The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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'fixed' wording of the g'mara justified by found mss.?

In the margins of the g'mara are many notations indicating changes that various rabbis (Bach, G'ra, Tzon Kadashim, Shita M'kubetzes, etc.) made in the wording of the g'mara, seemingly to resolve ...
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Must Shevet Levi Follow Dina Demalchusa Dina In The Land Of Israel?

The Ran in Nedarim (28a) states: "The Law of Dina Demalchusa only applies to a non Jewish King, for the land is entirely his, and he can say if you do not follow my edicts I will banish you from ...
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In the גמרא when should I read 'לך' as 'לְךָ' and when should I read it as 'לָךְ'?

When I use an Artscroll gemara with vowels, sometimes it will vocalize the word לך differently. The pattern I notice seems to be that it vocalizes לך as לְךָ for hebrew, i.e. a mishna or braisa, and ...
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355 views

Why was the Mishna written in Hebrew while the Gemara wasn't?

By the time of the Mishna, people speaking in Aramaic on a day-to-day basis. Nonetheless, R' Yehuda Hanasi wrote the Mishna in Hebrew. So were the Toseftas and the Braisos. Why? On the other hand, ...
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Which Talmudic source for Ḥanukah is the real source?

What is the Talmudic source for Ḥanukah? In discussing candles for Shabbath, the Talmud (Shab. 21b) goes into a discussion about candles generally, touching upon Ḥanukah candles, and ultimately asks, ...
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Why does the Mishnah in Pirkei Avot 3:2 end in a pasuk without a straight up answer? What is the pasuk trying to teach us?

Why does the Mishnah in Avot 3:2 end by quoting a pasuk (biblical verse) without a straight up answer? What is the pasuk in Eichah (verse from Lamentations) trying to teach us? Pirkei Avot 3:2 ...
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90 views

Where are the Mishnas in the Talmud?

I'm looking for a source of data that tells me where each chapter of Mishna starts in the Talmud (Babylonian, bonus points for Jerusalem.) (I'm looking for Vilna daf numbers, and whatever the ...
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83 views

Is there a Special Hadran for finishing the whole shas?

Is there a Special Hadran for finishing the whole shas? or do you just recite the Hadran for the masechta just completed?
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67 views

Tosfos Within the Same Mesechta

Are the comments of Tosfos in the same Mesechta generally considered to be aligned, meaning that, if there is an apparent contradiction, we try and look for a resolution? How about Tosfos in ...
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94 views

Statement from R' Yochanan

(Josh Waxman from the Parsha blog pointed this out in a recent post. I would like to put it here to see if there is any response to it.) It says in Sanhedrin Daf 24a מאי בבל א"ר יוחנן בלולה במקרא ...
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4k views

Difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud

As a non-Jew, I would like to know the difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud. I understand that the Oral Law was not written down until after the destruction of the second temple. That ...
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51 views

reason for rav yehuda holding can't rip stitch of tunic

why in maccos when it is talking about hilchos shobbas and ripping the stitch on the neck hole of a tunic and opening a barrel stopper does rav yehuda hold that you can't rip the thread of the tunic ...
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48 views

Who should one credit? A question on the Bartenura

This question might be larger than just on the Bartenura, but it was a passage in his commentary on the Mishna that inspired it: In Menachot 8:7, the mishna states that the Temple treasurer would ...
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149 views

Making a Bracha on pleasurable things

A couple lines up from the bottom of the first daf of Keitzad Mevarchin, the Gemarah gives its reason for making Brachas. Its answer (my translation) is "It is forbidden for a person to get pleasure ...
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When the Gemoro quotes a possuk, why does it sometimes not quote the part which is the reason for the quote?

(possibly related to Why does the Mishna misquote the Tanakh? ) When the Gemoro quotes a possuk, why does it not always quote the part which is the reason for the quote in the first place. For ...
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100 views

concept of Breira unknown to the Tana'im?

Breira is the concept that a choice can be made in the future that will retroactively determine the state of something in the the present (assuming I understood and articulated it correctly). There is ...
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Why does Rebbe Yehoshua need a passuk?

