Questions about Jewish prayer (the fixed order of typically-thrice-daily prayers, or prayer generally).

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What in a siddur can be changed?

There are many different editions of siddurim with many commonalities but also many differences, see here for discussion on MY. Also different communities use different siddurim to match their ...
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32 views

Davening schedule for someone with a night shift

The only way I can really convey what I'm asking here is to tell a [fictitious] story: Chaim Yankel is a late-hour delivery driver for a company. Since he works before daybreak, his schedule is much ...
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What will happen to most of the text of our prayers once the next Temple is built?

King Solomon, who built the 1st Temple, said during its inauguration, (I Kings 8:30): וְשָׁ֨מַעְתָּ֜ אֶל־תְּחִנַּ֤ת עַבְדְּךָ֙ וְעַמְּךָ֣ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִֽתְפַּֽלְל֖וּ אֶל־הַמָּק֣וֹם ...
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Saying half a pasuk

There seems to be a problem with breaking a pasuk up. This question refers to it as to be avoided, and this answer lists the issue and potential exceptions. The question is also discussed here. In ...
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59 views

Losing concentration in the middle of the first blessing of Shemoneh Esrei

First, a little background information: According to halakhah, there are two types of berakhoth: "long" and "short." "Long" *berakhoth" are those that have a pethihah ("opening", i.e. "Barukh Atah ...
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161 views

Extended fasting on 10 Av

The Bavli (Taanit 29a) teaches that the Temple was set aflame on the ninth of Av in the afternoon and it burnt until sundown on the tenth of Av. The Yerushalmi (Taanit 4:6) records that because of ...
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197 views

Has the Sefer Abudraham been translated into English?

I am looking for an English translation of David ben Josef ben David Abudirham's book on tefillah, entitled Abudraham. Does one exist? If so where could I find it?
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59 views

Division of Al Cheit

Al Cheit has a chorus line ועל כולם, אלוה סליחות, סלח לנו, מחל לנו, כפר לנו after the first 20 Al Cheits, then after the next 12, then after the next 12. Who made this division? Why was it not divided ...
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When does a place become a shul w/r/t saying me'ein sheva Friday nights?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 268:10 plus commentaries gives the rule that me'ein sheva (magen avot etc) isn't said at a private home, because it lacks the regularity of a shul. If someone has a ...
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Are there any contemporary “Gedolim” that prohibit the use of davening from a smart phone?

It took me a long time to upgrade my technology, but I admit that lately, I have been using my smart phone during davening. My rav doesn't object, but some of my friends told me that it's prohibited ...
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Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation?

Why, in Yom Kippour and RH davening, when we say Tefilas responsively, does sometimes the baal Tefila go first, sometimes the congregation? For example, Shema Koilanu, aveenu Malkainu, the Baal tefila ...
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55 views

Reason for “Oseh Shalom” in 3 places

The phrase starting with the words עושה שלום במרומיו ("He who makes peace in his high places") is said in 3 places and always at the end (or very near it): Birkat Hamazon Kaddish Shmoneh Esreh ...
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164 views

Can a man miss tefilah with a minyan because his wife is overwhelmed with the children?

Assume a scenario where a man's wife requires extra help at home during a busy part of the day and requests that her husband skip minyan (and daven alone) in order to help her. (For example, let's say ...
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68 views

Why does Mishneh Torah have Shem uMalchut for Yishtabach?

I was looking into the Seder haTefillot as well as other siddurim based on it, and something always bothered me about Birkat Yishtabach, which as most of you know "closes" the Pesuqei deZimra section ...
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79 views

Why don't we say the first verse of Psalm 6 in Tachanun?

When Ashkenazim say Tachanun, they say the text of Psalm 6 without the first verse introduction “To the conductor with melodies on the sheminith, a song of David.” In the text, we say, “I am weary ...
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181 views

Women tefillah groups

What would be the halachic problems the people have with women's tefillah groups/"minyanim"? I mean when a bunch of women all get together to daven together. They do everything that men would do, ...
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141 views

Has anyone since Rashbi been considered so regularly involved in Torah study so as to be exempt from prayer?

