Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
20 views

What does קרי mean in Parashat Bahokotai?

In Parashat Bahokotai, the word קרי comes up often to describe intransigence. What is this word? Is it ever still used?
3
votes
2answers
58 views

What does the term “glatt kosher” mean, today?

A mashgiach explained to me that the term "glatt kosher" means that the lungs of cattle and sheep (the 2 main kosher animals sold in U.S.) are smooth and do not have air pockets. I hope that I have ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Prayer Meditation; help understanding terms

Could someone explain the terms of kavanah, hitbodedut and hitbonenut in relation to Tefilah (prayer)? I know that these are all forms of meditation of some kind; but are they integrated in the way ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

How can Nefesh mean a dead person?

In Vayikra 21:1 it's stated that one should not defile himself for any (dead) 'nefesh' person... How can a word like Nefesh which seems to be the force that animated the body and gave it it's life, ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What's the difference between idol worship and star worship?

We translate עובדי עבודה זרה to mean serving an idol or idol worship. The word זר mean foreign, as in, לא יהיה אל זר, do not serve a foreign god. The word עובד כוכבים means serving the stars. What ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

The meaning of the words קדושה or קדוש [duplicate]

Does the word קדושה or קדוש mean holiness or separate?
-1
votes
2answers
66 views

What does the ramo mean by רוֹעֶה זוֹנוֹת (shepherding harlets)

I am having an argument with @user6591 here in the comments how to correctly understand it The ramo מִי שֶׁהוּא רוֹעֶה זוֹנוֹת וְאִשְׁתּוֹ קוֹבֶלֶת עָלָיו, אִם יֵשׁ עֵדוּת בַּדָּבָר, שֶׁרָאוּ ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Usage of “Making Aaliyah”

I had heard that "Making Aaliyah" is informally used to mean anyone going to Israel (not necessarily moving there, and not necessarily Jewish) for religious reasons. I was more recently informed that ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

When the Gemoro answers the question לאתויי מאי is the answer complete or an example?

BACKGROUND A Mishnah may list a number of items and then follow with a general statement. For example in Shabbos 12 (4) the Mishnah says הכותב שתי אותיות בהעלם אחד - חיב. כתב בדיו, בסם, בסקרא, ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

What is מדין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת? Regarding different minhagim in New york

What did Igros Moshe 1.158 mean by the words "מדין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת" ("from the law of two courts in one city")? What is דין שני בתי דינים בעיר אחת?
-4
votes
1answer
26 views

About Va yehi in bereshit

We learn from Chazal that whenever the Torah uses the word 'vayehi', it means something significant and awful is about to happen. We find in Bereshit that when Hashem created the world and all ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Shabbat, Shabbatot, Shabbaton?

Are there any halachic implications from the Torah's choice of the terms Shabbat, Shabbatot and Shabbaton? And to what are they referring? And what does the Torah mean when it calls the Shabbat a ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Can you explain these Halachic terms please?

I'm new to this, can you please very briefly explain what these terms mean: Shinui, Makkeh Befatish, Besh'as Hadehaq, Shvut D'Shvut, Thanks in advance
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Makkot 7a: מעגילה

The Mishnah mentioned some sort of roller to spread plaster over rooftops. Why is this called מעגילה especially since it only called that way on the way down?
4
votes
2answers
65 views

What is Chassidut meantioned by the Misilat Yeshorim?

The Misilat Yeshorim writes: There are many who deal with Halachic discussions, others with Midrash and others with legal decisions. There are few, however, who devote thought to true ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

ordered list of prayers

The topic of this question is the building process of Geula We see in Hagada (Parshat Bikurim, Deuteronomy 24) a succession of verbs witch describe the preliminaries of the Geula, from prayer to ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Does anyone discuss the similarities between these?

