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Command of the Eastern Tribes

Why is it that in Numbers 32:1–32 Moses only commands Reuben and Gad to cross the Jordan River, but then in Joshua 1:12–15 it has Joshua talking about how Moses commanded Manasseh to cross over as ...
2
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1answer
62 views

What is “birthright” really?

I am having a hard time in understanding these biblical verses: And the sons of Reuben the first-born of Israel—for he was the first-born; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's couch, his ...
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1answer
62 views

Tribe of Converts

This question was inspired by a recent question asking about knowledge of one's tribal lineage. I am aware that male converts are often given 'Avraham' as a Hebrew name. (Not sure what the standard ...
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1answer
30 views

How would Yosef's additional children have been factored into inheritance?

Bereishis 48:6 refers to what the status of any future children after Ephraim and Menashe that Yosef would have had would be: וּמוֹלַדְתְּךָ אֲשֶׁר-הוֹלַדְתָּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם, לְךָ יִהְיוּ; עַל שֵׁם ...
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1answer
42 views

The Shevatim's desire to check on Yosef

We all know that Yosef Hatzaddik was thrown into a pit by his brothers and then sold . My question is , the pasuk says (37:20) that the brothers said they would see what would become of Yosef's dreams ...
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0answers
34 views

Why was Judah/Yehuda the tribe that endured?

My basic question is: Are there any reasons or hints in the Torah that explain or hint (bedieved) that Judah/Yehudah would be the tribe that was not lost? Yes, I know that parts of Benjamin survived ...
4
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1answer
48 views

Were the tribes allowed to intermarry

More than 200 years passed from the time the sons of Yaakov went to Egypt to the time the Hebrews arrived in Israel. When they arrived, the land was divided for the 12 tribes. This would suggest that ...
3
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0answers
24 views

Prophesy in the book of Ezekiel

There is a prophesy at the end of the book of the prophet Ezekiel which gives a guide regarding the re-division of land between the 12 tribes of Israel. It is different to the way that Joshua was told ...
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2answers
82 views

Why was Judah named that: doesn't the name hurt Rachel?

According to Rashi (Genesis 29:35), Leah thanks Hashem after having Yehuda, because she received more than her lot, and that is why he's called Yehuda. This Rashi always bothered me. If I sue my ...
4
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1answer
41 views

נִפְתַּ֛לְתִּי “my prayer was accepted” notarikon

In Genesis 30:8 Bilhah, Rachel's maidservant, conceived and Rachel named the son Naftali נִפְתַּלְתִּי It says here that for נִפְתַּ֛לְתִּי "my prayer was accepted" There are many aggadic ...
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3answers
67 views

Did the half tribe of Menashe have the same conditions as the tribe of Re'uven and Gad?

Prior to giving Gad and Re'uven land on the East side of Jordan River, Moses makes them keep a condition: Numbers 32:20-22: וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם֙ מֹשֶׁ֔ה אִֽם־תַּעֲשׂ֖וּן אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה ...
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2answers
40 views

Why did Moses add part of the tribe of Menashe to join Re'uvean and Gad on the east of the Jordan?

In response to Reuven and Gad's request to settle on the east side of Jordan, Moses includes part of the tribe of Menashe to join them, as it says: Numbers 32:33: וַיִּתֵּ֣ן לָהֶ֣ם ׀ מֹשֶׁ֡ה ...
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2answers
57 views

Limud for Levi not being part of the spies

Devarim 1:23 reads: וַיִּיטַב בְּעֵינַי הַדָּבָר וָאֶקַּח מִכֶּם שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֲנָשִׁים אִישׁ אֶחָד לַשָּׁבֶט׃ And the matter pleased me; so I took twelve men from you, one man for each ...
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3answers
136 views

Was Caleb a foreigner (Non-Isralite)?

Was Caleb a foreigner, even though he represented the tribe of Judah (Numbers 13:6) and was one of the first judges of Israel (Judges 1)? In Numbers 32:12 and Joshua 14:14 we read that Caleb is the ...
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2answers
207 views

12 tribes: is Ashkenazi jews one of them?

a little confused (well, maybe a lot) about 12 lost tribes and current Jewish "division" : is Ashkenazim Jews one of them (12 tribes)? What about Sephardi?
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1answer
248 views

What tribe did someone belong to if they didn't have a Jewish father?

