The traditional musical tunes that are used to chant the various books of Tanakh.

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Why are different psalms chanted differently in the Moroccan tradition?

I'm listening to the Moroccan T'hilim recordings at Torat Hashem T'mimah, and I noticed that, in the first day of t'hilim, psalms 1-11 are recited in one trope and psalm 12 uses a different one. It ...
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135 views

Origin, need, and purpose of “Upper” trope for reading 10 Commandments

Most תקון לקוראים (study "guide used by Torah reader to prepare for reading weekly Torah portion) that I have seen have a special trope for the reading of the 10 Commandments called טעם עליון (loosely ...
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1answer
135 views

When and how were trop melodies first written down?

We know that the trop (cantillation) marks were added to our written Tanakh text by the ba'alei hamesorim (Masorites) around the 8-10th century CE. They were recording an oral tradition that, I ...
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36 views

Parsing Shehechiyyanu

When reading the megilloth in shul from a klaf, many say the blessing of shehechiyyanu1. I have noticed that many people sing this blessing in its own tune (ie. not in trope), but I have also heard ...
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1answer
82 views

Were the various “songs” that were sung by individuals or groups of people sung using “trope”?

Inspired by this question: Perhaps the oldest "song" in Tana"ch is the "Song of the Sea" (Ex. 15:1-17). Since trope (cantillation) notes are believed to have been transmitted by Moses, and part of ...
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1answer
75 views

Was it a non-Jew who first discovered the principles governing the ta'ame ha-miqra?

I wrote to a very well respected and knowledgeable Rav regarding grammatical functions of the te'amim and the discrepancies that exist between the Sephardic and Ashkenazic systems. His response ...
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Why are cantillation notes called טעמי המקרא?

Cantillation notes (aka trope) is called טעמי המקרא in Hebrew. I have seen the Hebrew word טעם used to mean: taste as in: Numbers 11:8: שָׁטוּ֩ הָעָ֨ם וְלָֽקְט֜וּ וְטָחֲנ֣וּ בָרֵחַ֗יִם א֤וֹ ...
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68 views

Is there an obligation to sing the Torah cantillation notes?

My understanding of the purpose of the trope (cantillation) notes is that they were initially (Massorah) meant for the purposes of grammar and pronunciation. I've hunted a few web sites, and I couldn'...
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1answer
36 views

Where is there a munach legarmei before a kadma?

On the side of Shemini 10:6, the blue Tikkun Simanim quotes the mesorah that there are three places where a munach legarmei is before a mahpach: there, Emor 21:10, and Rut 1:2. Then it says (in ...
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Where to find online/digital Torah Reading Resources for All Traditions?

The wife and i are interested in the various musical traditions of Biblical cantillation (aka trope, aka te'amim). However, finding reliable recordings of decent quality are always hit and miss. Does ...
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66 views

Splitting up Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh

The pasuk we quote in Kedusha from Yeshayahu 6:3 reads וְקָרָ֨א זֶ֤ה אֶל־זֶה֙ וְאָמַ֔ר קָד֧וֹשׁ ׀ קָד֛וֹשׁ קָד֖וֹשׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָא֑וֹת מְלֹ֥א כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ כְּבוֹדֽוֹ׃ In this pasuk, the image I ...
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Bemidbar 9:2 - Why is the word pronounced “Posach”, with a kamatz?

During this morning's (4th day Hol Hamo'ed Pesach outside Israel) I noticed that in Numbers 9:2: וְיַעֲשׂ֧וּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶת־הַפָּ֖סַח בְּמוֹעֲדֽוֹ׃ ’Let the children of Israel keep the ...
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(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
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Makaf in כי-תראה but not in כי תפגע

In Mishpatim 23:4-5, why is there a makaf in כי-תראה but not in כי תפגע? The words are very similar. As far as I can tell the only difference is that the patach at the end of תפגע ends in an ע, ...
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161 views

Is the rule of “Nasog Achor” specific to the Bible?

