The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Rules of Grammar in Gemara

I recently reviewed Rashi commentaries on the word "כי" in Torah, he quotes several times this Gemara (one of the occurences is in Rosh Hashana 3a): דאמר ריש לקיש: כי משמש בארבע לשונות: אי, דילמא, ...
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What subjects did talmud censoring involve and how far back does it go?

I'm aware of censoring of the name Yeshu, in the soncino printing of the talmud where they replaced it with "sinners of israel" in Gittin 57a. I'm interested what other subjects or names were ...
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Ear Piercing of Jewish slave that wants to stay a slave a mum?

I heard in a daf yomi shiur (on kedushin 21b) that a koen can not want to stay a slave (one opinion says it is because he the Ear Piercing will make him have a mum What Ear Piercing makes a mum? ...
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Elijah the prophet as one who appears in times of need

Various Christian commentators state that Jewish literature represents Elijah as one who appears from heaven to help in times of need. The only example given is contained in the Babylonian Talmud ...
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Source for a story about stealing and teaching of Torah

I once heard a reference to a story in the gemara about an amora who is saying a shiur and a certain person in the bais medrash calls the amora a ganiv (thief) because he can't follow the shiur so he ...
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Are prayers only accepted when offered in a Synagogue?

I've always believed that "all prayers are accepted", at least if they're done correctly and with intention. But I was recently reading through Berachot 6a when I read the following: אין תפלה של ...
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Where is it written that anger is like idolatry

There is a gemara that says that anger is like a form of idolatry. Which gemara says this and where in the gemara is it written?
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Why do Rabbis curse in the Gemara?

I've always believed cursing people is forbidden in Judaism, but I recently read the following on the Gemara: Berakhot 13b והא רבי יהושע בן לוי לייט אמאן דגני אפרקיד For lo, R. Joshua b. Levi ...
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What the מאירי holds on חזקה

Where are places in the Gemara (or anywhere else) that we see the way the מאירי holds when it comes to חזקה. Preferably חזקה דמעיקרה but all sources are helpful. Thanks!
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How early is Torah Or in Gemara?

When was Torah Or compiled/available, and if different, when was it originally copied and/or printed with the Gemara text? To clarify, this is not the chabad sefer Torah Or, but the references to ...
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Talmud study and time? [closed]

For how long must one study the Talmud in order to have a great understanding of it. Of course, some would use more time than others but there must be a general answer?
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חזקה מעיקרה vs ספק

I am in the middle of מחלוקת with someone as to, if I originally had a חזקה and now there's a ספק to whether that status is still true, whether I maintain that original status or my status changes to ...
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what talmudic manuscripts (if any) have jesus instead of balaam? (/ what Does MS.M. Jesus mean)

what manuscripts (if any) have jesus instead of balaam? I'm aware that some claim that balaam is a codeword for jesus. I know Rabbi Gil Student makes a good argument that it cannot be I have read ...
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295 views

How can G-d regret anything?

Does G-d regret making or creating something? Of course not! I've always believed this question to be silly and somewhat inappropriate, knowing that G-d is perfect, knows everything, has infinite ...
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Who was Methuselah?

Who was Methuselah? The Torah tells us not much about him. What does the Talmud and the Rabbis say about Methuselah?
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Are there any women teachers in the Torah? [closed]

Is there any women teachers in the Torah? What do the Torah or Talmud say about women teachers?
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Is idolatry and adultery the same thing, spiritually? [closed]

Is idolatry and adultery the same thing, spiritually? Can you say that if you do adultery you are worshiping the zodiac? (maybe that was not your intention, but that's the reality?) "They sacrifice ...
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Why does the gemara record an “Ileima” suggested answer?

Sometimes to answer a question the gemara will start out by saying "ileima...". The structure of such an answer is as follows: "If you want to answer this way, you can't for such and such a reason, ...
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3answers
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הבא במחתרת vs רודף

After learning the סוגיא of בא במחתרת I was filled with a bunch of questions regarding what is a בא במחתרת. The Gemara סנהדרין דף עב ע״ב seems to answer my question by telling us that the reason ...
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Benefit of learning the rishonim for non posek-wannabes?

For a person whose goal is NOT to become a posek what would be the benefit or purpose in learning the rishonim when one learns a gemarah? By rishonim I am referring to the Rash, Ran in the back of ...
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Where in the Torah does it say we are the Temple of Hashem?

The Talmud and Kabbalah speak of man being the Temple of Hashem, but where can we find that in the Torah?
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Is causing oneself to have an erection forbidden or just not recommended?

In the Mishneh Torah Hilchos Issurei Biah 21:19 it says: It is forbidden for a person to intentionally cause himself to have an erection or to bring himself to [sexual] thoughts. Yet in Niddah ...
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Where is the story from (I believe in the Talmud ) about a Rebbe who was head of a beis din in regards to a widow and his sentencing to death?

This is a question is referenced the Gemara or Mishna I think. I believe in the mishna, or gemara there's a story about either Rebbe Yehuda or Rebbe Yosi(Or another head of the Beis Din). The story ...
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Is it really forbidden to bow more than 4 times a day?

I heard from a Rabbi that the G'mara brings that you can't bow more than 4 times in a day. But how could this be true if one bowes multiple times in the Amidah, and one says Amidah three times a day? ...
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Why Italia of Yavan?

