Questions about Jewish prayer (the fixed order of typically-thrice-daily prayers, or prayer generally).

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Minyan, netz hachomah, and precision in time

There are halachic sources that discuss the importance of davening shemona esrei at netz (at sunrise), some of which state that it is preferable to daven at netz over davening with a minyan (at least ...
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1answer
38 views

Why are there different intro. prayers for calling the Kohen aliyah on Shabbat vs. weekday?

Prior to calling the Kohen aliyah for Torah reading, there is an introductory paragraph said by the gabbai or ba'al kri'ah. Following is Nusach Ashkenaz as found in Art Scroll and Birnbaum, Ashkenaz, ...
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Why is Pirkei Avot the only mishnah that warrants saying an introductory paragraph?

This related M.Y. question explains the purpose of saying the introductory paragraph Kol Yisra'el prior to learning Pirkei Avot each week. Why is Pirkei Avot, in particular, the only mishna that ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is the word “mitzvos” treated as grammatically masculine in certain prayers?

The prayer accompanying several mitzvos (such as putting on tallis and tefillin) expresses the desire that it be considered that the mitzvah is fulfilled as well as all the "613 mitzvos dependent on ...
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Mishnah Berura: Saying Korbanos

When the Mishnah Berura wants to explain why we say Korbanos every day he writes: ופרשת הקרבנות, דאמרינן במנחות: "זאת תורת החטאת", כל העוסק בתורת חטאת כאילו הקריב חטאת.‏ and the paragraph ...
5
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1answer
89 views

Why no “Musaf” for Korban Pesach?

Your average Jews in Temple times did not go participate actively in the regularly scheduled Temple offerings. For them, probably the biggest sacrificial experience of the year was the Korban Pesach ...
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2answers
70 views

Which parts of Shacharit are skippable, optional, or not universally recited? [closed]

A newcomer to traditional Jewish prayer is often confused or overwhelmed by modern siddurim, in particular those of Artscroll, which contain a number of prayers that are required, and not said by most ...
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1answer
42 views

saying aleinu with a minyon obligation

My Rabbi said that it is a halachah to interrupt (most places) in prayer to say aleinu together with a minyon. What is the source for this?
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1answer
79 views

If we repeat amida to help those who cannot otherwise pray, what of maariv?

As discussed in answers to this related question, we repeat the amida of shacharis and mincha to aid those who do not have a siddur, have not memorized the brachot, or who cannot read, but we don't do ...
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1answer
54 views

Why does the chazzan or gabbai recite the “El malei rachamim” prayer?

Wikipedia states "El malei rachamim" is a funeral prayer used by the Ashkenazi Jewish community. The chazzan recites it, for the ascension of the souls of the dead, during the funeral, going ...
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2answers
44 views

Standing/Sitting on Motzei Shabbat for Vihi Noam and Uva LeTzion

I have noticed that some people are particular to stand on Motzei Shabbat for Vihi Noam and Uva LeTzion, whereas others are particular to sit. Is this really something significant? Whose opinion is ...
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1answer
81 views

Why don't we care if the Pesach pilgrims get rained on?

After Sukkos, we immediately begin saying mashiv haruach, as it is the rainy season. However, we delay saying v'sein tal umattar, the request for rain, until we have given the pilgrims who came to ...
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1answer
85 views

Does Maimonides Allow Prayer to Angels?

In his Mishna Commentary to Sanhedrin 10:1 Maimonides lists as his 5th principle the prohibition to pray to an angel even as an intermediary. He counts this in his enumeration of his 13 principles in ...
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3answers
134 views

Is it proper to put away the tefillin before the end of Shacharit?

In many shuls, I see the majority of people begin putting away their tefillin when the chazan begins the full Kaddish (after U'va Letzion). To me this seems disruptive and disrespectful to the ...
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1answer
53 views

Seeking scholarly siddur with sources

Is there a well-sourced, scholarly siddur/work on the siddur/website that discusses the origins of the various prayers? Where can I find it?
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1answer
23 views

Standing during pesukei d'zimrah

What is/are the earliest origins of the customs to stand during various passages of the daily service before the Amidah (e.g. Baruch She'amar, Shirat Yam, Yishtabach)?
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1answer
2k views

Did Jews in Arab countries ever rely on Islamic calls to prayer?

