Questions about the various Aramaic translations that accompany much of the Jewish Biblical Canon, or about translation of specific words in Jewish texts.

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Semantics of the address »the lord« in original scripture

I have some specific questions about adressing God as »the LORD«. When and where does the address »the LORD« first appear in Jewish scripture (in chronological order)? What is it called in the ...
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23 views

Where can I find the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud in English or French?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, the Rif's Arabic explanation on the Talmud was originally gave as an appendix to Massehet Ketubot. The Rif refers to this explanation in his Halakhot (Ketubot ...
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1answer
32 views

Correct translation of 1 Samuel 13:14 especially the words “איש כלבבו”

What is the correct way to understand 1 Samuel 13:14? I particularly want to know about the words "איש כלבבו". Do these words translate to "a man after his own heart" or should it be "a man with a ...
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2answers
47 views

Translation/Commentary on Targum

I'm looking for a translation or commentary on Targum Onkelos, especially for the non-literal parts (such as on Birkas Yaakov and Shiras Hayam). It can be in either Hebrew or English.
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1answer
48 views

Why is a Greek Torah Scroll Kosher?

I once read that a Greek Sefer Torah is Kosher, is this correct? Is it also correct that Greek is the only language other than Hebrew that a kosher Sefer Torah can be written in?
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59 views

Where can I find the Halakhot of the Rif in French or English?

I am looking for the halakhot of the Rif in translation, either French or English. Where can I find these? As a paper book or e-book, I don't really care.
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121 views

Obfuscation of Mei Raglayim in translation

I have noticed that many siddurim and machzorim render the term מי רגלים (in the recitation of the k'tores recipe) as "mei raglayim" rather than translating it to its actual definition, urine. ...
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50 views

Is there still a mesora on how to write the Torah in Greek?

Do we still have a mesora for the translation of the Torah into Greek, and if so, is this the LXX/Septuagint commonly used by Gentiles? Do we still have a mesorah for any other seforim into Greek?
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Shochtim who learned from translated materials

The Maharil in his Tshusvos Chadashos ("New Responsa," mentioned here), writes (Siman 93) that the custom is not to give kabblah to shochtim who learned the laws shechita in German (translated ...
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82 views

What are clear and concise translations of the various meanings of “Ruach HaKodesh” in English?

The Wikipedia entry for "Holy Spirit (Judaism)" identifies this English term with the Hebrew term Ruach HaKodesh1, but also indicates that Ruach HaKodesh can mean a higher spiritual state of an ...
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1answer
47 views

(Online) Hebrew Babylonian Talmud

I sometimes need to show things from Gemorra for someone who knows both Modern Hebrew and Lashon Hakodesh, but not Aramaic. I do not need inserted explanation, like the Hebrew ArtScroll or Mesivta, ...
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158 views

ﷲ (Allah) as a shem

The answer to this question effectively says that Allah is the same deity as Hashem. In Islam, it is considered an equivalent to the shem Hashem, except that one need not be m'kadesh to write it. It ...
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3answers
74 views

What was the main job duty of Sar Hatabahim?

The word Tabah means to cook. In modern Hebrew, a Mitbah is a kitchen. In Arabic, Tabaha means "he cooked". And yet, from what I can find, nearly all Biblical commentators, Jewish and gentile, by the ...
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1answer
30 views

What's the point of a מתורגמן if he doesn't speak louder than the original person?

Rambam, Hilchot Tefilah 12:11 talks about the מתורגמן, a translator who would translate the Torah into Aramaic during the reading. He says that neither the reader nor the translator may be louder than ...
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388 views

Meaning of the phrase “Tzur Chevli B'eit Tzarah” near the end of Adon Olam

Near the end of Adon Olam, there is the phrase "Tzur Chevli B'eit Tzarah". What exactly is the meaning of this phrase, and specifically the term "Tzur Chevli"? I have seen it translated rather ...
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147 views

Was a sefer torah ever actually written in Greek?

