Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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1answer
84 views

Optimal time for sleichos

What is the optimal time for the recitation of, nay the asking for, Sleichos? Please state whose opinion you are following or stating in your answer.
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1answer
555 views

Optimal time for Meal on Purim

What is the optimal time for the Purim Seduah (Meal)?
3
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1answer
31 views

Zmanim in Space [duplicate]

If an astronaut is in space, how does he or she determine what time to pray? Does it revolve around where the spaceship is in relation to the sun, or does he just follow zmanim on Earth?
3
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1answer
194 views

Is visiting Antarctica permitted for a Jew?

Antarctica can have very short days or very short nights. As discussed elsewhere on this site, finding the right time to pray can be difficult. Is it permissible to visit places like this?
3
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1answer
232 views

eating before kiddush

Is there any time in the early morning on Shabbat in which I can eat and drink something without any question of it being considered eating before davening and kiddush? For example, at 3, 4, or 5 ...
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42 views

What happens if I wrap my tefillin before the earliest time to wrap tefillin? [closed]

The earliest time to wrap tefillin in my town is 6:14 (for the next little while), on Monday and Thursday we start at 6:15. Is it OK if I finish wrapping my tefillin before 6:14? Do I still get the ...
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42 views

Praying after chatzot– which tefilot?

Assume that someone wakes up after chatzot; which tefilot are said?
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88 views

Disparate Zemanim in the same local community

Someone pointed out on a local email list that the ending time for Tish'ah BeAv is listed differently - significantly so - at various institutions in our local community. He noted the following times ...
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86 views

Which kings stay in bed to the third hour of the day?

It says in the Gemara that we can say Shma until the third hour since that's when kings get up. What kings are we talking about? Jewish kings weren't around until much later, so Sof Zman Krias Shema ...
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60 views

When is the earliest time one can pray in the morning? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Davening Shacharis? When is the earliest time one can pray (the Shemone Esre) in the morning? Reciting Keriath Shema' has its own rules, and I understand you may need ...
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2answers
416 views

If borchu of maariv is before plag hamincha and the amida after plag, is this “tartei desasrei” – two contradictory acts?

A minyan starts to daven mincha before plag hamincha with the intention to daven maariv after plag hamincha. In the event, mincha is too fast and the borchu of maariv is before plag hamincha while the ...
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1answer
527 views

Sefiras HaOmer - earliest time to count

According to Halacha what is the earliest time can you say Sefiras HaOmer each night and be Yotzei?
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2answers
42 views

If צאת is late, then פלג is late. When does one light the מנורה on Friday?

One cannot light the Chanuka lights before p'lag hamincha (Shulchan Aruch 672:1), not even on Friday evening (Mishna B'rura 679:2). If he did so, his lighting is invalid (Shaar Hatziyun 672:4). P'lag ...
2
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1answer
100 views

If you've missed Zeman Kriyas Shema, what should you do?

Suppose a fellow realizes at 9:16AM that the Gra Zeman Kriyas Shema was at 9:14 and he never said Kriyas Shema yet. Is there any gain by saying it immediately even though it is past the later Zeman ...
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3answers
254 views

Precise Zemanim?

This site (see the paragraph starting with "accuracy") says that no one can predict the times for sunrise and sunset to within a minute accurately for a given location because of certain atmospheric ...
2
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1answer
408 views

What is Neitz and why is it important

What is Neitz and why is it important? My inspiration: http://mekubal.wordpress.com/2011/03/14/at-long-last/#comments
2
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1answer
85 views

Saying Tehilim after shkia

I understand you can't say Tehilim at night. Can you say Tehilim between shkiah and tzeits hakochavim (ben hashmashot)? or does it have to be said before shkiah?
2
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1answer
96 views

When should we light shabbat candles?

On page 188 of my סדור רינת ישראל (or p. 196 in this edition) the instructions for lighting shabbat candles begins as follows: כשהחמה בראש האילנות, מדליקים נר של שבת. My limited Hebrew has me ...
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2answers
116 views

Why do we still blow shofar during mussaf?

