Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even ...

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Covering eyes when saying Shema for children

When a child is too young to say the bed-time Shema for himself, the custom is that parents say it for them as they go to bed. Should the parent cover their own eyes, the child's eyes, or perhaps ...
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59 views

Earliest permissible time to be yotzeh kriyat shema at night?

What's the earliest permissible time to fulfill the obligation of kriyat shema at night? What are the different opinions and which communities of Jews hold by them?
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1answer
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Is saying “Hareini mekabel alai mitzvat asei shel Ve-ahavta…” before Shema a Lubavitch tradition?

When I started donning the tefillin some years ago, I had a pamphlet given to me by a Lubavitcher and I used it at times for the Shema. However, there's an addition before the Shema in the pamphlet ...
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How does a verse in Yirmiyahu prove that one should say “אני ה' אלהיכם אמת” without interruption

In Talmud Berachot end of 14A, beginning of 14B, a reason is given why one does not make an interruption between "Ani Hashem Elokeichem" of the end of Shema, and "Emet": ‏א"ר אבהו א"ר יוחנן ...
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1answer
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Davening and Krias Shema with a sore on the lip or throat

If someone has a sore on their lip or in their throat, such that it is painful to pronounce certain letters (like the letters that require putting pressure from the upper teeth onto the lower lip or ...
5
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2answers
69 views

Covering eyes for Shema

What is the requirement of covering our eyes for Shema? For example, do your eyes need to be closed? Must one cover with their hand? Does it matter which hand is used?
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4answers
286 views

Glasses and Shema

The Shulhan Aruch records the custom of placing one's hand over his eyes in Shema in order to increase concentration. What about someone who wears glasses? Must he move them or remove them?
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2answers
755 views

Covering eyes when saying Shema Yisrael

When saying Kriyas Shema many have the custom of covering their eyes when saying Shema Yisrael. What is the reason this is done?
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Why do we cover our eyes during Shema? [duplicate]

There is a very widespread custom to cover one's eyes with one's hand during the first pasuk of Keriyas Shema. Where/when did this custom originate, and what is the reason for it?
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3answers
163 views

Why does Jewish law and tradition specify times for saying Shema?

This question is asked at a very basic level, not deeply aware of Judaism or the process of Jewish law. I'm not Jewish so it isn't directly applicable to me, but it helps me to ask a broader question ...
5
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2answers
182 views

Bathroom or shema if you only have time for one?

If you wake up 5 minutes before sof zman kryat shema and you have to use the bathroom. Going to the bathroom when necessary is deorayasa (Shulchan Aruch 3:17) and so is saying the shema. Also there ...
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1answer
71 views

Why do I care what time Bnei Melachim (sons of kings) rise in the morning?

The Mishnah in Berachothch2? teaches that one may recite Shema' until the end of the third hour of the day, "for it is the way of the sons of kings to rise by three hours." Why is that the deciding ...
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2answers
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Ruling Like Beis Shammai

The Mishna on Berachos 10b cites the opinions of Beis Shammai stating that one must lie down to read the evening Krias Shema, and Beis Hillel as saying that one can say it in any position. On the next ...
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1answer
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The Chozeh Mi'Lublin prioritizing dveikus over kriyas shema

I heard someone quote from the Chozeh (parshas Pinchas) that if one is in a state of dveikus with Hashem and zman kriyas shemah is arriving (or passing?) the yetzer harah says to stop for kriyas ...
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1answer
54 views

laws of saying shema and aleynu with the tzibbur

I remember learning that you should say shema and aleynu together with the tzibur. If you're a little behind, do you stop what you're saying and say shema or do you catch up and say it when you're ...
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2answers
56 views

Adding Piyutim to between Shma and Shmoneh Esreh

I had always been taught that there should be no gap between Shema and Shmoneh Esreh, to the point where we don't even answer Amen. Yet on Pesach we add Brach Dodi. Why is this permissible, and ...
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1answer
90 views

אמת at the end of קריאת שמע when not saying the brachot

When saying k'riat sh'ma al hamitah, many (all?) people say the word emet at the end of the third paragraph. Also, I believe that the common practice when saying keriat sh'ma without the brachot (for ...
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1answer
471 views

Davening after the zman

Can someone please explain the halachot for someone who wakes up after zman kriat shema? After zman tfillah?
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1answer
79 views

Finished Kriat Shema after the deadline

If I start the Shema before the zman but I finish the 1st 3 paragraphs after the alloted time, what is the halacha?
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1answer
86 views

ORDER OF krias shma, benshing and the omer

In summer when one davens early on Friday night and one finishes the meal at night, what is the correct order of saying these three things. Krias shma, Benshing and Omer.
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1answer
361 views

What does “Baruch shem k'vod malchuso l'olam vaed” mean?

