the prayer service and ceremony surrounding communal reading from the Torah scroll

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Can anybody read from the torah or prophets in a synagogue?

I am trying to understand the context of a passage from the Christian gospels. Luke 4:16 says that Jesus went into the synagogue and started reading from the book of Isaiah. At that time could ...
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Kohen aliyah during shiva

If a kohen is in his shiva period, can he take the kohen aliyah if there is no other kohen present? We had such a situation on Shabbat at mincha. One ruling said that the kohen should take the ...
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1answer
53 views

asking a cohen whether he wants to perform a mitzva in shul

Once when I was a gabbai in a very small jewish community, we had two cohanim: one was our Rabbi and usually I gave him an aliya l'torah -called him up for a torah reading. The other was secular and ...
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106 views

Who broke the parshiyot into aliyot and how?

The Torah readings on Shabbat are broken into 7 aliyot. I know that there are rules for the minimum number of pesukim for each aliyah but I am wondering who set up the exact placement of the aliyah ...
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50 views

How do you decide how the aliyos should be arranged when there are not sufficient yisroelim in a minyan?

(This is a question based on an event. A shaaloh was asked. The object of the question is to examine the underlying reasons for the dinim in the situation.) A family minyan meeting once only on ...
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Saying “emes toraseinu ha'kedosha vehatehora”

There is a minhag of the tzibur saying the above phrase while the one who is oleh la'Torah says the second brocho. This was the minhag of my father z"l who was born in Satmar. I have been asking ...
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1answer
45 views

Who & When composed the prayer said prior to calling the Kohain to the Torah?

In this question and answer Why are there different intro. prayers for calling the Kohen aliyah on Shabbat vs. weekday? there seems to be a question remaining as to when the prayers of ותגלה ותראה ...
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Why are there different intro. prayers for calling the Kohen aliyah on Shabbat vs. weekday?

Prior to calling the Kohen aliyah for Torah reading, there is an introductory paragraph said by the gabbai or ba'al kri'ah. Following is Nusach Ashkenaz as found in Art Scroll and Birnbaum, Ashkenaz, ...
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54 views

3 kugels for 3 sifrei Torah?

When I was younger (yes, that did happen to me - ONCE :-) the Rav from the shul I attended would include a suggestion whenever there was a Shabbat where we use 3 Sifrei Torah, such as will occur this ...
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71 views

When to do “missing” Nissan “Kel Maleh”?

During the month of Nissan, "Kel Maleh" - the prayer for the dead - is not recited. When is it more appropriate for the gabbai to recite it for people who have yahrtzeits during Nissan? Should he ...
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86 views

If a man is married to a Gentile, is he forbidden from receiving an Aliyah?

Recently a man went into a Sephardic synagogue with his Conservative Convert fiance to pray and eat. Upon learning of the woman's status, the Rabbi informed the man that once the marriage is ...
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50 views

Hol Hamo'ed Pesach Torah reading procedure

On weekdays of Hol Hamo'ed Pesach we take out 2 Sifrei Torah. After the 3rd aliyah, the 2nd Torah is placed next to the 1st and hagbah is done on the 1st. We then read from the 2nd. Q - Before ...
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117 views

Can a Zerah Yisrael that converts use his father's Hebrew name for aliyot?

If boy was born to a Jewish father and a non-Jewish mother and later converted in his life, would he obliged to call himself "ben Avraham" when called up for an aliyah, or would he be allowed to take ...
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3answers
43 views

On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

On taking out the Torah we say, "and the word of Gcd will come forth from Jerusalem" (paraphrased). What does that mean? It does not say "the word came forth from Sinai". Does it mean that the Jews ...
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Does Torah reading need to be repeated if you said it with an “assumed” minyan?

