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13

The Nitei Gavriel Pesach 2 Chapter 43:9 brings in the name of the Shevet Halevi that since a convert is as if he is newly born there is a question whether he is still considered a Bechor. Therefore the Nitei Gavriel concludes that it is best that he should either make a Siyum or be part of a Seudas Mitzva.


11

R Eliezer Dunner of Bene Brak told me, a ger firstborn, to fast. (The siyumim had already concluded.)


9

The default system (which, absent a will or any sentiments otherwise, halacha would apply upon the death of the father) is that daughters are supported from the estate until they are married. If there are funds beyond that available, they are divided among the sons. If there are X sons and none are the firstborn, the division is 1/X for each. If one son is ...


8

Some thoughts: Rashi in Shemot 1:7 tells us that the Jewish Women gave birth to children 6 at a time. If Moshe's family is any indication there were 4 generations of Jews born during the Jews stay in Egypt. Either way, only the children of the last generation (for the most part) would have been younger than 60 and therefore counted in the census. Even ...


7

Due to Egyptian immorality, there were actually a lot of firstborns. All of these were counted: Firstborn of the mother Firstborn of the father Male Female Oldest in the house, even if not a firstborn All Egyptian firstborns, even in other countries Firstborns of other nationalities currently in Egypt Rashi to Ex. 12:30, s.v. כי אין בית אשר אין שם מת and ...


6

I heard from Rabbi Strasser from Boro Park that it isn't necessary to actually hear the siyum. The person who did the siyum celebrates by throwing a party and invites people to join him. All those that partake in the party are exempt from fasting. In fact, some people mistakenly believe that hearing the siyum is all that's required, and subsequently go home ...


6

Because of the safek discussed by the Shevet HaLevi, Rav Elyashiv shlit"a recommends "that these bechorim participate in a seudas mitzvah." (http://torah.org/advanced/weekly-halacha/5758/pesach.html; Harav Y.S. Elyashiv - Seder ha-Aruch, vol. 3, pg. 44).


6

The Vilna Gaon (OC 470, s.v. v'ein) explains the opinion that exempts women from fasting as due to the fact that women lack k'dushas b'choros (the sanctified status of firstborns). A male with an older sister also lacks k'dushas b'chor since he is not a firstborn, so the opinion that exempts the older sister would certainly exempt the brother. In fact, a ...


5

Rama in Orach Chaim 470:2 says that a father fasts for a son who is a Bechor


5

Aruch HaShulchan 470:4 says that once it was pushed off we push it off more in order not to go into Shabbos hungry. דהואיל ואידחי – אידחי


5

In grade school (or so), I learned (though I don't remember from whom/where) that things that were obvious to those with a stronger m'sora were not written down; later generations' respective rabbis wrote them as those rabbis realized that the matters were not so obvious to their own contemporaries. This is a sort of extension of the es laasos lAshem that ...


5

If a father says "my bechor will not take double" or says "he will inherit like a regular son" it is invalid. It violates the commandment of not diverting inheritance Devarim 21:16 If the son agrees to give up his portion some permit it. Nesivos 281:6 See pischei choshen hilchos yerushah 4:6-8 for a complete discussion . A firstborn's portion is ...


4

In general, fast day liturgy is only done if there is a minyan (quorum) of men who are fasting, on normal fast days, we assume that everyone is fasting and therefore the whole minyan would be fasting, at mincha (afternoon service) it is not uncommon to check that there are still 10 men who are fasting at that point before proceeding with the liturgy. On the ...


4

j, whether your life insurance benefit is subject to the laws of inheritance depends on how your insurance is set up. If you have a simple term policy, the benefit would not be considered your money since you have no rights to it unless you die while you are still making payments. In other words, because "you" died,the insurance company will pay their own ...


4

Indeed the laws of firstborn animals (bechor) apply today and the Shulchan Aruch (YD 320:6) rules that we should avoid creating bechorot because the laws are very complex and people will likely make mistakes, AND because we can't bring them as korbanot nowadays anyway. He suggests that you sell to a gentile a part of the pregnant mother to make you a partner ...


4

There is a big machlokes about whether a fast day can be on Friday (with the exception of the 4 Fasts for the Temple which are divrei kabalah and thus remained fixed). This machlokes is expressed most clearly in the context of Taanis Esther when Purim falls on Sunday. The Meiri writes that one side says the fast should be on Friday (based on a gemara in ...


4

The firstborn, if a son, fasts. If the firstborn is a girl, then the first son is not the first born for the sake of this fast. http://sephardicjudaism.blogspot.com/2007/03/passover-first-born-if-son-fasts-on.html


3

Here is a summary of an answer via wikipedia The firstborn of one's mother is referred to in the Bible (Exodus 13:2) as one who "opens the womb" of his mother. Therefore, the firstborn of the father exclusively, although considered as a firstborn regarding his father's inheritance, is not considered as a firstborn regarding the requirement to be redeemed, ...


3

I recently heard that Rabbi Elyashiv Zatzal always made a Siyum on Erev Pesach. Once a fellow asked him that he was not a Bechor as his mother had prior miscarriages so why does he make a Siyum every year. He said he knows he is not a Bechor he does it since the Rav is supposed to make a Siyum. It is quite likely that often a Bechor makes the Siyum since he ...


3

Per the Sefer Keser Kehuna 10:4 a minor Levi may only wash together with the adult Levi the Kohain. This is based on the Mordechai in Megila Perek 3 #815.


3

According to the always-reliable Wikipedia, this is a machlokes. R' Elyashiv recommends participating in a seudas mitzva, and thus, breaking the fast early, in order to avoid this problem. There is some discussion among the poskim (halakhic authorities) regarding whether a firstborn born through caesarean section is required to observe this fast, given ...


3

Rabbi Henkin, in his book New Interpretations on the Parsha, suggests three possible reasons: Malnourishment as slaves may have lead to a high number of miscarriages. Because Egypt places high prestige on first-borns, perhaps the Jewish first-borns did not want to leave Egypt, and stayed behind/died when the Jews left. If, according to the medrash, the ...


3

Some portion of the 600k males were not married, and some of the married ones had no children at all. Of those that were, only 22k families had first-borns which needed to be redeemed by a Levite or 5 shekalim. Not all firstborns need redemption, in fact, a Pidyon heBen ceremony is relatively rare. As you already noted, the child must be male. If the ...


3

The main obligation is to give charity (and thereby "redeem the fast"). The siyum itself is really just extra, and in fact, as noted in the answers above, the siyum doesn't really "work" since most people do not actually join in a celebratory meal afterward. So the minimal requirement is charity. This was explained by one of the poskei hador in the US, R. ...


3

Whether to concider a stillborn as the firstborn or not would depend on the stage of developement of the fetus and other variables, See Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De'ah 305:22 & 23, with various commentaries and their opinions. But if you are discussing an early term abortion, before the fetus has human form than all would agree that the next child would be ...


3

The simple explanation of the birth of Peretz and Zerach is that Peretz was born first. After Zerach stretched out his hand the midwife tied a red string on it figuring that he would be the first born. However he put his hand back in and Peretz emerged first. 38:30 וְאַחַר יָצָא אָחִיו אֲשֶׁר עַל יָדוֹ הַשָּׁנִי וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ זָרַח: Afterwards, his ...


3

The OP asks about attending the siyum and only eating later at a different place and time? The Minchas Yitzchak (vol.9:45) and Rav Elyashav (I heard this from Rav Smith) both say (as do others) that the simchah of the siyum is what releases the fast. Therefore, you may eat later and elsewhere. One idea for this is the Gemara (Shabbos 118) that says when ...



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