New answers tagged astronomy
Tikkunei Zohar (introduction, 4b, passim) associates these with the verse (Ex. 3:15, זה שמי לעלם וזה זכרי לדר דר - "This is My name forever, and this is My remembrance for all generations." The reference there is to the Four-Lettered Name of Hashem, י-ה-ו-ה. Each of the terms in that verse ("My Name" and "My remembrance"), then, relates to one half of that ...
I don't know if there is a higher meaning to these numbers, but the fundamental idea that Chazal seem to be saying is that the Torah is all encompassing and every aspect of a person's life must be directed by Torah, its values and goals.
Rabbeinu Bechaya (Bamidbar 28:15), mentioned in this answer (here's a more clear printing of the text), does say the the moon was literally diminished. He just says that the diminishment was not meant in size, but in output. The Talmud (Chulin 60A) says that the everything was created in the size it is now, so it can't mean that the moon was physically ...
This might simply have been a confusion of units. Sizes.com claims that a Russian verst is equal to 500 sazheni, but a Moscovy verst is 1000 sazheni. The sazhen was fixed at 7 English feet (2.134m) in both systems way back during the 1700s in Peter the Great's rule. In 397:1, the Aruch HaShulchan says that specifically, he is talking about the Russian ...
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