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15

Danno got it right. But I'll go through the quotes anyhow. A. Non-Jews aren't humans. Keritot 6b. There are a handful of specific technical laws in the Bible that pertain to "an adam" which the Talmud interprets as "Jews only"; for a non-Jew we are more lenient. The idea simply is that most of the Torah's laws were intended for a Jewish audience, so ...


14

I can't speak for the Jewish community generally, but I, for one, do support the use of "Jew" in non-anti-Semitic contexts, consistent with my experience that this is, in fact, a standard use of the term to which Jews do not take offense and my general aversion to unjustified taboos. I have been an English-speaking observant Jew for over three decades now, ...


13

These attacks are usually amalgamations of the following: Pure invention -- some of the books listed don't exist or the quotes are fabrications Mistranslations or selective quoting Out of context quotes (statements made in the course of a protracted legal argument presented as definitive statements of belief or statements made to make a legal point being ...


12

When Yaakov was threatened with Esav and his 400 men (Genesis 32), he responded in three ways (as noted by Rashi to verse 9): He sent gifts. He prayed. He prepared for war. So yes, preparing for war certainly has a prominent place in Jewish ideology, right alongside diplomatic efforts and prayers to God. All three are important components of a proper ...


10

Hatred has many sources. And sometimes it seems to have none. One could attribute it to a divine decree, or to biblical stories which pit people against people. Or you could look at historical or sociological trends. Here is a random selection of "reasons": Jews are separate and distinct. When any group defies the will of the masses or the powerful, it is ...


9

Nachmanides (in his commentary on Genesis) and others posit that we have much to learn from the actions of, especially, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in Genesis. In his introduction to 32:4, he writes: This section was written to inform us that God helped His servant and saved him from the power of someone stronger than he, sending His agent and saving him. ...


8

The Meam Loez says that she meant that Achashveirosh shouldn't kill the Jews, as he would thereby lose out. Had the Jews been sold as slaves, Achashveirosh could have always changed his mind later on (once realized how useful the Jews are). However, once they would be dead, he couldn't have done anything.


6

This amounts to a non-religious perspective that is informed by a deep personal familiarity with the history and beliefs of Christianity, and by having several close Jewish friends, one a rabbi, with whom I've had many delightful conversations. I would first note that on a personal level, antisemitism baffles me in a way that makes me wonder if I missed the ...


5

"Jew" does not need to be rehabilitated. It is perfectly normal for Jews to use the word, and I find it quite jarring when I hear other words used instead. The fact that some antisemitic websites use the word in a derogatory sense is irrelevant to the fact that it is our name. However, as Isaac noted, when it is used as an adjective, instead of "Jewish", it ...


4

We are told many times throughout the Torah and Tanach that we will be spread to the four corners of the Earth among the nations and that.... וּבַגּוֹיִם הָהֵם לֹא תַרְגִּיעַ, וְלֹא-יִהְיֶה מָנוֹחַ לְכַף-רַגְלֶךָ; וְנָתַן יְהוָה לְךָ שָׁם לֵב רַגָּז, וְכִלְיוֹן עֵינַיִם וְדַאֲבוֹן נָפֶשׁ. And among these nations shalt thou have no repose, and ...


4

The following does not answer the historical aspect of the question directly, but it provides background suggesting that (1.) the circumstances during the diaspora seem to have frequently (if not usually) qualified as "times of oppression", not only during the most acute tragedies of Jewish history, and (2.) the fasts under those circumstances would not have ...


4

The footnote to Mishnah Brurah 2:12 says that in a place where the law is to go (he says go, not sit) bareheaded in front of officers, you must follow it. When sitting inside, there is room to be lenient in a time of need (Beer Heitev 2:6). I heard in the name of the Bach that wearing a kipah is a midas chasidus but not required, and if so, there is a lot ...


4

Bilaam and Lavan were related (according to Midrash Tanchuma they were the same person) - see here. This Parsha Question Sheet says that Bilaam hated The Jews because: Bilam thought that Ya’akov made him poor by robbing Lavan’s assets . As a source, they quote the Sanhedrin 105a, however, I did not see it there. This does fit well with the idea that Bilaam ...


