [מהזרם הציוני דתי]. במהלך אחד הקורסים, נתבקשו ע"י מרצה אחד, לקרוא מאמר של שפינוזה. וכן דברו שם על בקורת המקרא. כששאלה אשתי את המרצה [חובש הכיפה] שידוע שהרבנים אוסרים לשמוע דברים מסוג זה, אמר: איפה הרב עובדיה [שליט"א] פוסק שאסור? האם אפשר לקבל מקורות לאיסור? [גם ...


2

The Ramchal was born 31 years after the death of Shabbtai Zvi, a false Messiah, who turned many Jews away from religion. As such the rabbanim in Italy, who misunderstood some of the Ramchal's writings for messianic, were very afraid of "another Shabbtai Zvi story" and threatened him with excommunication unless he stopped writing. The Ramchal agreed to stop ...


2

First some background from here [In 1997, there was a significant controversy when] Dr Marc Shapiro published an article called Scholars and Friends: R' Yechiel Ya'akov Weinberg and Prof. Samuel Atlas. The piece included private correspondence between the Seridei Esh (R Weinberg) and his friend Prof. Samuel Atlas of Hebrew Union College. A lot of ...


1

must he seek another heter meah rabbanim first? In my opinion NO Reason. From the wording of the heter below it seems to that there will not a reason that he can not marry again, after the end for his second marrige, while he is still married to his first wife. Since the heter states he can marry another wife while still being married to her sposificly (i ...


1

That depends on your parameters for the question. Technically, Chava touching the Etz HaDa'as after Adam prohibited her from doing so is understood to be the first non-Divine command issued by an authority transgressed by others. The gemara explains that Adam was mistaken in his thought process behind the ban and commanded Chavah to neither eat nor touch ...


1

The Gemara Megillah (5b) says that Mordechai originally instituted the full status of Yom Tov to Purim including a prohibition on melacha, but the nation didn't accept this. מלאכה לא קבילו עלייהו דמעיקרא כתיב שמחה ומשתה ויום טוב ולבסוף כתיב לעשות אותם ימי משתה ושמחה ואילו יום טוב לא כתיב


1

To answer the final question, the Baal HaTurim to Bereishis 45:26 writes that ויגדו of "ויגדו לו לאמר" when the brothers (or Serach) told Yaakov that Yosef was alive is missing a yud (it should be ויגידו) is because they didn't tell him until they opened (undid) the excommunication. He cites Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 38.


1

http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=20241&st=&pgnum=21 http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=20241&st=&pgnum=22 (וכן העיד הרא"ש:"ותקנותיו וגזרותיו קבועות ותקועות כאילו נתנו מסיני" (שו"ת הרא"ש כלל מ"ג סימן ח'



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