I noticed that the משנה ברורה and בראשית both talk about רוח ,מים, clothing, and 'ה seeing all in the beginning. The משנה ברורה seems to be alluding to the חומש here. The first thing after the famous ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Pas (Pat) vs Lechem

In Tanach/Mishna/Gemara sometimes the word Pas is used, and sometimes Lechem. Do Chazal say anything about when and why one is used vs the other? Edit I was asked for an example: In Mishna Brachos ...
-1
votes
3answers
60 views

The word Torah in the Psalms.

I was wondering if the word for torah is used anywhere in the Psalms. If so, can you please tell me where exactly?
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Translation of lmino and lminaihu [duplicate]

In Parshat Shmini (Vayikro 11:22), the Torah uses two different words for "species" in listing species of kosher insects: "אֶת־הָֽאַרְבֶּה לְמִינוֹ וְאֶת־הַסָּלְעָם לְמִינֵהוּ" What is the difference ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Difference between the words מיחייב and חייב

Rava in masheches megillah 7b famously said that one is obligated to drink until he cannot differentiate between Haman and Mordechai. My question is: Rava used the loshon of מיחייב instead of חייב. ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Are Jews allowed to use the expression “fingers crossed”?

Not to worship idols is one of the 10 commandments; according to a quick Google search "finger crossed" originates from either the Christian cross or other superstitious beliefs. Does this mean that ...
6
votes
0answers
56 views

What is the function of “Eloheinu” in blessings?

Many blessings open with the familiar formula: ברוך אתה יהוה אלהינו מלך העולם In additions, many blessings close with the familiar shorter formula: ברוך אתה יהוה Now, we know (Berakhot ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Has anyone found any reliable sources for tefilin meditation?

I recently began putting on tefilin, and I had heard of meditations that one can do when putting on the tefilin. Does anyone know of any good meditative practices surrounding tefilin? Or is their any ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Where is the land of Sinim?

In Isaiah Perek 49 Pasuk 12 it says: הִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה, מֵרָחוֹק יָבֹאוּ; וְהִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה מִצָּפוֹן וּמִיָּם, וְאֵלֶּה מֵאֶרֶץ סִינִים Behold, these shall come from far; and, lo, these from the ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

HaShem's day, what is it refering to?

I would like to know what Yom HaShem is refering to and when it will have it's impact Isaiah 2:12 Yom L'HaShem Tzevaot Ezekiel 13:5 Yom HaShem, 30:3 Isaiah 13:6 & 9 Joel 1:15, 2:1, 2:11, 3:4, ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Gerah as a coin and cud (and more)

Is anyone familiar with any exposition on the connection between gerah גֵּרָה as cud (ma'aleh gerah) and as a measure of 1/20th of a shekel? Is there any connection drawn to the root for the word ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

What word is in the middle of the Torah?

The Torah has 304,805 letters and different counts of words (such as 79,976 words). The first word is Bereshit and the last is Israel. I was just wondering (no real reason, just for curiosity): What ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Why does the Torah use the non-Hebrew word 'Totafot'

Related to this question. Rashi, on Shemot (13:16): "...וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ " writes: and for ornaments between your eyes: Heb. וּלְטוֹטָפֹת, tefillin. Since ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Tahor and Tamei

Tahor and Tamei are often translated as clean and unclean or (ritually) pure and impure. But what exactly do they mean, what are the definitions for tahor and tamei? How does one render "ritually" ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

what talmudic manuscripts (if any) have jesus instead of balaam? (/ what Does MS.M. Jesus mean)

what manuscripts (if any) have jesus instead of balaam? I'm aware that some claim that balaam is a codeword for jesus. I know Rabbi Gil Student makes a good argument that it cannot be I have read ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Ger Tzedek/Tzadik earliest sources and definition

As I understand a "Ger Tzedek/Tzadik" is a fully converted follower of the Torah of Moshe. According to Hilchot Melachim 10:3-4, a "Ger Tzedek" is defined as someone who has confirmed their conversion ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

The definitions of Judaism and Jew

An infinite loop: Judaism according to Google is "the monotheistic religion of the Jews". And Jew is "a member of the people and cultural community whose traditional religion is Judaism and who ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

In what way were David's descendants kohanim? (2 Samuel 8:18 וּבְנֵי דָוִד, כֹּהֲנִים הָיוּ) [duplicate]

In 2 Samuel 8:18 it says: VeBnei David kohanim hayu English translations translate the word kohanim as "chief ministers" or such titles. Any clarification? I'm confused since only Aaron's ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

Is there a difference between Simlah and Salmah?

