The traditional musical tunes that are used to chant the various books of Tanakh.

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600 views

Were our symbols for trope and nekudos created by the Masoretes, or transmitted by them?

It is commonly said in secular sources that the shapes of the trope and nekudos we use today were invented by the Masoretes (7th to 11th Century CE), but I cannot find any source in our mesorah to ...
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3answers
347 views

Grammatical function of Emet te'amim?

The Emet books (Iyov, Mishlei, Tehillim) have a cantillation system that is not used elsewhere in Tanach. In addition to the use of cantillation marks not found elsewhere (iluy, ole, dehi, geresh ...
13
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3answers
249 views

What does cantillation do to prayer's status?

I recall seeing recommendations, in multiple Halachic discussions, that someone who's reciting a Scripturally-derived prayer alone that normally requires a minyan, e.g. the 13 Attributes of Mercy, one ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Hand motions for trope in Torah reading

I've seen people standing next to Torah readers and making hand signals during the Torah reading, presumably to prompt the reader in the trope. I think @Shalom mentioned this in Method for practicing ...
12
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1answer
334 views

Why do Sifrei Emes use different taamim?

I know that the Sifrei Emes (Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov) use a different system of taamim. Why is this? What is it about these books that makes it that they cannot — or should not — use the ...
12
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1answer
367 views

Ta'amei Mikra and the Torah Scroll

I have heard that a haftorah klaf (scroll) is still considered kosher and usable if the Ta'amei Mikra have been written on it. Yet I've always been told that this is not true for a Torah scroll. Why ...
11
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1answer
673 views

Different tune for chapter 3 of Eicha?

Why does the third perek of Eicha have a different melody? Is it just to match the triplet form of the words?
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3answers
1k views

Why does Moshe have a shalshelet?

The "shalshelet" trop appears 4 times in the Torah: (Vayeira, Gen. 19:16) Lot has a shalshelet, because he was hesitating to leave S'dom. (Chayei Sarah, Gen. 24:12) Eliezer has a shalshelet, because ...
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4answers
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How to sing Karnei Farah and Yerach Ben Yomo

Hi I'm looking for different traditions (and sources!) about how to properly sing these very rare trop found in the Torah exclusively in Bamidbar 35:5 Does anyone have any idea which version is better ...
10
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1answer
93 views

What is the origin of using a different trope mode for the High Holidays in Nusach Ashkenaz?

I noticed that during the High Holidays there isa special trope mode that is used in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls. I assume they do the same in many Nusach Sefard shuls as well. When and where (or who ...
9
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3answers
183 views

Where can one learn the grammatical functions of the te'amim

I can chant the melodies of the te'amim but I'm having a hard time learning their grammatical functions and structure. Many websites that talk about the te'amim are quick to jump into the ideas of ...
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2answers
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(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
8
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1answer
316 views

How can I learn Yemenite ta'amei hamikrah?

I'm working with a student for his bar mitzvah whose family is Yemenite in origin, but has no living relatives who remember much of their tradition. He is interested in learning to leyn with Yemenite ...
8
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1answer
154 views

Kadma and Zakef Katan on one word

When reading Torah, many people (myself included) use a distinct tune when a kadma and a zakef katan appear on the same word (or two words joined with a makaf); e.g. from Sh'mot 34:1: ...
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6answers
901 views

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks?

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks? Are they read to a tune or is it just punctuation for personal usage? Have they ever been read publicly with the tune? ...
7
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1answer
223 views

Does one do aliya-ending notes when reading Torah in private?

When reading the Torah with cantillation in private, such as when doing "Shnayim Mikra Ve-echad Targum," when one gets to the end of an aliya (formal division of a parasha), does one end with the tune ...
6
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2answers
284 views

Why do a few tribes in a list have different trope from the rest?

