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4

I am not in a place to be able to check sefarim or give sources, but I think that the discussion is concerning the Amidah and it is referring to 4 times "per Amidah." The Kohen Gadol would bow at every bracha ending. Chazal told us that this was appropriate only for the Kohen Gadol and everyone else should limit bowing to the four times per Amidah ...


4

For Lecha Dodi yeshiva.org.il says: Regarding bowing, R. Yakov Emdin brings that his father, the Chacham Zvi, would bow three times when saying Bo’ee Kalah, to his left, then his right and then in front. This is identical to the bowings mentioned when we finish Shmoneh Esreh. The idea is because the Shchina (Divine Presence) is, as if it were, ...


3

Shulchan Aruch OC 123:1 says first left, then right. כּוֹרֵעַ וּפוֹסֵעַ ג' פְּסִיעוֹת לְאַחֲרָיו, בִּכְרִיעָה אַחַת, וְאַחַר שֶׁפָּסַע ג' פְּסִיעוֹת בְּעוֹדוֹ כּוֹרֵעַ, קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּזְקֹף, כְּשֶׁיֹּאמַר עוֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם בִּמְרוֹמָיו, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד שְׂמֹאלוֹ; וּכְשֶׁיֹּאמַר הוּא יַעֲשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם עָלֵינוּ, הוֹפֵךְ פָּנָיו לְצַד יְמִינוֹ; וְאַחַר ...


3

This site has a response regarding bowing with the Chazzan: ראה לדוגמא בפירושי התפילה לרוקח, קדיש עמוד רמט 'על כן הקהל כופפין הקומה בשעה שהחזן אומ' ברכו על שם עבדו את ה' ביראה' עכ"ל.‏ It claims the source is a Rokach, who was a Rishon, and he cites a Pasuk as the source of the custom in his work on the Siddur. This site has an answer to the ...


2

In terms of whether you should bow at זה אל זה, that has been dealt with in another post and is dependent on your מנהג but it is by no means obligatory. About going up on your toes at קדוש x 3, ברוך and ימלוך, the רמ''א quotes (in אורח חיים סימן קכה סעיף ב) from earlier sources to lift oneself from the ground at these points in קדושה so an אשכנזי should ...


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Rav Ben-Tzion Mutzafi writes in his sefer שיבת ציון at שער ז' סימן ק"ו in the name of his father Rav Salamon Mutzafi zt"l who said that bowing to the left first is a mistake being carried over from when we bow by עושה שלום at the end of Shemonah Esrei. Over there, he says, we are facing opposite the Shechinah, so we bow to the right of the Shechinah first, ...


1

I was also bothered where this all came from. The ספר מנהג ישראל תורה on סימן קכה of שולחן ערוך אורח חיים who quotes from a few sources some ideas: We say in a פיוט on יום כיפור that the angels are דמות ארבעה פנים לכל צד פונים אומרים קדוש, they are four faced, turn in every direction and say קדוש. He suggests that us doing this is symbolic of that. He also ...


1

Can't say for sure when it was introduced, but as Double AA commented it's [already] mentioned in the Zohar in פרשת עקב on דף רע''א ע''ב: בָּרוּךְ דִּצְלוֹתָא, בַּר נָשׁ כּוֹרֵעַ בֵּיהּ בְּבִרְכּוֹי, וְגָחִין רֵישָׁא בְּאַתָּה, בְּגִין דְּאַתָּה אִקְרֵי רֹאשׁ. וְעַל דָּא כֹּהֵן נָטִיל בָּרֹאשׁ, וְאִיהוּ רֹאשׁ תָּדִיר. וּבְּגִין כָּךְ כְּרִיעָה ...



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