New answers tagged business
Even being a minority shareholder in a corporation does not necessarily imply that the laws of ownership do not apply. Some authorities (e.g. the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch) do not even allow depositing money in a bank with minority Jewish ownership because of the concerns of ribith (usury). (Even those who are lenient in such a case [e.g. the Shoel U'Meishiv] ...
The gemara in kiddushin 58a says that the only issurei hana'ah that have a problem of tefisat damim (the prohibition of the monetary exchange) are avoda zara (idolatry), hekdesh (consecrated items**), and peirot shevi'it (produce of the sabbatical year from the land of Israel; I believe even the idolatry issue is only with regard to tikrovet avoda zara ...
See heWikipedia which records the types of permitted work on Chol Hamoed: צרכי אוכל נפש: preparation of food for the moed days. שאר צורכי המועד: other things needed for the moed. מלאכת דבר האבד: work where a loss (not, I learnt, a lack of profit) would be incurred by not doing it. מלאכה לצורך מצווה: work needed to perform a mitzvah. ...
It is forbidden to derive benefit from chametz on Pesach, so a Jewish store-owner couldn't very well sell it. Anyway, since he's not allowed to own the chametz, he's presumably done mechirat chametz and whatever pasta is in the aisle belongs to someone else, so it's not even his to sell.
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