Questions about Jewish prayer (the fixed order of typically-thrice-daily prayers, or prayer generally).

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What do the words מְנָת כּוֹסִי mean in the hymn “Adon Olam”

In Adon Olam some translate the words מְנָת כּוֹסִי in the antepenultimate stanza as “the portion of my cup”. (Wikipedia translates as “Filling my cup” but I do not see that meaning in מְנָת.) For ...
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172 views

Anim Zemiros is highly anthropomorphic; how come we sing it in public?

Shir HaKovod - Anim Zemiros. This is amazingly anthropomorphic and all that without even once the word כביכול (= as if such a thing could be true). Admittedly the references come from texts such as ...
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223 views

Who is the object in Lecha Dodi?

The chorus and multiple verses of Lecha Dodi address a female second person - "Beloved." Who is it? In the final verse, the object is presumably the Shabbat Queen, since we end with "Come O Bride! ...
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332 views

Is Kel Malei Rachamim (memorial prayer) said under the chuppah at a wedding?

I'd seen a book on wedding practices and customs that said if desired in appropriate cases, a memorial prayer ("El/Kel Malei Rachamim") could be said under the chuppah, e.g. a bride/groom who lost a ...
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226 views

When Do We Finish Bowing in the Aleinu?

I have two siddurim, both of which have an indication referring to the beginning of a bow, but neither of which reference when to end this bow. At present I just end it whenever the translated ...
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226 views

Why do we call praying, Davening?

Why do we call praying Davening? What is the source of this word? Where did this originate?
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212 views

Shachris in the Dark

When do people who live in places where it is dark for days Daven Shachris and put on Tefillin? Please provide a source (Mareh Makom).
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219 views

Reaching kedusha during silent shemone esre

When the chazzan starts kedusha in chazarat hashatz while you're davening, are you supposed to answer the chant, continue in your tefilla, or just not say anything?
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110 views

“Poems” in Selichos. Names and structures of Pizmon and Shalmonis. Please explain

What is (1) the meaning of the names and (2) the structure of the “poems” found in Selichos particularly the Pizmon and the Shalmonis. (3) I note that the number of phrases in the first verse of the ...
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335 views

Praying after the time to say Shema

If you sleep past Sof Zemin Kerias Shema (the latest time to say Shema in the morning) and you are davening by yourself, do you need to make any change to your prayers?
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52 views

Saying kadesh and vehaya ki yaviyacha when donning on the tefllin

In most siddurim right after the berachot of the tefillin you will find the two parshiot "Kadesh" and "Vehaya ki yeviacha," which are also contained in the tefillin. Is there an obligation to say ...
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197 views

Who (if anybody) requires a minyan for Hallel?

The weekday minyan I go to only says Hallel if there is a minyan present. (I'm talking about for Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah, and chol hamoed; I don't know if their practice differs for chagim but I don't ...
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59 views

What does the shaliach tzibbur do if he is stuck by someone behind him still davening?

One is not supposed to take 3 steps back at the end of Tefillah if there is someone davening behind them within 4 amos. (See here for more.) What if the Shaliach Tzibbur is finished davening, and ...
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138 views

No More Zechuth Avoth?

The Gemara (Bab. Shab. 55a) discusses when Zechuth Avoth ceased. I am aware of several opinions in Tosafoth that it ended for wicked people, or it ended for everyone but the very righteous or it ended ...
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221 views

Siddur with lots of white space for notes

I'm interested in making extensive notes on a siddur - for my own use, inspired partially by this recommendation. Are there any editions of the Siddur out there that include a great deal of white ...
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135 views

Tal UMatar - for whom?

According to the build-up in this question the point of Tal UMatar is to pray for good rains in one's local area. The same seems to be assumed in other questions and especially a couple of different ...
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99 views

Father the mercy

Lubavitch prayer books include the words אָב הָרַחֲמִים where other prayer books have אַב הָרַחֲמִים (specifically, in the amida of musaf and mincha of Shabas Shuva, and in a prayer said after ...
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63 views

Acher Kain Versus Acher Kach

It seems there are two Versions of Al Hanissim one says Kain one says Kach which one is right and what is the underlying logic for each?
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40 views

Where did the Rambam get his Biblical structure of prayer?

