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15

In Judaism, there are three types of "Grand Festivals" We have what are called the "Shalosh Regalim". These are three holidays where the Jewish people used to all come to Jersulem and are also known as the Pilgramige holidays. Pesach - Passover (Exodus 12:3-51, 23:15, Leviticus 23:4-8, Numbers 28:16-25) Shavuot - Pentecost (Ex.23:16, Lev. 23:15-21, Num. ...


12

HebCal is a full Hebrew calendar that provides lists of all the Jewish holidays, for any year. In the interest of full disclosure, i have done volunteer programming for them, but am not officially affiliated. Here is a list of all the Jewish holidays for the year 5775 (this year). Note that not every item on that list is a full holiday where work is ...


9

You are right as to the reason why we don't have two days of Yom Kippur is because it is dangerous and we don't decree on people decrees that they can't handle. As to the other two, see 9 Days of Chanukah?


9

R' Howard Jachter lays out and analyzes a lot of relevant sources on the Hallel question here. It's worth reading the whole essay; it packs a lot of material into a short piece. His conclusion is: It is difficult to arrive at a definitive conclusion whether one should recite Hallel with a Beracha on Yom Haatzmaut. Hence, most of those who recite Hallel ...


8

The Talmud in Megillah 16b expounds the verse (Esther 8:16) in the following way: לַיְּהוּדִים, הָיְתָה אוֹרָה וְשִׂמְחָה, וְשָׂשֹׂן, וִיקָר The Jews had light and gladness, and joy and honour Light = Torah Gladness = Holidays Joy = Brit Milah Honor = Tefillin From this the Maharil (as quoted in the Darkei Moshe OC 693 sk 4) says that one should ...


7

The Tur (O.C. 625) indicates that you are correct in your question, as he explains why Sukkos isn't in the spring, since we got the huts after we left Egypt in the spring, and it should be then that we celebrate. But it was moved to make it more obvious that we are doing it for the Mitzvah, and not to appreciate the nice weather. This seems to imply that ...


6

The Rambam rules in Chagigah 2:1 that someone who is tamei is exempt from ri'iyah. A metzora' would seem to be included in this category.


6

Aside from the reasons that Shalom mentioned, the Midrash (Shir Hashirim Rabbah 1:6) states that it's part of the penalty of exile: since we didn't properly keep the one day of Yom Tov in the Land of Israel, we now have to keep two in exile. (In a more positive vein, though, Chassidic writings see this as part of the process of teshuvah - like a rope that ...


6

The first day of the seventh month is the holiday Rosh Hashanah. It is known as the day when the world was created, and is also the Day of Judgement. It is still a festive holiday, with many unique customs. You can learn more about it on Wikipedia, or by browsing Mi Yodeya's 90+ Rosh Hashanah questions.


6

The Gra (commentary to Canticles 1:4) explains that the Clouds of Glory returned to the Jewish camp on 15 Tishrei after leaving due to the sin of the Golden Calf. (He reasons that Moshe came down with the second set of tablets on 10 Tishrei. He immediately gave the command to build the Mishkan on 11 Tishrei. The people brought gifts for two mornings. On 14 ...


5

My understanding is that a community has the right to determine that someone's behavior could be so completely out of line that the person is not to be given any honors in the synagogue, as doing so could be seen as tolerating or endorsing their actions. Excerpt from a Rabbinical Council of America statement: Therefore, be it resolved that we must ...


5

On page 31 of Rabbi Zev Reichman's book based on the shiurim of Rav Moshe Wolfson Shlit"a, Flames of Faith: An Introduction to Chassidic Thought, he quotes Rabbi Isaac Luria (the holy ARI) who says the reason for a second day of yom tov is because anyone who lives inside the land of Israel has an extra soul, and therefore can internalize the holiness of a ...


5

The word mahzor means "cycle" (the root Ħ-Z-R means "to return"). It is applied to the festival prayer book because the festivals recur annually. from Wikipedia


5

Yom Kippur -- they realized that most people can't handle a 48-hr fast, so they didn't enact it. Purim and Chanukah -- came much later in history, and aren't "no-work" holidays. Never mind they're entirely of post-Mosaic origins, which means we're more lenient with them in cases of doubt.


5

Abarbanel explains (in my own loose translation): …and so gave another rule related to Sukos, saying "You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk".… It seems to me… that idolators would do this when they got together: that is, they'd boil kids in milk when they harvested grain, thinking that they would thereby appeal to their ...


