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Your question is based on the mistaken premise that one Kohen in a Shul is not Biblically mandated to do 'Birkas Kohanim'. That isn't quite true.. What the Halacha does say is that if there is only one Kohen, then the Chazan isn't supposed to call out 'Kohanim', though if he mistakenly did (as often happens), the Kohen hasn't transgressed a Biblical Mitzva ...


I don't know why, but R' Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (עלהו לא יבול p96) maintains that the Israeli custom is not to say this prayer at all. Nonetheless, one who has had a bad dream and wishes to say the תפילה, can do so during שים שלום. Source: שיח תפילה


The reason for the 'windows' is spelled out in Midrash Tanchuma, Naso 8: וכן הוא אומר, הנה זה עומד אחר כתלנו משגיח מן החלונות מציץ מן החרכים (שה"ש ב ט), מה בין אצבעות של כהנים. מציץ מן החרכים, בשעה שפושטין כפיהם. לכך נאמר, כה תברכו את בני ישראל: החרכים is read as 5 apertures (ה' חרכים), thus the custom of most Kohanim to place the 2 hands together, ...

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