The Rambam in Hilchos Tefilah 1:1-3 describes the Biblical mitzvah of prayer. In Halacha 2 he writes: ומגיד שבחו של הקדוש ברוך הוא, ואחר כך שואל צרכיו שהוא צריך להן בבקשה ובתחינה, ואחר כך נותן ...
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203 views

Do we have to bring Mashiach?

Clearly, the Messianic Era is something that we should pray for and desire, if we identify with the Torah's way of life. However, is there a specific mitzvah or chiyuv to actually do something ...
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94 views

Thanking God for things

Considering that we do not know God's ultimate plan, and we know that things that seem good now can actually turn out to be for the better down the road, we must also assume that things that seem good ...
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83 views

Can we say the “Adir bamarom” prayer after the prayer which we say instead of “Birkat Kohanim”?

Extracted from here: The prevailing custom in the Diaspora to relegate the Birkat Kohanim to the major holidays. After Birkat Kohanim, the congregation silently recites the short Adir bamarom prayer. ...
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491 views

Is there an Artscroll edition of Tikkun Chatzot?

I'd like to start saying Tikkun Chatzot, but I don't think it exists in any of the siddurim I have (Tefilas Shlomo, Schottenstein Ed. Interlinear, Complete Artscroll Siddur). Does Artscroll offer a ...
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155 views

Is it “mechayei meisim UHTTuh” or “mechayeh meisim atTUH” (rav lehoshia) in shmoneh esrei?

I've seen both pronunciations (at the beginning of the second bracha in shmoneh esrei): Aleph-patach, tav-kuhmuhtz, heh (implied stress on second syllable) Aleph-kuhmuhtz-meseg, tav-kuhmuhtz, heh ...
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627 views

Is Muslim prayer rooted in Jewish prayer? [closed]

Is there any evidence that the practices required by Muslim prayer spring from similar practices in Jewish prayer? E.g. happening 5 times daily, involving bowing
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132 views

Davening Twice by Mistake

What should one do if he mistakenly davens (e.g. Mincha) a second time, and remembers half way through Shemoneh Esrei?
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144 views

Sign Language During Davening

Would one be allowed to use fingerspelling to communicate during pesukei d'zimrah (or other parts of davening where one is not allowed to talk)? Would it make any difference if one was ...
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283 views

When is Musaf said?

When is the Musaf said? I know it is part of the Shacharit service. I mean when as in what holidays, fast days, etc... Would you say it on Tisha B'av for example. If not, why? At the end of ...
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142 views

Repeating words in prayer

If I have a lapse in concentration during a few words in davening, it improves my davening tremendously to be able to go back and force myself to immediately say those words again, properly. I find ...
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197 views

The dagesh in “elo-ha” means what?

I'm not so clear on the use of the dagesh as a point of definition -- I understand some fo the pronunciation issues but not all of them either so I would appreciate any help here. I recall learning ...
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109 views

Bird droppings invalidating location for prayer?

One may not pray near feces or other sources of biological waste and decay that give a foul odor (see the article for several opinions on when/how it applies). Does this include bird droppings? ...
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110 views

Tefillat Nedava on Yom Tov

In general, one can pray an extra shmoneh esrei beyond the regular shacharit-mincha-maariv if one wants to do so. This is called a tefillat nedava -- a voluntary prayer. I know that one cannot do ...
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85 views

In Nishmas, what is “and sustained us in plenty” doing amongst times of trouble?

In Nishmas said on Shabbos and Yom Tov mornings we say, “you redeemed us from Egypt and delivered us from the house of bondage; you fed us in famine” (all describing times of trouble) “and sustained ...
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614 views

Mashiv HaRuach - V'Sain (veten) Tal Umatar

Why do we start saying Mashiv HaRuach on Shemini Atzeres yet we do not say V'Sain Tal Umatar until Dec 4 / Dec 5 (In Chutz L'Aretz)? Why should they not be on the same day when they are similar ...
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70 views

Why do we say “Shmini Atzeres Hachag Hazeh”?

