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11

The Gra writes (Shenot Eliyahu to Brachot 1:1) that you have to read Shema yourself and you cannot fulfill your obligation by listening to another. (This is not universally agreed to, but see the next point.) As for the blessings, the whole point of having a Chazzan starting from (just before) Barchu is for him to recite the blessings of Keriat Shema out ...


6

Rama discusses a similar situation in ShA OC 54:3 where, after reciting Yishtabach, the congregation halted the prayer service for specific Mitzva/communal needs. He recommends in that case for the Chazzan to recite "some verses from Pesukei Dizimra" and say Kaddish "on them". (It seems to me that his specification of "from Pesukei Dizimra" is lav davka and ...


6

This doesn't really answer your question definitively at all, but I thought it might interest you. I was reading through some of the autobiographical essays of R. Isaac David Essrig (1893-1976), who was a well-respected rabbi (although he wouldn't be considered a "gadol") originally from Israel but who moved during WW1 to America. For about seven years ...


6

Seems that the answer is: Yes, one may do so a priori. See the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן כו - דיני קדיש יתום: סעיף יד: מִי שֶׁיָּכוֹל וְרָאוּי לְהִתְפַּלֵּל לִפְנֵי הַתֵּבָה, יִתְפַּלֵּל, וּמוֹעִיל יוֹתֵר מִקַּדִּישׁ יָתוֹם, שֶׁלֹּא נִתְקַן אֶלָּא לַקְטַנִּים. וּמִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהִתְפַּלֵּל כָּל הַתְּפִלָּה, יִתְפַּלֵּל מִן אַשְׁרֵי וּבָא ...


4

The Ramma in siman 90 siff 23 explains the reason not to pray in front of pictures is because it distracts one from concentrating. This is the same reasoning The Mishna Berurah there uses to explain the Mechaber. So in fact any picture that distracts, such as one found on clothing as the Mechaber mentioned, are problematic. The Mishna Berurah also ...


4

Could not find the answer to clockwise vs. counter-clockwise, but found the answer to your second question in Aruch HaShulchan Orach Chayim 282:1: - סימן רפב - דיני קריאת התורה והמפטיר בשבת והש"ץ נוטל הספר תורה ופניו כלפי העם, ואומר בקול: 'שמע ישראל וגו', והעם עונים אחריו. ואחר כך אומר: 'אחד הוא אלקינו, גדול אדונינו קדוש שמו' ... והציבור עונין ...


4

R Eliezer Melamed addresses this (online under 3 but also in The Laws of prayer p. 51) The chazan is the emissary of the congregation, and therefore a person is prohibited from taking hold of the chazanut unless he is asked to do so by the congregation or by the gabbai as its representative. Hence, one may not respond Amen to a person who appointed ...


3

Explicit Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 15:4 - סימן טו - דיני קדיש וברכו וצרוף עשרה ואם יצאו מקצתן ודין השליח צבור צְרִיכִין שֶׁיִּהְיוּ כָּל הָעֲשָׂרָה בְּמָקוֹם אֶחָד, וְהַשְּׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר עִמָּהֶם, אֲבָל אִם מִקְּצָתָם בְּחֶדֶר זֶה וּמִקְּצָתָם בְּחֶדֶר אַחֵר, אֵינָם מִצְטָרְפִין, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהַפֶּתַח פָּתוּחַ בֵּינֵיהֶם, וַאֲפִלּוּ אִם הָרֹב הֵמָּה ...


3

Davening from the amud is not an obligation indeed, and if someone else has priority one is not obligated to find another minyan in order to daven from the amud. It is a custom as a way of honoring one’s parent. R Avraham Yosef (Chief Rabbi of Holon, son of R Ovadia Yosef) was asked last Friday on his weekly radio halacha Q&A "what does one lose when ...


3

The sefer “Tefilloh Kehilchoso” says that in your case, the first chazan takes his three steps backwards after the end of the repetition. He quotes as his source the next Mishna B'rura to the one you quoted ie (:19) and says that this is also brought in the Kaf Hachaim. It seems to me that the Mishna B'rura does not state the halocho explicitly but the Kaf ...


3

This site has a response regarding bowing with the Chazzan: ראה לדוגמא בפירושי התפילה לרוקח, קדיש עמוד רמט 'על כן הקהל כופפין הקומה בשעה שהחזן אומ' ברכו על שם עבדו את ה' ביראה' עכ"ל.‏ It claims the source is a Rokach, who was a Rishon, and he cites a Pasuk as the source of the custom in his work on the Siddur. This site has an answer to the ...


3

Short answer: Yes. Long answer: It depends: The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch states in סימן יט - דיני משיב הרוח, טל ומטר, יעלה ויבא ועננו that it depends: If the mistake was in the first 3 Brachot and he noticed before ending his silent Amida, then he goes back, if doing so won't inconvenience the congregation. If he made any other mistake, he relies on his ...


3

The reason the Talmud instructed the removal of the shat"z is because his omission was suggestive of ideological sympathies with the heretics of the time/meshumadim. That would not seem to be at all relevant to someone having a different nusach unless there was significant reason to suspect that indeed a similar ideological issue on the part of the shat"z ...


