Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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9
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0answers
33 views

If kings get up at 3 hours past sunrise, wouldn't they need some extra time to say Shma?

Mishna Brachot 1:2 gives the times for saying Shma in the morning. מאימתיי קורין את שמע בשחרים: משיכיר בין תכלת ללבן; רבי אליעזר אומר, בין תכלת לכרתן. עד הנץ החמה; רבי יהושוע אומר, עד שלוש שעות, ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Saying Tehilim after shkia

I understand you can't say Tehilim at night. Can you say Tehilim between shkiah and tzeits hakochavim (ben hashmashot)? or does it have to be said before shkiah?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Biblical vs. Rabbinical end of Shabbat

This question states, "havdalah ends shabbat (for one who didn't daven ma'ariv)." But won't Shabbat end on its own at some point--specifically, at nightfall--even if we don't make havdalah nor daven ...
5
votes
1answer
73 views

Mir Yeshiva and the Dateline

For a short while, the Mir Yeshiva was relocated to Kobe Japan at the outbreak of the Second World War. Since Japan is in question with the International Dateline how did the Rosh Yeshiva Pasken for ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Shacharis after chatzos

Is praying shacharis after chatzos (midday) permitted, and do you fulfill your obligation? If so, until when? Please give sources, preferably quoting the Mishna Berurah, Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch, or ...
13
votes
1answer
251 views

Why don't Rabbinic fasts end by Ben Hashmashot?

There's a doubt in the Gemara when the new day starts, at sunset or at three stars (Ok, and there's Rabbi Yossi's opinion). When it comes to Shabbos (or any other biblical time), we have to be strict ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Mussaf before Mincha Katana

[This is not a request for a psak, as I did say Mussaf on time today, B"H.] If it is now after Mincha Gedola, but before Mincha Ketana, and there is no Minyan, what should an individual say first, ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Praying after chatzot– which tefilot?

Assume that someone wakes up after chatzot; which tefilot are said?
0
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0answers
32 views

Spices and candles before your zman

If one holds 72 minutes for shabbas to be over and they are staying by someone who holds 50 minutes and they make havdalla by 50 min can the 72-minute-people participate in their havdalla to fulfill ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Why do we still blow shofar during mussaf?

The gemarah (rosh hashana 32b) asks why we wait until mussaf to blow the shofar and answers that the ruling enemies of the Jews mistook the shofar sound for a rallying war cry and forbade it. They ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Is the timing of Mitzvot more intentional or more extentional?

This question is inspired by: Halakhic International Date Line issues I was reading the answers, or actually the source quotations, and realized that the answer to the questions about ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Earliest and Latest Times for Kabbalat Shabbat?

If one is davening alone, what are the earliest and latest times for reciting Kabbalas Shabbos? If one was too busy preparing for Shabbos to say it at the normal time, may one recite it at any time ...
5
votes
3answers
165 views

Why does Jewish law and tradition specify times for saying Shema?

This question is asked at a very basic level, not deeply aware of Judaism or the process of Jewish law. I'm not Jewish so it isn't directly applicable to me, but it helps me to ask a broader question ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

Bathroom or shema if you only have time for one?

If you wake up 5 minutes before sof zman kryat shema and you have to use the bathroom. Going to the bathroom when necessary is deorayasa (Shulchan Aruch 3:17) and so is saying the shema. Also there ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Putting on tefillin late

For whatever reason, I was unable to put on tefillin while davening shacharit this morning. However, I have access to tefillin now, and the sun has not yet set. After I put on the tefillin, what ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Travel and Shacharit

I'm flying westward in the morning. I don't think I'll have enough time to pray shacharit before I take off, and don't wish to do so en route. I should land with enough time to pray shacharit before ...
5
votes
5answers
783 views

When is the latest time you can daven minchah bedieved?

If you realized that you didn't yet daven minchah and it's past shekiyah, when is the latest that you can begin praying the Amidah? I'm looking for different people's cutoffs.
7
votes
1answer
139 views

What can I skip after Amida in Shacharit?

I have very little time for shacharit, because I have to go to work. The minyan in the city where I live is very late. So I try to daven everything before the Amida and the Amida itself with a Tzibur, ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Correct procedure for davening in Synagogue after sof zman tefila

In America, it is very common for shuls to start quite davening shacharit quite late on Shabbat. Suppose someone is going to be attending a synagogue that will not reach shmoneh esrei before sof zman ...
15
votes
6answers
659 views

Halakhic International Date Line issues

According to halakha, where is the international date line? More specifically, I have heard that some people say you should observe Shabbat on Sunday in Japan & New Zealand and/or on Friday in ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Shabbos in Tahiti [duplicate]

I have a friend who is interested in going to Tahiti for a weekend. I was wondering if there are any issues with the halachic dateline and if he would have to hold 2 days of shabbos.
10
votes
1answer
123 views

The Effect of an 18- or 6-Hour Day

Since the 18th century, Jews have been settling in Sweden without the requirement of conversion (source). As such, there are now a number of Swedish Jewish communities, the largest of which is in ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Bringing in Yom Tov Sheni early

The Ben Ish Hai Parshat Bamidbar Din 2 holds it is permissible (and even recommended in Bagdhad), to bring in the second day of Shavuot early -- to daven and to make kiddush while it is still daytime ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Last time for Kiddush Levanah

How can I calculate the last possible time to say Kiddush Levanah for a given month?
7
votes
1answer
487 views

Davening after the zman

Can someone please explain the halachot for someone who wakes up after zman kriat shema? After zman tfillah?
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Finished Kriat Shema after the deadline

If I start the Shema before the zman but I finish the 1st 3 paragraphs after the alloted time, what is the halacha?
0
votes
2answers
947 views

when do you stop eating bread and etc.. for passover?

