Questions about the definitions, meaning and use of words specific to Judaism or words that carry unique meaning in Jewish law.

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2
votes
1answer
48 views

Does the name Rami (רמי‎) have a meaning based in Judaism? If so, what is it?

Does the name Rami (רמי‎), as used by figures in the Talmud such as Rami bar Papa and Rami bar Chama, have a meaning based in Judaism? If so, what is it? If רמ means high or exalted, does רמי mean my ...
-4
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the meaning of Que [closed]

I came across this in a story. The person referred to himself as Que. What does this mean? I have tried everything I can think of.
4
votes
0answers
64 views

What is the definition of Zera Yisrael? Please read description

Shalom Aleichem, I am considering a halachic conversion to Judaism after having converted (along with several family members of mine) with a reform rabbi several years ago. In my research and studies, ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

What is wrong if a wife rebukes her husband and(/or) does not watch over him

In this list אם מקללתו בחנם או מזלזלת אביו ואמו והוכיחה בדברים ואינו משגחת עליו (My translation "if she (the wife) curses him (the husband) without a reason, disrespects his parents, rebukes him ...
-2
votes
1answer
70 views

Halachic definition of “goy”? [closed]

We usually think of a goy defined to be a non-Jew. But there are other types of non-Jews, such as a ger toshav. Therefore, it seems to me that goy is a subset of non-Jew. The Rambam defines "goy" as ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Convert in Ketubah

In a ketubah, there are 3 different categories for the woman's status. Virgin, Convert, and woman. Usually one of those statuses is represented on the ketubah, with the appropriate amount in zuzim. ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Fear of heaven and fear of sin

In the Birchas HaChodesh we say "יראת שמים ויראת חטא, Fear of heaven and fear of sin." What is the difference between fear of heaven and fear of sin?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Targum on Obadiah 1:3 a Reference to Rome?

The prophecy of Obadiah concerns the fate of Edom. Obadiah 1:3 reads, זְדוֹן לִבְּךָ הִשִּׁיאֶךָ, שֹׁכְנִי בְחַגְוֵי-סֶלַע מְרוֹם שִׁבְתּוֹ; אֹמֵר בְּלִבּוֹ, מִי יוֹרִדֵנִי אָרֶץ. The pride ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Why choose the words Urchatz and Rachtza for the Sedder simanim?

Although technically a word based on Rechitza would be the best choice you or I would offer, the fact of the matter is our Rabbis in general chose a much less common word for hand washing which was ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Saying ביצה versus ביה

1) Why do people refer to the hebrew word for egg, ביצה, as ביה? 2) When one says ביה isn't he also saying part of G-d's Name?
0
votes
1answer
28 views

the tzaddik decrees it and HaKadosh Baruch Hu fulfills it

Someone mentioned that the Gemara in Mo'ed Katan (16b) says: צדיק גוזר והקב"ה מקים, the tzaddik decrees it and HaKadosh Baruch Hu fulfills it. I looked in Mo'ed Katan and could not find צדיק גוזר ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

What is the longest word in Tanach?

One of my students was filling out an application that requested the longest and shortest word in Tanach. I am assuming by the fact that this question was asked that there is a known answer and this ...
-1
votes
1answer
65 views

Rationalism in Judaism

what exactly is the difference between the rationalist approach and the non-rationalist approach in Judaism. I assume both believe in miracles.
2
votes
1answer
551 views

What does anger have to do with the nose?

Two expressions, among many, ארך אפים - "long (slow) to anger" when describing one of G-d's qualities, and חרון אף - "anger" contain the word אף - nose. Usually, when people get angry, they yell ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

What does the word “אש” in Vayikra 1:7 refer to?

אש is generally translated as "fire." However, consider Vayikra 1:7: וְנָתְנוּ בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן אֵשׁ עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְעָרְכוּ עֵצִים עַל הָאֵשׁ The sons of Aharon the Kohen shall ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the difference in definition for 3 terms used regarding “leavened” (chametz)?

The Torah uses 3 terms that all appear to mean "leavened food" (from English definitions that I could find): חמץ and שאור are mentioned in Exodus 12:15: שִׁבְעַ֤ת יָמִים֙ מַצּ֣וֹת תֹּאכֵ֔לוּ אַ֚ךְ ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What is “חכמת לב”?

