Literally "eighteen". Also called the "Amidah". The prayer consisting of 19 blessings, recited three times daily, and four times on Shabbat and Yom-Tov. It forms the backbone of all of the daily prayers.

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7
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5answers
320 views

Answering Baruch Hu UVaruch Shemo and Amen while learning

If someone is giving Shiur in the same room as people Davening, do the people learning answer Baruch Hu Uvaruch Shemo and Amen to the Hazarat HaShatz?
8
votes
2answers
82 views

Why do we say עושה השלום during yamim nora'im?

I'm struggling to find a reason/meaning behind saying 'עושה השלום' with a 'ה' at the end of amidah and during kaddish for the yamim nora'im period. I have heard (unverified source) that there is ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

Why do wisdom and forgiveness require grace

Two blessings of Shmona Esrei mention grace (חנן) while the rest do not. The fourth blessing (אתה חונן) mentions this root three different times. The sixth bracha (סלח לנו) concludes with it . Why ...
4
votes
0answers
14 views

Anenu if planning to break the fast

I have two related questions about the fast day addition to the Amida "Anenu b'yom tzom taaniteinu": If an individual is fasting when he says mincha, but he plans to break the fast after mincha, ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Birkat Minim in Siddur haRaSa"G

I was looking in my father's copy of R' Sa'adya Gaon's siddur over Shabbat and noticed something strange: the phrasing of the bracha for Birkat Minim was different from any other nusach I have seen ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Can a Shaliach Tzibur recite the High Holiday piyutim in English?

Some shuls (this seems common in non-Orthodox shuls) have a lot of English responsive reading during the High Holiday services. Usually the "larger" piyutim, i.e., those that are recited while the ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

Strike chest in “S'lach lanu” on Shabas?

Suppose someone is praying maariv, shacharis, or mincha on Shabas, starts the weekday amida's blessings, and then realizes, amid those weekday blessings, that he should be saying the amida of Shabas. ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Why do we say כן יהי רצון in response to each blessing of Birkat Kohanim?

In most congregations (as far as I know), when the chazzan recites Birkat Kohanim (Priest's blessing) as part of the repetition of Shmoneh Esreh, after each of the 3 blessings, the congregation ...
2
votes
3answers
804 views

Chachma, bina vaadat. Whats the difference?

Whats the difference between the concepts: chachma, bina and daat? We see them listed together in the amida.
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Should Ashkenazim say 'מוריד הטל' in Israel?

The Rema (114:3) brings the Tur who says that Ashkenazim do not say 'מוריד הטל' in the amidah: "Us, the Ashkenazim, do not commemorate the 'טל' [i.e. say 'מוריד הטל'], not in the summer days nor ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

What to do after sh'mone esre before Sh'ma

Shulchan Aruch, OC 236:3: If someone discovered a group that had already read [the evening] "Sh'ma" and is about to say amida [of maariv], then he should say amida with them and then say "Sh'ma" ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Why is the position of “Ya'aleh Veyavo” different in Yom Tov prayers than Hol Hamo'ed prayers?

In the Yom Tov Shmoneh Esreh the paragraph יעלה ויבא is placed in the middle of the center blessing. During Hol Hamo'ed, however, it is placed in the blessing of רצה. Why is there a difference of ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

What does ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך coordinate with?

The amida on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kipur reads, in part: ובכן צדיקים יראו וישמחו… כי תעביר ממשלת זדון מן הארץ ותמלך אתה הוא ה׳ א׳ מהרה על כל מעשיך…‏ The most natural way to translate this, to ...
5
votes
0answers
43 views

Reason for “Oseh Shalom” in 3 places

The phrase starting with the words עושה שלום במרומיו ("He who makes peace in his high places") is said in 3 places and always at the end (or very near it): Birkat Hamazon Kaddish Shmoneh Esreh ...
5
votes
0answers
43 views

Why are you allowed to say the elokay nitzor in the end of the amidah on shabbat and yom tov?

You are not allowed to ask for personal requests on shabbat and yom tov when praying to god. However the elokay nitzor following the amidah has a format of a request and is yet still said on these ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the rationale behind tashlumin?

