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14

One should have Lehem Mishneh by Seudas Shlishis and it is preferable to have Lehem Mishneh by any meal one has on Shabbos, even if he decides to have a fourth or fifth meal as well! Shulhan Aruch, Orach Haim, Siman 291, S'if 4


14

We never claimed that the recipe originated from the Terumas Hadeshen; that was the article author's own conclusion. What we said in the book was, "As early as the fifteenth century, it is recorded that every Friday evening the Austrian sage Rabbi Israel ben Petahiah Isserlein (1390-1460) welcomed Shabbes with “three fine hallot kneaded with eggs oil, and a ...


11

The Tur (OC 271) here brings three reasons why we cover the challah. 1) To establish that the meal is coming because of the kiddush. The Talmud (Pesachim 100b) quotes a braita that says one shouldn't bring the "table" out until after kiddush because, according to the Shi'iltot (#54), we want to show that the kiddush is defining the meal. Tosafot there ...


10

From Rabbi Torczyner: • May I braid challah on Yom Tov? This is actually more complex than it may sound. On the one hand, acts from kneading and onward in the bread-making process are permitted on Yom Tov. On the other hand, the reason we don't braid dough is because it is "construction", and construction is prohibited on Yom Tov. Indeed, Rav Shlomo ...


6

I've never heard of the salt representing a preservative. It is, primarily, to represent the salt used for Korbanoth, as the table is representative of the Mizbeaḥ. In fact, I once had a Rav who would specifically not use salt Friday night, as there are no Korbanoth that are meant to be brought on Friday night. Furthermore, according to this Minhag, the ...


6

Until recently I had no source for you other than a mimetic one: My mother (who is of Galician extraction) bakes the Challah on top of the house key. Now I see in Ta'amei HaMinhagim that the custom is to make an indentation of the key in the Challah (ostensibly by pushing it into the dough and baking it that way). The next page will also show some reasons. ...


5

It says in Hayom Yom (22 Adar Aleph) that the Rebbe Rashab (5th Lubavitcher Rebbe, 1860-1920) said that one one is not required to eat bread by the third meal because the third time it says "hayom" (the three meals are derived from the three "hayom" mentioned in chumash) it says "Hayom lo" which means today no.


5

The minimum shiur to fulfill the mitzva of eating a seuda on Shabbos is a kezayis O Ch 271 MB [35]. That means that you must have one loaf of at least a kezayit. The second loaf comes for the (separate) obligation of lechem mishneh. ADDITION: The sources quoted by the Shmiras Shabbos Kehilchoso are: Kaf Hachaim 274 sk 8 says that in בית מנוחה או׳ ...


5

The Lubavitcher Rebbe (Sichos Kodesh 5741 vol 3. pg. 408) explains that the meaning of "טיבול" (dipping) here is in a liquid that necessitates washing hands prior such as the Karpas in salt-water, or the Marror in Charoses (that contains wine). However, dipping bread in dry salt is not considered "טיבול". [In that talk, the Rebbe made reference to a Torah ...


4

Rivevos Ephraim 8:117:14 addresses this and says since there is no kiddush we don't cover the challahs.However,the Rambam(reasoning of the Tur )holds one does make kiddush. The Aruch Hashulchan 291:10.we are noheg not to cover them. The Ben Ish Chai Shana Beit Chayei Sarah 12 holds one has to cover the bread just like the night and day meal even though ...


3

Destruction of any object or food that is still usable falls under the catagory of Lo Sashchis (Rambam Melachim 6:10) I sometimes leave the bread out until it stales and is no longer edible to the norm of society. Alternatively, I throw it in the garbage inside a bag so that the bread is preserved in its state.


3

Challah: Pros = oneg Shabbos, For sure a seuda as long as you eat a kizayis Con = Hametz which causes stress for neurotic housewives on almost erev Pesah Egg Matzoh: Pro: Not Hametz and therefore does not cause stress for neurotic housewives on almost erev Pesah Cons: Not really oneg Shabbos when compared to Challah (unless you have strange taste or ...


3

In the back of the Minchat Shabbat (Shiyurei ha-Minchah 77:8), a commentary on the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, (mentioned in this answer) it says that an additional reason we cover the Challot is because we don't want to embarrass them by skipping over making a blessing on them in order to bless the wine first. Based on this, he says that one should make sure ...


3

I remember at an "in Shabbos" at Yeshivah Gedolah Ateres Mordechai in Detroit there being Hallah on the tables Friday night in just their see-through bags. Some boys took napkins and started covering them. Rav Leib Bakst ZT"L, the Rosh HaYeshivah, did not say anything until they reached his table. When they reached his table he said "What?! You're worried ...


3

We can condense this into three questions: When do we take the cover off of the challos? There are 3 reasons for covering the challos. The first is to teach us sensitivity (interpretation of the Yerushalmi, alt. the cover makes the challah as if it isn't there). Per the pasuk on which our sages based the order of saying brachos, bread should have ...