The gemara in Megila 6b refers to איטליא של יון זה כרך גדול של רומי, which translates literally as: Italy of Greece, this is the great city of Rome. This seems odd insofar as I know, Italy never ...
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Is it a sin to study talmud as a woman? [duplicate]

In the movie Yentl, a woman pretends to be a man in order to study talmudic law. Is it considered a sin to study the talmud as a woman?
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History of Talmudic Censorship

I'm looking for literature on the history of talmudic censorship. I would prefer the material be in English, but Hebrew is also OK. Related post: Talmudic Censorship
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Why does the gemara sometimes use a mashal to explain a statement?

Sometimes the gemara (or a braysa) will say something and then give a mashal (parable) to explain the true intent of what was previously said. Why does the gemara do this? Why not simply make the ...
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Looking for the right daf yomi shiur

I'm looking for the right daf yomi shiur that I can download online. I know there's a lot to choose from, so hopefully my criteria are specific enough to lead you in the right direction. I'm looking ...
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Comparison of editions of Shas menukad

As far as I'm aware, there are at least three editions of the Talmud which are currently available with nikkud in the daf itself (the Steinsaltz/Koren, the Tuvia's Judaica, and the Oz Vehadar). In my ...
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Talmud's commentaries in english or french

Where can I find the following commentaries on the Talmud in english or french? Rambam Rosh Rashi (Rashbam for some massechtot) Nimukei Yossef Rabbeinu Yonah
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Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
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How does someone adopted as an infant determine Jewish status?

While this question applies to me it is being edited to become more general in accordance with the rules of this site. If an infant, the child of a non-Jewish mother (and therefore not Jewish), is ...
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When does the Gemara say “שנאמר” vs. “כדכתיב”

There are many times when the Gemara uses the word "שנאמר" when it quotes a verse. Why does it sometimes use the word "כדכתיב" when quoting a verse, and sometimes it says "שנאמר"
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Two additional tests of Joseph in Talmud?

This discussion mentions that besides the test with Zuleica/Zuleicha (Potiphar's wife, according to the reference 166 Book of Yasher cited on p.371 in this Midrash book), there were two even more ...
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Is the Talmud 100% Oral Torah?

I've been taught that the Oral Torah was passed from generation to generation from Moshe Rabbeinu. And I've also heard that the Talmud is basically a recollection of Oral Torah. This would suggest ...
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How is it that the Talmud can make historical mistakes?

A Rav told me that when it comes to science and nature, the Talmud can say incorrect things (i.e. about animals, cosmology) because they were going by the Greeks and Romans. (Where he gets permission ...
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Children's “Little Gemarah”?

My family enjoys this English language Little Midrash series. Does something like an English language 'Little Gemarah' (ie introduces reasoning logic) exist for children 6-12 years old?
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Rashi on Berachos 33b “al kan tzipor yagiu rachamecha”

In the gemara brachos 33b the mishna says "One who says (in his tefilla -Rashi) Your (Gods) reaches the birds nest... shut him up." Rahsi says on that:אנשים שהיו מראים עצמם כמתכונים להעמיק בלשון ...
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Does the talmud promote pedophilia?

http://truthtellers.org/alerts/Judaisms-Pedophilia-Begins-with-Rabbi-ben-Yohai.html The Talmud, highest authority for modern Talmudic Judaism, endorses pedophilia. It calls it ...
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The Three Jewish Tribes That Lived In Medina At The Time Of Mohammad

Is there any mention at all in the Talmud that backs the claim in the Quran that there were three Jewish tribes that lived in Medina at the time of Mohammad?
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Tosafot Peirush

I am looking for a sefer that offers an in depth explanation of tosafos (and preferably rashi) to aid me in studying in depth on my own. The ideal would be to have it in english, but a hebrew ...
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Missionary gave me these Talmudic quotes; Does it prove that Goyim are viewed as Animals who should be harassed, and that christians will go to hell? [duplicate]

Sorry about this. I'm not a Talmudic scholar in any sense; Can anyone qualify if what presented here is accurate and as bad as it sounds? “The ‘goyim’ are not humans. They are beasts.” (Baba ...
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Where is bruriah mentioned? [closed]

Can you please list all the places where bruriah is mentioned and of quoted? I have found some, but not all. Thank you.
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What dates were the Talmuds and Midrashes written?

Can we prove what dates in history these texts were written? Also, do we know exactly when the various Rabbis of these texts lived? What are those dates? Are there disputes about this? Further, ...
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Torah reading on Shabbat afternoon was instituted for יושבי קרנות. Who are they?

Bava Kamma 82a (excerpts): עשרה תקנות תיקן עזרא שקורין במנחה בשבת Ezra made 10 enactments (1) Reading the Torah at Min'ha on Shabbat שיהו קוראין במנחה בשבת משום יושבי קרנות: Rash"i ...
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Who put the parentheses in the Gemara, when, and for what reason(s)?

From time to time there are parentheses in the gemara (e.g., Taanis 17b). Who put the parentheses there, when, and for what reason(s)?
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Are the old testament, the Talmud and the Torah all viewed with equal reverence?

Are the old testament, the Talmud, and the Torah all viewed with equal reverence? I know so little about Judaism; tell me on what your faith is most strongly based.
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Difficulty understanding Gemara's logic about number of necessary sukkah walls

Some background information At Sukkah 6b, the gemara presents a dispute between R' Shimon and the Rabanan about how many walls are necessary for a sukkah to have. The Rabanan hold that a sukkah ...
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Is a bat kohen who has relations with a pasul (not marries) then forbidden from t'rumah?

Is a bat kohen who has relations with a pasul (not marries) then forbidden from t'rumah? I ask this because I'm having trouble understanding Noam Yerushalmi's explanation of Yerushalmi Yevamot 8:6 in ...