This answer to a different question states that the only other language a sefer torah can be written in and be kosher is Greek. (Rambam, Hilchot Sefer Torah 1:19 says that this Greek no longer exists ...
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1answer
104 views

A good beginner study Talmud for a student

I am looking to begin studying the Talmud. I have grown up a reform Jew and know most of the basic principals of Judaism, but I am looking to go deeper into the religion, ultimately with the goal of ...
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62 views

English translation for tzaruch

I'm looking for the meaning of "tzaruch" in English. I have read, in Torah sources, that "tzaruch ochel" means "for the purpose of eating". Does the word "tzaruch" alone mean "the purpose", or only ...
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34 views

Vernacular Targum in Schul

In Teimani and Kurdish batei knesset, the minhag is, as far as I'm aware, to read a targum after each pasuk. Assuming that a schul wishes to adopt the kriat hatargum, would it be acceptable to adopt a ...
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42 views

What is the precise translation of the word ארשע?

The pasuk in Iyov 10:7 states: עַל דַּעְתְּךָ כִּי לֹא אֶרְשָׁע וְאֵין מִיָּדְךָ מַצִּיל Chabad.org translates: It is in Your knowledge that I will not be condemned, but no one can save ...
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140 views

Is this chart of the mesorah of Torah available in English?

Does anyone know if this chart of the mesora of Torah is available in English? or if there is anything like it in English?
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1answer
117 views

Why can't a Sefer Torah be written in Aramaic?

In the Mishna, Megillah 1:8, Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel is quoted as having said that Greek is the only language, other than Hebrew, in which it is permissible to write sifrei Torah. Commenting on ...
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3answers
252 views

English Translation of Zohar online

I'm looking something up in the Zohar on Bereishis (Genesis), but I can't translate the words. Does anyone know where I can find an English translation of the Zohar on Bereishis, that's online?
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83 views

Translation of 'Takana'

What would a fitting colloquially accepted translation of the word takana be? Assuming we are dealing of course with a rabbinic decree and so as to convey the intent as apposed to 'gzeira', 'syag', ...
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Mishneh Torah in english

To my knowledge, there are two English editions of the Mishneh Torah: the Yale Judaica edition and the Moznaim edition. Furthermore, there exist the Birnbaum (incomplete) and Frankel editions, perhaps ...
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Eicha 2:5 Targum - seemingly out of order

Eicha 2:5 Targum translates תאניה ואניה as אבילותא ואנינותא. Does not Aninus come before Aveilus? How can this targum be explained?
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85 views

Is the Targum Neofiti a valid source of translation?

Targum Neofiti is believed by scholars to be an ancient translation of the torah. Does the average orthodox rabbi consider it as a valid and reliable resource to translate or explain a word, the way ...
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4answers
127 views

How does the phrase מנהגא מילתא היא relate to halachic Jewish life?

I have seen the phrase מנהגא מילתא היא mentioned in the halachic works of various Rishonim. Neither it's plain meaning in these works nor it's connotations in relation to the significance of custom ...
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1answer
61 views

Prophet “Jeremiah” from Tanach in translation to German language online available?

These days the story of the prophet Jeremiah caught my deeper interest. Currently reading it in various German translations of the Bible I see that it might be non-trivial how near to the original the ...
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45 views

translation of the Shulchan Aruch online

I'm looking for a translation of the entire shulchan aruch online. Do you know of any website that might have one?
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45 views

Targum of Elokim

The Targum uses yod yod for both Hashem and Elokim unless both are mentioned together. Should the yod yod be understood generically and pronounced Elokim when the chumash says Elokim, or should it be ...
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1answer
67 views

Rambam Interlinear Online?

Does anyone know a place online where I can find and English, interlinear translation of the Rambam? The only English I found is on the chabad.org website. But that is far from interlinear. So ...
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1answer
57 views

Mishna Berurah Summary

Does anybody know where I can find a summary (in English or French) of the different simanim (or chapters) of the Mishnah Berurah? If possible, with the title or subject of the siman.
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111 views

Shnayim mikra ve'echad targum in English

Can I fulfill the obligation of shnayim mikra by saying the pasuk two times and then the English translation one time?
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148 views

Who translated the original version of the Torah into each of the 70 languages?