In the first aliya of B'midbar the chiefs of the tribes are listed. Nine have the zakeif gadol trope and three -- Yisachar, Binyamin, and Naftali -- have different trope. This isn't driven by word ...
6
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2answers
711 views

Trop (cantillation) for leining

Who created the trop (cantillation) for leining? Is it a Mesorah from when the Torah was written?
6
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1answer
256 views

Questions regarding unusual trope combination

I am relaying a question that my friend emailed to me, last night. (It's a mitzvah to credit others): There are two places in the Torah that have an unusual dual trope note combination on a single ...
6
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1answer
87 views

Easy/pretty way to typeset Hebrew with Te'amim

I'm setting out to create a bentsher and am looking for the right software for the job. First, it is important to me that I have the ability to add Te'amim to biblical passages (e.g. kiddush). ...
6
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1answer
145 views

What's special about where the unique karne farah trope appears?

There is one trope phrase that appears only once in the torah, in Bamidbar 35:5, a yerach ben yomo followed by a karne farah. The text of the verse follows; I've bolded the words with these tropes: ...
6
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0answers
142 views

Can one trust gentile sources for trope systems?

Learning the trope systems for specific Sephardic or Mizrahi communities isn't the most easy since many of the melodies have mixed in together (creating something like the Yerushalmi), or just a lack ...
5
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1answer
438 views

Etymology of the word “trope”

The word Trope seems to me to be a Yiddish word. What is the source of this word? How do you say this word in Hebrew? Taamei Hanegina?
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1answer
285 views

What does the munach say?

I'm asking according to Ashkenazi leining. The trop mark i have trouble with is the munach. It has two different sounds - a sort of "shaky" sound when it's on its own, and a sort of nothing sound when ...
5
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1answer
103 views

Looking for a drasha on Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para [duplicate]

Anyone have any links to any drashos explaining the significance of the Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para trop, and why it appears (uniquely in chumash) in the portion about the Levite cities (Numbers ...
5
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1answer
150 views

Is having a Bat Mitzvah girl recite a section from Ketuvim in a shul a problem of Kol Isha?

A shul that I have gone to has a custom that the Bat Mitzvah girl recites a section from Ketuvim (usually from Divrei Hayamim or Nechemia) in front of the congregation (men and women are there). She, ...
5
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1answer
77 views

When can (or can't) a word have two trops?

I sometimes see a single word having two trop marks, such as a munach followed by a zakef katan. Usually, of course, words have only one (or are joined to other words and share one, sometimes). This ...
5
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1answer
158 views

Chapter Endings while Leining Megillot

Inspired by this question. It seems to be a common minhag to have a special trope for the end of a chapter when leining the megillot. I have seen this done in my shul, have done it myself, and also ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Which parts of the Chazon Haftorah get sad tune (Eicha trop)?

The Shabbos before Tisha B'Av gets a very sad Haftorah, known as Chazon. It's Isaiah 1:1--27. (I recommend you open the text in a new window, or else the answers to this question will make no ...
4
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2answers
333 views

What is the Proper Way to Read Genesis 35:22?

In Parshas Vayishlach, there is a verse (Genesis 35:22) that contains a "Piska Be'emtza Pasuk": a new paragraph in the Torah scroll begins in the middle of the verse. However, unlike with other ...
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4answers
126 views

Where to find online/digital Torah Reading Resources for All Traditions?

The wife and i are interested in the various musical traditions of Biblical cantillation (aka trope, aka te'amim). However, finding reliable recordings of decent quality are always hit and miss. Does ...
4
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1answer
99 views

When and how were trop melodies first written down?

We know that the trop (cantillation) marks were added to our written Tanakh text by the ba'alei hamesorim (Masorites) around the 8-10th century CE. They were recording an oral tradition that, I ...
4
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3answers
413 views

Why are the blessing(s) preceding the Haftarah printed and chanted with trope notes?

