Literally "eighteen". Also called the "Amidah". The prayer consisting of 19 blessings, recited three times daily, and four times on Shabbat and Yom-Tov. It forms the backbone of all of the daily prayers.

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Why do we not use the original language of בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים?

The language we currently use in the amidah for בִּרְכַּת הַמִּינִים is different from that found in the earliest siddurim. The gemarah (Berachot 40b) teaches us that "If one alters the formula laid ...
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3answers
39 views

Shmoneh esrei construction

I am somewhat new to the shmoneh esrei. Here's the first of a series of questions: There's the three main prayers and the kedusha, followed by 14 (?) further requests that an individual davening the ...
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13 views

Why is the position of “Ya'aleh Veyavo” different in Yom Tov prayers than Hol Hamo'ed prayers?

In the Yom Tov Shmoneh Esreh the paragraph יעלה ויבא is placed in the middle of the center blessing. During Hol Hamo'ed, however, it is placed in the blessing of רצה. Why is there a difference of ...
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110 views

What does it mean to make up for prayers unavoidably missed - Tashlumin?

The laws of Tashlumin (making up for prayers unavoidably missed) are delineated in Halachipedia “If one forgot to say Shacharit one should say Mincha twice, the first for Mincha and the second ...
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33 views

Are there circumstances when one should repeat a prayer in which he had no kavana the first time?

Halichipedia writes One should have kavana (proper concentration) when praying Shemonah Esrei. If one is unable to have kavana for all of Shemonah Esrei one should make an extra effort to ...
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48 views

If a chazzan has to repeat Shmoneh Esrei, can he use the chazarat hashatz for that?

Let's say a chazzan makes a mistake in his personal Shmoneh Esrei that he would have to repeat it for (e.g. missed yaaleh vyavoh). Can he use the chazarat hashatz as his required repetition, or must ...
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2answers
139 views

What is the difference between the blessing of Ga'al Yisrael preceding Shemoneh Esrei and the blessing of Go'el Yisrael?

Before we begin the Shemoneh Esreh each morning, we say the blessing, "Blessed are You, Hashem, Who redeemed Israel (Ga'al Yisrael)." Then within the Shemoneh Esrei itself, in the "Re'eh va'ahneynu" ...
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22 views

What is the difference between these two brachot? [duplicate]

During Shacharit (the morning service) and Ma'ariv (the evening service), these are two blessings that seem quite similar. After the Shema, one says "Baruch ata Hashem, go-al Yisrael." A few minutes ...
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1answer
336 views

What purpose does the repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei (Amidah) serve?

Does the repetition serve to ensure that everyone present has fulfilled the mitzvah of tefila? If so, does saying "amen" to all of the blessings work in substitution of the silent Shemoneh Esrei, in a ...
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84 views

Why don't we care if the Pesach pilgrims get rained on?

After Sukkos, we immediately begin saying mashiv haruach, as it is the rainy season. However, we delay saying v'sein tal umattar, the request for rain, until we have given the pilgrims who came to ...
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1answer
116 views

Pronouncing Hebrew Letter (zayin) in Prayer Correctly

When praying in a whisper, especially during the amidah (shmoneh esrei), does one have to stress the zayin ('z' sound)--which would make one sound like a buzzing bee to surrounding people--or is it ...
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300 views

Why is a prayer leader still removed for omitting V'lamalshinim?

TL;DR The Ashkenazi nusach of V'lamalshinim omits explicit mention of heretics. Therefore, recitation or omission of this blessing by the prayer leader seems to no longer serve as a signal for ...
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1answer
54 views

Using a different text of Birkat Minim

It is known that we remove a sha"tz for omitting Birkat Minim. However, there are multiple texts that I know of, including: Vilmalshinim, Laminim, and Vilam'shumadim. There are also small variants in ...
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60 views

shemonah esrei and moving to another location

I heard that one can/ should, step out of שמונה עשרה if they are being disturbed and move to somewhere else. Where is the halachic source for this? I also heard that they may move elsewhere and ...
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1answer
36 views

Connection of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov to birkat kohanim

There is a man who davens in my minyan who loudly says "אברהם, יצחק, ויעקב" after birkat kohanim during chazarat hasha"tz. I have never seen anybody else do that, and I was wondering if there is a ...
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34 views

Davening behind someone who doesn't wait for me to finish

If I have davened behind someone who davens faster than me, and he has consistently taken his three steps without waiting for me to finish (which he should not do), and seemingly does not mind taking ...
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1answer
41 views

How does one say kaddish if he is in the middle of amidah?

