Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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1answer
224 views

Baby born bein hashmoshos — when to make pidyon haben?

We know that if a baby is born bein hashmoshos we make the bris according to if the baby was born on the following day (i.e. if it was bein hashmoshos between Monday and Tuesday we would count 8 days ...
9
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2answers
237 views

Davening early Maariv first night of Shavuos

I have always heard that on the first night of Shavuos you should wait till Tzais HaKochavim for Maariv in order to have Temimos - 7 complete weeks of Sefira. Recently I heard that Harav Ovadia Yosef ...
3
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0answers
84 views

Disparate Zemanim in the same local community

Someone pointed out on a local email list that the ending time for Tish'ah BeAv is listed differently - significantly so - at various institutions in our local community. He noted the following times ...
3
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2answers
130 views

Starting Mincha right before Shekiya

According to those who pray Mincha only up to Shekiya (sunset), are you required to finish Mincha before Shekiya or just required to begin it before Shekiya? (Sources.)
2
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1answer
89 views

If you've missed Zeman Kriyas Shema, what should you do?

Suppose a fellow realizes at 9:16AM that the Gra Zeman Kriyas Shema was at 9:14 and he never said Kriyas Shema yet. Is there any gain by saying it immediately even though it is past the later Zeman ...
4
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1answer
267 views

If you didn’t put on tefilin at shacharis, when should you? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Putting on tefillin late Someone was unable to put on tefilin when he 'davened' (prayed) shacharis. When should he put on tefilin — immediately when he has the ...
4
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1answer
2k views
1
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1answer
3k views

What is the earliest time to daven maariv during the week? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When is the earliest time you can daven ma'ariv during the week? On Shabbos one could accept Shabbos early and thereby daven Maariv early. During the week, when ...
2
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0answers
79 views

Why is elevation not factored into zmanim in places like New York?

As you might already know, zmanim (for Shabbos, etc.) are determined by a number of factors, one being the elevation of the particular locale. But for some reason, if you check the charts and ...
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7answers
224 views

Zmanim accuracy before digital clocks?

How was time measured for the purpose of Zmanim before we had accurate clocks like we do today? Was it possible to accurately determine Chatzos (at night) or the different watches of the night? I know ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Language of Mishneh Brurah - Sefiras HaOmer and counting before Aleinu

Shulchan Aruch 489:1 says that after Maariv of the second night of Pesach we begin to count Sefiras HaOmer. The Mishneh Brurah there in note 2 says that one should count before "Aleinu" because "col ...
3
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2answers
66 views

Mishna, Brakhot 2a: When the kohanim enter…where?

Mishna, Brakhot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים לאכול בתרומתן What is the author implying as the direct object of the verb נכנסים? In other words, from the hour that the kohanim ...
3
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5answers
1k views

Priorities: Mincha Ketana vs Mincha Gedola

Which timing of mincha is more important: mincha gedolah or mincha ketana? Why?
2
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1answer
271 views

Earliest time for Mincha Gedola

Looking at this myzmanim.com chart for Brooklyn, NY on 01/21/2013 it gives me the following Zmanim for Mincha Gedola. 30 fixed minutes after midday 12:37:27 Gra & Baal Tanya 12:31:53 ...
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4answers
2k views

Fast days and time zones

If I fly westward on a fast day, and travel through one/several time zone/s, thereby going back in (clock) time, must I then fast until it ends in my current time zone? What if I fly eastward, thereby ...
1
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1answer
188 views

time for shacharit and eating before this time

When is the obligation for Shacharit? Is this what is considered the morning? Is it dawn (alot hashachar), or the earliest time for tallit and tefillin, or sunrise (netz), or the latest time for ...
11
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3answers
542 views

When does somebody living in space (e.g. ISS) observe Shabbat?