A sentence commonly said during prayer is "בָּרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד". How do we interpret it? What does it mean? It sounds like it means: Blessed is/be the name of the ...
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139 views

source for obligation to recite the shema

The talmud in berachos 2a asserts that the verse ודברת בם בשבתך בביתך ובלכתך בדרך ובשכבך ובקומך is the source for the mitzva of reciting shema twice daily. Yet later on in daf 13, the talmud says ...
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0answers
64 views

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema?

Why are identical words pronounced differently at certain locations of the Shema? Or is this only for Sefardim? The two identical phrases in question are in the Veahávta and then again in the Vehayá: ...
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2answers
291 views

Is there a special significance of 4 directions as opposed to 6?

According to halacha, when a person says the word "echad" (אחד) in Shema: בדלי"ת צריך להאריך יותר כדי שיעור שיחשוב שהקב"ה יחיד בעולמו ומושל בד' רוחות העולם [One should] draw out the dale more ...
3
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1answer
160 views

How could different pronunciations arise when we are obligated to pronounce the Shema precisely?

If one does not pronounce the Shema correctly, one has not fulfilled their obligation (שולחן ערוך או"ח סימן סב). If so, then how could different pronunciations of the Hebrew words arise? Shouldn't at ...
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0answers
109 views

Customs for closing eyes for Keriyat Shema [duplicate]

When davening by Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg one Friday night he did not cover his eyes for Shema. Are there any sources that suggest merely closing one's eyes for Shema rather than covering them ...
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1answer
109 views

Why do we say “Boruch Shem…” loudly on Yom Kippur?

As discussed in this question, there are two reasons generally given why we say "Boruch Shem K'Vod..." quietly when saying Shema: The Talmud (Pesachim 56a) says that Yaakov Avinu said it in response ...
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2answers
195 views

Hebrew bedtime shma text online

I am trying to find an online hebrew copy of shma bmita that includes the introductory paragraph, hareini mohel l'chol, that I can copy and print for my own research. I appreciate any suggestions ...
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All you need is love?

I once had a Hebrew professor state with absolute determination that "Ahavah" (the Hebrew word for "love") does not, in fact, mean love. His proof was twofold: 1. G-d could not have commanded us to ...
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58 views

Why is Barchu connected to communal Torah recitation?

Why is Barchu connected to communal Torah recitation? I get the pattern, in that we say it before the brachos of Shema and before the brachos of Kriyas Hatorah. But why? The intent behind it would ...
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2answers
204 views

Is there any source for saying the first possuk of Shema quietly?

The Rema in OC 61(26) says the custom is to say the first possuk of the shema aloud. In this question Sh'ma aloud but amida quietly Gershon Gold said that Shema is said aloud in unison and msh210 ...
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1answer
84 views

Near a bad smell, one might want to do Sh'ma, the Amidah, blessings, study, or think Torah. Is halacha equally strict about all five acts?

"Just as one separates oneself from excreta, urine, a foul odor, a corpse and the sight of nakedness for Kri'at Shema, so too, he should separate himself for Shemoneh Esreh". —Rambam. Hilchos ...
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1answer
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Shema in any language - Kel Melech Ne'eman?

I have heard that it is permissible to recite the Shema in any language, if one does not know Hebrew. Rama quotes one opinion that reciting the words Kel Melech Ne'eman when praying without a minyan ...
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Is it always a good idea to say an extra Shema' if you missed one?

According to Double AA's answer on a related question, "it can't hurt" to say an extra Shema' later if you missed the Zeman (set time) for it. While it may be true to a certain extent that saying ...
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1answer
95 views

'Kavannah' of Shem Havayeh in the first line of Kriat Shma

The requirement when saying the name 'Havayeh' to have in mind both the meaning of 'adon ha-kol' and 'hayah hoveh ve-yihyhe' takes me some time: longer than almost anybody I see in shul taking to ...
2
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1answer
59 views

How can Birchoth Keriath Shema' substitute for Birchoth HaTorah?