5

Let's denote a year by what day is the first day of Rosh Hashanah and what day is the first day of Pesach. So, for example, "2-3" means Rosh Hashanah on Monday and Pesach on Tuesday. For our purposes, years run from Tishrei through Elul. We have to consider the following yomim tovim: Rosh Hashanah, for which we're provided the day of the week; Yom Kippur, ...


5

Artscroll's סידור יצחק יאיר is a good choice, as a good, complete siddur with a clear print. It is the standard siddur used in most shuls. You can buy them in practically any Jewish book store, or online (for example, here). There is a pocket-sized edition of the siddur. (Note: this siddur is nusach Ashkenaz; the Artscroll nusach Sefard equivalent is the ...


5

The Shulchan Arukh rules (OC 48) that one should include the verses related to the Shabbat offerings in the morning because they, unlike the verses for Rosh Chodesh and Yom Tov, are not going to be read later as Maftir. The Rama notes the Ashkenazi custom of adding the verses related to Rosh Chodesh as well in order to publicize that it is Rosh Chodesh. ...


5

According to most philologists/etymologists, the Biblical Hebrew word חג means something similar to a festive pilgrimage or gathering. It is thus related to the modern similar-sounding Arabic word Hajj, which refers to the Islamic obligatory pilgrimage. In that case, חג is only applicable for the three Biblical holidays when there's an obligation to make a ...


4

I've heard the following explanation, but cannot currently find the source. If anyone knows - please comment. There are opinions that reading ketuvim in public is forbidden on shabbat, at the "time of the beit midrash", so that people will listen to the drasha and not to the reading. See Bavli Shabbat 115a; and Mishne Torah, Laws of Shabbat, chapter 23, ...


4

The Sefer הארות השמש Siman 7 Number 10 says that the difference between Megilas Esther and the other Megilas is that we only do Tadir first when both items are a requirement, and therefore on Purim where Kriyas HaTorah and Kriyas HaMegila are both requirements we do Kriyas Hatorah which is Tadir first. However by the other Megilos where it is not a ...


4

The most complete sourcebook on Yomtov Sheni that I have seen is Rabbi Yerachmiel Fried's "Yomtov Sheini KiHilchasa." Here is a video shiur given by him on the topic .


4

It depends on how you define a "chag,"re. an issuer melacha. It's worth noting that the greeting on Yom Ha'atzmaut is "Moadim LeSimcha liGeulah Shleimah I never quite understood this, but in light of the definition of "chag" as a day on which Melacha is prohibited, perhaps this is the origin of the usage of the phrase Moadim LeSimcha (the greeting for Chol ...


3

The identity of the author is unknown.


3

The earliest source I know of that mentions two days of Yom Tov is the Mishnah (Eruvin 3:8), completed in the late second century. (Though to judge by the mishnayos before and after that, it may be talking about Rosh Hashanah specifically, where the reason we keep two days is somewhat different than for other Yamim Tovim.) Some relevant passages from the ...


3

The Gemara (Pesachim 6a-b) derives the 30-day period from the fact that at the time of the first Pesach in the desert (in the year after the Exodus), Moshe told the people the laws of Pesach Sheni - which occurs one month later. As for the reasoning behind this: R. Schneur Zalman of Liadi (in his Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 429:1) summarizes Beis Yosef and ...


3

We find by the laws of mentioning rain and asking for rain that one who is on doubt if he did or did not do so, if it is after 30 days since the change need not go back. Some hold that a correct habit can be assumed based on how many times one has said it over 30 days (at least 90 times) and others hold it is based on 30 days of practice. According to the ...


3

The Babylonian Talmud just says "well, that's our ancestors' custom, so we keep it." Keep in mind that this source is more interested in HOW the practice came about, rather than WHY. It's been suggested (I believe in the Yerushalmi Talmud) that this arrangement works out because the Jews of Israel can fit enough spirituality into one day of Yom Tov; the ...


3

I've never heard not to use them, though that doesn't necessarily mean it's okay; and I do know that people use the yom tov candles to light stoves. As always, CYLOR.


3

I have a little pamphlet of t'shuvos/analyses by Rav Mirsky that basically concludes that there is, especially fulfillable by feasting and dancing. I will try to locate, quote, and cite it. Update: See Sha'arei T'shuva 529:4 (last one in volume 5) and the sources he cites for related information.



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