I understand that Jewish astronauts have been advised to observe Shabbat by Cape Canaveral time, by analogy with traveling to a place that doesn't have daily sunrise/sunset where some rule you use the ...
9
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2answers
365 views

Polyphasic Sleep and Halacha

I recently read an article on polyphasic sleep and I'm quite interested in experimenting with it. The article advises the Uberman approach which advocates 20-30 minute naps every four hours, meaning ...
11
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1answer
489 views

Kiddush between 6 and 7 o'clock - Which clock?

Many people hold that one should not make kiddush on Shabbos between the hours of 6 and 7. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Harav and Taamei Haminhagim, (who, in turn, bring a Maharil, a Magen Avraham, and a ...
3
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1answer
175 views

Is visiting Antarctica permitted for a Jew?

Antarctica can have very short days or very short nights. As discussed elsewhere on this site, finding the right time to pray can be difficult. Is it permissible to visit places like this?
3
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0answers
78 views

Which kings stay in bed to the third hour of the day?

It says in the Gemara that we can say Shma until the third hour since that's when kings get up. What kings are we talking about? Jewish kings weren't around until much later, so Sof Zman Krias Shema ...
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2answers
965 views

Until what time in the morning may you eat on a fast day?

On fast days that begin in the morning, (Asara B'Teves, Taanis Esther, Shiva Asar B'Tamuz, Tzom Gedalya) if you intend to eat when you awake, until what time may you eat in the morning? Does it depend ...
5
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1answer
229 views

Do Sefardim keep Rashi time or Rabbeinu Tam time?

On one hand, the Shulchan Aruch rules in Hilchos Shabbos like Rabbeinu Tam (that one should add to Shabbos from shkiya [not that it's shabbos yet halachically, and one can do melacha at that point]), ...
4
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1answer
200 views

Getting up by alos hashachar — Halachically required?

That which the Machaber writes in the first siman of Shulchan Aruch: יתגבר כארי לעמוד בבוקר לעבודת בוראו, שיהא הוא מעורר השחר From here could one say that if one doesn't get up by alos hashachar ...
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1answer
544 views

Halachic justification to not pray the amidah before zman t'filah?

Some Chassidic courts are not makpid (careful) to daven the morning Amidah before z'man tefilah, although this seems to be a clear halacha. Are there any opinions they are relying on? I was once told ...
3
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1answer
217 views

Eating before shachris when up all night

This question has been asked (and answered) on this forum before, but my question is when is the cutoff after which it is considered eating before shachris (as opposed to eating AFTER maariv). ...
2
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1answer
196 views

eating before kiddush

Is there any time in the early morning on Shabbat in which I can eat and drink something without any question of it being considered eating before davening and kiddush? For example, at 3, 4, or 5 ...
2
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0answers
278 views

Calculation methods for intermediate time of chanukah lighting

We know that there are those who light chanukah candles at sunset and other at tzeis but there are some poskim lighting between at an intermediate time, for example : Rav Moshe Feinstein, Rav ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Kabbalos Pnei Rabo

That which it says in the Gemorah (Rosh Hashana 16b) that one has a obligation of "kabbalos pnei rabo" (to go see ones rebbe) on holidays - when is the obligation? Is there an obligation every day, or ...
2
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1answer
474 views

Does one make Birkas Hatorah/Hashachar before alos hashachar?

As per this question, it seems apparent that one doesn't make the morning blessings until at least alos hashachar. However, in Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum's book "The Sweetest Hour: Tikkun Chatzot," on ...
2
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1answer
85 views

When should we light shabbat candles?

On page 188 of my סדור רינת ישראל (or p. 196 in this edition) the instructions for lighting shabbat candles begins as follows: כשהחמה בראש האילנות, מדליקים נר של שבת. My limited Hebrew has me ...
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3answers
214 views

In an average shul, how long before sunset does a combined weekday Mincha/Maariv service start?

Many shuls worldwide run combined weekday Mincha/Maariv services. How long before sunset do these services tend to start? Please specify a range, measured in "number of minutes". Also, please cite ...
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3answers
297 views

Eating before davening Shacharis

Are there any accepted authorities of Halacha that permit a man to eat (i.e., "real" eating such as consuming cake or cereal) before davening Shacharis under "normal circumstances" (i.e., a healthy ...
1
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1answer
92 views

The “Shir Hamaalos” etc before Maariv: is it said before nightfall?

