Yom Kippur, also known as the Day of Atonement, takes place on the tenth of the month of Tishrei. We repent for our sins and G-d forgives them. It is a fast day.

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What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8

What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8? This text was referenced in a Jewish Publication Society book "Outside of Scripture" [Jewish writings of the Second Temple Period] citing it ...
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Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
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Yom Kippur and IV drips

This is a somewhat silly question, but I'm sure it has a good answer and I'd like to know what it is. Unfortunately, I was hospitalized recently and I ended up being in hospital over Yom Kippur. ...
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What is an appropriate greeting for Yom Kippur?

What is an appropriate greeting for Yom Kippur? "Hag Sameach" doesn't seem to work. Is it "Have a good fast," or something similar? I'm interested in knowing Hebrew and English.
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Should animals not be fed on Yom Kippur?

There is a line in The Book of Jonah that says: And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying: 'Let neither man nor beast, herd ...
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Are you allowed to wear shoes with leather decorations on yom kippur and tisha b'av?

Leather shoes are not allowed to be worn on yom kippur or tisha b'av. What if both the sole and the upper materials are made out of synthetic or non-leather materials but some of the shoe's design is ...
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Why is there an accusation in our Confession litany?

In the alphabetical vidui confession, we begin with Ashamnu -- we are guilty, and we list off a series of mistakes we have made. This makes sense -- a confession requires that we own up to our sins. ...
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What's an appropriate greeting for Motzei Yom Kippur?

What's an appropriate way to greet people after Yom Kippur? It seems to be a little late for g'mar chatima tovah, and many people associate shvua tov with Motzei Shabbat.
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Drinking water on Yom Kippur [closed]

An elderly person has a history of dehydration on Yom Kippur. Are they allowed to drink during the fast?
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Is one allowed to brush teeth on yom kippur with toothpaste without any water?

Is one allowed to brush teeth on Yom Kippur with toothpaste on a toothbrush without rinsing toothbrush before and without rinsing mouth after? What if its prescription which I would think probably ...
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Caffeine pills vs. suppositories on Yom Kippur

It seems to be commonplace today for people to use caffeine suppositories on Yom Kippur, in order to deal with caffeine withdrawal from not being able to drink coffee. I have to assume that this is ...
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Mikvah on yom kippur?

An 'istenis' (delicate) with regards to the mikvah does not want to go, unless absolutely necessary. Is going to the mikvah on Yom Kippur despite this more important, or is he exempt? Is going to the ...
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Neti pot on Yom Kippur?

Can one use a neti pot on Yom Kippur? It is an ayurvedic technique for clearing the sinuses, basically pouring warm salt water through one nostril and out the other. It doesn't go into your mouth. ...
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When to say selichot in a minyan that doesn't

Note: This question is practical, however, my rav is not capable of answering it from his own experience, due to the nature of mainstream Orthodox kehillot in the US. According to Western Ashkenazi ...
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Can Gentiles observe Yom kippur? [duplicate]

Is a Gentile allowed to do all the Jews do on Yom kippur? Or are there any prohibitions?
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Going to Jerusalem for Rosh Hashona and Yom Kippur

We know there's a concept for all Jewish men (in the times of the Beis Hamikdash) to go to Jerusalem for the 3 holidays of sukkos Pesach and Shavuos. Is there any source to go for Rosh Hashona or ...
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saying boruch shem out loud on Yom Kippur but not immediately after?

The entire Yom Kippur we say the "boruch shem" after "shema" out loud, contrary to the normal whispered tone, because we are compared to angels on this day. The question is, when Yom Kippur first ...
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Is there any minhag for a Kohen to dress like the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kippur?

About 20 years ago, I was the shaliach tzibbur in a shul in Newburgh, NY on Yom Kippur. As I was davening, I hear behind me, "jingle, jingle". I turn around, and behold, there is a man dressed in a ...
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Are there any halachic issues with apologizing to a past shidduch before rosh hashanah?

If someone feels that there might have been some wrong doing during a past shidduch and would like to apologize before judgement day, can one do so or should he/she just let it be? The issues that ...
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Machzor with the Chayei Adam's version of the Seder HaAvodah

The Chayei Adam (in Nishmas Adam) lists several edits he made in his Machzor for Yom Kippur in the Seder HaAvodah (Amitz Ko'ach) to better correspond with the description of the Avodah brought down in ...
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Kol Nidre: The strangers in their midst

I was reading about Yom Kippur, and I came across this response to the traditional recitation of the Kol Nidre: "May all the people of Israel be forgiven, including all the strangers who live in ...
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What is the point of vows, oaths, and pledges in light of Kol Nidre? [duplicate]

I was reading about Yom Kippur, and I came across this translation of the traditional recitation of the Kol Nidre: "All personal vows we are likely to make, all personal oaths and pledges we are ...
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Kol Nidre: Is it lawful to pray along with sinners?

I was reading about Yom Kippur, and I came across this in a translation of the traditional recitation of the Kol Nidre: "By the authority of the Court on High and by authority of the court down ...
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Current applicability to not wearing leather shoes on Tish'a B'Av and Yom Kippur

I understand that the 5 forms of inuy ("affliction) that occur on Yom Kippur also applies to Tish'a B'Av. One of these is the prohibition to wear leather shoes. I viewed this M.Y. answer which offers ...
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If Yom Kippur Katan has to exist, why isn't it ON Rosh Chodesh?