In SA OC Siman 106 Sif 2, the Machaber says that someone that for whom "Toraso Umanaso" ("his torah is his occupation", ie a person that is constantly engaged in Torah study) like Rebbe Shimon Bar ...
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114 views

Ose shalom post shemona esre

Basic Background: Following the shemona esre prayer, the sages instituted concluding the prayer with the verse "yihyu leratzon" followed by "petira"- symbolically exiting from before G-d through ...
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Does the congregation recite certain sections of the prayers if a mourner is in the synagogue?

This morning, a mourner (in Shiva period) appeared in my shul. Art Scroll Ashkenaz siddur, among others, most likely, indicate that in a house of mourning, Tachanun is omitted and in Uva Letziyon, ...
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145 views

Why does the Chazzan Wear a Tallit on Friday Night?

Generally, the Chazzan \ Shaliach Tzibbur for Maariv does not wear a Tallit. However, on Friday Nights, he does. Why is this night different than all other nights?
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Are there circumstances when one should repeat a prayer in which he had no kavana the first time?

Halichipedia writes One should have kavana (proper concentration) when praying Shemonah Esrei. If one is unable to have kavana for all of Shemonah Esrei one should make an extra effort to ...
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63 views

Reward for not talking during davening

The Sefer HaPanim (Daf 11) says, “One who is careful not to converse during prayers is bound to live a long life and have a pleasant old age." 1) Is there anywhere in the Torah, Gemara or Sefarim ...
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90 views

Should I alter my schedule to daven Minchah with a minyan?

Is it better to wait to daven Minchah K’tanah if there’s a chance one could be finished working before sunset? Or is it okay to daven Minchah Gedolah and join the minyan for Ma’ariv, even though one ...
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Praying for the moon to become bigger

During Kiddush Levanah, a brief prayer is recited, that God "fill the defect of the moon, that there should be no more diminution thereof, and that the moon's light be like the sun's light and like ...
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116 views

If two people daven for each other, who is answered first?

Based on the principle that כל המבקש רחמים על חבירו והוא צריך לאותו דבר הוא נענה תחילה - anyone who davens for someone and he himself needs the same thing, he is answered first - who is answered first ...
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42 views

How can the order of Ovinu Malkeinu be explained? Forgiveness comes before repentance

The order of the lines in [Ovinu Malkeinu] is troubling. It starts with a confession אָבִינוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ חָטָאנוּ לְפָנֶיךָ (and אָבִינוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ אֵין לָנוּ מֶלֶךְ אֶלָּא אָתָּה) and follows with ...
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Where exactly should the amud be placed?

In some synagogues I have seen the amud (lectern) from where the chazan (prayer leader) stands to say the prayers, placed a few feet in front of the aron (cabinet) where the torah is kept or between ...
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98 views

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra? My siddur includes the trop for the Shiras Hayam, just as it does for the Shema. With regards to the Shema I know of a ...
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92 views

The father's or mother's name in the “Ribbono Shel Olam” (Yom Tov)

In the "Ribonno Shel Olam" prayer which we say on Yom Tov prior to taking out the Torah, there seems to be a major difference of opinion between certain siddurim (prayer books). Some have the ...
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120 views

Prayer in a chapel (bes midrash room) vs. in the main synagogue

Some synagogues have a room for prayers that's used on a regular basis: weekdays, Shabasos, holidays. If there are two simultaneous minyanim, then one will be elsewhere, of course, but otherwise the ...
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46 views

Prayer for the Government if the President or VP is female

The prayer Hanosen Teshuah as recited in the US has the line את הנשיא ואת משנהו. To me, these terms sound masculine. If the President and/or Vice President of the United States were female, would this ...
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Why are there 4 citations from Ketuvim (Writings) instead of 3 in Shofarot?

Talmud Rosh Hashanah 32a says: מתני' אין פוחתין מעשרה מלכיות מעשרה זכרונות מעשרה שופרות My translation: We do not lessen (saying) 10 verses in each of Malchuyot, Zichront and Shofarot (The ...
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47 views

How does the earliest written siddur compare w siddurim of today?

How does the davening in the siddurim of Rav Amram Gaon (who gave us the earliest written siddur, Is there a free copy of this early (earliest?) siddur online?) compare with siddurim of today? ...
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40 views

Why isn't the miracle of Channukah mentioned in Selichot?