I'm asking about the cases of 1) converts with no Jewish lineage, or 2) children born to Jewish mothers and Gentile fathers. How is tribal identification for such a person and his descendants ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Explain the anomaly in the placement of the tribe of Gad in Bamidbar chapter 1

In Bamidbar 1:14, when listing the heads of the tribes, Gad comes between Asher and Naftali and is in the 11th position. However, when citing the tribal census, Gad appears after Shim'on and is in ...
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3answers
130 views

The Necessity of 12 Tribes

Why was it necessary for there to be 12 tribes, with different portions of Israel given to each? The Midrash even states that when the sea split, there were 12 separate paths for each tribe (Pirkei ...
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2answers
59 views

Knowledge of 12 tribes [duplicate]

Please Let me restate my questions, does anyone know what Old Testament tribe they have descended from today? I had asked before but I was to gauge about the real question?
4
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2answers
859 views

Are the historical Jewish tribes still known today? [duplicate]

I have always wondered if my Jewish friends know what tribe they descend from. If so, do they have any celebrations for their tribe? Are all Rabbis descended from the tribe of Levi?
5
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2answers
77 views

Why are the descendants of Ruben and Shimon listed in Va-eira?

In Va-eira when it mentions Moshe and Aaron's lineage (Shemot 6:14) it also lists generational details about Ruben and Shimon. Why are Ruben's and Shimon's lineages listed here?
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2answers
83 views

Why did Yosef cause so much anguish to his family?

While this question already seems to assume some answer or another (that of a 'deeper purpose'), I thought it strange that nobody has actually asked this question so far: Yosef recognized his ...
5
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0answers
81 views

Why does the Torah specify only that Le'ah's children were born in Paddan Aram?

Breishit 46:15 states that "These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore unto Jacob in Paddan-aram..." What is the significance of the Torah telling us where the children were born, and why does it ...
5
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1answer
44 views

The brothers telling Yosef about Yosef

Rashi to Miketz (Bereishit 42:13-14) says that the brothers told Yosef that they came to Egypt to look for their missing brother. However, in Vayigash (Bereishit 44:20) Yehudah tells Yosef that they ...
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0answers
54 views

Did Prof. Rabbi Umberto Cassuto have any insight behind the biblical character Yehudah?

I am the great grandson of Umberto Cassuto, Benyamin Enzo Rocca, and 5 days ago my wife and I were blessed with a son (3rd child). With his upcoming bris in a few days I would like to know if anyone ...
13
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1answer
171 views

Where are the lost tribes?

Are they spread all round the nations? If so, how will they still be Jewish, surely they will have assimilated so many generations later? Or are they spread within the Jewish nation? I learnt in the ...
7
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1answer
156 views

Did each tribe of Israel serve a specific purpose?

I understand that the tribe of Levi were Priests, and the tribe of Benjamin were solders (Slingers to be more specific). But is there a general trait that is distinguished in each of the twelve (12) ...
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1answer
74 views

Tribe Plates on door of Heichal Shlomo

On the door of the Heichal Shlomo in Jerusalem are several square plates which appear to symbolize the twelve tribes. I'm having trouble figuring out which tribe each of these plates corresponds ...
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2answers
373 views

Who was the wife of Levi (according to Sefer HaYashar)?

What was the name of Levi's wife? I am specifically looking for the answer which is given in Sefer HaYashar, but I can't seem to find it. Does anyone know who Sefer HaYashar says the wife of Levi is? ...
3
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0answers
50 views

What is the significance of using shevet vs. mattot in Parshat Mattot?

In Parashat Mattot the word matteh is used in place of the more commonly found shevet? Why is that? They both mean tribes no?
3
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1answer
69 views

The Tyrian Smith's Lineage

Kings I ch. 7 tells of Solomon enlisting a Tyrian smith named Hiram to fashion many implements that were used in the Temple. He is said to be the orphaned son of a Tyrian man and a woman from ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do people keep saying 12 tribes of Israel when there are 13?

The Encyclopædia Britannica article “Twelve Tribes of Israel” says (emphasis added), Jacob’s first wife, Leah, bore him six sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. Each was the ...
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0answers
50 views

Did all the tribes listen to their leaders in the sin of the spies?