It just occurred to me that Jews in Arab/Islamic countries would most likely have heard the adhan call the populace to prayer five times a day. Upon looking at an Islamic time-table and doing some ...
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41 views

Reward for not talking during davening

The Sefer HaPanim (Daf 11) says, “One who is careful not to converse during prayers is bound to live a long life and have a pleasant old age." 1) Is there anywhere in the Torah, Gemara or Sefarim ...
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2answers
84 views

Were/are there any gedolim that do not wear a hat of some kind?

It seems like almost major rebbeim/poskim do/did ear some sort of additional head covering (black hat, streimel, cap, etc) for davening. If the practice is that universal among gedolim, that might ...
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1answer
53 views

What is “ya’aleh v’yavo”?

I am learning about prayer services and was wondering what is "ya’aleh v’yavo" and when do we insert the “ya’aleh v’yavo” language into our davening?
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3answers
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On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

On taking out the Torah we say, "and the word of Gcd will come forth from Jerusalem" (paraphrased). What does that mean? It does not say "the word came forth from Sinai". Does it mean that the Jews ...
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2answers
68 views

Halacha when mashiah has come

We pray for mashiah to come. After mashiah has arrived, are those prayers eliminated or changed? Also, will Halacha itself be changed or eliminated?
6
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1answer
231 views

Why no repetition of the Shema in shul?

We repeat the amida in shul for the sake of those who do not know the amida. We read the birkat hamzaon aloud for the sake of those who do not know the blessings. In both cases, we assume that many ...
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1answer
117 views

Tachanun on 7 Adar

According to those who don't say tachanun on the seventh of Adar (referenced here, here, here, here page 3 among others) as it is traditionally considered Moshe Rabbeinu's yahrzeit, and as such, some ...
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37 views

Davening behind a mechitzah - Poreish Min HaTzibbur?

I have noticed a trend in many orthodox synagogues where men will daven in the women's section despite there being plenty of room in the men's section to sit and pray. Since the function of the ...
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0answers
59 views

Speaks during kaddish

I saw the following quote: "If one speaks during Kaddish, then when his children say Kaddish for him after he leaves this world, it will not help his neshama, because he mocked the Kaddish while he ...
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2answers
43 views

40 consecutive days of prayer at the Western Wall

I heard that a Jewish tradition says that praying for 40 consecutive days at the Western Wall ensures the prayer will be answered. Does anyone where the source for this is?
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2answers
64 views

prayers ascending from Western Wall

I read somewhere that the Talmud says that all prayers from around the world ascend to Heaven from the Western Wall. (i.e. the kosel) Does anyone know where in the Talmud that it says this?
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1answer
31 views

Taking off tefillin for Mussaf on Rosh Chodesh [duplicate]

On Rosh Chodesh we take off our tefillin before Mussaf. 1) What's the source this? 2) Why do we do it?
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1answer
30 views

Connection of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov to birkat kohanim

There is a man who davens in my minyan who loudly says "אברהם, יצחק, ויעקב" after birkat kohanim during chazarat hasha"tz. I have never seen anybody else do that, and I was wondering if there is a ...
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1answer
31 views

What if you forget Ya'aleh V'yavo on the second night of Rosh Chodesh?

If one forgets to say Ya'aleh V'yavo on the eve of rosh chodesh, one does not repeat: If one remembers immediately after completing the blessing of Retzeh, he should insert Ya’aleh VeYavo there, ...
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0answers
22 views

Purpose of Beis Hamikdash

Rambam writes that the purpose of the beis hamikdash is specifically for offering sacrifices and for pilgrimages (Sefer Hamitzvos: Shoresh 12): שיהיה לנו בית מוכן יבאו אליו ויחוגי בו ובו תהיה ...
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0answers
17 views

Why did the Rabbis make a decree for Yovel?

Rambam (Hilchos Tefila 2:8) says that בד"א ביום צום של כל שנה ושנה אבל ביום צום של שנת היובל מתפלל תפלת המוספים תשע ברכות כמו שהתפלל במוסף ראש השנה והם אותן הברכות עצמן לא פחות ולא יותר ואין ...
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1answer
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If Yom Kippur seals our fate, why do we pray the rest of the year? [duplicate]

If on Yom Kippur on fate is sealed, why do we continue to be mispalleil for the rest of the year?
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1answer
37 views

Why don't Jews fully prostrate themselves? [duplicate]

The Muslims in prayer prostrate themselves completely 5 times a day. Why don't Jews prostrate as well? Surely it shows more honour towards Hashem if one would bow down properly rather than a slight ...
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1answer
33 views

Is there a recommended timing chart for each section of davening?

