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The Gemara derives via drasha an obligation to read zachor. Accordingly they must have said it even before Purim. They specifically started saying it before Purim sometime before the time of the Mishnah, for the mishna in Megillah (29a) says that we say it specifically before purim. The reason for this is to combine the themes of destruction of Amalek ...


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Megila 30a - 9 lines from the bottom has a dispute as to what is the third Shabbos. The Tanna Kama says the Shabbos immediately after Purim, and Rabbi Chama B'Rab Chanina says it is the Shabbos that is closer to Nissan. The Gemara says there is no dispute, it depends when Rosh Chodesh Nisaan occurs. If it occurs on Shabbos then Parshas Para will be read on ...


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The names of the months came up with them from Bavel. Talmud Yerushalmi Rosh Hashana perek one, halacha two. This Yerushalmi is mentioned in Tosafos Rosh Hashana 7a, d.h. Midivrei. Most of the names are mentioned in megilas Esther and Nechemia. We can estimate then, at least to the latest possible date, based on Achashveirosh's reign. Wiki states ...


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The original Hebrew months were numbered only. During the Babylonian exile (around 400CE), the Jew began to use names. See http://www.aish.com/atr/Names_of_Hebrew_Months.html


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Based on http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%92%27_%D7%91%D7%98%D7%91%D7%AA חגים ומועדים - Holidays נר שמיני של חנוכה, "זאת חנוכה", בשנים בהן חודש כסלו חסר - "Zos Chanuka" or the eighth day of Hanukka (see also: זאת חנוכה) in some years (or the day after in others) אירועים היסטוריים - Historical events ה'תרצ"ג – החל איכלוסה של קריית חיים, הראשונה בין ...



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