The gemarah (rosh hashana 32b) asks why we wait until mussaf to blow the shofar and answers that the ruling enemies of the Jews mistook the shofar sound for a rallying war cry and forbade it. They ...
2
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1answer
86 views

How do I calculate the latest time to start the third Shabbos meal on erev Yom Tov?

From myzemanim.com for where I live, for this Shabbos, erev Shovuos, the “sho’o zemanis” (Proportional Hour) Gra & Baal Tanya is 1hr:22mins. Nightfall - 3 Stars is around 10:30 pm. Shkia is ...
2
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1answer
657 views

Early maariv on 2nd day Yom Tov

A shul in my city made an early maariv for the 2nd day of yom tov. Knowing who the Rabbi is, he did not do this out of ignorance. There are 2 issues I am unclear about: Are there contemporary ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam?

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam? Ive heard the Shulchan Aruch (rishon/acharon) held of it, did he pasken like for starting shabbos?
2
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1answer
52 views

Biblical vs. Rabbinical end of Shabbat

This question states, "havdalah ends shabbat (for one who didn't daven ma'ariv)." But won't Shabbat end on its own at some point--specifically, at nightfall--even if we don't make havdalah nor daven ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Is the timing of Mitzvot more intentional or more extentional?

This question is inspired by: Halakhic International Date Line issues I was reading the answers, or actually the source quotations, and realized that the answer to the questions about ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Tzeit HaKokhavim According To The Gr"a & Geonim

I have been investigating the various shitoth regarding sheqiah ("sunset") and sseth ha-kokhavim ("tzeit ha-kokhavim" or, when three stars are visible) and cannot find certain info regarding the ...
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1answer
322 views

Earliest time for Mincha Gedola

Looking at this myzmanim.com chart for Brooklyn, NY on 01/21/2013 it gives me the following Zmanim for Mincha Gedola. 30 fixed minutes after midday 12:37:27 Gra & Baal Tanya 12:31:53 ...
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1answer
551 views

Does one make Birkas Hatorah/Hashachar before alos hashachar?

As per this question, it seems apparent that one doesn't make the morning blessings until at least alos hashachar. However, in Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum's book "The Sweetest Hour: Tikkun Chatzot," on ...
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1answer
136 views

Food on crock-pot done by when, when making shabbos early?

Normally, let's say I make shabbos at the usual time, shortly before sunset. If I want to leave food in the crockpot, I want to make sure it's cooked by sunset. Now what happens if I make Shabbos ...
2
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1answer
37 views

What is the difference between Sfardic and Ashkenazic calculations for the last time to eat chametz?

My community's luach (calendar) has 2 separate times for the last time to eat chametz on Erev Pesach: 10:09 for Ashkenazim, and 10:13 for Sephardim. How are these times calculated according to the ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Rambam, Shkiah, and Tzet HaKokhavim

In the dispute between the Geonim and Rabbenu Tam over the definition of nightfall, I have seen the Rambam claimed by either side - each claiming that in the Mishneh Torah he held like them. My ...
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0answers
57 views

Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
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0answers
79 views

Earliest and Latest Times for Kabbalat Shabbat?

If one is davening alone, what are the earliest and latest times for reciting Kabbalas Shabbos? If one was too busy preparing for Shabbos to say it at the normal time, may one recite it at any time ...
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0answers
55 views

Travel and Shacharit

I'm flying westward in the morning. I don't think I'll have enough time to pray shacharit before I take off, and don't wish to do so en route. I should land with enough time to pray shacharit before ...
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0answers
40 views

Violating the Shabbat across time zones [duplicate]

Let's say I'm on my computer in the United States on a Friday afternoon, well before the sun has set in the US, but after it has set in Israel. If I access an Israeli website during this time, am I ...
2
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1answer
163 views

Making up a synagogue calendar manually is tedious work. Which software can do the calculations automatically?