The German nusach contains the following explanation of the “Shir Hamaalos” etc said before Maariv. When ערבית is recited after nightfall, it is preceded by the following פסוקים, which speak of ...
3
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1answer
210 views

Variant on: Is it better to Daven “too early” with a Minyan, or to Daven alone at the right time?

In many communities there is a regular weekday morning Minyan and the "working-person's" Minyan, which technically Davens too early according to most opinions, but which is better than nothing, ...
4
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1answer
102 views

Shabbos and Later Davening (Prayer)

Why on Shabbos do most people daven (pray) later than usual? (I seek an halachic answer.)
4
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1answer
107 views

Kohanim on first shift can't say Shema'?

The first Mishnah in Berachoth quotes R' Eli'ezer's opinion that the time for reciting Shema' in the evening extends only until the end of the first shift (the Kohanim would serve in the Beith ...
7
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2answers
569 views

Davening late rather than never?

If for some reason I am held up doing something until after the time that mincha must be done by and I have not davened mincha, is it better to daven mincha after the time it is supposed to be done by ...
5
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1answer
113 views

When do Sefardim start mourning in a year that Tisha B'av is postponed until Sunday?

As mentioned here, Sefardim observe the mourning period known to Ashkenazim as "The Nine Days" only during the week that Tisha B'av occurs. Tisha B'av falls out on Shabbat this year (5772), and the ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Mincha before lunch on the 8th day of Pesach (Chabad)

The Luach Kolel Chabad says it's customary to pray mincha before lunch on the eighth day of Pesach. Why?
7
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1answer
278 views

When do the restrictions of 3 weeks start when 17 Tammuz is on Shabbos?

When do the restrictions of 3 weeks start when 17 Tammuz is on Shabbos (e.g. this year)? Do they start motzei shabbos (already 18 Tammuz), since the 17 Tammuz is technically on shabbos or do they ...
11
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3answers
697 views

Are there required “ritual/daily” prayers in Judaism?

I have a question about the daily prayers of Judaism. I noticed on my trip to Jerusalem that a lot of those practicing Judaism got up at a certain time in the morning on the plane and faced a wall and ...
11
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1answer
218 views

Is all-night Shavu'ot learning as prevelant in the Southern Hemisphere?

In the Northern Hemisphere, Shavu'ot falls in the late Spring or early Summer. As a result, sunrise is relatively early, so learning "all night" and then praying the morning service at the earliest ...
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1answer
164 views

Why does it get darker in Israel quicker?

Why is it that it gets darker in Eretz Yisroel quicker than in the USA, making for a shorter Ben Hash'moshos?
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2answers
142 views

Answering amen to a post-nightfall mincha

If I come to shul early for maariv and it is already past nightfall and there is a minyan that starts davening mincha am I allowed to answer amen to chazaras hashatz? Sources please.
5
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0answers
132 views

Late sunset times and Jewish observance

This question is distinct from other questions which ask how and when to begin Shabbat, etc. when there is no sunset. I am asking about places in which sunset occurs very late during certain times of ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How do I calculate the latest time to start the third Shabbos meal on erev Yom Tov?

From myzemanim.com for where I live, for this Shabbos, erev Shovuos, the “sho’o zemanis” (Proportional Hour) Gra & Baal Tanya is 1hr:22mins. Nightfall - 3 Stars is around 10:30 pm. Shkia is ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Jewish Sunrise and Sunset

How can one calculate Jewish sunrise and sunset? I'm not necessarily asking for a formula. Just wondering if there's a difference between Halachik rise/set and what the world considers [e.g. science] ...
4
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2answers
206 views

Shachris in the Dark

When do people who live in places where it is dark for days Daven Shachris and put on Tefillin? Please provide a source (Mareh Makom).