Questions about the various Aramaic translations that accompany much of the Jewish Biblical Canon, or about translation of specific words in Jewish texts.

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What is the difference - דעה vs דעת

The words דעה and דעת both seem to come from the same root of לדעת, to know. Is there a difference in meaning between them? The only indication I can think of is the נוסח אשכנז version of the ברכה of ...
0
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1answer
122 views

What gives rabbis permission to alter the reading of a Biblical verse?

There are several places in the Talmud, where rabbis alter the reading of a Biblical verse to teach something. an example of this is: Berakhot 64a (Sefaria): אמר רבי אלעזר אמר רבי חנינא תלמידי ...
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2answers
97 views

Is it correct to read the pasuk of Deuteronomy 15:11 with the “never” term?

In one of the Torah Readings for the eighth day of Pesach, falling in a week day, there's the following passukim (Deuteronomy 15:10-11) י  נָתוֹן תִּתֵּן לוֹ, וְלֹא-יֵרַע לְבָבְךָ בְּתִתְּךָ לוֹ:  ...
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0answers
22 views

Translation of כרמל

In a article i read online: http://www.tosfosinenglish.com/pdf/Shabos/6a7karmlis.pdf i read the following: כרמל (Karmel) is comprised of two (opposite) terms: רך with the meaning soft and not yet ...
5
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3answers
179 views

How can I distinguish p'shat from interpretation in torah translations if I'm not fluent in Hebrew?

This question is prompted by a specific case, but I'm asking a general question. This question is not, specifically, about the Aramean. The specific case, for illustration: I've seen two different ...
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3answers
61 views

The word Torah in the Psalms.

I was wondering if the word for torah is used anywhere in the Psalms. If so, can you please tell me where exactly?
3
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1answer
66 views

Translation of Hamantasch from Oznei Haman

The Hebrew translation of the Yiddish word Hamantaschen is Oznei Haman - "Ears of Haman". Hamantaschen sounds more like "Pockets of Haman". Why the different words and meanings for the same Purim ...
6
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0answers
115 views

Dr. Bronner's soap

If you read the label of a bottle of Dr. Bronner's soap you will find--as I was flabbergasted to find--that the very last words are a whimsical English translation of "Shema Yisroel." Dr. Bronner ...
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0answers
34 views

Where can I translate and validate as true a Spanish Sephardic Ketubah?

I have a Ketubah from my grandparent's wedding in Aleppo that needs to be translated and validated as a true Sephardic/Spanish Ketubah. Where can I have this done?
4
votes
2answers
99 views

What is the firmament?

In Genesis 1:6-8 the firmament and its creation are mentioned for the first time: And God said: 'Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.' ...
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0answers
11 views

English translation of Kitzur Mitzvos Ha’aretz

I'm looking for an English translation of Kitzur Mitzvos Ha’aretz, (found in the back of some editions of the Kitzur), preferably one that is available online. Does such a translation exist?
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3answers
51 views

Where can I buy a Chumash with Rashi in English?

Does anyone know where I could get a complete Chumash with Rashi's commentary in English?
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1answer
29 views

What was the “tzir'a”?

Exodus 23:28: וְשָׁלַחְתִּ֥י אֶת־הַצִּרְעָ֖ה לְפָנֶ֑יךָ וְגֵרְשָׁ֗ה אֶת־הַחִוִּ֧י אֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֛י וְאֶת־הַחִתִּ֖י מִלְּפָנֶֽיךָ׃ And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive ...
3
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2answers
89 views

Arabic Philosophical Works in Translation

several noted Ge'onic and Rishonic philosophical works were written in Arabic, including R' Sa'adia Ga'on's Emunot V'Deot, Rabbeinu Bachya's Chovot HaLevavot, and the Rambam's More Nevuchim. However, ...
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1answer
47 views

What does shomo-a tishm'u in the shema prayer mean?