On all Yomim Tovim we say "Chag Hassukos Hazeh" or "Chag Hamatzos Hazeh" but on Shmini Atzeres/Simchas Torah we say "Shmini Atzeres Hachag Hazeh" going in a different order. Why do we change the order ...
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143 views

Who wrote the piyutim of Rosh Hashana/Yom Kippur?

I don't know if they are technically called "piyutim", but there is a nusach we say on Rosh Hashana/Yom Kippur between "Ata Kadosh" to "Hamelech Hakadosh". Was that decreed by the Anshei Knesses ...
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210 views

Alos Hashachar on a flight from Israel to Toronto

What time will a person cross alos hashachar (first light of the sun) if he is flying from Israel to Toronto on the night of the fast of the 17th of Tammuz? The flight leaves Israel at one in the ...
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645 views

Why do we not say Avinu Malkeinu on shabbat?

Just what the title says. I've heard that it's because we don't supplicate Hashem on shabbat, but this seems a little simplistic. What are the issues here?
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165 views

Lishem Yichud on Mitzvos

Should Leshem Yichud be said before Mitzvos or not?
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26 views

Which is the 'real' amida for the shliach tzibur?

The shliach tzibur (shatz) davens 2 shemona esrei's. 1-Which is the one that he davens for himself personally? 2-Are both of the 'real' so to speak? If so, how does this work?
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29 views

Explaining Providence and Prayer to Children

When a young child is sick or in pain, and they say something like, "I prayed to HaShem to make it better but he didn't do anything" what's a good way to answer that kind of question?
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102 views

When a Bar Mitzvah boy says “Y'chalelu et Shem Hashem” instead of “Y'Halelu”, should someone correct him?

Perhaps, the title of my question sounds amusing, but I see this happen in my shul a bit too often for me to laugh at it any more. Many of the Bar Mitzvah boys in my shul can barely read Hebrew. but, ...
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202 views

Why is “Av haRachamim” said every Shabbat?

With few exceptions (days when Tachanun isn't said, possibly on the Four Parshiyot), the prayer Av haRachamim, which talks about "the destruction of the Ashkenazi communities around the Rhine River by ...
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86 views

Why shouldn't we pray outdoors?

In the answer to another question about tefilla, I read: "that it was against halacha to stand outside and daven out in the open under the Kippas HaShamayim [canopy of the heavens]." This is new ...
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58 views

What is the symbolism of Choni Ha'Magel's circle?

In Taanis 3:8 we learn that Choni Ha'Magel drew a circle which he stood in while praying for rain. I would like to know if there is any symbolism to his use of this shape as opposed to any other.
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71 views

What is the purpose of the doubled lines at the end of hallel?

I recall the Gemara discussing which ones to double, but I'm wondering what the purpose of this is. (Sources please)
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80 views

Order of punishments/responsibilities in viduy

In the viduy (confession) of Yom Kipur, we confess, and beg for forgiveness for, sins for which we're liable for a sacrificial offering: ola, chatas, ole v'yored, and asham; lashes prescribed by ...
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78 views

Why dictate Birchas Kohanim, but not the Bracha before?

In Birchas Kohanim, the Chazzan says each word of the actual Birchas Kohanim and the Kohanim repeat after him. On the other hand, when it comes to the bracha that's said before Birchas Kohanim, the ...
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45 views

Kaddish D'Rabbanan on Yartzeit

On a yartzeit, close family members recite kaddish. Some minyanim have an opportunity to say kaddish d'rabbanan after (sometimes short) Torah study between mincha and maariv. Should the mourner join ...
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174 views

Which way to face when davening at the Kotel

It seems that at the Kotel, the general practice is to daven directly facing the wall. (Speaking from experience.) However, i thought we were supposed to face the kodesh hakodashim, which has a ...