The Gemara (Nazir 65b) says that Rabbi Yehoshua learns from the passuk of לטהרו או לטמאו that the case of ספק שיער לבן קדם ספק בהרת קדמה the halacha is טהור. The question is why he needs a passuk to ...
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Can I have sifrei kodesh in my bedroom?

Since I may be naked in my bedroom, is it possible to have sifrei kodesh in it (according to the Talmud or the Rambam)?
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Rebbe Akiva's encounter with the stone

The Gemara in Kesubos 62b - 63a, "Rebbe Akiva was a shepherd for Ben Kalba Savua. His daughter saw that he was modest and of fine character. She asked him, ‘If I marry you, will you go to the Beis ...
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Difference between El and Eloah

El(אל) and Eloah(אלוה) are both singular forms (nouns), but its אל thats being used to form the plural Elim (אלים), and אלוה thats being used to form the plural Elohim (אלוה׳ם). Both singular forms ...
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Source for the oral traditions in Megillas Esther?

I'm trying to understand where the Rabbis in tractate Megillah get their information. I thought that the way they interpret the five books of Moses was because they already knew all the laws and ...
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Are there any pranks in the talmud?

Are there any examples of someone pulling a prank or other practical joke on another person in the talmud?
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Can a magician cast a spell in water?

The power of magicians and magic, the Talmud speaks plenty about. One such example is that of Ze'iri and the donkey, in Sanhedrin 67: זעירי איקלע לאלכסנדריא של מצרים זבן חמרא כי מטא לאשקוייה מיא ...
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Why do Yeshivos learn Talmud Bavli so extensively?

Most Yeshivos (from 5th Grade-End of Highschool) Learn Talmud Bavli. My question is: Why? What is the point of learning Talmud Bavli so extensively? I know that it is Hashem's Word, but there are a ...
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Inconsistent scheduling for the musaf offering

In P'sachim (58a), Abaye frames a disagreement between Rabbi Yishma'el and Rabbi Akiva regarding the ordering of the korban musaf and the bazichin (bowls of frankincense burned when the old showbread ...
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A Mashal of HaShem as a crazy king and Moshe as His weak-kneed friend?

The Gemara (Ber. 32a) quotes R' El'azar that when HaShem wanted to destroy Bnei Yisrael and Moshe intervened, it is comparable to a king who beat his son terribly, and the king's friend was at his ...
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278 views

Does Kiddushin 81b imply that one opinion allows for suicide if that is the only way to keep from sinning?

The Gemoro in Kiddushin 81b brings down the following (shortened version of the) story: Rabbi Chiya Bar Ashi used to say 'May God save me from the Yetzer Hora'! When his wife overheard him she ...
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48 views

Berur halachah - what is this called in English?

I'm translating an article concerning the need for a "berur halachah" in order to determine the legal status of individuals with mental retardation. How would say "berur halachah" in English? ...
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Are these “Teachings of the Jewish Talmud” and does a typical Jew believe this? [closed]

I've come across a page that lists quite a few items as "Some of the teachings of the Talmud". They are pretty harsh things and I kind of doubt a reasonable and kind person would believe and follow ...
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Is it idolatry to use the english word “God” to refer to Hashem?

Shabbos 67b says "Gad" (גד) was the name of an Amorite idol, and we shouldn't use it. Shouldn't this apply to the name "God" as well? eg. "God forbid"
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What does this Talmudic expression mean?

The גמרא in בבא קמא on דף סב עמוד א׳ discusses a case where someone ״דבטש בכספתא.״ What does that expression mean? What's the שורש of דבטש?
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Why is the Talmudic style so Confusing?

why is the Talmud is written in such a confusing manner. Every other discipline in the world is taught in such a way as to make it as easy as possible to understand. If you learn mathematics for ...
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Where (in Talmud) does it say that people can see others' faults, but not their own?

Rav Michael Munk zt"l, quoted Bava Basra (16b) in his sefer The Wisdom in the Hebrew Alphabet, page 178, which states the following: Many people see very clearly when observing the faults of ...
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Are There Any Good Sources for How “Ancient” (Pre-Talmudic) Prayer Was Done?