The second paragraph of the shema begins with "and it will come to pass that if you continually hearken to my commandments..." Apparently shomo-a tishm'u means continually hearken but I would like ...
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3answers
28 views

What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8

What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8? This text was referenced in a Jewish Publication Society book "Outside of Scripture" [Jewish writings of the Second Temple Period] citing it ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

About Shemot 35:3

Why Shemot 35:3 is being translated as "do not burn fire" if the piel form of the verb "burn" in the Written Torah always being translated as "eradicate". Excellent example is Dvarim 21:9. If I ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Chumash Translated into Old Persian?

Was the Chumash ever translated into Old Persian or Avestan? If not what about any other parts of the Tanach?
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1answer
66 views

Translation of the word 'DiMistapina'

The Aramaic word דמסתפינא came up in a sefer of mine,would anyone know what it means ?
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1answer
39 views

Talmud's commentaries in english or french

Where can I find the following commentaries on the Talmud in english or french? Rambam Rosh Rashi (Rashbam for some massechtot) Nimukei Yossef Rabbeinu Yonah
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0answers
13 views

Is nechoshet copper, brass or bronze [duplicate]

In the bible the word נחושת means what? I saw a few translations: copper, brass, bronze. What is the definition of the word
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Alleged mistranslation in Genesis 17:19 and 17:21

I have recently read in a Muslim website claims that verses 17.19 and 17.21 of Genesis are misinterpreted by Jews, because 1) The word אֲבָל "abal" used in 17.19 means "Yes indeed" in Hebrew, not "No"...
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0answers
69 views

Seeking an English version of Minchat Chinuch

Is there an English version of Minchat Chinuch by "Rabbeinu Yosef" (Yosef Ben Moshe Babad, 1800–1874), a commentary on the Sefer ha-Chinuch?
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4answers
2k views

Why does it seem like Jewish texts are never translated?

I'm a Stack Exchange user on many other sites and every once in a while I will see a question on this site that sparks my interest in the hot questions. The only two things I know about Judaism ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Looking for a word with a distinct meaning driven by mesorah

I am researching some words to see the agendas of translators. One way to understand what a translator knew or cared about is to look for words which have a generally accepted meaning, and an ...
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4answers
214 views

What is the correct translation of הֵילֵ֣ל?

Shalom everyone, new visitor here. The term הֵילֵ֣ל may be found in Isaiah 14:12, but I have not been able to find it in any Hebrew dictionaries. English translations range from "morning," to "...
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4answers
64 views

How to translate העלם in the context of שבת

The beginning of the seventh chapter of Bavli Shabas (and its commentaries) speaks of instances in which someone forgets that the day is Shabas, forgets that there is such a thing as Shabas altogether,...
2
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1answer
318 views

Text of the Mishna Brura (Online English)

Does anyone know if there is an online translation of the Mishna Brura into English on the internet beginning with the first Siman?
3
votes
2answers
867 views

What is the best English translation of the Tanakh (hard copy, not online)?

I'm looking for the best available English translation of the Tanakh, and because I prefer to hold an actual book in my hands, I'd rather have a hard copy as opposed to an online version. Some ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Online glossary of Yiddish terms commonly used in shiur

A while ago, I saw a one-page glossary of colloquial Yiddish terms that are commonly used in shiur (daily lecture in yeshiva). It looked like it had been photocopied more than a few times, so I think ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Why is the word “ger” translated as both convert and stranger in one sentence?

What is the basis for translating the word "Ger" in Devarim 10:19? The verse is often translated "You shall love the convert because you were strangers in the land of Egypt." Why not, "Love the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Translation please Yiddish and roshai taivois about getting married fast

Please help me translation (understand) Igres kodesh 24 pg 227 (second paragraph) I understand the last line that "whoever shortens the time between the decision (to get married) and the marriage ...
24
votes
3answers
5k views

Hebrew document found in grandfather's attic—what does it state?

I found this document in my grandfather's attic and would be thankful if someone could tell me (a) what this document is, (b) whether there are any names written, and (c) which, if any, religious ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there an English translation online of the Ramban on Chumash?