Pretty straight forward: How does one say kaddish if he is in the middle of amidah? A few examples of this: If you come late; if you take a long time to say amidah.
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1answer
124 views

Feet together for Amidah?

I know that my children are told in school that halakhah requires that they stand for the Shemoneh Esrei with their legs perfectly straight and their feet together with heels and toes touching, but I ...
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1answer
70 views

Stepping back to answer kedusha while person behind hasn't finished praying

According to Halachipdeia (source) you're not supposed to walk 4 amot in front of a person praying the amidah. I think you also have certain restrictions regarding which parts of kedusha could be ...
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3answers
83 views

Should I close my eyes for the shmona esrei or look in the siddur?

I was taught to look in the siddur when davening. But the answer here suggests that some authorities prefer to close their eyes during the amida. What are sources for all opinions on this matter?
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131 views

I forget his name. Now what?

If someone was given the name of a sick person to daven for them, and when they get to refa'enu (blessing for healing) they can only remember the person's name but not their mother's name, how should ...
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1answer
43 views

Where did the Rambam get his Biblical structure of prayer?

The Rambam in Hilchos Tefilah 1:1-3 describes the Biblical mitzvah of prayer. In Halacha 2 he writes: ומגיד שבחו של הקדוש ברוך הוא, ואחר כך שואל צרכיו שהוא צריך להן בבקשה ובתחינה, ואחר כך נותן ...
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199 views

When does one use the condensed Shemoneh Esrei?

To Pray as a Jew mentions that there is a condensed form of the Shemoneh Esrei which can sometimes be used in place of the full version. The condensed form was different than the Shabbat version of ...
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51 views

Changing location mid-way during Shemoneh Esrei?

In one of these hopefully rare events, I’ve found myself needing to daven Shemoneh Esrei in a hotel lobby. I tried finding a quite place, only to realise mid-way one of the workers telling me I was ...
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2answers
114 views

How often and for how long should one pray for a sick person?

Are there rules/guidelines for how often to include a sick person in the refa’enu prayer in the amidah, and for how long to include them? Should one pray for that person every time one prays until one ...
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1answer
182 views

Why have I never seen anyone “slicing the Shema”?

“Slicing the Shema” A good summary is to be found here, on the Israel Koschitzky Virtual Beit Midrash website. In short, “…. ten men who prayed alone can subsequently fulfill their obligations of ...
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2answers
91 views

What to do in a case of no siddur available and additions to the Shemoneh Esrei?

(Feel free to write a better title.) Today i ended up getting to shul too late for mincha, and having to daven outside (still within the proper time). Now, i know shemoneh esrei by heart, and even ...
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1answer
76 views

Does one fulfill their obligation of davening if they leaned on a shtender?

I've seen people - in shul - leaning on shtenders when they are davening shemoneh esrei. Halachichally, if someone is leaning on his shtender while he's davening shemoneh esrei, is he יוצא?
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Why a different list and different order in על הנסים and in הנרות הללו?‎

On Chanuka, we thank God in the amida (sh'mone esre) and grace after meals ועל הנסים ועל הפרקן ועל הגבורות ועל התשועות ועל הנפלאות ועל הנחמות ועל המלחמות שעשית לאבותינו בימים ההם בזמן הזה for ...
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1answer
54 views

Are you yotzeh if you forgot to bow during shemonah esreh?

The sages instituted that we bow 4 times during the shemonah esreh (twice in the beginning and twice in the end). If one forgot to bow during one of these 4 times, has he fulfilled his obligation?
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289 views

Do you do a Tashlumin (make-up) on a Shemoneh 'Esreh if you later realize that you forgot a critical insert?