3

Maariv is originally a tefillat reshut (optional prayer), so if one couldn't, one didn't. Mincha and Shacharit were already obligatory which is why the chazzan's repetition was enacted for those who couldn't on their own. Presumably even if your argument were otherwise a justification of instituting a chazarat hashatz for optional services, the tircha ...


3

Rav Moshe Feinstein (Igrot Moshe YD 4:61:4) ruled they should not split up because of BeRov Am, and all the more so in a case where the extra group would not be in a Shul or even a room without a Torah scroll. Rav Chaim Kanievsky (Gam Ani Odekha (Shonim) 3:34) says it is better in your situation not to split up into multiple Minyanim. Rav Yehuda Herzl ...


2

I'm not sure if it's still of interest, but regarding a tune for Mizmor L'Dovid (Psalm 23), the popular one typically sung during Seudat Shlishit on Shabbat was composed by Rabbi Ben Zion Shenker. Here's a link to the song as sung by Cantor Leon Lissek - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XJurFRxDTFQ NPR did a story about him in 2013 titled "The Greatest ...


2

Rabbi Eliezer Melamed says it is permitted. It is permissible to decorate the parochet (curtain) and the aron kodesh in the accepted manner, for people are accustomed to the decorations on them and the artwork does not distract them from praying.


2

This article says: The prayer probably dates from medieval times; its authorship is unknown. The hazzanim of nineteenth century Eastern Europe added drama to their recitations of the prayer by approaching the bimah from the rear of the synagogue as they chanted. A story is told of Hazzan Joseph Altshul of Slonim. His choir would stand on ...


2

While not the pesaq (Halakhic ruling) of Hakham 'Ovadiah A"H himself, his son Hakham Yitzhaq Yosef SheLIT"A, who more frequently than not rules like his father, states (my translation and emphasis) in Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 53:10): אין ממנים שליח צבור למי שאינו מבטא את האותיות כתקנן, כגון שקורא לאות חי''ת כמו כ''ף רפויה, או כמו ...


1

Nitei Gavriel Aveilus1 95:14 brings as follows. Turei Zahav Yore Deah 384:1, Derisha, and Pri Megadim say that Selichos is recited in the home of a Aveil. Shaalos U'Teshuvos Yehuda Yaaleh Yore Deah 353 says that the Aveil should also say the Selichos. Aveil Hashitim page 45 - 6, Machtzis Hashekel 131:10, say that although the Aveil says Selichos, the Aveil ...


1

This Beurei Hatefilah article cites that, in fact, there were / are various places where Hineni was / is recited, among one of the places - preceding Hamelech in Shacharit. Part of this discussion relates to the concept of reshut (permission). As it is, there is a form of reshut that the cantor recites during the 1st day of Rosh Hashannah Musaph, namely ...


1

I haven't been able to locate a definitive source that authoritatively answers your question, so I hope that you'll be fine with what I infer from this source. The article, and the site is comprehensive, and I haven't found any other that delves into the history of tefilot as well. I will summarize some of the key points in the article. There is a ...


1

There's a theoretical halachic category of someone who publicly, purposely violates the Shabbat; but practically, that's not what you'd call your average non-Shabbat-observing Jew today. A community could certainly enact its own higher standards, but essentially it's permissible. Rabbi Moshe Shternbuch has a responsum to a small town in South Africa which ...


1

I just looked up the Ateret Paz which Hacham Gabriel cited and he does not say that you have to answer. He brings a citation from Salmat Chaim who ultimately rules that you don't have to answer.


1

Maoz tzur and it's famous tune have been going hand in hand since the 1450's. According to wiki the tune is an adaptation of an old nonjewish song, but I don't think that would disqualify it from being included here. The content of the song was started to be written in the thirteenth century, during the crusades. http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma'oz_Tzur ...


1

1 - To confirm that your question is accurate - see Shaarei Halacha U'Minhag - page 226 - at the top which mentions that for Selichos the Chabad Minhag is to wear a Tallis. 2 - The main reason for this is based on Rosh Hashana 17b where it says Hashem put on a Talis and said the Shelosh Esrei Midos. Therefore we emulate this by the Chazan putting on the ...


1

Since the shaliach tzibor is the representative of the group, he should do whatever is the custom of that shul. If the Rav is present, he is presumed to be the authoritative source of the will of the group. There are some shuls where the Rav has decided that, since some will not come if there is any delay (since their arrival time at work would thus be ...


1

The slander which we are referring to when praying for the downfall of 'the slanderers' is specifically the slander said against the Torah being God given. We are not praying for the downfall of the co-worker who slandered you to your boss, or people who slandered Jews to the Romans or anything like that. No matter what the censors were hoping to imply with ...


1

I suggest contacting the folks at Machon Moreshet Ashkenaz, which is (in their words) "dedicated to the research, preservation and transmission of the unique religious values, customs, and folklore of German Jewry, as they existed prior to the Holocaust." This includes research into nusach and liturgigal minhagim. This page discusses liturgy and has some ...



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