In this week's Torah portion (Vayakhel) we read about the Jews helping out in the building of the Tabernacle. When referring to the talent (or mastery) in doing so, the Torah uses the term "חכמת לב". ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

What's “צרה שלא תבא”?

There's an expression I've read many times in slightly variant forms: "איזה צרה שלא תבוא" or "על כל צרה שלא תבא" or the like. It means something like "any tragedy that should not happen" and it's used ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Where does Rav Dessler mention that root word of אהבה is הב?

I read in one of Rav Dessler's books where he says that the root word of אהבה is הב, which means "give" in Aramaic. Does anyone know where he mentions this?
6
votes
1answer
61 views

Their altars…and *his* asheirah?

Shemot 34:13: כִּי אֶת מִזְבְּחֹתָם תִּתֹּצוּן וְאֶת מַצֵּבֹתָם תְּשַׁבֵּרוּן וְאֶת אֲשֵׁרָיו תִּכְרֹתוּן For you shall dismantle their altars, break their monuments, and cut down his ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How does אהבה mean love and give? [closed]

How does the same word אהבה, which means love, also mean give?
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Where do the words sholom bayis come from?

I hear people speak of the need for sholom bayis. 1a) Where do the words come from? 1b) Where does the concept come from?
2
votes
1answer
21 views

how would you translate כמה דתימא

In Midrash Rabbah Bereshit we have היך מה דאת אמר first (as you read [verse]). But then Rabba HaOshaya uses this expression כמה דתימא and he quotes a verse. The last part דתימא i don't understand how ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

What does אקים means?

Does אקים means "I will resurrect" or "I will raise up"? Are these terms synonyms? Consider this: וְעָבְדוּ, אֵת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם, וְאֵת דָּוִד מַלְכָּם, אֲשֶׁר אָקִים לָהֶם. But they shall ...
-3
votes
1answer
69 views

What's kabbalistic term for chakras? [closed]

In Sanātana/Hindu, Buddhism and tantric/yogic traditions chakras are energy points in the astral body (Haluka D'Rabbanan is Torah term for astral body - literally a “rabbi's cloak”). So what's then ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What does this Talmudic expression mean?

The גמרא in בבא קמא on דף סב עמוד א׳ discusses a case where someone ״דבטש בכספתא.״ What does that expression mean? What's the שורש of דבטש?
3
votes
2answers
96 views

What is Shalom Aleichem?

What does Shalom Aleichem mean? Is it a question (peace unto you) or a blessing or both? מסכת ברכות פרק ב ב,א היה קורא בתורה, והגיע זמן המקרא--אם כיוון את ליבו, יצא; ואם לאו, לא יצא. ובפרקים ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Vort or an engagement party? [closed]

The word vort (which is yiddish) has been translated by Frumspeak to mean: 1) Any material that imparts beneficial knowledge: Lesson. 2) A concisely expressed precept: Moral. Wikipedia translates ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is a Drut’syla?

This link was sent to me by a friend, about a woman who is a Drut'syla (dertseyler in Yiddish), or storyteller. The article simply says it's a Jewish tradition, but doesn't place it within Judaism. ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Why are breasts called Shadayim? [closed]

If שדי is one of the Names of G-d, why are breasts called שדיים, which has shin daled yud in it?
2
votes
2answers
41 views

When the terms “sasson” and “simcha” are mentioned together, is there meaning or reason to the order?

Compare two verses: Yirmiyahu (Jer.) 33:11 - "sasson" is mentioned before "simcha" Esther 8:16-17 - "simcha" is mentioned before "sasson" There are other such verses, as well, that we can compare, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

what is the difference between “sasson” and “simcha”

The last of the Sheva Brachot (7 blessings) said under the wedding chuppah, as well as after benching throughout the rest of the week includes an acknowledgement to G-d for creating both "Sasson" and ...
4
votes
2answers
41 views

Definitions of Creative Words

What is the difference between יצירה, בריאה, and עשייה? (Three terms for creation). The first is used in Genesis (1:1), the second in Genesis (2:7), the third in Genesis (1:11).
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Correct translation of 1 Samuel 13:14 especially the words “איש כלבבו”

What is the correct way to understand 1 Samuel 13:14? I particularly want to know about the words "איש כלבבו". Do these words translate to "a man after his own heart" or should it be "a man with a ...
7
votes
1answer
57 views

What does the ל of לבעבור mean?

