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8

Let's not forget the next prohibition on the Rambam's list (#154): The 154th prohibition is that we are forbidden from giving the agricultural gifts out of order; rather, we must give them in the proper order. Separating Terumot and Maaserot before separating Bikkurim violates one of the 613 Torah commandments (Mishna Terumot 3:6-7). So in practice ...


8

There are several differences between this fragment and the Leiden manuscript and first edition of the Yerushalmi. Some of the fragment readings have been suggested by mefarashim. If you are familiar with this sugya, you will know that there is a (partial) parallel in Hagiga and that in the previously known text of this Yerushalmi, the words hacha and hatham ...


6

There does not seem to be any appreciable difference between the standard text and the one that was just found. There are a few minor variations, some of which resemble the version recorded by R. Shlomo Sirilio (an early Acharon who wrote a commentary on Yerushalmi). In many places the text of the fragment is truncated, apparently because this scribe (or an ...


5

I have to check my source, but I believe a simple answer was that Lavon had desired to wipe out Yakaov and his family. This would have terminated the nation of Israel. This is the first instance of Hashem's divine intervention (Hashgacha Pratit) to save the Jewish nation. As a side note, we tend to get excited about the sensationalism of Yetzias ...


4

Like many things, there are multiple possible answers to this question. The pshat is that this is the first line of a speech given by a person bringing their bikurim (first fruits) as an offering to the temple. Take a look at Deut 26.5-10 and note the whole speech. It's basically a brief synopsis of Jewish history - our forefathers went down to Egypt, were ...


4

The Mishnas Yaakov on the Rambam (Bikkurim 3:8) by Rav Yaakov Nissan Rosenthal, says that he heard from the מהגר"י כהנמן זצ"ל that the reason the Kohanim keep the poor peoples' baskets is because they prepared it specifically for the mitzva of Bikkurim. Since as they were weaving it, they intended that the basket be used so that they could complete the ...


4

Experienced farmers can estimate in advance the Yield for the Year and there is usually only slight variation so he does know how much fruit the field will yield in advance .


3

My Rov suggested that the requirement to present bikkurim in a basket in biblical. According to the Torah there is no minimum shiur for bikkurim. So even the owner of a large farm can manage with one or more baskets (up to seven). The shiur of 1/60 th is rabbinic and maybe the excess over the Torah shiur doesn't need a basket etc.


3

הבכורים אין להם שיעור מן התורה אבל מדבריהם צריך להפריש אחד מששים והרוצה לעשות כל שדהו בכורים עושהו:‏ The Bikkurim have no measurement from the Torah, but [the rabbis] required separating one sixtieth; and if one wants to make his entire field Bikkurim, he may. Rambam Bikkurim 2:16


3

The Alshich answers that Lavan is the source of all our problems. If he would have given Rochel to Yaakov then Yosef would have been born first, and the brothers would never have fought with him. Thereby never selling him to slavery, this would have prevented our exile in Egypt from ever happening. That is why he is mentioned as he was the source of our ...


2

The standard Jewish interpretation of the verse that most everyone will know, as that is what Rashi says, and that is what the Passover Haggadah does with the verse, is that the Armenian is Lavan, who sought to destroy my father (Jacob). A detour first about the root word here. אבד - means lost or destroyed. "Wandering" is fairly interpretive. The Ibn Ezra ...


2

The end of the Tosfos implies that there are 3 opinions. Keeping it simple: Rabbi Elazar ben Yaakov- waving during the viduy Rabbi Yehuda- waving after the viduy 3rd tanna (aka rabbanan)- no waving If the purpose of the mishna in Menachos 61a was to describe the bikurim process, then the reference to Rabbi Elazar would indicate a waving in line with R"E ...


2

I have always understood (and I believe this is written in one of the standard commentaries - possibly - רע"ב) that the gold baskets were more considerable to their owners because they were expensive and therefore were expected to be kept after their purpose was served, while the straw ones were expendable.


2

I would venture to say that it's date related. The shrouds enactment was enshrined by Rabban Gamliel "עד שבא רבן גמליאל ונהג קלות ראש בעצמו ויצא בכלי פשתן ונהגו העם אחריו לצאת בכלי פשתן". I'm not sure which Rabban Gamliel, but it seems that the first Rabban Gamliel lived close to the destruction of the 2nd Temple. By then it was too late to institute ...


1

See the Malbim on the sifri Malbim, in his commentary here in Parashat Ki-Savo (26:4), explains that since the kohanim had to eat the bikkurim in a state of ritual purity, the farmers would need to bring brand new utensils to bring their first fruits, to ensure that the fruit remain ritually pure. The poor farmers would weave their own baskets, whereas the ...


1

I found something that might be helpful in your search. The Meam Loez discusses why the chazeh v'shok are waved (Vayikra 7:30): The Hebrew word for chest is chazeh, which also has the connotation of seeing. We thus find, "His eyes shall see (ye-chezu), his eyelids shall discern the children of man" (Psalms 11:4). This teaches that God's eyes and eyelids ...


1

The Gemorah in Menachos 62a says the reason is to stop "bad winds": אמר רב חמא בר עוקבא אמר רבי יוסי בר רבי חנינא מוליך ומביא כדי לעצור רוחות רעות מעלה ומוריד כדי לעצור טללים רעים Although I realize this is not an answer as to why "davka" (specifically) the ones that are waved.



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