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14

The word is sin'af, תִנְאָף. Rashi and Rosh say it refers to sexual relations with a married woman not one's wife. Chizkuni says it refers to any prohibited sexual relations, and, if I understand him correctly, ibn Ezra says the same. S'forno says it refers primarily to the former but also to the latter. (All these sources are in their commentaries on this ...


11

That which you call the 10 commandments are in Hebrew referred to as the Aseres HaDibros, which means the 10 utterances or 10 statements. There is no implication that there are 10 commandments therein. I think your 40 is a bit excessive (as you conceded), but the classic counts list either 13 (Behag) or 14 (Rambam) commandments in these 10 statements. As ...


9

Aruch Hashulchan 1:17: Even if he has a son and daughter from an unmarried woman whom he did not marry with chupa and kidushin…, nonetheless he has fulfilled the command of p'ru urvu… for, after all, they are his offspring and fit to have children.


9

The Rema in Even Ha'Ezer 1:6 writes that one fulfills the mitzvah of p'ru u'revu with a child who is a mamzer, which by definition is out of wedlock: היה הבן ממזר... קים המצוה If the child is a mamzer, he fulfills the mitzvah. Minchas Chinuch Mitzvah #1 explains that it is not a mitzvah haba b'aveira using the idea of the Shaar HaMelech Hilchos ...


9

The Hebrew word here is ne'ifa, and it doesn't occur all that often. The standard interpretation means "intercourse between a married woman and a man not her husband." The Talmud observes that just like commandment #6, #7 can warrant the death penalty in theory. The word is not zonah, which means "stray." That word can either mean prostitution, or a ...


9

A Medrash states that G-d offered the Torah to the children of Eisau. They rejected it, saying they could not accept this very commandment against murder. This begs the question: Eisau's descendants also have a law against murder! Why couldn't they accept G-d's law if it was already illegal by their own standard? Rabbi Yaakov Weinberg ZT"L answers as ...


8

If not for the prohibition, murder would carry no defined penalty in civil courts. The Torah prohibition makes murder always a capital crime. Same with stealing - if there was no explicit mitzvah, there would not be a set punishment entrusted to earthly courts.


6

If I understand him correctly, Igros Moshe (OC4 22, IIRC) says that one may stand during the dibros so as to accord them honor and must do so if the rest of the congregation is doing so but that if he is concerned that that makes it seem like they're the only important part of the tora then he should stand also during the rest of the reading that day. As ...


5

The new covenant replaced the old one. The reason the Jews keep the 7 Noachide laws is not because of the commandments to their pre-Mosaic ancestors, but because of the covenant at Sinai. (In fact, according to Maimonides Laws of Kings and their Wars 8:14 this is arguably also the reason why gentiles post-Sinai are still obligated in their 7 commandments. ...


5

On a less miraculous note, the ibn Ezra (Shemos 20:1)rejects a literal reading of the chazal that shamor and zachor were said simultaneously. In a lengthy piece, he promotes the idea that words embody meaning and when there is a quote of someone where words are added to the quote, or changed, this is not a contradiction. The quote is merely elaborating on ...


5

See here: http://www.mesora.org/StandingDibros.html The Rambam was opposed to it. yet this is near universal custom. R' Soloveitchik and R' Moshe explain why it is not a problem.


5

Judaism does not specify the importance or reward of different commandments. We observe them all because God says so without trying to rationalize (although many have proposed explanations for the various commandments, e.g., Sefer Hachinuch). It is however true that breaching different commandments created the need (in Temple times) for different ...


4

Your siddur was probably "Od Yosef Hai", which is based on the teachings of Rabbi Yosef Hayyim of Bagdhad, the Ben Ish Hai. AFAIK, he didn't have a last name. He wrote two books on halacha that he's very well known for: Ben Ish Hai, and Od Yosef Hai. I'd be surprised if the siddur is missing commandments you say are missing. I have siddur Tefillat Refael, ...


4

Rashi (Shemos 24:12) writes that the ten commandments are 10 categories which the 613 fall under.The Bamidbar Rabbah writes that there is 620 letters in the ten commandments 613 for the mitzvos and 7 for the rabbanic mitzvos. It should be noted that singling out asres hadibros is not so simple because we don't want to show that it is more important than any ...


4

http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/912361/jewish/Chapter-Three.htm Halacha 10: It is forbidden to make decorative images of the human form alone. Therefore, it is forbidden to make human images with wood, cement, or stone. This [prohibition] applies when the image is protruding - for example, images and sculptures made in a hallway and the ...