Birchoth Keriath Shema' are able to substitute for Birchoth HaTorah in case one cannot remember if he said the latter, or in case one did not sleep and is in doubt whether or not he should say them. ...
3
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0answers
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Answering “amen” to “Ahavas olam” in the evening but not in the morning

Mishna B'rura 91:16 cites a difference of opinion regarding whether one should respond "amen" to the shatz's (leader's) blessing immediately before "Sh'ma" or should, on the contrary, finish saying ...
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2answers
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Mishna, Brakhot 2a: When the kohanim enter…where?

Mishna, Brakhot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים לאכול בתרומתן What is the author implying as the direct object of the verb נכנסים? In other words, from the hour that the kohanim ...
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1answer
280 views

What level of obligation is of kriat shema al hamita?

What is the level of obligation for krias shema al hamita (the recitation of Shema before going to bed)? Is it a mitzvah deoraisa, mitzvah derabanan, is it a minhag avoseinu byadeinu? Maybe it's ...
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1answer
108 views

Does Baruch HaShem Le'Olam (Ma'ariv; Ashkenazi) count as Birchoth Keriath Shema'?

Does Baruch HaShem Le'Olam have the same Din as Birchoth Keriath Shema' in terms of interruption? If you are in the middle of the Berachah, do you respond to the same things as you would if you were ...
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2answers
293 views

Do the laws of forgiveness apply equally to Jews forgiving non-Jews?

In the prayer introducing the bedtime shema we say we forgive everyone for everything, even in previous incarnations (gilgulim), and then say, "every Jew." I'm not sure I'm understanding it correctly, ...
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2answers
187 views

Berachot in Kriat Shema

I'm sorry if the question is too general, but I was just wondering about Berachot Kriat Shema. What exactly are they? What kind of relationship do they have with the Shema? We need to make a Beracha ...
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1answer
187 views

Two Brachos before shema and one after in the morning, and two before and after in the evening

In the first Gemara of Brachos, the gemara quotes a 'seifa' that says: THE MORNING SHEMA IS PRECEDED BY TWO BRACHOS AND FOLLOWED BY ONE. THE EVENING SHEMA IS PRECEDED BY TWO BRACHOS AND FOLLOWED BY ...
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2answers
339 views

Polyphasic Sleep and Halacha

I recently read an article on polyphasic sleep and I'm quite interested in experimenting with it. The article advises the Uberman approach which advocates 20-30 minute naps every four hours, meaning ...
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3answers
103 views

Source of Midrash regarding Yaakov's saying Shema

There is a famous Rashi in Parashat Vayigash (46:29) where Rashi explains that Yaakov didn't cry on Yosef's shoulders because he was reciting Shema. He cryptically quotes this in the name of ...
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0answers
73 views

Which kings stay in bed to the third hour of the day?

It says in the Gemara that we can say Shma until the third hour since that's when kings get up. What kings are we talking about? Jewish kings weren't around until much later, so Sof Zman Krias Shema ...
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1answer
113 views

Brachos Daf 2a - What does Creation have to do with Krias Shema?

The Gemorah in Brachos Daf 2a asks two questions right away after learning the Mishnah. The second is: Why is it that the Mishnah taught about the time at night for Krias Shema first - really we ...
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1answer
528 views

Can a non-Jew recite the Shema?

Can a non-Jew recite the Shema and other Jewish prayers? Is there any one which is off limits to non-Jews? Thanks.
2
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1answer
192 views

Can I say the prayers of Birkot HaShachar and Tikkun Chatzot after Chatzot (Midnight), even if I don't sleep yet?

Can I say the prayers of Birkot HaShachar and Tikkun Chatzot after Chatzot (Midnight), even if I had not gone to sleep yet? How should I proceed with the Kriat Shema Al Hamitá if I will remain awake ...
2
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1answer
139 views

Is a room with only a shower the same as a normal bathroom?

In terms of the halachos in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim Siman 85 (which places is it ossur to say Krias Shema) would a small room with just a shower head have the same dinim as a room with a toilet or ...