I'm not good with the title for this scenario: Suppose that there where 10 men in the shul - 9 everyone knew, and the 10th no one knew. He wore a yarmulka, so everyone assumed that he was Jewish. ...
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Holding the Torah (after Gelilah)

After hagbahah and gelila (in Ashkenazi schuls), the Torah must remain out until the proper point of return. In some schuls, I have seen special furniture to hold the Sefarim. In others, I have seen ...
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Non-statutory Torah service

Is it possible to have a "stand-alone" Torah service, not connected to a statutory prayer? I saw this done on Shavuot once, where some people who slept through davening convened a minyan solely for ...
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Mi-Shebeirach for Shabbat musaf starting point

I have noticed in many kehillot, that the sha"tz will begin the Mi-Shebeirach before musaf (Hu y'varech et kol hakahal) at "(U)Mi she-oskim". At first, I thought that this was probably an oversight ...
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164 views

Why isn't it considered idol worship to give respect to the torah?

When the Sefer Torah is brought out of the ark, everyone stands up and kisses it. On occasions such as simchat torah and hoshana rabbah people dance around the Torah. To an outsider these actions can ...
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Calling the Chatan Torah “רבי”

On Simchat Torah, a special formula is used to call up the Chatan Torah, the person who gets the final aliyah. In this formula, it says "עמוד רבי (פלוני) חתן התורה" a few times. The question: Why do ...
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Pointing the pinky at v'zos hatorah [duplicate]

By v'zos hatorah (i.e hagbah) I have seen people point their pinky at the sefer torah. Is this a minhag or did someone just make it up? Where did this minhag come from? Does the Shulchan Aruch, ...
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How much of the standard תורה service is done on שמחת תורה?

I've seen a number of Simchas Tora customs in Ashkenazic practice and/or prescribed by Ashkenazic prayer books. Specifically, I think I've seen both sides of each of the following dichotomies, ...
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Multiple Olim for a single Aliyah

In the past, I have davened at a Chabad on Simchat Torah. Their custom is to call up multiple individuals per aliyah rather than having multiple kriot. The only other places I have seen this was at ...
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Vernacular Targum in Schul

In Teimani and Kurdish batei knesset, the minhag is, as far as I'm aware, to read a targum after each pasuk. Assuming that a schul wishes to adopt the kriat hatargum, would it be acceptable to adopt a ...
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64 views

Chabad custom not to have bar mitzva aliya shabbat morning

According to this question, the Annotated Tehillat Hashem Siddur (a Chabad siddur) encourages the Bar mitzvah boy to get his first aliya on Monday, Thursday, or Shabbat Mincha or Rosh Chodesh. This ...
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Hagbah in a partitioned room

Over Yom Tov I was in a shul which was converted from a house into a shul. The sanctuary was divided by a walled staircase, such that one could not see from one part into the other, like so: | | ...
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process for Gabbai to call his son to the Torah

If the father is the Gabbai ,how should he call his son up for an Aliyah ? Does the father use his own name for example Yaakov ben Moshe? or Yaakov Bnee?
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Hatzi Kaddish melody using Haftarah nusach

Some years ago I visited a shul where the hazzan chanted Hatzi Kaddish of the Shabbat Torah service in the nusach of the Haftarah. I seem to recall it started with mapach pashtah munach zokeif-katon. ...
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68 views

Is a Cohen allowed to be called up for a Maftir even not on Shabbat?

Is it only on Shabbat that a Cohen can be called up for an Aliyah for maftir or even on other days (such as festivals)?
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When is the proper time to say Berich Shemei? [duplicate]

I have read and heard that (ideally) Berich Shemei should be said after the sefer Torah has been taken out of the ahron. Is this true? What is the source and idea behind this?
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668 views

What's the reason of using Yad in reading Torah?

I heard from a Bengali writing - just a single line that - Jews fear their God that much that they even fear to touch the God's word. Then I searched and found that Jews use Yad when they read Torah. ...
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1answer
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Is “קל ארך אפים” said if the Torah's not to be read from?

Tachanun is supplemented on Mondays and Thursdays by extended tachanunim starting "V'hu rachum". On those days, after tachanun is half-kadish (kadish l'ela, as some call it), a short paragraph that ...
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Custom for a mourner to be chosen to read the haftora every week

The Chabad rabbi near me has the custom of taking (for himself) both the kaddish recitation after the Torah reading (when applicable) and the reading of the haftorah on Shabbat — specifically ...
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1answer
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Is talking before noten hatorah a hefsek?

In my shul, after an oleh finishes, he says "emet torateinu hakedosha" and then says the beracha of noten hatorah. Is this a hefsek? Looking for sephardic answers please.
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Are donations typically expected from the person receiving an aliyah?