Shemos 20:17: ויֹּאמֶר משֶׁה אֶל הָעָם אַל תִּירָאוּ כִּי לְבַעֲבוּר נַסּוֹת אֶתְכֶם בָּא הָאֱלֹהִים וּבַעֲבוּר תִּהְיֶה יִרְאָתוֹ עַל פְּנֵיכֶם לְבִלְתִּי תֶחֱטָאוּ What does the 8th word in ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Meaning of יְהִי in Genesis 1:3

What is the meaning and root of the verb "יְהִי" in Genesis 1:3. I want to know more about its root, its other meanings and etc. Does it mean "create?" וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים, יְהִי אוֹר; ...
6
votes
2answers
87 views

Source that “Teiku” References Eliyahu?

What is the earliest source that indicates that "teiku" (תיקו) references Eliyahu? Any source earlier than the Tosafos Yom Tov who provides an alternative explanation?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Difference Natzar and Shamar?

What is the difference between נצר natzar (keep, gaurd, watch, preserve) and שמר shamar? Their meaning looks so similar that I would like to know what makes the difference between these two. (For ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What's the difference between לְמִינוֹ and לְמִינֵהוּ?

B'reshis 1:11–12, :25; Sh'mini 11:15–22; and R'e 14:14–15 seem to use "לְמִינוֹ" and "לְמִינֵהוּ" interchangeably, and both words are generally translated the same way (usually ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Kedusha as pertains to G-d

Throughout our prayers we talk about G-d's Kedusha. For example, we say "Ata kadosh", "Nekadesh es shimcha", etc. Kedusha is generally translated as "holiness". Holiness, in turn, generally refers to ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

What Other Terms, Besides “Korban,” Mean Sacrifice in Some Form or Another?

As the title says, What Other Terms, Besides "Korban," Mean Sacrifice in Some Form or Another? I am trying to understand sacrifice better. In English, this one word has narrow and broader meanings, ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Meaning of the term “Amen Ve'Amen”?

Upon completing a lecture many rabbis end their blessings with the words "Amen Ve'Amen" (True and True). The source for this quote seems to be Tehillim 41:14. What is meant by the repetition of the ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Is there a term for doing a mitzvah the same way every time?

I read in a book (why can't I find it when I want it?) that among the reasons that a tallit gadol has an atarah on it is because there is value in doing a mitzvah the same way each time. If it did ...
8
votes
3answers
636 views

Where does “probeh” come from?

Every time recently that I've heard of an Orthodox congregation conducting a search for a rabbi, the stage at which the rabbi visits the community for a Shabbat and auditions for the position is ...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

Who did Yehoshua weaken with the sword?

The verse says (Shemos 17:13): And Yehoshua weakened Amalek and his nation in accordance with the sword. Who did he weaken exactly - what's the difference between Amalek and his nation? Or is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How can we chastise Bilaam for using the same word as Hashem did?

The medrash Tanchuma on parshas Balak #9 says ויאמר בלעם לאתון כי התעללת בי(בלק כ׳ב כ׳ט). אף על פי שמדבר בלשון הקדש גוי לשונו סרוח. The Etz Yosef explains that התעללת is an impure expression as we ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Source of the word “teva” for nature

I was told by someone who I consider to be very reliable that the word טבע, which means nature, does not have a source in Biblical or Talmudic literature, and it is a word that first emerges in ...
6
votes
1answer
53 views

Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים"). In practice, these judges are usually ordinary people. So why do we make ...
7
votes
3answers
90 views

Why use language of לברוא in brachot?

The bracha over wine and grape juice says "בורא פרי העץ". The word בורא is also used in many of the other brachot over food and smells. My understanding is that the meaning of the verb-root ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the meaning of “ we are the children of God ”? [closed]

Shalom , What is the meaning when the jew say that and according to this can we say that Moses is the son of God as he is the biggest teacher " while not meaning what the Christians said " ? I hope I ...