Do you stop eating bread once Seder starts or beginning of the morning of Seder day? Not sure about this
2
votes
3answers
218 views

Precise Zemanim?

This site (see the paragraph starting with "accuracy") says that no one can predict the times for sunrise and sunset to within a minute accurately for a given location because of certain atmospheric ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Eating after shkiah on a weekday

ב"ה I know one isnt allowed to eat after Shkiah on Shabbos. But what about a weekday? For instance what if one started a meal right before shkiah or during bein hashmoshis? My question is prompted ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Violating the Shabbat across time zones [duplicate]

Let's say I'm on my computer in the United States on a Friday afternoon, well before the sun has set in the US, but after it has set in Israel. If I access an Israeli website during this time, am I ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Optimal time for sleichos

What is the optimal time for the recitation of, nay the asking for, Sleichos? Please state whose opinion you are following or stating in your answer.
4
votes
2answers
177 views

Time for t'filah and you don't have a siddur: better to daven from memory or wait (and possibly miss the time)?

If the set time comes to daven (on a weekday, let's say) and you unexpectedly don't have a suitable (or any) siddur,1 does halacha call for you to wait (and possibly miss that amidah entirely), or ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Waking up early to eat before a fast

I was just wondering about the halachos of waking up to eat before a fast day. If one had intention, is it best to wake up, wash negal vasser, get dressed, go to bathroom say Al Netilas Yadaim, Asher ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Making up a synagogue calendar manually is tedious work. Which software can do the calculations automatically?

The year 2014 starts soon. Lots of synagogues print up a customized calendar every year. (Sample.) Such a calendar includes shul-specific information (e.g. service times and maybe a weekly class or ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What are the parameters concerning the use of the menorah lights

In the song Haneiros Halallu we say that the Chanuka candles are holy and we don't have permission to use them only to view them. I'd like to understand what that means. Do they attain this status ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Chanuka lighting: BeZman (at the best time) or Pirsumei Nissa (publicization of the miracle)?

Is it better to light candles at bezman, or later when there will be more pirsumei nissa? I find 4:30 (approx candlelighting time in NYC this year) to be too early to catch the regular "rush hour." Is ...
-5
votes
2answers
127 views

Can there be an early 'Tzes HaChochavim' due to an eclipse?

When the sun is fully eclipsed the sky darkens and the stars appears as if it was night. Obviously, when this happens in the middle of the day, and the process of the moon slowly moving to occlude ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Wearing tallis and tefillin before z'man

About the time the clocks change for the season, there is always an issue at the early early minyan about when to put on tallis and tefillin. In a few weeks of the year, that time can come 5 - 15 ...
4
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3answers
152 views

Preferable time to light Chanukah Menorah

What is the preferable time to light the Chanukah Menorah: after dark or before?
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Tzeit HaKokhavim According To The Gr"a & Geonim

I have been investigating the various shitoth regarding sheqiah ("sunset") and sseth ha-kokhavim ("tzeit ha-kokhavim" or, when three stars are visible) and cannot find certain info regarding the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Blowing Shofar at end of neilah before nightfall of Rabbeinu Tam

How do Chassidim and litvaks who hold Rabbeinu Tam's view of when nightfall is (later than most people's) blow shofar before that time after neilah?
4
votes
3answers
499 views

What are (all) the Havdalah halachic times?

What are all the halachic opinions for when to do havdalah? I'm writing a calendar and I want to provide all the options that people use. The ones I've seen are: 42 min after sunset ?? 72 min after ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Davening mussaf late on Simchas Torah and Yom Kippur

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 620 says that one should daven Musaf before the seventh hour of the day on Yom Kippur even if it means leaving out Piyutim and Selichos of Shachris. Mishna Berura says to ...
5
votes
3answers
310 views

If it's your minhag to daven Hanetz, do you do so even without a minyan?

A friend once told me that if one's minhag is to daven with Hanetz (i.e., starting the Amida prayer at sunrise), and if there's no Hanetz minyan nearby, you should still daven Hanetz, even without a ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Baby born bein hashmoshos — when to make pidyon haben?

We know that if a baby is born bein hashmoshos we make the bris according to if the baby was born on the following day (i.e. if it was bein hashmoshos between Monday and Tuesday we would count 8 days ...
9
votes
2answers
235 views

Davening early Maariv first night of Shavuos

I have always heard that on the first night of Shavuos you should wait till Tzais HaKochavim for Maariv in order to have Temimos - 7 complete weeks of Sefira. Recently I heard that Harav Ovadia Yosef ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Disparate Zemanim in the same local community

Someone pointed out on a local email list that the ending time for Tish'ah BeAv is listed differently - significantly so - at various institutions in our local community. He noted the following times ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Starting Mincha right before Shekiya

According to those who pray Mincha only up to Shekiya (sunset), are you required to finish Mincha before Shekiya or just required to begin it before Shekiya? (Sources.)
2
votes
1answer
87 views

If you've missed Zeman Kriyas Shema, what should you do?

Suppose a fellow realizes at 9:16AM that the Gra Zeman Kriyas Shema was at 9:14 and he never said Kriyas Shema yet. Is there any gain by saying it immediately even though it is past the later Zeman ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views