Questions related to different times of day as they apply to Jewish Law.

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4
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Customs regarding reciting the Shema after the allowed time

The latest time for reciting the קְרִיאַת-שְׁמַע is ׁשׇׁלוֺש ׁשׇׁעוֺת זְמׇנִיּוֺת (three variable hours) after sunrise. On Shabbat, many communities recite the morning Shema after this latest ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Why is the mitzvah of tefellin not by night?

Berachos discusses the importance of saying shema while wearing tefellin. Saying shema without tefellin is likened to bringing an incomplete sacrifice (Berachos, 14b). Similiary, one who washes his ...
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3answers
253 views

Choosing between Brachos on Shma and Sof Zman Kriyas Shema

Let's say Yosef woke up late one day, and by the time he was ready to say kriyas shema, it was two minutes before sof zman kriyas shema (the latest time at which a person could say kriyas shema). He ...
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2answers
323 views

Bathroom or shema if you only have time for one?

If you wake up 5 minutes before sof zman kryat shema and you have to use the bathroom. Going to the bathroom when necessary is deorayasa (Shulchan Aruch 3:17) and so is saying the shema. Also there ...
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0answers
59 views

What happens if I wrap my tefillin before the earliest time to wrap tefillin? [closed]

The earliest time to wrap tefillin in my town is 6:14 (for the next little while), on Monday and Thursday we start at 6:15. Is it OK if I finish wrapping my tefillin before 6:14? Do I still get the ...
2
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2answers
55 views

If צאת is late, then פלג is late. When does one light the מנורה on Friday?

One cannot light the Chanuka lights before p'lag hamincha (Shulchan Aruch 672:1), not even on Friday evening (Mishna B'rura 679:2). If he did so, his lighting is invalid (Shaar Hatziyun 672:4). P'lag ...
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4answers
102 views

When can Melavah Malkah be eaten until?

When is the last time one can eat a meal on Motzei Shabbos and still have it considered Melavah Malkah? When is the deadline?
4
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1answer
206 views

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast?

Is the Fast of Tevet considered a 24 hour fast, or does it begin in the morning until early evening?
2
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0answers
84 views

Following more lenient opinions for fasting times

Related: Until what time in the morning may you eat on a fast day? There are different opinions about exactly when one must start fasting. For someone planning to wake up to eat, all agree that they ...
3
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1answer
363 views

Chanuka candles if missed the night

If someone, not on purpose, did not light chanuka candles at night, should he light during the day? With or without a brocho?
2
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1answer
229 views

Making up a synagogue calendar manually is tedious work. Which software can do the calculations automatically?

Lots of synagogues print up a customized calendar every year. (Sample.) Such a calendar includes shul-specific information (e.g. service times and maybe a weekly class or two) and general information (...
4
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1answer
316 views

Sh'kiya alarm app (iOS)

Since the time-change, I have been rather off in calculating when I should say minchah. Is there an app which has an alarm for sh'kiya (or secular sundown timing if they differ) which is available for ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
4
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2answers
388 views

What time is sunset?

Is sunset (Shkiya) the time the sun hits the horizon or when it sunk completely below it? What about sunrise?
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1answer
130 views

If kings get up at 3 hours past sunrise, wouldn't they need some extra time to say Shma?

Mishna Brachot 1:2 gives the times for saying Shma in the morning. מאימתיי קורין את שמע בשחרים: משיכיר בין תכלת ללבן; רבי אליעזר אומר, בין תכלת לכרתן. עד הנץ החמה; רבי יהושוע אומר, עד שלוש שעות, ...
2
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1answer
163 views

Saying Tehilim after shkia

I understand you can't say Tehilim at night. Can you say Tehilim between shkiah and tzeits hakochavim (ben hashmashot)? or does it have to be said before shkiah?
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2answers
72 views

When can one “bring in” Yom Kippur?

I've read in several places that one must bring in Yom Kippur before dark, just as we do for Shabbos. The time listed as the beginning of Yom Kippur (e.g. MyZmanim) seems to be 18 minutes before ...
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3answers
352 views

Earliest time to make an Eiruv Tavshilin

When's the earliest time one can make an Eiruv Tavshilin on erev yom tov?
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Biblical vs. Rabbinical end of Shabbat

This question states, "havdalah ends shabbat (for one who didn't daven ma'ariv)." But won't Shabbat end on its own at some point--specifically, at nightfall--even if we don't make havdalah nor daven ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Mir Yeshiva and the Dateline

For a short while, the Mir Yeshiva was relocated to Kobe Japan at the outbreak of the Second World War. Since Japan is in question with the International Dateline how did the Rosh Yeshiva Pasken for ...
5
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2answers
348 views

Shacharis after chatzos

Is praying shacharis after chatzos (midday) permitted, and do you fulfill your obligation? If so, until when? Please give sources, preferably quoting the Mishna Berurah, Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch, or ...
13
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1answer
344 views

Why don't Rabbinic fasts end by Ben Hashmashot?

There's a doubt in the Gemara when the new day starts, at sunset or at three stars (Ok, and there's Rabbi Yossi's opinion). When it comes to Shabbos (or any other biblical time), we have to be strict ...
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1answer
117 views

Mussaf before Mincha Katana

[This is not a request for a psak, as I did say Mussaf on time today, B"H.] If it is now after Mincha Gedola, but before Mincha Ketana, and there is no Minyan, what should an individual say first, ...
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0answers
76 views

Praying after chatzot– which tefilot?