In Parshat Mishpatim (22:8), the text, discussing guarded and stolen items, the list includes the word Salmah ("garment") which the Onkelos translates as "ksu". A similar word, Salmat, is used in ...
4
votes
3answers
164 views

Define the terms used for “types” or “grades” of tefillin

Follow up on this M.Y. question: The questioner mentioned these grades of tefillin: Peshutim Mehudarim Dakos Gassos Gassos Prudos I have heard of some of these terms, but there may be others on ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Exodus 19:16- “that were in the camp”

Regarding Exodus 19, verse 16: Why is it necessary to state that all the people “that were in the camp” had trembled? In other words, is not the phrase “in the camp” superfluous here?
0
votes
3answers
64 views

Alternative to “mensch”

When talking to a Torah Scholar, if you want to say that they are a "mensch" (as well), is there a better word that fits with a more Haredi/Litvish hashkafah? I am asking as (it seems to me) a more ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Meaning and function of Va'yechulu

What does Va'yechulu mean literally in Hebrew? What is the function of Va'yechulu during worship?
2
votes
2answers
79 views

What is the official name for the “additional readings” on special torah-reading days?

On certain special Shabboses, like the four parshiyot, there is a special torah reading that replaces Maftir after the weekly parsha is read. Is there a name for this extra not-from-the-weekly-parsha ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Explain differences in terms used for “prayer”

Please explain the differences in the types of "prayer" that is meant when these terms for "prayer" as found in Tanac"h are used. I have intentionally omitted English translation for these verses, as ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Judgments Commandments [duplicate]

What is the difference with a, Commandments, Law, Testimonies, Precepts, Judgments, Statutes, Ordinances. In away they all mean the same but I'm sure they are different, thankyou.
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Why is תורה sometimes written תורת?

Why is Torah sometimes written in the Torah with a "ת" at the end instead of an "ה"?
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Why is hebrew, the holy language, so messy?

Something that has always bothered me and I've never really understood is why Hebrew is so messy. If it is the language of G-d, the language in which the world was created and the language in which ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why is the term דגה frequently used to refer to Egyptian (Nile) fish?

I ran a word search using Snunit's tool on the appearance of the word דג in the Bible. The search revealed 17 occurrences, and all of them had that word or some form of the word such as דגים (plural ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

About Shemot 35:3

Why Shemot 35:3 is being translated as "do not burn fire" if the piel form of the verb "burn" in the Written Torah always being translated as "eradicate". Excellent example is Dvarim 21:9. If I ...
7
votes
0answers
52 views

Ya'amod by an Aliya

The root of the word Ya'amod means to stand in place. See Hebrew dictionary here. Thus why do we call up someone to an Aliya with the word Ya'amod? We are not asking him to stay in place, we are ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What is the origin of the Yiddish word “nebach”? Is there a Jewish, Biblical source? [closed]

I've found numerous articles about what the word "nebach" (נעבעך) means, for example here and here. However, I have not been able to determine the true source of it. Is this word, so commonly used ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Why is כל written with Kamatz?

When praying with the siddur and reading Torah, I've asked myself why is the word כל written with Kamatz if it sounds Kol and not Kal. I've also seen other words like this, but with less frequency. ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the argument between Rashi and the Ra'avid about the meaning of HaMelech HaKadosh

I was reading בחינת דת, a work of Hashkafa by Elias ben Moise del Medigo and in it he references* an argument between Rashi and the Ra'avid regarding the meaning of HaMelech HaKadosh. The context is ...