If you forgot to add a critical insert in the 'Amidah (one of the special additions to Shemoneh 'Esreh at certain times of the year, eg., HaMelech HaKadosh, Ya'aleh VeYavo, etc.), and you realize at ...
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109 views

Walking In-front of Someone Davening Shemona Esrei

I read somewhere that shtenders, chairs, tables and benches aren’t considered an interruption between the one davening and one passing before him unless the shtender is 10 טפחים tall by 4 טפחים wide. ...
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4answers
596 views

How do you do the 3 steps back (forward) before/after Amidah

I know the why, and I see that's been asked/answered here many times. But I was curious about the proper mechanics of the 3 steps back (forward) before/after Amidah. I've always started with my feet ...
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22 views

What is the leading foot for stepping back before reciting Shemoneh Esrei? [duplicate]

I have read here that when finishing the Shemoneh Esrei one should first step back with his left foot to indicate that he is not excited about leaving G-d's presence. However, what does the halacha ...
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2answers
84 views

Why no Chazaras HaShatz at Maariv

Why do we do Chazaras HaShatz for Shacharit and Mincha, but not for Maariv? (It would be appreciated if you can find a source/support)
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43 views

Origin of the common M'chalkel niggun

There is a niggun, which I personally find rather inane, for the main paragraph of the second brachah of the Amidah. I have never been in a schul where it is not sung (. I have heard other niggunim ...
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2answers
49 views

Which type of kavana is better to have during the shemona esrei?

Is it better to daven the shemona esrei quickly and have less (and possibly no) external thoughts or is it better to daven slowly and more thoughtfully but have (or run the risk of having) more ...
4
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1answer
29 views

Which is the 'real' amida for the shliach tzibur?

The shliach tzibur (shatz) davens 2 shemona esrei's. 1-Which is the one that he davens for himself personally? 2-Are both of the 'real' so to speak? If so, how does this work?
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45 views

Why for repetition of Shomne Esray you need only 6 that prayed but 9 that will answer?

I was asked the following question: For the repetition of the Shemone Esray, you need only 6 to finish praying to begin the repetition. However, there must be 9 people answering Amen to the ...
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1answer
88 views

How to hold your hands during the amidah?

For someone praying the amiday by heart with eyes closed, what is the right way to hold your hands? I know that the right hand should cover the left, but how exactly? Can someone upload a diagram or ...
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1answer
62 views

How does the chazzan say “omein” in the kaddish before the Amida in Mincha and Maariv

I asked in How to say go-al Yisroel before Shacharis Amida “When the leader gets to just before the Shacharis Amida, how should he say the blessing go-al Yisroel: aloud or saying the word ...
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2answers
54 views

What if, when the Kohanim washing their hands, less than ten remain?

Before Birkas Kohanim, the Levi'im wash the Kohanim's hands. In many communities, this occurs during the chazzan's repitition of Shemoneh Esrei, and in a room outside the main shul. Normally, there ...
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0answers
43 views

Forgot Atta Chonantanu and haven't said Havdalla yet before davening Shacharis

In the event that one forgot to say atta chonantanu in Maariv, they do not repeat Shemoneh Esrei (S.A. O.C. 294:1). The reason for this is because it is not necessary to repeat, as one can say ...
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2answers
71 views

Learning while the Chazzan recites piyutim

During the Chazzan's repetition of the Shemoneh Esrei, one is generally required to pay absolute attention and avoid learning etc. What about when the Chazzan is reciting piyutim during his ...
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3answers
187 views

When do you say Hashem sefatai?

Before saying shemoneh esrei we say "Hashem, sefatai siftach u'fi yagid tehilasecha". Are you supposed to say those words A) Before you take the 3 steps back to start your shemoneh esrei B) One word ...
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51 views

Why don't we say “Misod” for Geshem and Tal?

On Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, the Shat"z says a short paragraph at the beginning of his repetition that starts with the words "מסוד חכמים ונבונים," which is an explanation for the insertion of extra ...
4
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2answers
224 views

What should you be doing during the repetition of the Amidah?

I asked a posek once, Rabbi Schabes, if you're allowed to learn torah during the repetition of the Amidah. He said that it's prohibited to learn at this time. What exactly should you be doing if ...
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1answer
27 views

Aseres Yemai Teshuva passages in the Chazzan's repetition

From Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur, four passages are added to Shemoneh Esrei. In many congregations, during the Chazzan's repetition, each passage is first recited by the congregation, then the ...
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1answer
141 views

In the Forgiveness Petition of the Amidah, How Should One Strike the Chest?

When praying the Amidah, each Siddur I own mentions striking the chest at key points. However, neither tells how. I tend to make a loose fist and strike the left breast with a moderate force (not ...
7
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1answer
68 views

If someone accidentally steps backward before the end of Shmoneh Esrei, what should he do?

If one steps backward before the end of Shmoneh Esrei, (either because he mistakenly thought he was up to עשה שלום... for a second, or because someone bumped into him,) how should he precede with his ...