The title pretty much says it- I'm looking for an English translation of the Ramban on Chumash online (preferably for free).
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Translation of shem Adnus

I have noticed that ArtScroll usually translates the shem of Adnus (Adonoy) as My Lord. Other translations of the Tenakh and Siddur use "Lord" or "O Lord." There are some pesukim that cannot be ...
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1answer
123 views

Is signing G-d's Holy name in casual conversation a violation of mentioning His name in vain?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (6:3) writes: אסור להוציא שם שמים לבטלה וכל המוציא שם שמים לבטלה עובר על מצות עשה דכתיב את ה' אלהיך תירא ... ולא לבד בלשון הקודש אסור אלא אפילו בכל לשון אסור It is ...
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1answer
30 views

What's שולי הקדירה?

The משנה ברורה הלכות שבת סימן רנ״ג (מ״ו) talks about שולי הקדירה. What exactly is that talking about? Is it the top of the pot or the bottom?
2
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1answer
68 views

Responsum of Maimonides Regarding Translating Mishne Torah

The Maimonides Reader (p. 478) quotes Rambam's responsum to Ibn Gabir regarding translating the MT (also referenced here). He responds to a request from this Arabic speaker who was able to learn ...
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1answer
67 views

Is there any website available so that i can compare lot of translations on Tanach? [duplicate]

I would like to know a good website so that i can compare different translations (English) of the Tanach per line/paragraph. What I'm looking for is a website similar to http://quran.com, where you ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Can the 3 items that Rabban Gamliel requires during the Seder be explained using sign language?

Pesach Haggadah, Magid, Rabban Gamliel's Three Things: רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הָיָה אוֹמֵר: כָּל שֶׁלֹּא אָמַר שְׁלשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ בַּפֶּסַח, לא יָצָא יְדֵי חוֹבָתוֹ, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן פֶּסַח, ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Which commentator translates Rashi's French into German?

I seem to remember there being a pirush in the back of the gemara that explains the French of Rashi and translates it into German. It may be only in the fancier new prints, but I can't seem to find it....
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1answer
67 views

Semantics of the address »the lord« in original scripture

I have some specific questions about adressing God as »the LORD«. When and where does the address »the LORD« first appear in Jewish scripture (in chronological order)? What is it called in the ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Correct translation of 1 Samuel 13:14 especially the words “איש כלבבו”

What is the correct way to understand 1 Samuel 13:14? I particularly want to know about the words "איש כלבבו". Do these words translate to "a man after his own heart" or should it be "a man with a ...
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1answer
82 views

What does the ל of לבעבור mean?

Shemos 20:17: ויֹּאמֶר משֶׁה אֶל הָעָם אַל תִּירָאוּ כִּי לְבַעֲבוּר נַסּוֹת אֶתְכֶם בָּא הָאֱלֹהִים וּבַעֲבוּר תִּהְיֶה יִרְאָתוֹ עַל פְּנֵיכֶם לְבִלְתִּי תֶחֱטָאוּ What does the 8th word in ...
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1answer
128 views

Why is a Greek Torah Scroll Kosher?

I once read that a Greek Sefer Torah is Kosher, is this correct? Is it also correct that Greek is the only language other than Hebrew that a kosher Sefer Torah can be written in?
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1answer
79 views

Where can I find the Halakhot of the Rif in French or English?

I am looking for the halakhot of the Rif in translation, either French or English. Where can I find these? As a paper book or e-book, I don't really care.
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2answers
197 views

Obfuscation of Mei Raglayim in translation

I have noticed that many siddurim and machzorim render the term מי רגלים (in the recitation of the k'tores recipe) as "mei raglayim" rather than translating it to its actual definition, urine. ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there still a mesora on how to write the Torah in Greek?

Do we still have a mesora for the translation of the Torah into Greek, and if so, is this the LXX/Septuagint commonly used by Gentiles? Do we still have a mesorah for any other seforim into Greek?
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0answers
182 views

Shochtim who learned from translated materials

The Maharil in his Tshusvos Chadashos ("New Responsa," mentioned here), writes (Siman 93) that the custom is not to give kabblah to shochtim who learned the laws shechita in German (translated ...
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1answer
118 views

What are clear and concise translations of the various meanings of “Ruach HaKodesh” in English?

The Wikipedia entry for "Holy Spirit (Judaism)" identifies this English term with the Hebrew term Ruach HaKodesh1, but also indicates that Ruach HaKodesh can mean a higher spiritual state of an ...