Assume that someone wakes up after chatzot; which tefilot are said?
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0answers
38 views

Spices and candles before your zman

If one holds 72 minutes for shabbas to be over and they are staying by someone who holds 50 minutes and they make havdalla by 50 min can the 72-minute-people participate in their havdalla to fulfill ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Is the timing of Mitzvot more intentional or more extentional?

This question is inspired by: Halakhic International Date Line issues I was reading the answers, or actually the source quotations, and realized that the answer to the questions about ...
2
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0answers
136 views

Earliest and Latest Times for Kabbalat Shabbat?

If one is davening alone, what are the earliest and latest times for reciting Kabbalas Shabbos? If one was too busy preparing for Shabbos to say it at the normal time, may one recite it at any time ...
8
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3answers
208 views

Why does Jewish law and tradition specify times for saying Shema?

This question is asked at a very basic level, not deeply aware of Judaism or the process of Jewish law. I'm not Jewish so it isn't directly applicable to me, but it helps me to ask a broader question ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

Putting on tefillin late

For whatever reason, I was unable to put on tefillin while davening shacharit this morning. However, I have access to tefillin now, and the sun has not yet set. After I put on the tefillin, what ...
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0answers
69 views

Travel and Shacharit

I'm flying westward in the morning. I don't think I'll have enough time to pray shacharit before I take off, and don't wish to do so en route. I should land with enough time to pray shacharit before ...
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1answer
206 views

What can I skip after Amida in Shacharit?

I have very little time for shacharit, because I have to go to work. The minyan in the city where I live is very late. So I try to daven everything before the Amida and the Amida itself with a Tzibur, ...
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1answer
245 views

Correct procedure for davening in Synagogue after sof zman tefila

In America, it is very common for shuls to start quite davening shacharit quite late on Shabbat. Suppose someone is going to be attending a synagogue that will not reach shmoneh esrei before sof zman ...
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6answers
1k views

Halakhic International Date Line issues

According to halakha, where is the international date line? More specifically, I have heard that some people say you should observe Shabbat on Sunday in Japan & New Zealand and/or on Friday in ...
0
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1answer
126 views

Shabbos in Tahiti [duplicate]

I have a friend who is interested in going to Tahiti for a weekend. I was wondering if there are any issues with the halachic dateline and if he would have to hold 2 days of shabbos.
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1answer
172 views

The Effect of an 18- or 6-Hour Day

Since the 18th century, Jews have been settling in Sweden without the requirement of conversion (source). As such, there are now a number of Swedish Jewish communities, the largest of which is in ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

Bringing in Yom Tov Sheni early

The Ben Ish Hai Parshat Bamidbar Din 2 holds it is permissible (and even recommended in Bagdhad), to bring in the second day of Shavuot early -- to daven and to make kiddush while it is still daytime ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Last time for Kiddush Levanah

How can I calculate the last possible time to say Kiddush Levanah for a given month?
8
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1answer
1k views

Davening after the zman

Can someone please explain the halachot for someone who wakes up after zman kriat shema? After zman tfillah?
4
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1answer
127 views

Finished Kriat Shema after the deadline

If I start the Shema before the zman but I finish the 1st 3 paragraphs after the alloted time, what is the halacha?
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2answers
2k views

when do you stop eating bread and etc.. for passover?

Do you stop eating bread once Seder starts or beginning of the morning of Seder day? Not sure about this
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votes
3answers
320 views

Precise Zemanim?

This site (see the paragraph starting with "accuracy") says that no one can predict the times for sunrise and sunset to within a minute accurately for a given location because of certain atmospheric ...
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vote
0answers
87 views

Eating after shkiah on a weekday

ב"ה I know one isnt allowed to eat after Shkiah on Shabbos. But what about a weekday? For instance what if one started a meal right before shkiah or during bein hashmoshis? My question is prompted ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Violating the Shabbat across time zones [duplicate]

Let's say I'm on my computer in the United States on a Friday afternoon, well before the sun has set in the US, but after it has set in Israel. If I access an Israeli website during this time, am I ...
3
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1answer
93 views

Optimal time for sleichos

What is the optimal time for the recitation of, nay the asking for, Sleichos? Please state whose opinion you are following or stating in your answer.
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2answers
306 views

Time for t'filah and you don't have a siddur: better to daven from memory or wait (and possibly miss the time)?

If the set time comes to daven (on a weekday, let's say) and you unexpectedly don't have a suitable (or any) siddur,1 does halacha call for you to wait (and possibly miss that amidah entirely), or ...
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0answers
175 views

Waking up early to eat before a fast

I was just wondering about the halachos of waking up to eat before a fast day. If one had intention, is it best to wake up, wash negal vasser, get dressed, go to bathroom say Al Netilas Yadaim, Asher ...
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1answer
65 views

What are the parameters concerning the use of the menorah lights

In the song Haneiros Halallu we say that the Chanuka candles are holy and we don't have permission to use them only to view them. I'd like to understand what that means. Do they attain this status ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Chanuka lighting: BeZman (at the best time) or Pirsumei Nissa (publicization of the miracle)?

Is it better to light candles at bezman, or later when there will be more pirsumei nissa? I find 4:30 (approx candlelighting time in NYC this year) to be too early to catch the regular "rush hour." Is ...
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2answers
134 views

Can there be an early 'Tzes HaChochavim' due to an eclipse?

When the sun is fully eclipsed the sky darkens and the stars appears as if it was night. Obviously, when this happens in the middle of the day, and the process of the moon slowly moving to occlude ...
0
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1answer
318 views

Wearing tallis and tefillin before z'man

About the time the clocks change for the season, there is always an issue at the early early minyan about when to put on tallis and tefillin. In a few weeks of the year, that time can come 5 - 15 ...