In the selichot service, we have a prayer which lists the historic times when Hashem answered prayers (even implicit ones). The "mi she'ana" prayer starts with Avraham on Har Hamoriah and moves ...
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48 views

Practical implications of “Trei Kali Lo Mishtamai,” two voices cannot be heard simultaneously (other than kol isha)?

What are the practical implications/applications today of the halachic principle Trei Kalli Lo Mishtamai (two voices cannot be heard simultaneously), aside from those related to Kol Isha? For example, ...
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54 views

Sources for minhag not saying tachnun on fridays and sundays

I prayed in a chasidic shul in europe. They did not say tachnun in sharis of friday and sunday. I asked them what the reason is and they answered me that in the days close to shabbes tachnun should ...
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202 views

Intentionally mispronouncing lashon hakodesh in religious services

With regard to written texts, a Torah is invalidated if the same character is written for what should be distinct letters (e.g. כ and ב). However, with regard to the spoken language and people who are ...
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Purpose of Beis Hamikdash

Rambam writes that the purpose of the beis hamikdash is specifically for offering sacrifices and for pilgrimages (Sefer Hamitzvos: Shoresh 12): שיהיה לנו בית מוכן יבאו אליו ויחוגי בו ובו תהיה ...
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43 views

Origin of Reciting Psalms

What is the origin of reciting Tehillim as a form of prayer? More specifically, of reciting even passages of Tehillim which do not contain requests for the issue one is facing but rather of praise of ...
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40 views

Different Versions of Haneirot Hallalu

My father ususally lights the hannuka candles and reads the blessings from the Authorized Daily Prayer Book (aka the Singer Siddur). This year he is away and I read the blessings from the Artscroll. I ...
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How to pronounce “nechamasa” in kaddish?

In most siddurim I've seen, the word "ונחמתא" in kaddish is written "וְנֶחֱמָתָא," with a סגול ("eh" sound) under the ח. However, someone recently told me that a certain (very trustworthy) rabbi ...
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61 views

Drinking during davening

I am not clear what the rule is for drinking and then davening in the following sense (can be considered a follow to Drunken Davening). On the one hand, in the SA 99 we have that someone is not ...
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98 views

Eating before davening mincha when one hasn't davened shachris

Let's say a person was unable to daven Shachris for a relatively legitimate reason, and finds himself in the afternoon, where he's now supposed to daven mincha twice. What of the prohibition of ...
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98 views

Bathroom break during maariv

If a person begins Maariv and has just answered Barchu, and then realizes that they are going to have to go to the bathroom before they can say Shemoneh Esrei, when is the best time to go? Should ...
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65 views

Shliach tzibur not following the shul nusach

In my shul the official nusach is Chabad. The rabbi is Chabad too. Most of the congregants are not Chassidic and they are used to daven nusach Sfard or Ashkenaz. My question is: is the shliach tzibur ...
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110 views

Is there significance to putting one's head between his knees for personal prayers?

In many places in Talmud Bavli (e.g. Brachos 30b) Tannaim and Amoraim are described as putting their heads between their knees when praying for something, usually miraculous, which then occurred. This ...
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53 views

How do מושב יקרו and שכינת עזו work in the Oleinu prayer?

I would like to understand in the Oleinu prayer what is meant by (1) מושב יקרו Artscroll translates as “the seat of His homage” and (2) שכינת עזו Artscroll translates as “His powerful presence” ...
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58 views

Is there a prayer for the prosperity of those keeping the shmitta year and if not – why not?

Is there an accepted* form of prayer for the prosperity of those keeping the shmitta year and if not – why not? My idea for a prayer would be along these lines which could be added into ברך עלינו: ...
3
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154 views

Tune for Avinu Malkeinu has non-Jewish source?

Some synagogues do not sing the last stanza of Avinu Malkeinu to this tune out of belief that it has a non-Jewish, possibly Christian, source. Is this tune in fact not Jewish? Note: even if the tune ...
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152 views

When is OK to repeat words or lines in prayer?

I have read several questions and answers on here regarding repeating words in prayer, but they do not answer why some common repetitions are allowable. Some examples: 1) During the Torah service, ...