4

To restate the crucial part of your question: Is there any truth to this exchange ever happening? In other words, you are searching for a historical basis for this event in the past? You can look up the exchange in context, in Avodah Zara 2a-b. The quote begins: R. Hanina b. Papa — some say R. Simlai — expounded [the foregoing verse] thus: In ...


3

This excerpt refers to a metaphysical event that occurs in heaven. The claim that "we did it all for the Jews" is made by the angel serving as the Roman's defense attorney in the heavenly court and not by any actual Roman.


3

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks response: Antisemitism: What it is and how to deal with it. To summarize the parts that kinda address this question: Assimilation will not succeed in curbing antisemitism; do not ever define ourselves as the hated people; do be candid about the evil of antisemites; and advertise antisemitism as hatred of everyone different and thus a ...


3

I saw an answer in the Midrash Rabba (end of Pesichta 3). Esther was saying that she would be silent, since it could be that they deserved to be sold as slaves. After all, the Torah says in the Tochacha that if the Jews don't keep the Torah they will be sold as slaves. However, there is no curse in the Torah that says the Jews will be all eradicated. Since ...


3

Esther knew she had to tread lightly. Ask for too much, and she'd find herself queen no longer. We approach this with a different attitude today because we're used to governments that, thank G-d, give Jews a great deal of freedom. To illustrate: Rabbi Moshe Feinstein's younger years were spent living under Communist Russia. There was no way you could ...


2

Creating an army is not the traditional Jewish response. The Mishnah Brurah (686:2 quoting the Rambam) writes: [We] fast on the thirteenth of Adar [Taanis Ester]. Because in the days of Mordechai and Ester, [Jews] were gathered to make war and stand on their lives on the thirteenth of Adar, and they needed to request mercy and [they would] ...


2

Muslims in different societies use the term "descendants of apes and pigs" for Jews because of the following verses in the Quran: (162) Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them openly holding up their heads but on the ...


2

Rashi Genesis 33:4 says the Halacha is Esau hates Yaacov. This can be understood that this is Halacha and not dependent on external factors. The Gemoro also says Rav Chisda and Rabbah the son of Rav Huna both said: Why is it called "Sinai"? Because it is the mountain from which hatred (Hebrew: sinah) came down to the Nations-of-the-World ... ...


2

These changes have been known for some time, and many were published in books such as "Chesronos HaShas". However, everyone is already so used to the folio-daf system in the Vilna (Bomberg/Romm) edition that everyone uses those pages for a reference, and we wouldn't want to confuse everyone by having to re-paginate the Gemaras. Basically, the reason is ...


1

Closest idea I've ever seen was daf 6b in Megila, where it says Germamia (Germania), and the Medrash in Toldos adds Barbaria, were used to occupy Rome's energies so they wouldn't have time to annihilate us.


1

The moznayim, i.e. vagshal prints have all the censored peices put back, also of interest is Dikdukei Sofrim which has at least 4 ancient manuscripts predating the printingpress standardised shaas. The reason not to put them back is because the Jews in Spain Poland Germany and countless other countries tought us a valuable lesson with their lives that no ...


1

See Chazon Ish (igros vol 3 michtav 2) who claims that no mistake can ever befall the unchangeable torah. if a change occurred it was heavenly divined and must be respected. I wonder if the Chazon Ish would claim a similar logic regarding the censors?!


1

I doubt there are any extant historical records to the effect, but it certainly seems plausible that in traditionally antisemitic Medieval Christendom, the abbreviation of "Judean" to "Jew" had derogatory undertones similar to other contemporary racial slurs, e.g. for Chinese or Japanese persons. This only seems more so the case considering that the word's ...


1

According to Jewish philosophy and mysticism, man is a dual creature, combining both a noble, divine, altruistic drive as well as a base, selfish, physical one. The Jewish people were chosen to be a "light onto the nations" to guide them toward the subservience of the base drives to to divine ones. As such, men who chose to guide themselves by their base, ...



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