Questions about the various Aramaic translations that accompany much of the Jewish Biblical Canon, or about translation of specific words in Jewish texts.

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Why can't a Sefer Torah be written in Aramaic?

In the Mishna, Megillah 1:8, Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel is quoted as having said that Greek is the only language, other than Hebrew, in which it is permissible to write sifrei Torah. Commenting on ...
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0answers
5 views

English translation of Kitzur Mitzvos Ha’aretz

I'm looking for an English translation of Kitzur Mitzvos Ha’aretz, (found in the back of some editions of the Kitzur), preferably one that is available online. Does such a translation exist?
4
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1answer
35 views

Why do we recite Targum translation for 3 verses in “Kedusha Desidra”?

Following Shacharit Shemonah Esreh, during Shabbat Mincha, and after the Amidah on Motza'ei Shabbat, קדושה דסדרא also called, ובא לציון is said. The beginning contains 3 verses, 2 of which are part of ...
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3answers
39 views

Where can I buy a Chumash with Rashi in English?

Does anyone know where I could get a complete Chumash with Rashi's commentary in English?
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1answer
26 views

What was the “tzir'a”?

Exodus 23:28: וְשָׁלַחְתִּ֥י אֶת־הַצִּרְעָ֖ה לְפָנֶ֑יךָ וְגֵרְשָׁ֗ה אֶת־הַחִוִּ֧י אֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֛י וְאֶת־הַחִתִּ֖י מִלְּפָנֶֽיךָ׃ And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive ...
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2answers
75 views

Who wrote the Aramaic translation for Psalms and when?

The Talmud in Migila specifies that no translation (Targum) for the Ktuvim was written since although Rabbi Yonatan Ben Uziel wanted to, he was told not to do so: עוד ביקש לגלות תרגום של כתובים ...
4
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1answer
91 views

Translation of shem Adnus

I have noticed that ArtScroll usually translates the shem of Adnus (Adonoy) as My Lord. Other translations of the Tenakh and Siddur use "Lord" or "O Lord." There are some pesukim that cannot be ...
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2answers
58 views

Arabic Philosophical Works in Translation

several noted Ge'onic and Rishonic philosophical works were written in Arabic, including R' Sa'adia Ga'on's Emunot V'Deot, Rabbeinu Bachya's Chovot HaLevavot, and the Rambam's More Nevuchim. However, ...
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1answer
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What does the ל of לבעבור mean?

Shemos 20:17: ויֹּאמֶר משֶׁה אֶל הָעָם אַל תִּירָאוּ כִּי לְבַעֲבוּר נַסּוֹת אֶתְכֶם בָּא הָאֱלֹהִים וּבַעֲבוּר תִּהְיֶה יִרְאָתוֹ עַל פְּנֵיכֶם לְבִלְתִּי תֶחֱטָאוּ What does the 8th word in ...
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3answers
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What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8

What is the English translation of Megillat Ta'anit 4:8? This text was referenced in a Jewish Publication Society book "Outside of Scripture" [Jewish writings of the Second Temple Period] citing it ...
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1answer
16 views

What does shomo-a tishm'u in the shema prayer mean?

The second paragraph of the shema begins with "and it will come to pass that if you continually hearken to my commandments..." Apparently shomo-a tishm'u means continually hearken but I would like ...
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3answers
795 views

English Translation of Rabbi Chaim Volozhin's Nefesh ha-Chaim?

I need to find an English translation of Nefesh Hachaim. Preferably one that is gratis on the World Wide Web. Thanks!
3
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2answers
105 views

About Shemot 35:3

Why Shemot 35:3 is being translated as "do not burn fire" if the piel form of the verb "burn" in the Written Torah always being translated as "eradicate". Excellent example is Dvarim 21:9. If I ...
3
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1answer
32 views

Logic behind Targum of בא

Targum Onklus Will either use the word אתא or על for the word בא. What is the logic behind his choice? Of interest is the times where a variant text is brought, for instance in parshas Vayeishev 30 ...
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1answer
29 views

Chumash Translated into Old Persian?

Was the Chumash ever translated into Old Persian or Avestan? If not what about any other parts of the Tanach?
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1answer
94 views

Targum on Obadiah 1:3 a Reference to Rome?