In Torah reading, there is a rule of "Nasog Achor". The rule is as follows: Usually, Hebrew words get the accent (and trope note) on the last syllable. However, if the word following it has its ...
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1answer
159 views

Chapter Endings while Leining Megillot

Inspired by this question. It seems to be a common minhag to have a special trope for the end of a chapter when leining the megillot. I have seen this done in my shul, have done it myself, and also ...
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116 views

What happened to the Sephardic Pashta?

i recently got into a debate with a user here as to whether or not Pashta was a conjunctive or disjunctive accent (see chat transcript). My position was based on the fact that when i was taught the ...
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1answer
54 views

Significance of trope discrepancy [closed]

In the Moroccan reading of Tzariah 14:59 there is a cantillation (a talesha) on first word “zot” In the Chabad version here that trope is missing זֹאת תּוֹרַ֨ת נֶֽגַע־צָרַ֜עַת בֶּ֥גֶד הַצֶּ֣מֶר ...
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290 views

What does the munach say?

I'm asking according to Ashkenazi leining. The trop mark i have trouble with is the munach. It has two different sounds - a sort of "shaky" sound when it's on its own, and a sort of nothing sound when ...
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Looking for online German (Yekke) Torah Trope practice

As a lad, I often attended a German (Yekke) shul in my neighborhood, where they used the Yekke Torah trope. My main shul sometimes used this trope during Yom Tov readings. (I.e. - the Yekke trope is ...
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Where can one learn the grammatical functions of the te'amim

I can chant the melodies of the te'amim but I'm having a hard time learning their grammatical functions and structure. Many websites that talk about the te'amim are quick to jump into the ideas of "...
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1answer
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Etnachta on גֶשם vs. גָשם

I have heard that the reason that many siddurim print משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם with a segol is because it is more common for גשם with an etnachta to be vocalised that way, rather than with a kamatz. Is ...
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Psikim in the sons of Haman

In the listing of the sons of Haman, there's a psik after each ואת. Normally when there's a psik, we pause a little bit. However, in this case we read the entire list in one breath. With practice, ...
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1answer
59 views

Is there an online source for trope occurrences?

As a Torah reader, I like to find nuances and inherent meanings in trope (cantillation) nuances and "unusual" occurrences in the Torah. For example I'm looking for all the places that have two ...
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45 views

Who organized the different trope tunes used in Ashkenazic Scripture reading?

Most Ashkenazic Scripture reading that I have heard uses a different trope tune for each of these readings: Shabbat, Yom Tov and weekday Torah reading Haftarah reading High Holiday Torah reading ...
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What does cantillation do to prayer's status?

I recall seeing recommendations, in multiple Halachic discussions, that someone who's reciting a Scripturally-derived prayer alone that normally requires a minyan, e.g. the 13 Attributes of Mercy, one ...
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40 views

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the “lower” trope?

See this M.Y. question for a brief description of "upper" vs. "lower" trope for the 10 Commandments. Most Nusach Ashkenaz shuls that I have attended use the upper trope while reading the 10 ...
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2answers
116 views

How to read a mahpach psik?

I know that a mahpach not followed by a pashto is called a yetiv and has a different sound. What about mahpach psik pashto, as in Shmuel Alef 19:9? Would the mahpach there be read as connected to ...
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What is the origin of using a different trope mode for the High Holidays in Nusach Ashkenaz?

I noticed that during the High Holidays there isa special trope mode that is used in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls. I assume they do the same in many Nusach Sefard shuls as well. When and where (or who ...
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101 views

Question on trope position in Breishit (Gen.) 47:4

Genesis 47:4: וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֗ה לָג֣וּר בָּאָרֶץ֮ בָּאנוּ֒ כִּי־אֵ֣ין מִרְעֶ֗ה לַצֹּאן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַעֲבָדֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן וְעַתָּ֛ה יֵֽשְׁבוּ־נָ֥א עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ ...
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1answer
66 views

Is there a Sof Haftarah?

At the end of every verse in the haftarah, there is a sof pasuk. Is there a sof haftarah at the end of the portion, or do you just do a regular sof pasuk? EDIT: I am not asking about the actual ...
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1answer
76 views

Is changing which conjunctive/disjunctive trop is used correctable?

If a baal kriah accidentally raises or lowers the level of the disjunctive trop used, is that a correctable mistake? Let's say that it's supposed to be mercha tipcha etnachta (c 2 1) and he reads ...
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1answer
79 views

When can (or can't) a word have two trops?