There is a reason that I placed the plural "s" in parentheses for my question. I noticed that only the blessings preceding the haftarah have trope notes. Since this is not part of the haftarah itself, ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Laining Tehillim

I would just like to know - is there a mesorah for Tehillim trop for Ashkenazim? I know that there is a Sefaradi one (I have heard them) but I would like to know if there is any Askenazi one. Thank ...
4
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1answer
91 views

Pesach: Shira Taamim?

I cannot recall, find or ask anyone who remembers 100% if, when we read Shiras Hayam (from Beshalach) on the 7th day of Pesach, we do so using the regular taamim (Trupp) or the Taamey Shira, the same ...
4
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1answer
103 views

Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
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0answers
60 views

Italian cantillation

I'm interested in learning the Italian system for the ta'amei hamikra, either for Torah and/or Haftarah (preference to Haftarah as the Italian melodies are very beautiful). This website has tons of ...
4
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0answers
149 views

Looking for a resource that explains the musical trope “mood” used in Ashkenazic annual laining

Nusach Ashkenaz has these separate laining modes: Regular weekly Torah reading (Shabbat, weekday, Yom Tov, etc.) Special Torah reading mode for Yamim Nora'im (High Holidays) Haftarah 3 Megillot - ...
4
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0answers
100 views

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra? My siddur includes the trop for the Shiras Hayam, just as it does for the Shema. With regards to the Shema I know of a ...
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1answer
1k views

Shalsheles Trop

How often is the Shalseles Trop found in the Torah, and where?
3
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3answers
395 views

Pronunciation of Tere ta’ame

The Tere ta’ame (also known as a Merekha kefula) trope is rare, occurring only 5 times in the Torah: Genesis 27:25, Exodus 5:15, Leviticus 10:1, Numbers 14:3 and 32:42 Any sources for a recording of ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Question on trope position in Breishit (Gen.) 47:4

Genesis 47:4: וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה לָג֣וּר בָּאָרֶץ֮ בָּאנוּ֒ כִּי־אֵ֣ין מִרְעֶ֗ה לַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְעַתָּ֛ה יֵֽשְׁבוּ־נָ֥א עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Four Zakef-groups in one half-verse

Wikipedia writes: The most times in succession the [Zakef] group occurs is four. It cites A compendious grammar of the Hebrew language by G. F. R. Weidemann, page 48, which says: Zaqef gadol ...
3
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1answer
504 views

Shirat HaYam Trop: Which Phrases?

Which phrases in Shirat HaYam are read with the special 'shirah' trop? (Inspired by this question.)
3
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1answer
44 views

Bemidbar 9:2 - Why is the word pronounced “Posach”, with a kamatz?

During this morning's (4th day Hol Hamo'ed Pesach outside Israel) I noticed that in Numbers 9:2: וְיַעֲשׂ֧וּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶת־הַפָּ֖סַח בְּמוֹעֲדֽוֹ׃ ’Let the children of Israel keep the ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Is changing which conjunctive/disjunctive trop is used correctable?

If a baal kriah accidentally raises or lowers the level of the disjunctive trop used, is that a correctable mistake? Let's say that it's supposed to be mercha tipcha etnachta (c 2 1) and he reads ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Psikim in the sons of Haman

In the listing of the sons of Haman, there's a psik after each ואת. Normally when there's a psik, we pause a little bit. However, in this case we read the entire list in one breath. With practice, ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Why are different psalms chanted differently in the Moroccan tradition?

I'm listening to the Moroccan T'hilim recordings at Torat Hashem T'mimah, and I noticed that, in the first day of t'hilim, psalms 1-11 are recited in one trope and psalm 12 uses a different one. It ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Trop of tvir and dargah

Aside from Sedra Miketz, is there another place in Chumash where a dargah is not followed by a tvir within 3 words?
2
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1answer
41 views

Etnachta on גֶשם vs. גָשם

I have heard that the reason that many siddurim print משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם with a segol is because it is more common for גשם with an etnachta to be vocalised that way, rather than with a kamatz. Is ...