Is it the normal practice of Orthodox shuls to expect a donation from a person who received an aliyah, even if there is no formal system of reminding or requiring the person to give a donation?
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249 views

Should women kiss the Torah with their hand or with a prayer book?

When the Torah comes around in shul, is it preferable for women to touch it with their hand (and then kiss their hand) or with their prayer book (and then kiss their prayer book)? Presumably some ...
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1answer
71 views

What is an אדם כשר w.r.t. precedence for aliyos?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 23:9: כשיש כהן בבית הכנסת צריכין לקרות אותו תחלה ואפילו אם הוא עם הארץ אלא שהוא אדם כשר הוא קודם אפילו לתלמיד חכם When there is a kohen in the synagogue, we must call ...
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V'yaazor v'yagen… and no amen

On Shabbat, the gabbai calls the kohen to the Torah with the following formula: ויעזור ויגן ויושיע לכל החוסים בו ונאמר אמן. הכל הבו גודל... I have never heard anyone say amen after the prompt. ...
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1answer
54 views

Tircha D'Tzibbur vs. Kavod Hatorah - which wins?

It's hard for me to properly phrase the question, but here's the "ma'aseh shehaya" (scenario): It was Shabbat Rosh Hodesh, parshat Balak, I believe. They took out 2 Sifrei Torah. I waited for the ...
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1answer
175 views

Sephardi Minhag of Boy Taking Maftir at Age 9

Could someone point me to the source of the custom where typically within the Sephardic communities, it is customary for a boy to be called for maftir/hafatarah at the age of 9 years. Is this brought ...
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Hagbah of the Yemenites (Temanim)

I was learning in a sefer which discusses a case where they couldn't do hagbah, and the Mechaber suggested to do the hagbah like the Teimanim which is to leave it on table in some way, but I didn't ...
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Pointing the pinky at the torah

By Hagbahos HaTorah people point at the Torah with the pinky of their right hand. I have seen others point with the pinky of both hands. Someone told me this is brought down in the Me’am Lo’ez. Where ...
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1answer
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When exactly do we say chazak chazak v'nitchazeik?

At the end of each sefer we say chazak chazak v'nitchazeik -- leader first and then the congregation is what I've seen. There is some uncertainty in my mostly-lay-led minyan about exactly when and ...
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Halachically, are you allowed to “remove” a sick person from the Mi Sheberach “list”?

In my shul, people mention or write the name of a sick person on a slip of paper and give this to the rabbi who adds it to an existing stack of names. Since I am the Torah reader, I announce Mi ...
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Titles and prefixes for calling people up to the Torah

When people are called up to the Torah by name, often there is a title that goes with them, such as "ha-bachur" for a young man, "ha-rav" for a rabbi (and/or someone with semicha), and other such ...
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Why do we call people up to the Torah by name?

In shul, if a guest is honored with an aliyah, I watch as the gabbai walks over (or sends someone) to get the guest's name, then call that same person up by that name. Once the guest has been told ...
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Verses when holding the Sefer Torah

On Shabbath morning, when someone hold the Sefer Torah, he starts by saying "Shema Israel". After saying "Shema Israel", he (in some communities) says a verse starting with "Ehad Elo-henou, ...
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When a Bar Mitzvah boy says “Y'chalelu et Shem Hashem” instead of “Y'Halelu”, should someone correct him?

Perhaps, the title of my question sounds amusing, but I see this happen in my shul a bit too often for me to laugh at it any more. Many of the Bar Mitzvah boys in my shul can barely read Hebrew. but, ...
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What is the recommended minimum number of Sifrei Torah that a shul should have?

My shul has about a dozen Sifrei Torah but only 3 are kosher. I feel that a shul needs a minimum of 4. My reasoning: Next week is a good example - There are 2 days of Shavu'ot followed closely by ...
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148 views

Can the Torah be read in shul if a minyan is present after the point in the service designated for Torah reading?

There have been instances where we had 9 people in the shul, and we began to daven Mincha Shabbat afternoon. We finished our individual Shmoneh Esreh, when the 10th person appeared. Can we go back and ...