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"Im Bat Gilo" -- very roughly, "with a woman suited to his nature." The Gemara Nedarim 39b says that a hospital visit is especially efficacious for the sick fellow if the visitor is "ben gilo" with respect to the visitee. Rashi (or whatever medieval commentary there pretends to be Rashi) says simply -- "roughly the same age, not a young man visiting an old ...
It's a Yiddish abbreviation for Kein Ayin Hora - or in Hebrew Bli Ayin Hara. Simply stated without the evil eye; we're not discussing [something] in order to get [it] punished due to our jealousy.
Our dreidel is of relatively recent vintage and there is no evidence that it existed prior to a few centuries ago. It stood for (before it's being adapted for chanukah) N = Nisht nothing to put into the pot G = Gantz Take all H = Halbe Take half Sh = Shtel Put coins into the pot One may perhaps still find deep meaning and significance in the dreidel ...
It's the Maharam MiRutenburg, the rebbe of the Rosh. Souce: my 8 years in yeshiva. That's what it stands for in all late European Rishonim where context doesn't demand otherwise.
פה נטמן - here is buried/interred ...
From this Hebrew site explaining abbreviations and acronyms in Hebrew. צו״צ means צדקתך וצדקתך צדקתך This Chabad site explains that צו״צ stands for the three posukim said on Shabbos mincha. שלושת הפסוקים שאומרים במנחה בשבת, which begin with the three words צדקתך, וצדקתך, צדקתך
Yes! I have always found קובץ ראשי תיבות וקיצורים and אוצר ראשי תיבות (free older print on HebrewBooks) to be extremely useful in breaking down roshei teivos that I did not understand. Additionally, while I haven't used them at all (and therefore can't vouch for their reliability/usefulness), these websites (1, 2) from a Google search may also be of use to ...
Try the preface of an academic-style book on Talmud. The better editions of the Jastrow dictionary have an abbreviations page that I believe covers Talmud Bavli, Yerushlami, and Medrash including some names and lots of academic abbreviations other than titles.
This is complete conjecture, but so it's the assumption that they really played dradel with letters that stood for something. Originally, the letters were נשג׳א as per maseches Avoda Zara 36b בית דין של חשמונאי גזרו ישראל הבא על עבודת כוכבים חייב משום נשג׳א. Rashi explains נ=נדה דרבנן. ש=שפחה. ג=גויה. א=אשת איש.
The Bnai Yissaschar's answer is that the letters נ ג ה ש should properly be rearranged to spell גשנה (lit. to Goshen). This is a reference to Bereisheis 46:28 when Yehuda is sent ahead to Goshen to prepare for the stay of Yaakov and his children in Mitzrayim. This served as the first precedent and as a perpetual reminder of the need for bnei Yisrael to stay ...
A rav explained to me that the word "Gilo" come from "gil" related to "gilah" meaning "joy". So, "Im bat gilo" means "the daughter of his joy". The concept seems slightly Kabbalistic, in the sense that one's true fullest joy is hidden until he gets married. When a man finds his Kallah, she draws out his inner joy, so that is the sense of being "bat gilo".
Look in the luach roshei teivos in the back of the tanya. You'll find most of them there. Let me know if this helps
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