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Orion Since Kesil means foolish or stupid, the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli (1835-1910) in the book Astronomy In The Old Testament, Kessinger Publishing, 2007, p. 60-1 suggest that "...the Jews saw in the constellation Kesil the form of a man chained for his folly or his impiety. Out of the most brilliant constellations in the sky there is one,...


The translation of Pleiades and Orion is an ancient tradition. The Septuagint, a Jewish translation from the third century BCE, translates Job 38:31 as: Συνῆκας δὲ δεσμὸν Πλειάδος καὶ φραγμὸν ᾿Ωρίωνος ἤνοιξας; Their significance, beyond their astronomical prominence, is unknown to me.

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