Lots of synagogues print up a customized calendar every year. (Sample.) Such a calendar includes shul-specific information (e.g. service times and maybe a weekly class or two) and general information ...
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0answers
81 views

Why is elevation not factored into zmanim in places like New York?

As you might already know, zmanim (for Shabbos, etc.) are determined by a number of factors, one being the elevation of the particular locale. But for some reason, if you check the charts and ...
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0answers
41 views

Language of Mishneh Brurah - Sefiras HaOmer and counting before Aleinu

Shulchan Aruch 489:1 says that after Maariv of the second night of Pesach we begin to count Sefiras HaOmer. The Mishneh Brurah there in note 2 says that one should count before "Aleinu" because "col ...
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0answers
335 views

Calculation methods for intermediate time of chanukah lighting

We know that there are those who light chanukah candles at sunset and other at tzeis but there are some poskim lighting between at an intermediate time, for example : Rav Moshe Feinstein, Rav ...
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1answer
38 views

Why is the mitzvah of tefellin not by night?

Berachos discusses the importance of saying shema while wearing tefellin. Saying shema without tefellin is likened to bringing an incomplete sacrifice (Berachos, 14b). Similiary, one who washes his ...
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1answer
82 views

Hallel before chatzos at seder

I was reading Rav Schwab On Prayer (page 541) where he says the following about the timing of parts of the Seder: According to some poskim, even the recitation of Hallel should be completed before ...
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1answer
59 views

What are the parameters concerning the use of the menorah lights

In the song Haneiros Halallu we say that the Chanuka candles are holy and we don't have permission to use them only to view them. I'd like to understand what that means. Do they attain this status ...
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1answer
82 views

Kabbalos Pnei Rabo

That which it says in the Gemorah (Rosh Hashana 16b) that one has a obligation of "kabbalos pnei rabo" (to go see ones rebbe) on holidays - when is the obligation? Is there an obligation every day, or ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the earliest time to daven maariv during the week? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is the earliest time you can daven ma'ariv during the week? On Shabbos one could accept Shabbos early and thereby daven Maariv early. During the week, when ...
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2answers
57 views

When can one “bring in” Yom Kippur?

I've read in several places that one must bring in Yom Kippur before dark, just as we do for Shabbos. The time listed as the beginning of Yom Kippur (e.g. MyZmanim) seems to be 18 minutes before ...
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1answer
64 views

Mussaf before Mincha Katana

[This is not a request for a psak, as I did say Mussaf on time today, B"H.] If it is now after Mincha Gedola, but before Mincha Ketana, and there is no Minyan, what should an individual say first, ...
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1answer
239 views

Baby born bein hashmoshos — when to make pidyon haben?

We know that if a baby is born bein hashmoshos we make the bris according to if the baby was born on the following day (i.e. if it was bein hashmoshos between Monday and Tuesday we would count 8 days ...
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1answer
207 views

time for shacharit and eating before this time

When is the obligation for Shacharit? Is this what is considered the morning? Is it dawn (alot hashachar), or the earliest time for tallit and tefillin, or sunrise (netz), or the latest time for ...
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1answer
101 views

The “Shir Hamaalos” etc before Maariv: is it said before nightfall?

The German nusach contains the following explanation of the “Shir Hamaalos” etc said before Maariv. When ערבית is recited after nightfall, it is preceded by the following פסוקים, which speak of ...
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0answers
22 views

Minyan, netz hachomah, and precision in time

There are halachic sources that discuss the importance of davening shemona esrei at netz (at sunrise), some of which state that it is preferable to daven at netz over davening with a minyan (at least ...
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43 views

Which “shita” did the 5 rabbis in the Haggadah follow regarding the earliest time for morning Shema?

This section from the Haggadah: Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Story of the Five Rabbis 1: מַעֲשֶׂה בְּרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ וְרַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן-עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְרַבִּי ...