The traditional musical tunes that are used to chant the various books of Tanakh.

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Meteg on a short vowel

Short vowels are closed with a consonant when unstressed. A cantillation (trope) can set off a short vowel as an open vowel. Can a meteg do the same thing? I have seen a meteg do as such on the ...
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1answer
51 views

What's special about where the unique karne farah trope appears?

There is one trope phrase that appears only once in the torah, in Bamidbar 35:5, a yerach ben yomo followed by a karne farah. The text of the verse follows; I've bolded the words with these tropes: ...
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60 views

Looking for a drasha on Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para

Anyone have any links to any drashos explaining the significance of the Yerach ben Yomo/Karnei Para trop, and why it appears (uniquely in chumash) in the portion about the Levite cities (Numbers ...
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1answer
360 views

Etymology of the word “trope”

The word Trope seems to me to be a Yiddish word. What is the source of this word? How do you say this word in Hebrew? Taamei Hanegina?
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25 views

Has anyone “composed” music for the trope for Tehilim, Mishle and Iyov? [duplicate]

The 3 books Mishlei, Iyov and Tehillim has some unusual trope notes that we do not see in any other book of Tanac"h. E.g. - Yetiv or munach on top of a word. See here for example. We know how to sing ...
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47 views

Why do we have the rule of “Nasog Achor”?

In Torah reading, there is a rule of "Nasog Achor". The rule is as follows: Usually, Hebrew words get the accent (and trope note) on the last syllable. However, if the word following it has its ...
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3answers
75 views

Why are the blessing(s) preceding the Haftarah printed and chanted with trope notes?

There is a reason that I placed the plural "s" in parentheses for my question. I noticed that only the blessings preceding the haftarah have trope notes. Since this is not part of the haftarah itself, ...
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2answers
52 views

Kadma and Zakef Katan on one word

When reading Torah, many people (myself included) use a distinct tune when a kadma and a zakef katan appear on the same word (or two words joined with a makaf); e.g. from Sh'mot 34:1: Yet I have ...
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58 views

Looking for a resource that explains the musical trope “mood” used in Ashkenazic annual laining

Nusach Ashkenaz has these separate laining modes: Regular weekly Torah reading (Shabbat, weekday, Yom Tov, etc.) Special Torah reading mode for Yamim Nora'im (High Holidays) Haftarah 3 Megillot - ...
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74 views

Is having a Bat Mitzvah girl recite a section from Ketuvim in a shul a problem of Kol Isha?

A shul that I have gone to has a custom that the Bat Mitzvah girl recites a section from Ketuvim (usually from Divrei Hayamim or Nechemia) in front of the congregation (men and women are there). She, ...
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23 views

Resources to understand commentary in my tikkun korim

In the Feldheim Tikkun Korim, there is some commentary by Sha'arei Mesorah, Ma'aneh Lashon, and Shita Mekubetzet. From what I can deduce, they are specifically about technicalities of leyning, a ...
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53 views

(Ki) Ani Hashem Elokeihem

Twenty-seven times (by my count) in Torah and in Ezekiel, we find the phrase אני ה׳ אלקיכם or אני ה׳ אלקיהם at the end of a pasuk (for example, Lev 25:55). In eight of these cases, the phrase is ...
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38 views

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra? My siddur includes the trop for the Shiras Hayam, just as it does for the Shema. With regards to the Shema I know of a ...
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2answers
88 views

Laining Tehillim

I would just like to know - is there a mesorah for Tehillim trop for Ashkenazim? I know that there is a Sefaradi one (I have heard them) but I would like to know if there is any Askenazi one. Thank ...
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64 views

Chapter Endings while Leining Megillot

Inspired by this question. It seems to be a common minhag to have a special trope for the end of a chapter when leining the megillot. I have seen this done in my shul, have done it myself, and also ...
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1answer
107 views

What sound does a munach make?

I'm asking according to Ashkenazi leining. The trop mark i have trouble with is the munach. It has two different sounds - a sort of "shaky" sound when it's on its own, and a sort of nothing sound when ...
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79 views

How can I learn Yemenite ta'amei hamikrah?

I'm working with a student for his bar mitzvah whose family is Yemenite in origin, but has no living relatives who remember much of their tradition. He is interested in learning to leyn with Yemenite ...
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1answer
140 views

Shirat HaYam Trop: Which Phrases?

Which phrases in Shirat HaYam are read with the special 'shirah' trop? (Inspired by this question.)
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1answer
263 views

Ta'amei Mikra and the Torah Scroll

I have heard that a haftorah klaf (scroll) is still considered kosher and usable if the Ta'amei Mikra have been written on it. Yet I've always been told that this is not true for a Torah scroll. Why ...
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1answer
67 views

Pesach: Shira Taamim?

I cannot recall, find or ask anyone who remembers 100% if, when we read Shiras Hayam (from Beshalach) on the 7th day of Pesach, we do so using the regular taamim (Trupp) or the Taamey Shira, the same ...
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89 views

When does the cantillation for Ester and other books change?

Sometimes people read some verses in Ester and other books in a different cantillation. For example, in Ester, some read the verse of "אשר הגלה מירושלים" to the tune of Eichah, and the Mishnah Brurah ...
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1answer
76 views

Why do aliyos end with a different tune?

The communal Torah reading is divided into aliyos, sections read (originally and still in some places by, otherwise) on 'behalf' of distinct people, in succession. The Torah is read in a tune, and ...
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346 views

Were our symbols for trope and nekudos created by the Masoretes, or transmitted by them?

It is commonly said in secular sources that the shapes of the trope and nekudos we use today were invented by the Masoretes (7th to 11th Century CE), but I cannot find any source in our mesorah to ...
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106 views

Will the real vertical bars (in Sh'ma) please stand up?

I use the ArtScroll sidurim (prayer books), which include a great many vertical bars between adjacent words of the three paragraphs of "Sh'ma", wherever the editors felt people may come to slur ...
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1answer
114 views

Unusual cantillation of Deut. 18:19

In D'varim 18:19 we have: הָאִישׁ֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹֽא־יִשְׁמַע֙ אֶל־דְּבָרַ֔י The word הָאִישׁ֙ has a pashta cantillation mark over it, as Minchas Shay notes; then comes the common sequence ...
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1answer
310 views

Different tune for chapter 3 of Eicha?

Why does the third perek of Eicha have a different melody? Is it just to match the triplet form of the words?
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3answers
221 views

Grammatical function of Emet te'amim?

The Emet books (Iyov, Mishlei, Tehillim) have a cantillation system that is not used elsewhere in Tanach. In addition to the use of cantillation marks not found elsewhere (iluy, ole, dehi, geresh ...
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205 views

Pronunciation of Tere ta’ame

The Tere ta’ame (also known as a Merekha kefula) trope is rare, occurring only 5 times in the Torah: Genesis 27:25, Exodus 5:15, Leviticus 10:1, Numbers 14:3 and 32:42 Any sources for a recording of ...
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517 views

Why does Moshe have a shalshelet?

The "shalshelet" trop appears 4 times in the Torah: (Vayeira, Gen. 19:16) Lot has a shalshelet, because he was hesitating to leave S'dom. (Chayei Sarah, Gen. 24:12) Eliezer has a shalshelet, because ...
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2answers
743 views

Hand motions for trope in Torah reading

I've seen people standing next to Torah readers and making hand signals during the Torah reading, presumably to prompt the reader in the trope. I think @Shalom mentioned this in Method for practicing ...
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1answer
240 views

Why do Sifrei Emes use different taamim?

I know that the Sifrei Emes (Tehillim, Mishlei, Iyov) use a different system of taamim. Why is this? What is it about these books that makes it that they cannot — or should not — use the ...
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1answer
94 views

Is “Vayugad L'Melech Mitzrayim” used as a template for Torah cantillation (trop)?

It seems that several times when I've discussed different styles of Torah cantillation (trop) with someone, and they wanted to sing a sample of it, the text they chose was "Vayugad l'melech mitzrayim ...
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4answers
739 views

How to sing Karnei Farah and Yerach Ben Yomo

Hi I'm looking for different traditions (and sources!) about how to properly sing these very rare trop found in the Torah exclusively in Bamidbar 35:5 Does anyone have any idea which version is better ...
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2answers
141 views

What does cantillation do to prayer's status?

I recall seeing recommendations, in multiple Halachic discussions, that someone who's reciting a Scripturally-derived prayer alone that normally requires a minyan, e.g. the 13 Attributes of Mercy, one ...
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2answers
227 views

Why do a few tribes in a list have different trope from the rest?

In the first aliya of B'midbar the chiefs of the tribes are listed. Nine have the zakeif gadol trope and three -- Yisachar, Binyamin, and Naftali -- have different trope. This isn't driven by word ...
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125 views

Issur Doraisa from Trup? [closed]

What Halacha (Issur Doraisia) do we learn out from a Trup and which word is it?
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3answers
239 views

What is the Proper Way to Read Genesis 35:22?

In Parshas Vayishlach, there is a verse (Genesis 35:22) that contains a "Piska Be'emtza Pasuk": a new paragraph in the Torah scroll begins in the middle of the verse. However, unlike with other ...
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1answer
155 views

Trop of tvir and dargah

Aside from Sedra Miketz, is there another place in Chumash where a dargah is not followed by a tvir within 3 words?
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1answer
663 views

Shalsheles Trop

How often is the Shalseles Trop found in the Torah, and where?
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1answer
107 views

Why is the weekday reading for Devarim different than for Shabbos?

Generally, the short Torah reading used on Shabbos afternoon, Monday and Thursday morning is the ~10--15 verses that will constitute the first Aliya the coming Shabbos morning. But for Devarim, the ...
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4answers
984 views

Which parts of the Chazon Haftorah get sad tune (Eicha trop)?

The Shabbos before Tisha B'Av gets a very sad Haftorah, known as Chazon. It's Isaiah 1:1--27. (I recommend you open the text in a new window, or else the answers to this question will make no ...
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6answers
551 views

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks?

Why do the Sifrei Eme"s (i.e. Job, Proverbs, Psalms) have cantillation marks? Are they read to a tune or is it just punctuation for personal usage? Have they ever been read publicly with the tune? ...
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2answers
469 views

Trop (cantillation) for leining

Who created the trop (cantillation) for leining? Is it a Mesorah from when the Torah was written?
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171 views

Does one do aliya-ending notes when reading Torah in private?

When reading the Torah with cantillation in private, such as when doing "Shnayim Mikra Ve-echad Targum," when one gets to the end of an aliya (formal division of a parasha), does one end with the tune ...