4

We actually find sarcasm used in the Talmud. One example that comes to mind is in Taanis 24b, where Rav Papa declared a fast day during a drought, but felt very weak. He ate a handful of cereal and went to Daven. The prayers for rain went unanswered. Rav Nachman b. Ushpezati told Rav Papa, 'If you'd eat another handful then you'd get rain'. Rav Papa was ...


3

Although many sources say that the Luchos was squared, Rabbi Ben Zion Mutzafi quoting a Zohar in Parshas Yisro and the Ramak רבי משה קורדובירו says that it was squared at the bottom and rounded on the top.


3

The question is based on the wrong premise. The actual commandment is "Do not Murder" not "Do not Kill". Your question implies that one may not even kill in sef-defense which is untrue. That is, you start the question "Is it allowed to kill" which implies under any circumstances and connect it with the settling of the land. This makes it sound as if causing ...


3

The distinction is found in the Mishna (Yoma 8:9 (English)): עברות ש​​​​​​​​​​​​​​בין אדם למקום, יום הכפורים מכפר.‏ עברות ש​​​​​​​​​​​​​​בין אדם לחברו כד, אין יום הכפורים מכפר, עד שירצה את חברו.‏ את זו דרש רבי אלעזר בן עזריה, (ויקרא טז) מכל חטאתיכם לפני יי תטהרו, עברות ש​​​​​​​​​​​​​​בין אדם למקום, יום הכפורים מכפר. עברות ש​​​​​​​​​​​​​​בין ...


3

For a more historiological answer than @mochinRechavim's, see this article by Dr. Meshulam Margaliot at Bar-Ilan. Dr. Margaliot pursues this question along with R Nehemia's position in Shemot Rabbah 47.6 which agrees with the Sages' position in Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael (Tractate de-ba-Hodesh 5): How were the Ten Commandments given? Five on one tablet ...


3

R. Shalom Dovber Schneersohn (the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe), in one of his discourses (Sukkos 5674, part of the series known as Beshaah Shehikdimu 5672, which he began delivering on Shavuos 100 years ago) gives an explanation that may bear on this. He points out (in sec. 205) that there are two letters of the alef-beis that are completely sealed closed: ...


3

Hebrew Wikipedia on לא תחמוד says: הלאו של לא תחמוד כולל את האיסור להוציא מן הזולת בתחבולות, ואף בתמורה כספית נדיבה, דבר השייך לו. התחבולות האסורות כוללות: הפצרה חוזרת ונישנית, לחץ חברתי וכמובן כח. העסקת המחשבות על תחבולות כאלו, אסורה גם היא, ואפילו עצם ההתאוות לנכסי הזולת או הקנאה בהם נאסר My free translation: לא תחמוד includes the prohibition ...


3

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism? NO (but it's up there) to summarize the quotes below (in order), if we consider To know that there is a God a commandment as the Rambam does, it seems to be the most important commandment in Judaism. Regarding our connection to G-d: their are is no difference in commandments ...


3

The Kli Yakar on the last verse (20:13) explains it nicely. He brings the Mechilta and then sometimes adds his own thoughts. Here's a brief summary (with some possible additions). The original is below. 1. I am the Lord your Gcd <-> 6. Murder As humans are created in the image of Gcd, killing a person diminishes the godliness in this world. (Besides ...


2

There are many reasons. Gershon pointed out the balance between those for God and those for other people. Another is that the rabbis in the talmud (will look up source later) say that all other mitzvot can be derived from these ten -- they are, in a sense, "summary" mitzvot. Another (this may be more modern) is that they are the foundation of a functional ...


2

Tehilim 62:12 says: God spoke one thing, I heard two, for God has strength. Rashi says: ...our Sages interpreted it as referring to [the maxim that] “Remember” and “Keep” were stated in a single utterance. See also Rashi Shemot 20:8. In fact, Rashi (Shemot 20:1) says that all the 10 Commandments were originally said simultaneously, and ...


2

Found a nice article on this issue, it says the same as above, in case of men only protruding (3D) images are forbidden, according to the majority of poskim, and even in that case a part of them allows scupltures which only form a face, or a face e.g. without an eye. The majority says drawings are allowed. Thus, halacha is more lenienet as the genral opinion ...


2

Abarbanel explains this verse - that one may work the other 6 days - not that one is required to work. http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pagefeed/hebrewbooks_org_33655_43.pdf


2

Rabbeinu Bachye does indeed write that: ודע, כי הלוחות היו מרובעות ששה טפחים באורך וששה טפחים ברוחב, וכן דרשו רז"ל בבא בתרא פרק השותפין... ואם תשכיל עוד במידת הלוחות בין אורך ורוחב ובעובי, תמצא כי היה בכל לוח ולוח ק"ח טפחים - English translation by sabbahillel: And know that the luchos were squared six tefachim in length and six tefachim in ...



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