Why did the tribes of Ephraim and Yehuda not listen to their respective leaders, Yehoshua bin Nun and Kalev ben Yefuneh in the sin on the spies? (See Numbers 13:2, which says they were leaders.) It ...
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2answers
113 views

Root of Tribe of Binyamin's Sin

We have a rule that everything found in the Navi (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings) are sourced in the Torah (see opinion of Rabbi Yochanan in Taanit 9a, see also Talmud Yerushalmi Megilla Chapter 1 ...
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1answer
85 views

Bamidbar: What makes Shimon different?

During krias haTorah, I noticed that while during the counting, most tribes were counted like this (taking Yehuda as an example): לבני יהודה תולדתם למשפחתם לבית אבותם במספר שמות מבן עשרים שנה ...
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1answer
156 views

Why does the tribe of Gad have an unusual population count in Bamidbar 1?

When listing the census of the tribes in Bamidbar 1, only the tribe of Gad has the count 45,650 - I.e. - the count is not exactly on the hundreds as it is with all the other tribes. As the count was ...
13
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1answer
158 views

Where did the converts camp in the desert?

When the Bnai Yisrael left Egypt, many converts left with them. Shmot 12:38: וְגַם עֵרֶב רַב עָלָה אִתָּם וְצֹאן וּבָקָר מִקְנֶה כָּבֵד מְאֹד: And also, a great mixed multitude went up ...
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0answers
40 views

Jacob and the first born of the hated wife [duplicate]

In Ki Tetze we learn that If one has two wives and the firstborn is of the hated wife, he still gets the double portion. On this commandment, the commentary in the Artscroll Chumash notes that the ...
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1answer
112 views

Which tribes made up Judah and Israel?

In 1 Samuel 11:8 Judah and Israel are mentioned. Please can you tell me what made up Judah? Was it the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. What then made up Israel? Was it the remainder of the tribes ...
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3answers
165 views

Issachar's Banner in Halacha

Inspired by this answer. Bamidbar Rabbah 2:7 describes the symbol on Issachar's banner as the sun and the moon. I have researched the topic of what it is permitted to draw, and it seems that ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Tribes of the Northern Kings

Jeroboam is said to hail from Ephraim (Kings I 11:26), and Baasa from Issachar (15:27). I understand mention of Jeroboam's Tribe, given Ahijah the Shilonite's prophecy about his potential enduring ...
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0answers
99 views

From which tribe were the Mapilim of Num 14:40?

A number of Jews tried to enter eretz yisroel after the incident of the spies (see Bamidbar 14:40-45). I would like to know from which tribe they came. I know that at least one person may have been ...
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1answer
102 views

Messiah's tribal pedigree, and the Diaspora

How will the Messiah prove he is from the tribe of Judah if the diaspora has obliterated tribal delineation?
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0answers
107 views

Should the Ten Tribes observe Chanuka and Purim?

Assuming we will, at some point, be reunited with some or all of the exiled Ten Tribes of Israel, will we expect them to celebrate holidays that are specifically Judaic in nature, by which I mean that ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Why was Ephraim's count not affected by leaving early?

According to the medrash pirkei deRebbi Eliezer (48) 200,000 Ephraimites left Egypt many years before Moshe took the Jews out and were killed. There are other midrashim and a gemarah which quote ...
4
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1answer
174 views

What 12 tribes are meant in many places while there really were 13?

There are many mentions of the "12 tribes" (e.g., the tag of this question). But there really were 13: Ya'akov had 12 sons, of which each was the ancestor of one tribe except Yosef that was the ...
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0answers
140 views

What tribe are the Bene Israel in India descended from?

What tribe(s) are the Bene Israel of India descended from?
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4answers
25k views

What are the symbols of the 12 tribes?

I remember that every tribe has his own symbol, e.g. Benjamin's symbol is a wolf. What are the symbols of the 12 tribes? (I am especially interested in knowing what the symbol is for Levi.)
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8answers
496 views

How did Yosef showing his circumcision prove anything?

Rashi to 45:4 says that when Yosef told his brothers to approach him, it was to show them his circumcision (presumably to prove he was Jewish). But how would that prove anything? All of Egypt had been ...
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4answers
148 views

Did Reuven find out what had happened to Yosef?

In Bereishis 37:29: And Reuven returned to the pit and look! Yosef wasn't in the pit. But neither the verse nor Rashi, for that matter, explain if he ever found out what the brothers had done. ...