In Devarim 27:8, the Torah says to "write all the words of the Torah explained well" (- "Ba'aer Hetev". Rash"i, citing Sotah 35b, says that this was translated into 70 languages. Sifsei Chachamim ...
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1answer
115 views

Where did the well come from?

Numbers 21:16, on the topic of the "Wars of God", after describing the flow of the streams of Arnon toward the borders of Moab says: וּמִשָּׁם בְּאֵרָה הִוא הַבְּאֵר אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהוָה לְמֹשֶׁה ...
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58 views

How are nazir and sota connected?

The g'mara quotes a baraisa saying that כל הרואה סוטה בקלקולה יזיר עצמו מן היין Anyone who sees a sota in her disgrace (would/should) swear off wine. The word יזיר, as I understand it could ...
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3answers
196 views

Do you have to read the Targum of words that are repeated in the same sedrah?

According to the view (quoted here) that the reading of the Targum in shnaim mikro v’echod targum is to add layers of explanation to every word could one fulfil the mitzvo by reading the Targum ...
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29 views

Translation of Rebbi Nachman's “Tale of Bread”?

Does an English translation of Rebbi Nachman's "Tale of Bread" exist anywhere either in print, online, or as an audio file?
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1answer
542 views

Does the word בָּר mean corn?

What is the proper translation of the word בָּר found for example in Amos 8:5. I have seen it translated as corn which I do not understand both because corn did not exist outside of the western ...
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2answers
80 views

What does ודוק or ודו"ק mean? [duplicate]

ודוק or ודו"ק appears extensively in rabbinic literature, particularly in Ashkenazi Halachic writings since the 17th century. I was once told that it meant that the author thought the proposed ...
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1answer
251 views

Ah freilichen purim .. English please

I was wondering how to say Ah freilichen Purim in proper English. Is it universal like Gut Yomtiv (or is that also an assumption...) or do you just say Have a Happy Purim - the literal translation. ( ...
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44 views

Targum of the Peace Offering

Leviticus makes mention of the korban shelamim, the peace offering, for the first time in chapter 3. Both Targum Onkelos and Targum Pseudo Jonathan translate this as נכסת קודשיא, literally 'holy ...
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233 views

What does this sentence mean?

I do not know if this website accept translation requests but here is the sentence, it is an hebrew religious concept, this is all I know about this sentence. A friend told it to me and I want to know ...
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59 views

Translating and explaining Aramaic stipulations for an oath

Here is an example of the complexities of Hilchos Shvuos, excerpted from an actual sworn oath: What does the above mean? Please translate and explain each expression.
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49 views

Haftora Parshas Teruma - Melachim1 6:7 - Rashi's translation to Russian

In this weeks Haftora - Melachim1 6:7 on the word Umakavos, Rashi translates as Dluta in Russian. To the best of my knowledge there are no other locations where Rashi translates into Russian. Why over ...
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56 views

Is there a pattern to Yonasan Ben Uziel's introduction to mitzvos?

Starting with the dibros, YbU introduces some mitzvos with the words 'Ami bnei Yisrael" and I don't see the pattern as to when he does and when he doesn't. Anyone have an idea which ones deserve this ...
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159 views

What parts of the Septuagint are and are not reliable?

As noted in this Mi Yodeya discussion, the Greek translation of the Torah was done by 70 rabbis who each separately took identical precautions to avoid giving idolators and minim a chance to misuse ...
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239 views

Did Levi see Moshe and Aaron?

Exodus 6:16 states that Levi lived for 137 years. The Targum Yonatan, (ibid) says: ואלין שמהת בנוי דלוי לייחוסיהון גרשון קהת ומררי ושני חיוי דלוי מאה ותלתין ושבע שנין חייא עד דחמא ית משה וית אהרון ...
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72 views

The Fourth Exile, Persia or Rome?

When Avraham experiences a vision of 'fear, darkness, great, descending upon him', (Gen 15:12), the Midrash says that these four words refer to the 4 exiles. Fear is Babylon, darkness is Medea, great ...