While reading this answer to another question about the development of the Siddur (here, look specifically at the question about "Modern Laws Vs. Shulcan Aruch"), I came upon this question. Here is ...
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Who is the author of the notes Bechor Shor on Kidushin?

At the back of the gomoro Kidushin, in the Yalkut Meforshim [in the Oz Vahadar Gemoros, it seems that they were printed previously in a sefer and not at the back of the Gemoros], there are some notes ...
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193 views

Do we know the date of death of Shammai Hazaken?

Do we know the Hebrew date of his death?
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112 views

Pinchas Ben Yair, Father-in-law or son-in-law of Rebbi Shimon?

Does anyone have any understanding how to settle this ? "We have R' Pinchas ben Yair, son-in-law of Rashbi, as mentioned in Gemoro shabbos (:ג"ל) appearing in the Zohar countless times as - his ...
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280 views

Source? The day you were born was the day Gd decided the universe could no longer exist without you

I am looking for the source for the following quote The day you were born was the day Gd decided the universe could no longer exist without you The greeting card I saw it on said the quote was ...
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1answer
317 views

Where can I find the Rif's commentary on tractate Niddah?

Where inside tractate Nidda can I find R' Isaac Alfasi's commentary on the tractate? I looked in hebrewbooks.org's 685-page tractate-Niddah PDF but couldn't find it.
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174 views

Is sincere repentance always accepted?

Must repentance be accepted by Gd? Is sincere repentance always accepted? Is repentance a form of prayer? (Not all prayer is accepted.)
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71 views

Why does the Gemara sometimes use the word Ben and sometimes use the word Bar?

Why does the Talmud sometimes refer to someone as Ploni ben Ploni, and other times as Ploni bar Ploni? Classic example: In Bava Batra 14b the gemara says Rabbi Shimon ben Yocahi In Bar Ilan's ...
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Brisker Shiurim Online

I am looking for advanced Shiurim online which teach Gemara in the Brisker fashion, does anyone know if any (preferably free) classes are available online?
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Bikkurim Baskets

Why do the poor have to give away their wicker baskets yet the rich get back their gold baskets and I know the Gemara says this proves that wealth goes to wealth and poor goes to poor but why IS THE ...
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How does the word “Talmud” derive from root LMD? Is the word Aramaic?

I know what "Talmud" means and that it derives from the root Lamed Mem Dalet. But I cannot figure out how the word derives. Is it Aramaic (i.e. not Hebrew) and/or are there any other words that follow ...
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207 views

Ben Petura - The Nazarene?

The Gemara in Bava Metzia 62a talks about two people in the desert and who gets the water first. I heard that the character Ben Petura is the Nazarene; can anyone confirm or deny this with a source? ...
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172 views

What does the talmud/rabbinic writing have to say about Yeishu hanotzri (Jesus)?

I Understand that the name Jesus was not uncommon 2000 years ago, and Jewish writings about person of historical interest to the christian church call him "Yeishu hanotzri" = "Jesus the Nazarene". I ...
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124 views

Source(s) for Chazon Ish and Rav Shach's position on Ir Hanidachat

We have been learning a Gemara on Masechet Sanhedrin that brings a Braita talking about Ir Hanidachat. It's on טו: and as follows: דתניא עד כמה עושין עיר הנדחת מי׳ ועד ק׳ דברי רבי יאשיה רבי יונתן ...
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475 views

Jacob Neusner's talmud bavli and yerushalmi

How does Jacob Neusner's translations of the talmud bavli and yerushalmi compare to artscroll's, koren's, and soncino's? I have never seen Neusner's in a shul or bais midrash unlike the other three ...
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114 views

What is the talmudic or midrashic term for “do not take the text literally?”

I need a word that says the opposite of the term, כמשמעו.
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340 views

Issur Kolel What is it?

What is Issur Kolel in the context of "AIN ISSUR CHAL AL ISSUR" I heard two people talking about the concept please illustrarte with example and explain the illustration of the example? Edit by ...