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6

A friends of mine who is a Kohen told me that he once ended up in Washington Heights for Yom Tov and showed up at Breuer's (German minhag) on Yom Tov morning. The Gabbai asked him if he was a Kohen, and after answering affirmatively, the Gabbai sighed, and called over another Kohen to give him a quick lesson in how the tune goes. Apparently, in addition to ...


4

I have had this same question for some time, and in addition to the answer that paquda provided, I have come across the following answer, although it doesn't satisfy me that much. The source for mentioning dreams comes from the Gemara in Berachos 55b האי מאן דחזא חלמא ולא ידע מאי חזא, ליקום קמי כהני בעידנא דפרסי ידייהו The Soncino translation: If ...


3

The Gemara simply talks about a kohen washing hands. It's the Zohar that says a Levi should do it. If no Levi is available, the job is given to a firstborn; if no firstborn is available, the kohen just washes his own hands. I strongly suspect that if the Levi doesn't want to do it, just ignore him and go find a firstborn. (Conflict-of-interest disclaimer ...


2

Rabbi Israel Isserlein ruled (Terumat HaDeshen 26) that the Kohanim may only use one tune for the entire duration of the blessings lest they come to make a mistake in saying the words properly. This ruling is codified in Shulchan Aruch (OC 128:21). Presumably, agreeing beforehand on a tune to use would be a wise idea.


2

The Bavli on Sota 39b says that one should respond - and the wording there is almost identical to the Yerushalmi: בזמן שהכהנים מברכים את העם מה הן אומרים אמר ר' זירא אמר רב חסדא ברכו ה' מלאכיו גבורי כח וגו' ברכו ה' כל צבאיו משרתיו עושי רצונו ברכו ה' כל מעשיו בכל מקומות ממשלתו ברכי נפשי את ה' במוספי דשבתא מה הן אומרים אמר רבי אסי שיר המעלות הנה ברכו את ה' ...


2

A possible answer to your first question is that it's a blessing to each person individually from God. It's not a group blessing. Also the blessing is for each person listening. The blessing is talking to you personally. I asked one of my teachers why the gender is not changed for a girl and he answered me that one should not change it. It's a passuk from ...


2

The nusach hab'racha to "bless His nation Israel with love" is stated in Sotah (39a) by Rabbi Zeira in the name of Rav Chisda. The Zohar (Naso, 147b) writes that a kohein who blesses is required to have fond feelings towards the congregation. This is based on a similar teaching to that of the gemara (ibid. 38b, quoted in Gershon's answer) that "someone ...


1

Sotah 38: discusses Birchas Kohanim and then goes on to say that we do not give the Kos Shel Bracha only to one with a good eye. אמר ר' יהושע בן לוי: אין נותנים כוס של ברכה לברך אלא לטוב עין שנאמר: טוב עין הוא יבורך, אל תקרי יבורך אלא יברך Maharsha explains on this how Birchas Kohanim is supposed to be done B'Ahava = good eye.



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