I understand that according to Masechet Brachot and the normative halacha, in certain cases, one who unintentionally missed saying a prayer service may "make up" that service by reciting the Shmoneh ...
4
votes
2answers
147 views

Missed Maariv Motzai Shabbos - when to say Ata Chonantanu

Suppose one wakes up Sunday morning and realizes they never prayed Maariv Motzai Shabbos. As per "Ata Chonantanu after havdala", there is still a requirement to say Ata Chonantanu even if one heard ...
7
votes
4answers
194 views

Why do we pray for our prayer to be accepted?

The sixteenth blessing of the Shmoneh Esrei says, שמע קולנו...וקבל ברחמים וברצון את תפילתנו: "Hear our voice...and accept our prayer with compassion and favor." It seems redundant and circular to ask ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Why do we have the Bakasha, request, of Shema Koleinu, hear our voices in the Shemoneh Esreh? [duplicate]

שְׁמַע קולֵנוּ. ה' אֱלהֵינוּ חוּס וְרַחֵם עָלֵינוּ. וְקַבֵּל בְּרַחֲמִים וּבְרָצון אֶת תְּפִלָּתֵנוּ. כִּי אֵל שׁומֵעַ תְּפִלּות וְתַחֲנוּנִים אָתָּה. וּמִלְּפָנֶיךָ מַלְכֵּנוּ. רֵיקָם אַל ...
17
votes
5answers
501 views

Why do we still do chazarat hashatz?

This question assumes that the purpose of chazarat hashatz is to allow for those who were unable to say their own shmoneah esrei (assumedly due to Hebrew illiteracy) to fulfill their obligation to ...
11
votes
2answers
857 views

What does it mean for one's soul to “be like dust to everyone”?

From the end of the Amidah: "To those who curse me, let my soul be silent; and let my soul be like dust to everyone". What does it mean, for one's soul to be like dust? And why is it a good thing?
8
votes
5answers
242 views

Bracha of V'Lamalshinim

Brachos 28b Shmuel Hakattan coined the Bracha of V'Lamalshinim. Brachos 10a mentions a story where Rabbi Meir was being bothered by people and prayed for their demise. His wife Bruria tells him do ...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

Why do we pray for G-d to smash down our fellow Jews?

My question refers to the twelfth blessing of the Amida, which seems to contravene the Biblical mitzva of ahavas yisroel*: "And for the slanderers let there be no hope; and may all wickedness perish ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Why do we not use the original language of בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים?

The language we currently use in the amidah for בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים is different from that found in the earliest siddurim. The gemarah (Berachot 40b) teaches us that "If one alters the formula laid ...
2
votes
3answers
50 views

Shmoneh esrei construction

I am somewhat new to the shmoneh esrei. Here's the first of a series of questions: There's the three main prayers and the kedusha, followed by 14 (?) further requests that an individual davening the ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

What does it mean to make up for prayers unavoidably missed - Tashlumin?

The laws of Tashlumin (making up for prayers unavoidably missed) are delineated in Halachipedia “If one forgot to say Shacharit one should say Mincha twice, the first for Mincha and the second ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Are there circumstances when one should repeat a prayer in which he had no kavana the first time?

Halichipedia writes One should have kavana (proper concentration) when praying Shemonah Esrei. If one is unable to have kavana for all of Shemonah Esrei one should make an extra effort to ...
6
votes
1answer
50 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

What is the difference between the blessing of Ga'al Yisrael preceding Shemoneh Esrei and the blessing of Go'el Yisrael?

Before we begin the Shemoneh Esreh each morning, we say the blessing, "Blessed are You, Hashem, Who redeemed Israel (Ga'al Yisrael)." Then within the Shemoneh Esrei itself, in the "Re'eh va'ahneynu" ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

What is the difference between these two brachot? [duplicate]

During Shacharit (the morning service) and Ma'ariv (the evening service), these are two blessings that seem quite similar. After the Shema, one says "Baruch ata Hashem, go-al Yisrael." A few minutes ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

What purpose does the repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei (Amidah) serve?

Does the repetition serve to ensure that everyone present has fulfilled the mitzvah of tefila? If so, does saying "amen" to all of the blessings work in substitution of the silent Shemoneh Esrei, in a ...
10
votes
1answer
85 views

Why don't we care if the Pesach pilgrims get rained on?