I know that davening should not be rushed. However, inevitably, it seems that it is, in many shuls. Weekday morning shacharit, in particular, seems to be the most rushed as people have to commute to ...
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2answers
158 views

Is sincere repentance always accepted?

Must repentance be accepted by Gd? Is sincere repentance always accepted? Is repentance a form of prayer? (Not all prayer is accepted.)
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3answers
67 views

Why does Wednesday's shir shel yom include part of the next perek?

The Shir Shel Yom is (usually) a chapter of Tehillim said at the end of davening, unique to each day. That applies for every day except Wednesday. In some (many) customs, Wednesday's song is Tehillim ...
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39 views

Shortened אמת ויציב

In Nusach Ashkenaz, particularly in western siddurim (Heidenheim, Bloch, et c.) There is a shortened version of the paragraphs of אמת ויציב and על הראשונים which is recited when a zulat (yotzer before ...
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1answer
34 views

Davening and a freshly fertilised lawn

Per Shaliach Tzibbur and passing gas, the Shulchan Aruch advises against davening or learning Torah when there is a foul smell. For many years, my schul did not have AC and every year the schul's ...
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26 views

A prayer not accompanied with personal efforts to solve the problem – how is it viewed?

This article by Rabbi Berel Wein reminds us that that our father Yaakov prepared for his encounter with Eisav by adopting three possible strategies and not relying on prayer alone. He says ...
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61 views

Is there a difference between eating breakfast before a weekday Shacharit prayer or a Shabbat Shacharit prayer?

Based on the verse “Lo tochlu al hadam,” in Vayikra, we learn that one should not eat before praying in the morning. There is also the concept of Oneg Shabbat. Which basically means that you should ...
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23 views

Origin of Reciting Psalms

What is the origin of reciting Tehillim as a form of prayer? More specifically, of reciting even passages of Tehillim which do not contain requests for the issue one is facing but rather of praise of ...
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1answer
53 views

Can a minyan be made up of people who do not respond to the prayers said?

Can a minyan be made up of people who are unable (eg through lack of education) to respond to the prayers said? See O Ch 124 (4) where it says that if nine people are not paying attention to the ...
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1answer
133 views

May one mix-and-match to create their own Hebrew pronunciation?

In the introduction to his siddur (down the bottom of the linked page), Rabbi Yaakov Emden emphasises the strict importance of a proper Hebrew pronunciation when davening. In particular, he ...
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0answers
39 views

Are all hiriqs the same or is there a distinction if a yud or other silent letter follows?

For example, what would be the difference in pronunciation of the hiriq in these two words: נִקּוּד and תִּינוֹק? What about רִאשׁוֹן? Is it "Rishon" similar to "pit" or "Reeshon" similar to ...
5
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1answer
95 views

Can one recite prayers or learn torah while facing a bathroom whose door is open?

Do you have to close the bathroom door that you are in the vicinity of before being able to recite blessings or learn torah? Does it suffice to simply turn your back towards the bathroom door? For ...
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1answer
42 views

Where did the Rambam get his Biblical structure of prayer?

The Rambam in Hilchos Tefilah 1:1-3 describes the Biblical mitzvah of prayer. In Halacha 2 he writes: ומגיד שבחו של הקדוש ברוך הוא, ואחר כך שואל צרכיו שהוא צריך להן בבקשה ובתחינה, ואחר כך נותן ...
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1answer
59 views

Why Don't Ashkenasim say ברכו at the end of Shabbos Mussaf?

I noticed that while Sephardim do in fact say: ברכו את ה המבורך at the conclusion of Mussaf on Shabbos, it seems that Ashkenasim (at least the shuls that I go to) don't. Is there a reason for this? A ...
3
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1answer
80 views

Where online can I find the oldest Sidur?

I am looking for the oldest sidur you can find and read online. I mean a scanned version of course. If possible before 1000 Modern Era. Ps: I am not looking for something in a museum since I want to ...