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8

Some thoughts: Rashi in Shemot 1:7 tells us that the Jewish Women gave birth to children 6 at a time. If Moshe's family is any indication there were 4 generations of Jews born during the Jews stay in Egypt. Either way, only the children of the last generation (for the most part) would have been younger than 60 and therefore counted in the census. Even ...


7

I actually saw a dvar torah this week that claimed that the tribe of Gad showed that the others were actually exact by a miracle in Mail Jewish (quoted below). See the quote from Rav Chaim Kanievsky below based on what his father the Steipler Rav told him. Another explanation is that the counts were actually rounded to the nearest fifty or rounded up to the ...


6

The repetition of the population figures: Ibn Ezra (to 2:32) and Ramban (to 2:4) say that it underscores the fact that from the census (on the 1st of Iyar, Num. 1:1) until the next time they traveled (on the 20th of that month, ibid. 10:11), no one in such a vast multitude died (against all natural expectations) - so that the figures remained the same. ...


5

My understanding is as follows: "midbar" = desert "hamidbar" = "the desert" "midbar-sinai" = "desert of Sinai." There's no need for the definite article before desert, as we know which desert. It's already defined as Sinai. "bemidbar" = in a desert "bamidbar" = "be+ha+midbar" = in the desert So no, we would either say "in the desert" or "in desert of ...


4

This source (found thanks to a link in the comments;) discusses my question (and others), and answers (quoting Terumas Hadeshen explaining Rashi) that because Shimon was not the leader of his דגל flag-group, he got the word "פקודיו" added to his count as compensation. [He adds that Menashe also has a change in his count -- "והחונים עליו," for a similar ...


3

Rashi means to say that the Leviim were not killed over the forty years. It often happens that Rashi will quote the 'wrong' pasuk to simplify his point; what he is really referring to is the count at the beginning of Sefer Bamidbar, where indeed the count is described as a census of soldiers (or יוצא צבא "those who go out with the army"). This is evident ...


3

Rabbi Henkin, in his book New Interpretations on the Parsha, suggests three possible reasons: Malnourishment as slaves may have lead to a high number of miscarriages. Because Egypt places high prestige on first-borns, perhaps the Jewish first-borns did not want to leave Egypt, and stayed behind/died when the Jews left. If, according to the medrash, the ...


3

Some portion of the 600k males were not married, and some of the married ones had no children at all. Of those that were, only 22k families had first-borns which needed to be redeemed by a Levite or 5 shekalim. Not all firstborns need redemption, in fact, a Pidyon heBen ceremony is relatively rare. As you already noted, the child must be male. If the ...


3

Rashi does not say that one should not join the army younger than 20, as the questioner put it. That is an interpretation read into the words of Rashi. Rashi says: כל יצא צבא: מגיד שאין יוצא בצבא פחות מבן עשרים: all who are fit to go out to the army: This informs [us] that no one went out to the army below the age of twenty. This can be understood ...


3

good question The Zohar (Ki Sisa 191b) and Yalkut (Parshas Beha'alosecho 729 according to the Zais Ra'non) write that only Klal Yisroel had the privilege of the protection of the ענני הכבוד, the Erev Rav however didn't share this luxury and they camped in the desert outside the ענני הכבוד. Klal Yisroel fed the Erev Rav with the left overs of the Mon and ...


1

I'm basing all of my answer on this link here: http://www.vbm-torah.org/parsha.60/34bamid.htm Chazal tell us in various agadot, that every letter of the Torah is important. They tell us in other agadot, that the Torah is written in the language of man, and thus we can presume, that not every letter of the Torah is imbued with special meaning. However, ...



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