The practice of Yom Kippur Katan is held on erev Rosh Chodesh (by some) so that we can maintain the element of kapparah essential to Rosh Chodesh but not compromise the celebration of the day by ...
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Location for medrash cited by the Chizkuni

The Chizkuni in Parshas Achrei Mos 16:22 writes that the ish iti (the person who would take the goat to har azazel) would not live through the year. He cites from a medrash that the person knew he was ...
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What is a Woman's Tallit

I read in a book about Czechoslovakian Jewry that in Southern Germany there was a custom for women to wear a "Woman's Tallit" on Yom Kippur. A reference to it also appears in The Encyclopedia of ...
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When was the one time the Jewish people did not fast on Yom Kippur?

A student of mine asked me this question based on an application he was filling out. I am assuming there is a historical or halachik answer to this question. "When was the one time the Jewish people ...
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Connection Between Purim and Yom Kippur

I heard recently that the Arizal writes that Purim is a higher level holiday than Yom Kippur. In fact, Yom Kippur is Yom KiPurim, a day like Purim. What is the connection between the two? They seem ...
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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How could the Kohen Gadol see when he went in the Holy of Holies?

Jewish Encylcopedia speaks about the Holy of Holies and says (in part): In Solomon's Temple the Holy of Holies formed a part of the house of Hashem...... The section farthest from the entrance, ...
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The Tabernacle/day of Atonment

On the day of atonement, the high priest would go into the holiest place... How did he know when it was time to go past the veil? Was there a sign given by God, or did he just say a specific prayer ...
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What was the ריב"א thinking?

In ריקאנטי number 166 (brought down here, #4), he brings a story about the ריב"א: ושמעתי כי ריב"א חלה חוליו שמת בו וחל יוה"כ באותם הימים וא"ל הרופאים אם לא תאכלו ודאי תמות ואם תאכל שמא לא תחיה ...
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Yom Kippur - Soul or Body

The Torah (Vayikra 16:31) says "וְעִנִּיתֶ֖ם אֶת־נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶ֑ם, You shall afflict yourselves." - this is a reference to Yom Kippur. Artscroll translates נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶ֑ם to mean yourselves, but ...
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Why does the Kohen Gadol need to divorce his wife in such a complicated manner?

On Yom Kippur, the Kohen Gadol must be married to exactly one wife. We are also concerned about her passing away. So the Gemara suggests that he gives a get to one wife on condition that the other ...
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Why does the Kohen Gadol say “Hashem” rather than the Tetragrammaton

In the Avoda, the tefilla of the Kohen Gadol begins thus: וכך היה אומר: אנא השם While the ineffable name is used at the end of the tefilla, why is the name "HaShem" used to preface the tefilla ...
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When Mashiach will come, will we still have the Avoda in the Yom Kippur Mussaf?

Presumably, the reason we have the Avoda in Mussaf is because of Uneshalma Parim Sefateinu - by saying (or learning) about sacrifices, it's as if we brought them. So if we're bringing real sacrifices ...
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When can one “bring in” Yom Kippur?

I've read in several places that one must bring in Yom Kippur before dark, just as we do for Shabbos. The time listed as the beginning of Yom Kippur (e.g. MyZmanim) seems to be 18 minutes before ...
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I accidentally broke my fast on Yom Kippur, now what?

What are you supposed to do if you inadvertently broke your fast on Yom Kippur? Do you: keep going; extend it (if so, how long); cancel it (if so, do you make it up a different day)? Does it make ...
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In Moshiach's times will we fast on Yom Kippur

When Moshiach arrives and the Beis Hamikdash is Rebuilt and the Avodah starts again will we be required to fast on Yom Kippur? (please provide sources for your answers)
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If there is incliment weather on Yom Kippor may one wear leather shoes to the synogogue?

In the event of inclement weather on Yom Kippur, may one wear leather shoes (which are the only inclement-weather-proof shoes available) to synagogue? I am asking about walking there in the morning, ...
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Asking forgiveness for failures in Kibbud Av V'Em

It is a well known saying that the Asseres HaDibros are divided into 5 and 5, with the first five Mitzvos between G-d and Man, and the next five between people. In that counting, Kibbud Av V'Em is ...
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Is it permitted to wear leather belts on Yom Kippur?

Does the prohibition of leather on Yom Kippur only apply to shoes/footwear?
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Customary foods for the erev Yom Kippur meal(s)

Are there any customary foods to eat* at the meal(s) eaten on erev Yom Kippur? If so, what are they? *other than meat, which is mentioned in the answer to the linked question.
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What texts should be studied after services on erev Yom Kippur?

I understand that there is a tradition to do some learning following Shul on erev Yom Kippur. What texts are recommended for studying during this time?
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Can the chickens swung over a pregnant woman's head for Kaparos be swung consecutively?

When swinging 3 chickens (or 2 chickens depending on one's custom) over a pregnant woman's head for Kaparos, must the chickens be swung simultaneously or may they be swung consecutively (so as to ...
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Can a Chazan silently say Yom Kippur piyutim in English?

Some shuls (such as mine) do many sections of most piyutim silently. Is the Shat"z allowed to do the silent portions in English and just say the ending of the piyut aloud in Hebrew?
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Teshuva and non-Jews?

The Rambam explains the basic requirements of doing teshuva and seeking forgiveness from another person: acknowledging the transgression, making amends, and seeking forgiveness (presumably publicly ...
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Koren Machzor and Shochen Ad

Last year I started using the Koren machzorim and I realized that the Ashkenaz editions use the wrong Shochen Ad. In most other machzorim, the section "B'fi Yisharim" forms acrostics of the names of ...
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Why do we wear a tallit at kol nidre?

Why do we wear a tallit at kol nidre? And if one arrives late to kol nidre and night has fallen already, should he put one on?