After Sukkos, we immediately begin saying mashiv haruach, as it is the rainy season. However, we delay saying v'sein tal umattar, the request for rain, until we have given the pilgrims who came to ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Pronouncing Hebrew Letter (zayin) in Prayer Correctly

When praying in a whisper, especially during the amidah (shmoneh esrei), does one have to stress the zayin ('z' sound)--which would make one sound like a buzzing bee to surrounding people--or is it ...
4
votes
3answers
316 views

Why is a prayer leader still removed for omitting V'lamalshinim?

TL;DR The Ashkenazi nusach of V'lamalshinim omits explicit mention of heretics. Therefore, recitation or omission of this blessing by the prayer leader seems to no longer serve as a signal for ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

Using a different text of Birkat Minim

It is known that we remove a sha"tz for omitting Birkat Minim. However, there are multiple texts that I know of, including: Vilmalshinim, Laminim, and Vilam'shumadim. There are also small variants in ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

shemonah esrei and moving to another location

I heard that one can/ should, step out of שמונה עשרה if they are being disturbed and move to somewhere else. Where is the halachic source for this? I also heard that they may move elsewhere and ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Connection of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov to birkat kohanim

There is a man who davens in my minyan who loudly says "אברהם, יצחק, ויעקב" after birkat kohanim during chazarat hasha"tz. I have never seen anybody else do that, and I was wondering if there is a ...
3
votes
0answers
37 views

Davening behind someone who doesn't wait for me to finish

If I have davened behind someone who davens faster than me, and he has consistently taken his three steps without waiting for me to finish (which he should not do), and seemingly does not mind taking ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How does one say kaddish if he is in the middle of amidah?

Pretty straight forward: How does one say kaddish if he is in the middle of amidah? A few examples of this: If you come late; if you take a long time to say amidah.
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Feet together for Amidah?

I know that my children are told in school that halakhah requires that they stand for the Shemoneh Esrei with their legs perfectly straight and their feet together with heels and toes touching, but I ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Stepping back to answer kedusha while person behind hasn't finished praying

According to Halachipdeia (source) you're not supposed to walk 4 amot in front of a person praying the amidah. I think you also have certain restrictions regarding which parts of kedusha could be ...
6
votes
3answers
86 views

Should I close my eyes for the shmona esrei or look in the siddur?

I was taught to look in the siddur when davening. But the answer here suggests that some authorities prefer to close their eyes during the amida. What are sources for all opinions on this matter?
6
votes
1answer
138 views

I forget his name. Now what?

If someone was given the name of a sick person to daven for them, and when they get to refa'enu (blessing for healing) they can only remember the person's name but not their mother's name, how should ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Where did the Rambam get his Biblical structure of prayer?

The Rambam in Hilchos Tefilah 1:1-3 describes the Biblical mitzvah of prayer. In Halacha 2 he writes: ומגיד שבחו של הקדוש ברוך הוא, ואחר כך שואל צרכיו שהוא צריך להן בבקשה ובתחינה, ואחר כך נותן ...
8
votes
2answers
205 views

When does one use the condensed Shemoneh Esrei?

To Pray as a Jew mentions that there is a condensed form of the Shemoneh Esrei which can sometimes be used in place of the full version. The condensed form was different than the Shabbat version of ...
6
votes
0answers
55 views

Changing location mid-way during Shemoneh Esrei?

In one of these hopefully rare events, I’ve found myself needing to daven Shemoneh Esrei in a hotel lobby. I tried finding a quite place, only to realise mid-way one of the workers telling me I was ...
13
votes
2answers
122 views

How often and for how long should one pray for a sick person?

Are there rules/guidelines for how often to include a sick person in the refa’enu prayer in the amidah, and for how long to include them? Should one pray for that person every time one prays until one ...
10
votes
1answer
196 views

Why have I never seen anyone “slicing the Shema”?

“Slicing the Shema” A good summary is to be found here, on the Israel Koschitzky Virtual Beit Midrash website. In short, “…. ten men who prayed alone can subsequently fulfill their obligations of ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

What to do in a case of no siddur available and additions to the Shemoneh Esrei?

(Feel free to write a better title.) Today i ended up getting to shul too late for mincha, and having to daven outside (still within the proper time). Now, i know shemoneh esrei by heart, and even ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Does one fulfill their obligation of davening if they leaned on a shtender?

I've seen people - in shul - leaning on shtenders when they are davening shemoneh esrei. Halachichally, if someone is leaning on his shtender while he's davening shemoneh esrei, is he יוצא?