The prophecy of Obadiah concerns the fate of Edom. Obadiah 1:3 reads, זְדוֹן לִבְּךָ הִשִּׁיאֶךָ, שֹׁכְנִי בְחַגְוֵי-סֶלַע מְרוֹם שִׁבְתּוֹ; אֹמֵר בְּלִבּוֹ, מִי יוֹרִדֵנִי אָרֶץ. The pride ...
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1answer
59 views

Translation of the word 'DiMistapina'

The Aramaic word דמסתפינא came up in a sefer of mine,would anyone know what it means ?
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2answers
308 views

Hebrew to English Translations of Daniel 9:23-27

I'm kind of falling on a last resort here. I'm trying to get as close to a literal translation of the most original form of Daniel 9/I:23-27 as possible. I haven't been able to find anything in ...
5
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1answer
257 views

Is this chart of the mesorah of Torah available in English?

Does anyone know if this chart of the mesora of Torah is available in English? or if there is anything like it in English?
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1answer
33 views

Talmud's commentaries in english or french

Where can I find the following commentaries on the Talmud in english or french? Rambam Rosh Rashi (Rashbam for some massechtot) Nimukei Yossef Rabbeinu Yonah
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3answers
191 views

Why did Yosef's brothers speak freely in the presence of the interpreter?

In Parashat Miketz, Yosef's brothers encounter him disguised as the viceroy of Egypt, and he accuses them of espionage, jails them for three days, and makes a demand that they know their father would ...
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0answers
13 views

Is nechoshet copper, brass or bronze [duplicate]

In the bible the word נחושת means what? I saw a few translations: copper, brass, bronze. What is the definition of the word
12
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2answers
290 views

Was a sefer torah ever actually written in Greek?

This answer to a different question states that the only other language a sefer torah can be written in and be kosher is Greek. (Rambam, Hilchot Sefer Torah 1:19 says that this Greek no longer exists ...
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2answers
79 views

Alleged mistranslation in Genesis 17:19 and 17:21

I have recently read in a Muslim website claims that verses 17.19 and 17.21 of Genesis are misinterpreted by Jews, because 1) The word אֲבָל "abal" used in 17.19 means "Yes indeed" in Hebrew, not ...
3
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2answers
595 views

Jacob Neusner's talmud bavli and yerushalmi

How does Jacob Neusner's translations of the talmud bavli and yerushalmi compare to artscroll's, koren's, and soncino's? I have never seen Neusner's in a shul or bais midrash unlike the other three ...
3
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2answers
331 views

What is the best English translation of the Tanakh (hard copy, not online)?

I'm looking for the best available English translation of the Tanakh, and because I prefer to hold an actual book in my hands, I'd rather have a hard copy as opposed to an online version. Some ...
5
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1answer
61 views

Looking for a word with a distinct meaning driven by mesorah

I am researching some words to see the agendas of translators. One way to understand what a translator knew or cared about is to look for words which have a generally accepted meaning, and an ...
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0answers
39 views

Seeking an English version of Minchat Chinuch

Is there an English version of Minchat Chinuch by "Rabbeinu Yosef" (Yosef Ben Moshe Babad, 1800–1874), a commentary on the Sefer ha-Chinuch?
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4answers
2k views

Why does it seem like Jewish texts are never translated?

I'm a Stack Exchange user on many other sites and every once in a while I will see a question on this site that sparks my interest in the hot questions. The only two things I know about Judaism ...
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0answers
75 views

Why Judaism ceased to use the Saptuagint translation?

I heard somewhere (forgot where...sorry) that the Septuagint ceased to be read in the Jewsih community. Why ? P.S: If any of the information is wrong, just tell me where to edit the question, or you ...
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7answers
23k views

Nefesh, neshama and ruach as words for “soul”

All three words can mean something like "soul", e.g., neshama in גלגול נשמות, and ruach in וַתְּחִי רוּחַ יַעֲקֹב אֲבִיהֶם (Bereshit 45:27). So, what is the difference?
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4answers
153 views

What is the correct translation of הֵילֵ֣ל?

Shalom everyone, new visitor here. The term הֵילֵ֣ל may be found in Isaiah 14:12, but I have not been able to find it in any Hebrew dictionaries. English translations range from "morning," to ...
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4answers
64 views

How to translate העלם in the context of שבת

The beginning of the seventh chapter of Bavli Shabas (and its commentaries) speaks of instances in which someone forgets that the day is Shabas, forgets that there is such a thing as Shabas ...
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1answer
75 views

Text of the Mishna Brura (Online English)

Does anyone know if there is an online translation of the Mishna Brura into English on the internet beginning with the first Siman?
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2answers
256 views

What is the best online English translation of Tanach?

