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9

It has been used 11 times so far since the enactment of the fixed calendar in 4119. It was used in 4179, 4257, 4504, 4602, 4849, 5096, 5194, 5441, 5519, 5688, and 5766. The next time it will be used is 6013 if we still have a fixed calendar then. You can read about this exceedingly rare Dechiya and its history here.


8

R. Reuven Margolios in his sefer Ollelos here explains that when the Sanhedrin used to determine the date of Rosh Chodesh according to the sighting of witnesses of the new moon, it was of course impossible to announce beforehand on which day Rosh Chodesh would fall. But later, when the Romans made decrees which disrupted the announcements of the Sanhedrin ...


4

Mishna Berura 417:1 ר"ח וכו' - מנהג קדמונינו לברך את החודש בשבת שלפני ר"ח חוץ מלפני ר"ח תשרי ורמז לזה בכסה ליום חגנו The custom is to bless the new month on the preceding Shabbos, with the exception of Rosh Chodesh Tishrei. A hint to this is the verse "in hiding the day of our Holiday" I once heard an explanation that this is in line with the ...


3

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those divisible by 7. Since 1900 these years have been: 5663, 5670, 5677, 5684, 5691, 5698, 5705, 5712, 5719, 5726, 5733, 5740, 5747, 5754, 5761, 5768, and 5775 (which began ...


1

I am glad you asked this question, esp. just before Rosh Hashanna! I have been wondering about the same thing. You may want to read this article. It states: In the present era the median length of the lunar cycle is about 29 days 12 hours and 30 minutes, the MSM is slightly more than 29 days 12 hours and 44 minutes, the shortest lunations are about ...


1

This article states: Unlike all other months, Tishrei was not preceded by a kedushas Shabbos -- Shabbos only came into existance after Rosh HaShana/Rosh Chodesh Tisrei. I should have given that idea more thought and explained it better. Putting aside the mysticism, what R' Leibele Eiger means (and it's also in the Shem m'Shmuel) is that what ...


1

The Chosom Sofer to Shemos 12:2, after citing the Ramban there: וזה תוכחת מוסר שנכתב בהמכתבים וכדומה יום ראשון בשבת וחודש ראשון להעיד על בריית שמים וארץ בששה ימים וינח ביום השביעי ועל יציאת מצרים ולא חס ושלום כמספרם של אומות העולם And this is a rebuke that we should write in our letters and similar things "Day one of the Shabbos" and "First ...



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