3

Rabbi Shmuel Kamenetsky in his Sefer Kovetz Halachos writes that one may use a frozen Challa for Lechem Mishna. Furthermore he writes one may use a Challa that is not Pas Yisrael for the second Challa even if he is Makpid on Pas Yisrael. (Do not have the Sefer in front of me now. I will add in the exact location when I have the Sefer) Tzitz Eliezer 14:40 ...


2

The question of Makah B'Patish comes into play regarding opening bottles, cans and packages on Shabbos. Even by these items there is a dispute amongst the Poskim whether this is allowed as it may already be a Kli prior to opening them or not allowed. Even among those that do not allow opening these on Shabbos there are those that hold if you immediately use ...


2

There's the whole key-challah thing that's supposed to be a auspicious for making a living. See more about it here and here (summarizing from this mp3), including notable rabbis who think it's downright prohibited. The baking segulah I'd heard was to bake your own challah for Shabbos rather than buying it, as a segulah for your children finding the right ...


2

L'chatchilah, no, since the challos can be seen. If no other cover is available, such covers may be used.(See Minchas Shabbos (Shiyurei ha-Minchah 77:8), Tikunim u'Milluim 47, note 116 and Bris Olam, Kiddush 34.) http://www.torah.org/advanced/weekly-halacha/5765/kisisa.html


2

In my quick Google search on the same topic yesterday, I came across this article with sources: http://asimplejew.blogspot.com/2007/04/guest-posting-by-talmid-shlissel.html And then this article that argued against the minhag: http://www.alfassa.com/shlissel_challah.pdf


2

The more common version I have heard is that you put the key of your house in the challah. I have no idea of the source for this (my Litvishe ancestors and I view this custom with a mixture of bemusement and scorn). I found the following article that may shed some light on it: http://www.torah.org/learning/yomtov/pesach/5761/vol7no04.html


2

Curiouser wanted the Kabbalistic reason, so R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi brings two reasons: In Torah Or, he explains that according to Nigla, one should place the breads one on top of the other, since the source of nigla is Hishtalshelus (the G-dly revelation within the worlds coming down in an orderly and progressive manner [Or Yashar]), and placing the ...


2

Right. Unless you do some maneuvering, the top challah would be the closest, and mitzvas are first-come-first-serve, so all times other than Friday night, you make the bracha on the top one. As for Friday night: we focus on Shabbos vis-a-vis the creation of the world. Then the world was there; but it's passive, serving as a basis for history. Hence, ...


2

I was told orally that the Noda Bihudah, if I recall correctly, defends those who have such a practice as we seek to make our tables similar to the Mizbeach, and the meat that was to be placed on the fire on the Mizbeach (altar) in the Temple was thrown (past a gap between the ramp and Mizbeach).


2

The Yeurshalmi (Challah 1:6) records: עשר מצות אדם עושה עד שלא יאכל פרוסה משום לא תחרוש בל תזרע בל תחסום לקט שכחה ופיאה תרומה ומעשר ראשון ומעשר שני וחלה ר' יצחק בידו אתי מיסב לידוי הוא פשט עשרתי אצבעתי ואמ' הרי קיימתי עשר מצוות.‏ A man does 10 Mitzvot [in preparation] until he can eat a piece [of bread]: not plowing [with an ox and donkey ...


2

Rabbi Chayim Pinchas Scheinberg is paraphrased (in The Radiance of Shabbos by Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen) as saying that, even if one will not cut into the second loaf, he should hold it unwrapped. However, Rabbi Cohen gives no reason for this rule. Sh'miras Shabas K'hilchasah, chapter 55, footnote 38, also says it should be unwrapped, citing Mishna B'rura ...


2

Rabbi Chayim Pinchas Scheinberg is paraphrased (in The Radiance of Shabbos by Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen) as saying that, even if one will not cut into the second loaf, he should hold it unwrapped. However, Rabbi Cohen gives no reason for this rule. Sh'miras Shabas K'hilchasah, chapter 55, footnote 38, also says it should be unwrapped, citing Mishna B'rura ...


2

Sh'miras Shabas K'hilchasah 55:12 says frozen bread is okay, citing B'tzel Hachochma (volume 3, 110:4) and Riv'vos Efrayim (volume 2, 115:2). (They allow it because one can extend his meal until the bread is edible; SSK notes, though, that he heard from Rabbi Sh'lomo Zalman Auerbach that it can't be used unless one plans to extend his meal that long, in ...


1

Someone told me that his father taught him that in order to wash, the bread must be at least the size of an egg. I asked him for sources but he didn't have any, so neither do I. But maybe someone here has heard this too. From the English, volume 3 (not 2): One should make a point of taking, for lechem mishneh, loaves which are each at least a ka-zayith ...



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