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7

A friends of mine who is a Kohen told me that he once ended up in Washington Heights for Yom Tov and showed up at Breuer's (German minhag) on Yom Tov morning. The Gabbai asked him if he was a Kohen, and after answering affirmatively, the Gabbai sighed, and called over another Kohen to give him a quick lesson in how the tune goes. Apparently, in addition to ...


4

I have had this same question for some time, and in addition to the answer that paquda provided, I have come across the following answer, although it doesn't satisfy me that much. The source for mentioning dreams comes from the Gemara in Berachos 55b האי מאן דחזא חלמא ולא ידע מאי חזא, ליקום קמי כהני בעידנא דפרסי ידייהו The Soncino translation: If ...


3

The Bavli on Sota 39b says that one should respond - and the wording there is almost identical to the Yerushalmi: בזמן שהכהנים מברכים את העם מה הן אומרים אמר ר' זירא אמר רב חסדא ברכו ה' מלאכיו גבורי כח וגו' ברכו ה' כל צבאיו משרתיו עושי רצונו ברכו ה' כל מעשיו בכל מקומות ממשלתו ברכי נפשי את ה' במוספי דשבתא מה הן אומרים אמר רבי אסי שיר המעלות הנה ברכו את ה' ...


3

Your question is based on the mistaken premise that one Kohen in a Shul is not Biblically mandated to do 'Birkas Kohanim'. That isn't quite true.. What the Halacha does say is that if there is only one Kohen, then the Chazan isn't supposed to call out 'Kohanim', though if he mistakenly did (as often happens), the Kohen hasn't transgressed a Biblical Mitzva ...


2

I once heard, but I don't recall where, that there is another possible reason to say it even if you didn't have a bad dream - part of the Ribbono Shel Olam mentions dreams that others have had about you, which you will most likely not be aware of.


2

See Keseph Mishnah's explanation, there. Excerpt: דה"ה אם יש שם יותר מעשרה כהנים עשרה מהם אינן עולין לדוכן והשאר עולין ואלו העשרה עונין אחריהם אמן ואף ע"ג דברכת כהנים בעשרה וכהנים מן המנין שאני התם דישראל הם העונים אמן אבל הכא דכולם הם כהנים ואין ביניהם ישראל לא חשיבי לברכת כהנים לענות אמן אא"כ העונים הם עשרה. ומה שהחליף רבינו וכתב שבצפון ושבדרום ...


2

I don't know why, but R' Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (עלהו לא יבול p96) maintains that the Israeli custom is not to say this prayer at all. Nonetheless, one who has had a bad dream and wishes to say the תפילה, can do so during שים שלום. Source: שיח תפילה


2

Rabbi Israel Isserlein ruled (Terumat HaDeshen 26) that the Kohanim may only use one tune for the entire duration of the blessings lest they come to make a mistake in saying the words properly. This ruling is codified in Shulchan Aruch (OC 128:21). Presumably, agreeing beforehand on a tune to use would be a wise idea.


2

In a Shul that I Davened there was such an issue and the Kohanim would go out prior to the beginning of the Chazaras Hashatz and have their hands washed and Chazaras Hashatz began when they came back into the Shul. I was once in a different community where they installed a sink in the back of the Bais Medrash as they had this problem too. From Din.org - ...


1

You asked: What if, during the hand-washing, less than ten people remain in the shul? Should the chazzan pause until they come back? The answer is: The Chazzan continues as usual. Source: The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 15:10 gives the rules what to do when the Minyan disappears: אִם אֵין בְּבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת רַק מִנְיָן מְצֻמְצָם, אָסוּר לְכָל אֶחָד ...


1

From Chabad's commentary on the Rambam, it seems that if there are more than 10 kohanim in a place with only kohanim, Rambam prefers to have a minyan of 10 answering amen than to have all the kohanim duchan. It would seem, though, that if you cannot have a minyan of 10 answering amen, then Rambam would instruct every kohen to duchan. If more than ten ...


1

The Bais Yosef at the end of OC:128 brings a Maharil who discusses it having stopped. He lived 1365-1427, so it's been stopped at least since then.


1

The reason for the 'windows' is spelled out in Midrash Tanchuma, Naso 8: וכן הוא אומר, הנה זה עומד אחר כתלנו משגיח מן החלונות מציץ מן החרכים (שה"ש ב ט), מה בין אצבעות של כהנים. מציץ מן החרכים, בשעה שפושטין כפיהם. לכך נאמר, כה תברכו את בני ישראל: החרכים is read as 5 apertures (ה' חרכים), thus the custom of most Kohanim to place the 2 hands together, ...



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