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Each new month was declared because the new moon was sighted by witnesses. Thus, bais din was required to have the witnesses testify. The leap year was determined by analysis of the facts put before bais din, such as the crops, the relationship of the solar position to the current calendar, etc.That is, witnesses would be required to establish the facts ...


In Israel, only the first night is a full holiday, and as such, the Seder is only ever on the first night. In the Diaspora, both the first and second nights are full holidays. The Seder should be done on both nights. If, for some reason, someone is really only able to do one of them, it should be the first. This is because the first night is a Biblical ...

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