I am aware of a number of partial or complete English translations of Tana"ch online, but I am wondering if there are any I am unaware of, especially that fulfill the following criteria: Precision ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Why is the word “ger” translated as both convert and stranger in one sentence?

What is the basis for translating the word "Ger" in Devarim 10:19? The verse is often translated "You shall love the convert because you were strangers in the land of Egypt." Why not, "Love the ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Online glossary of Yiddish terms commonly used in shiur

A while ago, I saw a one-page glossary of colloquial Yiddish terms that are commonly used in shiur (daily lecture in yeshiva). It looked like it had been photocopied more than a few times, so I think ...
5
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1answer
559 views

Does the word בָּר mean corn?

What is the proper translation of the word בָּר found for example in Amos 8:5. I have seen it translated as corn which I do not understand both because corn did not exist outside of the western ...
5
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0answers
157 views

Shochtim who learned from translated materials

The Maharil in his Tshusvos Chadashos ("New Responsa," mentioned here), writes (Siman 93) that the custom is not to give kabblah to shochtim who learned the laws shechita in German (translated ...
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Is signing G-d's Holy name in casual conversation a violation of mentioning His name in vain?

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (6:3) writes: אסור להוציא שם שמים לבטלה וכל המוציא שם שמים לבטלה עובר על מצות עשה דכתיב את ה' אלהיך תירא ... ולא לבד בלשון הקודש אסור אלא אפילו בכל לשון אסור It is ...
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3answers
5k views

Hebrew document found in grandfather's attic—what does it state?

I found this document in my grandfather's attic and would be thankful if someone could tell me (a) what this document is, (b) whether there are any names written, and (c) which, if any, religious ...
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1answer
78 views

Targum Pseudo-Jonathan in Rabbinic Literature

The Gemara Megillah (3a) implies that Onkelos translated just the Chumash, whereas Yonattan ben Uzziel translated just Nevi'im: וא''ר ירמיה ואיתימא רבי חייא בר אבא תרגום של תורה אונקלוס הגר אמרו ...
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2answers
4k views

Is the term Cushite used to refer to people of African descent?

While reading the book of Numbers (I am a Christian, I don't know if it is referred to something else in Judaism), I came across the passage (Numbers 12:1-15) where Miriam and Aaron were speaking ...
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2answers
752 views

Is there an English translation online of the Ramban on Chumash?

The title pretty much says it- I'm looking for an English translation of the Ramban on Chumash online (preferably for free).
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1answer
507 views

Where in the Torah does it says we cannot eat live anmals? [closed]

I remember something along not eating meat with blood still in it. Does it really mean that we cannot eat an animal when it's still alive or that blood is literally not okay? Some too related follow ...
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1answer
416 views

If God was never incarnated, how come He sat in front of Abraham's tent and appeared among the oaks of Mamre? [closed]

http://yltbible.com/genesis/18.htm Update: This is a jewish source that think that the guy that approach Abraham is indeed God: But is it not so that he [Avraham] did not go to stand before Him? ...
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1answer
4k views

Is there a site where I can see several different jewish translations at the same time?

The christians have that http://bible.cc/psalms/82-6.htm Is there something like that for jews? If there isn't, then perhaps lists of several good online jewish translation would be nice too. It ...
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1answer
64 views

Responsum of Maimonides Regarding Translating Mishne Torah

The Maimonides Reader (p. 478) quotes Rambam's responsum to Ibn Gabir regarding translating the MT (also referenced here). He responds to a request from this Arabic speaker who was able to learn ...
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1answer
30 views

What's שולי הקדירה?

The משנה ברורה הלכות שבת סימן רנ״ג (מ״ו) talks about שולי הקדירה. What exactly is that talking about? Is it the top of the pot or the bottom?
2
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1answer
64 views

Is there any website available so that i can compare lot of translations on Tanach? [duplicate]

I would like to know a good website so that i can compare different translations (English) of the Tanach per line/paragraph. What I'm looking for is a website similar to http://quran.com, where you ...