I sometimes see a single word having two trop marks, such as a munach followed by a zakef katan. Usually, of course, words have only one (or are joined to other words and share one, sometimes). This ...
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Why is the shalshelet trope (cantillation) note always at the beginning of the verse and always followed by a psik?

The shalshelet trope note appears in 4 places in the Torah: Breishit 19:16, Bresihit 24:12, Breishit 39:8, and Vayikra 8:23. In all cases the note is on the 1st word of its verse and is followed by ...
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Not All Te'amim Signs Musical?

Those of you may remember i had previously asked a question regarding a French Musicologist who had notated the Egyptian te'amim in 1798 One of the striking things i learned from that notation is that ...
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Can one trust gentile sources for trope systems?

Learning the trope systems for specific Sephardic or Mizrahi communities isn't the most easy since many of the melodies have mixed in together (creating something like the Yerushalmi), or just a lack ...
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What is the origin of the special trop for the journeys of Bnai Yisroel, B'midbar 33:10-49

This question reminded me to ask what is the origin of the special trop for the masa'ot - the section enumerating the places Bnai Yisroel travelled, as described in B'midbar 33:10-49.
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unsual haftarah trope in bechalotecha/hannukkah

(Apologies in advance for mispelling Hebrew words in English.) In the haftarah for Bechalotecha/Hanukkah 1 there is an unusual trope for the word 'zeh' (2nd paragraph, 2nd sentence, 4th to last word). ...
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1answer
118 views

Four Zakef-groups in one half-verse

Wikipedia writes: The most times in succession the [Zakef] group occurs is four. It cites A compendious grammar of the Hebrew language by G. F. R. Weidemann, page 48, which says: Zaqef gadol ...
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Does Anyone Have Recordings of Tunisian Te'amim

Does Anyone Have Recordings of Tunisian Te'amim, or know of a website that has them?
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Were our symbols for trope and nekudos created by the Masoretes, or transmitted by them?

It is commonly said in secular sources that the shapes of the trope and nekudos we use today were invented by the Masoretes (7th to 11th Century CE), but I cannot find any source in our mesorah to ...
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Why does Moshe have a shalshelet?

The "shalshelet" trop appears 4 times in the Torah: (Vayeira, Gen. 19:16) Lot has a shalshelet, because he was hesitating to leave S'dom. (Chayei Sarah, Gen. 24:12) Eliezer has a shalshelet, because ...
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256 views

Questions regarding unusual trope combination

I am relaying a question that my friend emailed to me, last night. (It's a mitzvah to credit others): There are two places in the Torah that have an unusual dual trope note combination on a single ...
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338 views

Why do Sifrei Emes use different taamim?

I know that the Sifrei Emes (Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov) use a different system of taamim. Why is this? What is it about these books that makes it that they cannot — or should not — use the ...
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156 views

Kadma and Zakef Katan on one word

When reading Torah, many people (myself included) use a distinct tune when a kadma and a zakef katan appear on the same word (or two words joined with a makaf); e.g. from Sh'mot 34:1: אֶ֨ת־...
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44 views

Unusual Notes in Tenach

Does anyone explain the meaning of the karnei para on Bemidbar 35:5 and Yehoshua 19:51. I believe there are 16 of these in Tenach. There are also meircha kefulahs in Bereishis 27:25 and Bemidbar 32:...
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60 views

Italian cantillation

I'm interested in learning the Italian system for the ta'amei hamikra, either for Torah and/or Haftarah (preference to Haftarah as the Italian melodies are very beautiful). This website has tons of ...
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1answer
91 views

Meteg on a short vowel

Short vowels are closed with a consonant when unstressed. A cantillation (trope) can set off a short vowel as an open vowel. Can a meteg do the same thing? I have seen a meteg do as such on the ...
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1answer
61 views

Can you identify this Nusakh of Tehillim?

I am looking to master TUNISIAN (or Polish) nusakh for Tehillim, but am having trouble finding it. Can anyone identify the Tehillim Nusakh on this website? http://www.sephardichazzanut.com/Tehillim....
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91 views

Easy/pretty way to typeset Hebrew with Te'amim

I'm setting out to create a bentsher and am looking for the right software for the job. First, it is important to me that I have the ability to add Te'amim to biblical passages (e.g. kiddush). ...